Lawrence County, South Dakota
|Lawrence County, South Dakota|
Lawrence County Courthouse in Deadwood, South Dakota
Location in the state of South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 11, 1875|
|Named for||John Lawrence|
|• Total||800 sq mi (2,073 km2)|
|• Land||800 sq mi (2,072 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03%|
|• Density||13/sq mi (5/km²)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
The county was named for "Colonel" John Lawrence who came to the county as first treasurer in 1877. Lawrence had previously served in the Dakota Territorial Legislature, as a Sergeant at Arms for the United States House of Representatives, and a US Marshal for the Dakota territory. After retirement he continued to act as county road supervisor and as an election judge. The title "Colonel" was honorary, bestowed by the governor of the Dakota Territory.
- Butte County, South Dakota - north
- Meade County, South Dakota - east
- Pennington County, South Dakota - south
- Weston County, Wyoming - southwest
- Crook County, Wyoming - west
|Crook County, Wyoming||Meade County|
|Weston County, Wyoming||Pennington County|
National protected area
- Black Hills National Forest (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 21,802 people, 8,881 households, and 5,559 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 10,427 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.79% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 2.18% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 1.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.0% were of German, 12.0% Norwegian, 9.0% English and 7.5% Irish ancestry according to the 2000 census.
There were 8,881 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.40% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 13.70% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,755, and the median income for a family was $40,501. Males had a median income of $30,098 versus $19,679 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,195. About 9.50% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- 10,585 - Spearfish
- 3,154 - Lead
- 2,221 - North Spearfish
- 1,284 - Deadwood
- 938 - Whitewood
- 191 - Saint Onge
- 135 - Central City
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in South Dakota". United States Census Bureau. 2013-05-20. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- Caddey, S.W. et al. (1991). The Homestake Gold Mine, an Early Proterozoic iron-formation-hosted gold deposit, Lawrence County, South Dakota [U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1857-J]. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
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