Macau Light Rail Transit
|This article is outdated. (May 2013)|
|Macau Light Rail Transit|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||2|
|Number of stations||21|
|Began operation||planning and assessment phase - completion expected 2016 (Taipa section from Taipa Ferry Terminal Station to Ocean Gardens Station), 2017 (Macau Peninsula section from Ocean Gardens Station to Border Gate Station)|
|System length||20 km|
|Track gauge||N/A - rubber wheels|
|Macau Light Rail Transit|
|Portuguese||Metro Ligeiro de Macau|
The Macau Light Rail Transit or Macau LRT also known as Metro Ligeiro de Macau is a mass transit system in Macau under construction. It will serve the Macau Peninsula, Taipa and Cotai, serving major border checkpoints such as the Border Gate, the Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal, the Lotus Bridge Border and the Macau International Airport.
The LRT was first proposed in 2003 by the Macau SAR Government. After the original proposal was rejected by the public,[clarification needed] the decision to build the LRT was not made until October 2006. The LRT will improve transportation options between the Macau Peninsula, Taipa and Cotai, and relieve traffic congestion on roads and bridges. It will be the first rapid transit system in Macau.
The LRT will consist of at least two phases:
- Phase I Line (Macau-Taipa Line)
Connecting major entry-exit points at the Macau Peninsula and the Taipa Island with residential and tourist areas. It will use reserved space in the lower deck of the Ponte de Sai Van (Sai Van Bridge) to connect to Taipa island.
- Phase II Line (Loop Line)
Connecting the Barrier gate to A-Ma Temple via the inner harbour area, eventually forming a loop on the Macau peninsula.
The LRT will use Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Crystal Mover APM vehicles with rubber tyres running on concrete track. Mitsubishi will supply 55 two-cars trains, fully automated, driveless, rubber-tired APM system. They will have a capacity of up to 476 passengers. The car is named Ocean Cruiser.
|Manufacturer||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries|
|Car body construction||Aluminum|
|Car length||11 metres (36 ft)|
|Width||3 metres (9.8 ft)|
|Height||4 metres (13 ft)|
|Doors||4 sets (2 sets per side) per car|
The estimated construction cost for Phase 1 (with 21 stations) was revised in June 2011 from MOP 7.5 billion (about US$933 million) to MOP 11 billion (about US$1,370 million) including MOP 360 million for studies, MOP 4.9 billion for rolling stock and MOP 5.74 billion for construction. The project will be financed by the Government of Macau and is scheduled to take about 48 months to complete. Construction of the Taipa section of Phase 1 started in late February 2012.
Six design packages have been awarded and the open tenders were expected to be published by October 2011, starting by the Taipa packages C250 and C260.
The Phase I Macau-Taipa Line will have 21 stations, two stations planned near the Cultural Centre and near the Macau Government Headquarters on Avenida da Praia Grande having been scrapped in the 2009 review:
|1||Portas do Cerco
|2||Jardim da Areia Preta
Hac Sa Van Park
|3||Zona do Nordeste
|4||Terminal Marítimo do Porto Exterior
Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal
|5||Praça Flor de Lótus Dourada
Golden Lotus Square
|6||Jaradim Dr. Carlos d’Assumpção
Dr. Carlos d’Assumpção Park
|7||Jardim das Artes
|8||Largo Nam Van
Nam Van Lake
|9||Largo Sai Van
Sai Van Lake
|11||Jardins do Oceano
|12||Jockey Clube de Macau
Macau Jockey Club
|13||Estádio de Macau
|14||Vila da Taipa
|15||Zona Oeste do Cotai
|16||Porto Fronteiriço da Ponte Flor de Lótus
|17||Nave Desportiva dos Jogos da Ásia Oriental de Macau
Macau East Asian Games Dome
|18||Zona Este do Cotai
|19||Universidade de Ciência e Tecnologia de Macau
Macau University of Science and Technology
|20||Aeroporto Internacional de Macau
Macau International Airport
|21||Terminal Marítimo de Passageiros da Taipa
Taipa Ferry Terminal
- "Railway Gazette: MHI wins Macau automated light metro contract". Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Mitsubishi wins LRT tender www.macaodailytimes.com 31/12/2010 03:00:00 Natalie Leung
- Mitsubishi Press Information : http://www.mhi.co.jp/en/news/story/1103031410.html
- "Macau starts light rail construction". Macau News, 22 February 2012.
- Report about Macau Light Transit System by Apple Daily, 20 October 2006.
- Transportation Infrastructure Office (GIT) Macao in charge of the LRT projects.
- System map with station locations on aerial picture of the SAR
- "Skyscrapercity Macau LRT thread" Updates, articles and pictures.