Canton, South Dakota

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Canton, South Dakota
City
Canton, SDakota.png
Motto: "Can Live. Can Dream. Can Do!"
Location in Lincoln County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Lincoln County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°18′8″N 96°35′27″W / 43.30222°N 96.59083°W / 43.30222; -96.59083Coordinates: 43°18′8″N 96°35′27″W / 43.30222°N 96.59083°W / 43.30222; -96.59083
Country  United States
State  South Dakota
County Lincoln
Incorporated 1881[1]
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
Area[2]
 • Total 3.22 sq mi (8.34 km2)
 • Land 3.19 sq mi (8.26 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation 1,270 ft (387 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 3,057
 • Estimate (2013)[4] 3,274
 • Density 958.3/sq mi (370.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 57013
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-09500
GNIS feature ID 1254228[5]
Website City of Canton

Canton is a city in and the county seat of Lincoln County, South Dakota, United States. Canton is located 20 minutes south of Sioux Falls in southeastern South Dakota. Canton is nestled in the rolling hills of the Sioux Valley, providing an abundance of recreational activities with the Big Sioux River bordering the eastern side, Newton Hills State Park to the south, and Lake Alvin to the north. The city was named by Norwegian settler and former legislator James M. Wahl.[6][7] The population was 3,057 at the 2010 census.

As a growing small community, the City of Canton was the proud recipient of the South Dakota Community of the Year Award in 2004 and in 2011. The City of Canton is also home to the Canton Industrial Park, South Dakota's first Certified Ready Site.

History[edit]

Canton Lutheran Church

The earliest known visitor to the area was Lewis P. Hyde, who first came to the area in 1866. The first actual settler was August Linderman. By 1868, there were 35 people living in Lincoln County. The residents named the community Canton, believing the location to be the exact opposite of Canton, China. By the summer of that year, a caravan of 180 Norwegian settlers crossed the Big Sioux River to make their home in Canton. In 1880, the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad crossed the Big Sioux River to reach Canton. The city still has an active rail freight service. The city has many historical homes and buildings dating back to the late 1800s. Some notable sites include The Kennedy Mansion on Dakota Street, as well as the Historical Society House built in 1886. Lincoln County Courthouse was built in 1889, and Canton Lutheran Church was built in 1908.

Government[edit]

The City of Canton operates under the council-manager form of government. Canton's governing body is made up of nine members. The Mayor is selected from and appointed by members of the City Commission. The Library Board oversees the operations of the Canton Public Library and appoints a Library Director. All services and programs provided by the library are overseen by the board. The Planning Commission is charged with overseeing the long-range planning of the community, including zoning issues, subdivisions and formulation of the Comprehensive Plan. The Planning Commission serves a vital role in recommending major policy changes to the governing body for the development of the community.

The city of Canton is also the County seat for Lincoln County, South Dakota.

Geography[edit]

Canton is located at 43°18′8″N 96°35′27″W / 43.30222°N 96.59083°W / 43.30222; -96.59083 (43.302254, -96.590810),[8] along the Big Sioux River across from Beloit, Iowa.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.22 square miles (8.34 km2), of which, 3.19 square miles (8.26 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[2] Canton has been assigned the ZIP code 57013 and the FIPS place code 09500.

Climate[edit]

Canton experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), which is characterized by hot, relatively humid summers and cold, dry winters, and is located in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 4b.[10] The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 16.6 °F (−8.6 °C) in January to 73.0 °F (22.8 °C) in July, while there are 18 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs and 26 days with sub-0 °F (−18 °C) lows annually. Snowfall occurs mostly in light to moderate amounts during the winter, totaling 44.6 inches (113 cm). Precipitation, at 26.3 inches (668 mm) annually, is concentrated in the warmer months. Extremes range from −42 °F (−41 °C) on February 9, 1899 to 110 °F (43 °C) as recently as June 21, 1988.[11]

Metropolitan area[edit]

Canton is part of the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area that consists of four counties, all of which are located in South Dakota: Lincoln, McCook, Minnehaha, and Turner.[15] The estimated population of this MSA in 2008 was 232,930, an increase of over 24% from the 2000 census.[16] According to recent estimates, Lincoln County, which Canton is the County Seat, is the ninth-fastest growing county (by percentage) in the United States.[17] In addition to Canton, several cities and towns included in the metropolitan area are Sioux Falls, Brandon, Dell Rapids, Tea, Harrisburg, Worthing, Beresford, Lennox, Hartford, Crooks, Baltic, Montrose, Salem, Renner, Chancellor, Colton, Humboldt, Parker, Hurley, Garretson, Sherman, Corson, and Centerville.

Parks & Recreation[edit]

Newton Hills State Park, located 6 miles south of Canton, offers camping and picnicking, as well as horseback riding, nature trails and cross country skiing throughout the park. Canton hosts many recreation festivals and events. The summer starts with the Optimist Youth Days Carnival in June. An annual Car Show is held each year in the end of July along with other weekend festivities held in the park. The Big Sioux River Folk Festival in August attracts approximately 5,000 each year. The summer ends with the 4-H Achievement Days held on the 4-H grounds behind the hospital. The winter event hosted by the Canton Chamber of Commerce is the annual Christmas Parade and Visit with Santa in December. Canton also has a 9-hole golf course with a club house, a community pool, and seven area parks. Canton has many active community organizations that include: Masons, Greig Male Chorus, Lions Club, Rotary Club, Booster Club, Red Hat Society, PEO Sisterhood, Questers, Chamber of Commerce, Economic Development Corporation, Ministerial Association, Sons of Norway, Optimists Club, Love, INC., Historical Society, Grand Valley Rural School Historical Society, Junior Cheerleading, Boys & Girls Scouts, Boys & Girls Youth Softball, Youth Football & Baseball, Youth & Adult Bowling Leagues, 4-H Club, Retired Seniors Volunteer Program (RSVP), Garden Club, Meals on Wheels, Gun Club, Ducks Unlimited and an active VFW.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 675
1890 1,101 63.1%
1900 1,943 76.5%
1910 2,103 8.2%
1920 2,225 5.8%
1930 2,270 2.0%
1940 2,518 10.9%
1950 2,530 0.5%
1960 2,511 −0.8%
1970 2,665 6.1%
1980 2,886 8.3%
1990 2,787 −3.4%
2000 3,110 11.6%
2010 3,057 −1.7%
Est. 2013 3,274 7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]
2013 Estimate[4]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 3,057 people, 1,248 households, and 789 families residing in the city. The population density was 958.3 inhabitants per square mile (370.0 /km2). There were 1,351 housing units at an average density of 423.5 per square mile (163.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 0.3% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 1,248 households of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.8% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.01.

The median age in the city was 38.6 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 16.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

Economic Development[edit]

Early Development[edit]

The Big Sioux River has been an important part of the development of Canton. A ship builder named M. M. Hanson from Milwaukee, Wisconsin came to Canton in 1892. The site of the Big Sioux inspired "Cap" Hanson to build "The City of Canton". The forty-foot steam launch had a speed of fifteen to eighteen miles per hour and could carry 100 passengers. This became the beginning of a thriving business for "Cap". Pleasure seekers could go up and down the river stopping at the various parks along the banks. In 1901, "Cap" built his second boat, the "Sioux Queen". This gasoline powered boat could carry 200 passengers. He also had a fleet of thirty row boats for hire. Many family-owned canoes were often seen on the river as well as other launches. A spring flood in 1906 washed out the Beloit Dam. The dam was rebuilt, but the dam was washed out again three years later. This ended the "Sioux Queen's" travels, and destroyed "Caps" boat business.

South Dakota Certified Ready Site[edit]

The Canton Industrial Park was approved as the first South Dakota Certified Ready Site, in 2012. Located on the west side of Canton along U.S. Highway 18, the Canton Industrial Park covers nearly 28 acres and is certified and zoned heavy industrial, light industrial, research and development/business services and rural business park. The park already houses Adam’s Thermal and Terex.

The South Dakota Certified Ready Sites Program is an economic development tool available to all cities and counties in South Dakota to promote development-ready commercial and industrial sites.

The South Dakota Certified Ready Sites Program is operated under the supervision of the Governor’s Office of Economic Development (GOED) for the purpose of providing consistent information on sites available throughout the state.

Business & Industry[edit]

Canton is home to six industries. The longest active company has been the Eastern Farmers Co-op built in 1860, and employs approximately 54 people. Adams Thermal Systems, a company of approximately 1,100 employees, manufactures oil coolers, radiators and other engine cooling systems and components primarily for use in off-highway vehicles such as agricultural and construction equipment. Another employer is Bid-Well, a Terex Company. Bid-Well specializes in concrete paving equipment. This business, founded in Canton, employs 49 people. Johnson Feed, Inc. distributes a wide range of salt products, as well as baler twine, tires, dog food and other items. They employ approximately 350 people and have over 250 trucks going to 48 states. Fastek Products and its division, Midwest Molding is owned and operated in Canton. This company employs about 100 people. Fastek specialize in die cast items, plastic injection molding, and parts for the window industry. Legacy Electronics building memory modules, circuit boards and other computer components. They employ approximately 75 people.

Augustana College[edit]

In 1884, Augustana College moved from Beloit, IA to Canton. An elementary through high school was also built as part of Augustana's relocation, and educated the internationally known physicist Merle Tuve, and brothers John Lawrence and Ernest Lawrence.

Old Main

Augustana struggled in Canton until Anthony G. Tuve became president in 1890. Attendance doubled, but a series of crop failures soon followed. As a result, in 1894, the Church Synod withheld appropriations. President Tuve assumed all financial obligations in order to keep the school open. After the crisis, Augustana prospered and soon outgrew its building. The building was moved in 1901. Then, in 1902, the college added to the campus on the east side of town. A four and ½ story brick building was erected to house classrooms, a gymnasium, and chapel. The new structure was dedicated in 1903. The college continued to grow. Enrollment increased to 330 by 1918. The school became widely known for its excellence in academics and for the many scholars came for speaking engagements.

The United Norwegian Lutheran Synod had its headquarters on campus. An event in 1917 took place that changed the college and community. That year, the Norwegian Lutheran Synods merged to become the Norwegian Lutheran Church of America. The new synod considered it inadvisable to maintain Augustana College and Lutheran Normal School in Sioux Falls, barely 25 miles apart. A vigorous campaign to keep the college in Canton began. But, the advantages of locating the school in a larger community prevailed, and Canton lost their college. The bitterness was great, and was intensified when President Tuve died suddenly. The area pastors in the South Dakota district realized something needed to be done. An agreement was proposed and accepted that Canton would put up an endowment of $200,000 and turn it over to Augustana College. Then, the Normal School division would move to Canton. A fund drive was successful and the Canton Lutheran Normal School opened in the fall of 1920. The gradual transfer of the Academy division to the Canton campus was made between 1920 and 1932. The school was known as Augustana Academy in 1932 and was no longer a division of the college. Capital improvements were made to the campus through the next several years including a new gymnasium and dormitory.

The history of Augustana Academy came to an end in 1971. The campus was closed and was sold to Keystone Treatment Center. The “Old Main” building has been converted into apartments.

National Ski Tournament Site & Sioux Valley Ski Club[edit]

A young man by the named Ludwig Holter from Norway, gave a skiing exhibition to a group of Canton Students in 1911. This exhibition began the quest to clear the hill and build a scaffold and jump in 1912. From that platform at the peak of the hill to a landing place was drop of 275 feet. Skiers could cover a distance of one eighth of a mile at up to 100 miles per hour. Soon tournaments were held at about two-year intervals. On February 11 and 12, 1925, a National Tournament was held and Canton hosted over 5,000 fans. The Sioux Valley Ski Club was organized that year. World renowned singer, Eric Bye, gave the trophy to the Sioux Valley Club. Many notables were present that day including a member of the Olympic team, national champions, and the international winner and the winner of the world distance title. Many tournaments were held at the site. The largest on record was the1932 National tournament when 15,000-20,000 people attended. Tournaments declined in the 1930s. Cost increases and slowing attendance prompted the last Central U.S. tournament in 1936. The last national event was in 1957. Snow was scarce so it was trucked in from Spirit Lake and Lake Okoboji, Iowa. By the time the snow was in place, it had turned into slush. Winds changed and brought bitter temperatures causing the slush to freeze. The tournament had to be cancelled. The ski hill is all that remains of the tournament site.

Hiawatha Insane Asylum[edit]

The first and only institution for insane Indians in the United States was Hiawatha Asylum for Insane Indians. It was placed in Canton because of the central location among the Western states with a large Indian populations and because of the influence of South Dakota's Representative O.S. Gifford and Senator R. F. Pettigrew. In 1898, Congress passed a bill creating the institution. The bill establishing the Hiawatha Asylum for Insane Indians passed in 1899, and the Indian Appropriation Act for 1900 set aside $3,000 for land purchase and $42,000 for building cThe brown catonstruction. One hundred acres were purchased a mile east of Canton on the hills overlooking the Sioux River. The asylum was closed in 1934.

The asylum grounds and buildings were used for a short time by South Dakota as a penitentiary for first time offenders. In 1946, in what Cantonites refer to as the "second Manhattan Purchase," the city purchased for $1.00 the 337 acres and buildings of the old institution. The only stipulation of the purchases was that it be used for the welfare of the community. For a time, the asylum hospital was used for the Canton-Inwood Hospital, but today the old asylum buildings are gone. The land is now home to Sanford Hospital Canton-Inwood, Three Rivers Gun Club, the 4-H fairground and Hiawatha County Club and Golf Course.

Today, a cemetery for 121 patients of the asylum is located on the original grounds of the asylum. The National Park Service added the cemetery to the National Register of Historic Places in 1998.[19]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Microsoft Word - Norwegian-American guide 2006-07
  7. ^ South Dakota Historical Listing Legislator Detail James M. Wahl
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ DeLorme (2001). South Dakota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-330-3
  10. ^ "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service. Retrieved 2013-07-18. 
  11. ^ a b "Average Weather for Canton, SD − Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-05-14. 
  12. ^ "Station Name: SD CANTON". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  13. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  14. ^ "Climatological Normals of Sioux Falls". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2010-05-14. 
  15. ^ "Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Components". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  16. ^ "Metropolitan and micropolitan statistical area population and estimated components of change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2008-07-01. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  17. ^ "Estimates for the 100 Fastest Growing U.S. Counties in 2004: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2004". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  18. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Canton Indian Historical Society", National Park Service. Retrieved July 2, 2011.

External links[edit]