Lemmon, South Dakota

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Lemmon, South Dakota
City
Lemmon, SD as seen from North Lemmon, ND.jpg
Location in Perkins County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Perkins County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 45°56′22″N 102°9′36″W / 45.93944°N 102.16000°W / 45.93944; -102.16000Coordinates: 45°56′22″N 102°9′36″W / 45.93944°N 102.16000°W / 45.93944; -102.16000
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Perkins
Incorporated 1908[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 1.04 sq mi (2.69 km2)
 • Land 1.04 sq mi (2.69 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,569 ft (783 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 1,227
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 1,245
 • Density 1,179.8/sq mi (455.5/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 57638
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-36340[5]
GNIS feature ID 1256086[6]
Website lemmonsd.com

Lemmon is a city in Perkins County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 1,227 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Lemmon is located at 45°56′22″N 102°9′36″W / 45.93944°N 102.16000°W / 45.93944; -102.16000 (45.939375, -102.160128).[7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.04 square miles (2.69 km2), all of it land.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,255
1920 1,126 −10.3%
1930 1,508 33.9%
1940 1,781 18.1%
1950 2,760 55.0%
1960 2,412 −12.6%
1970 1,997 −17.2%
1980 1,871 −6.3%
1990 1,614 −13.7%
2000 1,398 −13.4%
2010 1,227 −12.2%
Est. 2012 1,245 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,227 people, 567 households, and 319 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,179.8 inhabitants per square mile (455.5 /km2). There were 732 housing units at an average density of 703.8 per square mile (271.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.1% African American, 1.9% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 567 households of which 20.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.7% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.73.

The median age in the city was 50.8 years. 17.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.3% were from 25 to 44; 31.2% were from 45 to 64; and 27.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,398 people, 623 households, and 356 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,378.7 people per square mile (534.4/km²). There were 776 housing units at an average density of 765.3 per square mile (296.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.99% White, 0.14% African American, 2.65% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.

There were 623 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 40.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 27.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $28,109, and the median income for a family was $37,813. Males had a median income of $27,426 versus $17,813 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,272. About 8.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lemmon, South Dakota
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(21)
70
(21)
81
(27)
93
(34)
96
(36)
109
(43)
109
(43)
105
(41)
105
(41)
95
(35)
82
(28)
67
(19)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 29
(−2)
33
(1)
44
(7)
58
(14)
69
(21)
78
(26)
86
(30)
85
(29)
75
(24)
60
(16)
42
(6)
30
(−1)
57.4
(14.3)
Average low °F (°C) 9
(−13)
13
(−11)
21
(−6)
32
(0)
43
(6)
52
(11)
58
(14)
57
(14)
46
(8)
35
(2)
22
(−6)
11
(−12)
33.3
(0.6)
Record low °F (°C) −33
(−36)
−33
(−36)
−27
(−33)
−4
(−20)
10
(−12)
32
(0)
40
(4)
33
(1)
18
(−8)
−4
(−20)
−18
(−28)
−33
(−36)
−33
(−36)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.35
(8.9)
0.51
(13)
1.01
(25.7)
1.62
(41.1)
2.85
(72.4)
2.89
(73.4)
2.80
(71.1)
1.99
(50.5)
1.41
(35.8)
1.33
(33.8)
0.70
(17.8)
0.42
(10.7)
17.88
(454.2)
Source: The Weather Channel (Historical Monthly Averages) [8]

Sites of interest[edit]

Petrified Wood Park in Lemmon, South Dakota.jpg

Lemmon is home to the world’s largest Petrified Wood Park. This tourist attraction fills an entire block of the downtown area and is built entirely of petrified wood, fossils and stone. Construction began in 1930 and continued until 1932 under the supervision of Ole S. Quammen. It was in private ownership until 1954 when it was donated to the city by Quammen's heirs. The park features a wishing well, a waterfall, and a castle. The castle weighs 300 tons and boasts towering spires and turrets. Also in the park are two separate museums, both built entirely of petrified wood. The larger of the two is circular has a petrified grass floor along with petrified logs. Dinosaur claws, bird tracks and fossilized snakes can be seen in the petrified wood. Also in the museum are antiques and artifacts from the Lemmon area. The formations in the park number over 100 and are up to 20 feet tall.

The Boss Cowman Rodeo and Celebration is the second weekend in July, and is one of the largest rodeos in the state.

The Grand River Museum is located on Highway 12. The Museum features exhibits on creation science, fossils, Native Americans, cowboys and ranch life, a full-scale tipi and a model of the Ark. Admission is free.

Lemmon has a 9-hole golf course, an airport, two convenience stores, a Ben Franklin variety store, a hardware store, a grocery store, an American Legion, and many other businesses. It is home to the Powderhorn family restaurant, the Sugar Shack, the Alaska Cafe, Benny's steakhouse, the R bar, and the Chinese Garden. Lemmon also has 7 churches, 3 financial institutions, a library, a movie theater, a clinic, a nursing home, an eye clinic, a dentistry office, and a veterinarian clinic. There are also 3 hotels in town, the Dakota Lodge, the Lemmon Country Inn, and the In Town Motel. The Lemmon Sale Barn is just to the west of town, with sales every Wednesday.

Many Lemmonites are employed at Wheeler's Manufacturing, which produces jewelry products. Gregorian, Inc., and Dakota Woodcrafts also employ manufacturing workers. Other major employers are the school system and ranches.

Government[edit]

The mayor of Lemmon is Neal Pinnow, who was elected in April 2008 to replace outgoing mayor Wally Dauwen. The city council has eight members. The Lemmon Police Department was absorbed by the Perkins County Sheriffs Department now having 3 deputies, along with a SD Highway Patrolman stationed in Lemmon and a 30 man volunteer fire department.

Education[edit]

Lemmon's school district includes a high school and an elementary school. The Progress country school operated in Meadow until the summer of 2010, when it was destroyed by a tornado. The small rural school district was then consolidated into the Lemmon and Faith districts.

Local media[edit]

AM radio[edit]

AM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner City
1400 AM KBJM Country/Classic Hits Media Associates Lemmon

See also[edit]

References[edit]