||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Kalyanpur, Uttar Pradesh. (Discuss) Proposed since December 2012.|
IIT Kanpur in the outskirts of city
|• Town||51.40 km2 (19.85 sq mi)|
|Elevation||171 m (561 ft)|
|• Density||8,954/km2 (23,190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Kalianpur is a Town of North Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh, India. Located about 15 km from Kanpur, on the Grand Trunk Road towards Delhi, it is effectively a suburb of Kanpur. The Post Office is spelled 'Kalyanpur', but the station is named Kalianpur, while British records often have it as Kullianpur. Kalyanpur is also the name of a different village in East UP.
Kalyanpur is a suburban area of Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh state of India. This Area is famous in the history as during Indian rebellion of 1857, Nana Sahib met the rebel Company soldiers at Kalyanpur. The soldiers were on their way to Delhi, to meet Bahadur Shah II . After a days march, they had camped at Kalianpur on 7 June, when they were met by Nana Sahib and Azimullah and convinced to turn back, to free Kanpur from the control of British_India .
It was at one time home to many of the rebellion's most prominent characters including the Rani of Jhansi, Rani_Lakshmibai.During the War of Indian Independence of 1857, the mutineering sepoys were marching to Delhi to join the emperor.
There were a few hours of stillness before the storm; the faithful sepoys were now employed in collecting and carting muskets, ammunition, etc., which had been left about in the native lines. The English officers drew a long breath of relief: the mutineers had doubtless gone off to Delhi. At present they had only gone as far as the treasury, when the Nana met them with an escort and many elephants, swore fidelity to the national cause, and distributed much of the silver among the four regiments. Then the sepoys broke open the gaol and let out a motley host of God-forsaken rascals, who set to work at once and burned and sacked every European house, making a bonfire of all the records in the court-house, civil and criminal alike. The mutineers had travelled on the Delhi road as far as Kullianpur when they were overtaken by the Nana, his two brothers, Bala and Baba Bhut, and Azimoolah.
Kalyanpur lies in the North Kanpur. The city covers a large area and consists of several large and small areas.
The main areas in micro area are Indira Nagar, Avas Vikas Colonies, Navsheel Dham, Shivli road, Bithoor Road, Guba Gardens, Mirzapur, Bara Sirohi, Naramau, Binakyapur, Keshavpuram, Maswanpur, Kakadev, Kanpur University, Rawatpur, IIT Kanpur and Kalyanpur City. Avas Vikas Colonies and Navsheel Dham are new colonies and are moderately planned. The proper Kalyanpur area consists of mostly single storey houses situated in a congested manner.
The area of Indira Nagar is one of the cleanest and greenest areas of Kanpur. It is situates 1.5 km north of Kalyanpur. Though the area has its own post office it is considered as a part of the Kalyanpur suburb. Buddha Park built by Mayawati is located in Indira Nagar. It is the largest park in the city.
Kanpur University is located here. Kalianpur hosts several educational institutions including the National Sugar Institute and The Indian Institute of Pulses Research, whilst Kanpur Polytechnic and the famous technical institute IIT Kanpur campus are both situated nearby. Other schools include DPS Kalyanpur, Dr.V.S.E.C. Awadhpuri, Woodbine Gardenia School,Mantora Public School, etc.
The area has one of the largest vegetable markets in the city due its proximity to the rural areas and nearby districts of western Uttar Pradesh. The suburb lies on the historic Grand Trunk Road commonly known as G.T.Road towards Delhi which is situated 415 km away. The Kanpur-Kasganj-Aligarh-Bhiwani Railway line runs just parallel to the G.T.Road in Kalyanpur.
The suburb is well connected with rest of the city by road as well as railways. The industrial area of Panki lies 5 km south of Kalyanpur and is well connected with Kalyanpur.
The pilgrimage village of Bithoor, 12 km away, connects to the GT road here. Bithoor is connected with Kalyanpur with 2 roads. Formerly the Metre gauge line ran through Kalyanpur and was connected to Brahmavarta Station in Bithoor. But due to conversion of the metre gauge railway line to broad gauge line under Unigauge the railway route to Bithoor was subsequently closed and the Brahvarta station now remains deserted. The Indian Rail has decided to extend line from Mandhana Central-Safipur Junction via Brahmavart Station. There were vital demands from the public to restart the railway route connecting Kanpur Central railway station to Brahmavarta, Bithoor though the matter remains reserved. The Government is planning new townships in Kalyanpur suburb and many real estates are coming up in the suburb.
- George Otto Trevelyan (1992) [First Published in 1865]. Cawnpore. Harper. ISBN 81-7223-018-4.
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