Fujian Province, Republic of China

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This article is about the administrative province of the Republic of China. For the province of the People's Republic of China, see Fujian.
Fukien (Fujian)
福建
Streamlined Province
福建省 · Fukien Province
Flag of Fukien (Fujian)
Flag
Fujian Province of the Republic of China depicted in red.
Fujian Province of the Republic of China depicted in red.
Country  Republic of China
Split of Fukien August 17, 1949
Streamlined July 16, 1956
Demilitarized November 7, 1992
Provincial capital Jincheng Township (1949-1956)
Xindian District (1956-1996)
Jincheng Township (1996-)
Government
 • Governor John Deng
Area
 • Total 180.4560 km2 (69.6745 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 133,456
 • Density 740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym Kinmenese, Matsunese
Time zone Asia/Taipei (UTC+8)
Postal code 209–212, 890–896
Area code(s) (0)82, (0)826, (0)836
ISO 3166 code TW
Counties 2
Website www.fkpg.gov.tw
Fukien Province
Chinese 福建
Postal Map Fukien

Fukien Province or Fujian Province (Chinese: 福建省; pinyin: Fújiàn Shěng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hok-kiàn Séng, see other names below), is a province of the modern Republic of China (now commonly called "Taiwan"). It includes the small archipelagos of Kinmen (Quemoy) and Matsu Islands off the southeast coast of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The seat of the provincial government is Jincheng Township of Kinmen County.

Fujian Province was once part of the larger Fujian Province of the Republic of China. After the Chinese Civil War of 1949, the majority of the historical province became Fujian, People's Republic of China, while the remaining islands remained under ROC control.

History[edit]

Main article: Fujian

During the Chinese Civil War, the ROC lost control of mainland China, including most of Fujian province, and was forced to relocate to Taiwan, while the victorious Chinese Communist forces established the PRC in 1949, subsequently the capital of Fujian was also moved from Foochow to Jincheng. In the Battle of Guningtou, however, ROC forces were able to defend the island of Quemoy (Kinmen) just off the coast of Fujian from communist attack. As a result, the ROC has been able to hold on to a number of offshore islands of Fujian, and has continued to maintain a separate Fujian provincial government to govern these islands, parallel to the province of Fujian in mainland China.

In 1956, due to heightened potential for military conflict with the PRC, the ROC central government moved the Fujian provincial government out of Fujian to within Taiwan Province in Xindian (now part of New Taipei), and the islands were placed under an extraordinarily tight military administration due to their extreme proximity to mainland China. This was an unusual situation where the government of a province is located and operating in a different province. With the easing of cross-Strait relations between the PRC and ROC and the democratization of the ROC in the 1990s, the islands were returned to civilian government in 1992. On January 15, 1996, the provincial government moved back to Kinmen, on Fujian soil.[1]

Recently, the ROC has significantly diluted the powers of the two provinces it governs, namely Taiwan and Fujian. Most of the authority at the Fujian province level has been delegated to the two county governments of Kinmen and Lienchiang.

Subdivisions[edit]

Fujian province comprises two counties: Kinmen County and Lienchiang County. These islands have a total area of 182.66 km² and a total population of 71,000 (2001).

The following are the islands of Fujian under the administration of the ROC, given by county:

Kinmen County (金門縣) Lienchiang County (連江縣)
Kinmen.PNG Lienchiangadm.PNG
  • Matsu Islands (馬祖列島)
    • Nangan (南竿島)
    • Beigan (北竿島)
    • Juguang (莒光列島)
      called Baiquan Islands (白犬列岛) by the PRC
    • Dongyin (東引島) and Xiyin (西引島)
    • Minor islands: Liang (亮島), Gaodeng (高登),

The PRC claims Kinmen as Jinmen County, Quanzhou, Fujian; Matsu Islands as Mazu Township, Lianjiang County, Fuzhou, Fujian.

Government[edit]

A Fujian provincial branch government office building, in Shuitou Village, Jincheng Township, Kinmen

List of Governors[edit]

Governor Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Term in office
Hu Lian 胡璉 Hú Liǎn November 1949 - February 1955
Tai Chung-yu 戴仲玉 Dài Zhòngyù February 1955 - May 1986
Wu Chin-tzan 吳金贊 Wú Jīnzàn June 1986 - 9 February 1998
Yen Chung-cheng 顏忠誠 Yán Zhōngchéng 10 February 1998 - May 2007
Chen Chin-jun 陳景峻 Chén Jǐngjùn 28 December 2007 - 19 May 2008
Hsueh Hsiang-chuan 薛香川 Xūe Xiāngchuān 20 May 2008 - 10 September 2009
James Hsueh 薛承泰 Xūe Chéngtài 10 September 2009 - 18 February 2013
Chen Shyh-kwei[2] 陳士魁 Chén Shìkúi 18 February 2013 - 1 August 2013
Luo Ying-shay[3] 羅瑩雪 Luó Yíngxuě 1 August 2013 - 29 September 2013
Schive Chi[4] 薛琦 Xuē Qí 30 September 2013 - 25 March 2014
John Deng 鄧振中 Dèng Zhènzhōng 25 March 2014 -

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°25′N 118°19′E / 24.417°N 118.317°E / 24.417; 118.317