Lawrence County, South Dakota

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Lawrence County, South Dakota
Lawrence county south dakota courthouse.jpg
Lawrence County Courthouse in Deadwood, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Lawrence County
Location in the state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded January 11, 1875
Named for John Lawrence
Seat Deadwood
Largest city Spearfish
Area
 • Total 800 sq mi (2,073 km2)
 • Land 800 sq mi (2,072 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 24,397
 • Density 13/sq mi (5/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.lawrence.sd.us
US Highway 14a w
Us Highway 14a w

Lawrence County is a county located in the State of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,097.[1] Its county seat is Deadwood.[2]

The county was named for "Colonel" John Lawrence who came to the county as first treasurer in 1877. Lawrence had previously served in the Dakota Territorial Legislature, as a Sergeant at Arms for the United States House of Representatives, and a US Marshal for the Dakota territory. After retirement he continued to act as county road supervisor and as an election judge. The title "Colonel" was honorary, bestowed by the governor of the Dakota Territory.

Lawrence County is coextensive with the Spearfish, South Dakota, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 800 square miles (2,100 km2), of which 800 square miles (2,100 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.03%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 13,218
1890 11,673 −11.7%
1900 17,897 53.3%
1910 19,694 10.0%
1920 13,029 −33.8%
1930 13,920 6.8%
1940 19,093 37.2%
1950 16,648 −12.8%
1960 17,075 2.6%
1970 17,453 2.2%
1980 18,339 5.1%
1990 20,655 12.6%
2000 21,802 5.6%
2010 24,097 10.5%
Est. 2013 24,910 3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 21,802 people, 8,881 households, and 5,559 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 10,427 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.79% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 2.18% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 1.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.0% were of German, 12.0% Norwegian, 9.0% English and 7.5% Irish ancestry according to the 2000 census.

There were 8,881 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.40% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 13.70% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,755, and the median income for a family was $40,501. Males had a median income of $30,098 versus $19,679 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,195. About 9.50% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Hay fields and scenery, North of Deadwood
  1. 10,585 - Spearfish
  2. 3,154 - Lead
  3. 2,221 - North Spearfish
  4. 1,284 - Deadwood
  5. 938 - Whitewood
  6. 191 - Saint Onge
  7. 135 - Central City

2011 estimate population[6]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into one township: St. Onge; and two areas of unorganized territory: North Lawrence and South Lawrence.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in South Dakota". United States Census Bureau. 2013-05-20. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Caddey, S.W. et al. (1991). The Homestake Gold Mine, an Early Proterozoic iron-formation-hosted gold deposit, Lawrence County, South Dakota [U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1857-J]. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°22′N 103°47′W / 44.36°N 103.79°W / 44.36; -103.79