Mesquite, Texas

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City of Mesquite
City
Mesquite Tower rises over Memorial Stadium in Mesquite.
Mesquite Tower rises over Memorial Stadium in Mesquite.
Location within Dallas County and the state of Texas
Location within Dallas County and the state of Texas
Coordinates: 32°46′58″N 96°36′36″W / 32.78278°N 96.61000°W / 32.78278; -96.61000Coordinates: 32°46′58″N 96°36′36″W / 32.78278°N 96.61000°W / 32.78278; -96.61000
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
Counties Dallas, Kaufman
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor
 • City Manager Ted Barron
Area
 • Total 46.2 sq mi (119.6 km2)
 • Land 46.0 sq mi (119.2 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 495 ft (151 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 139,824
 • Density 3,216/sq mi (1,241.7/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 75149, 75150, 75180, 75181, 75185, 75187
Area code(s) 214, 469, 972
FIPS code 48-47892[1]
GNIS feature ID 1341400[2]
Website http://www.cityofmesquite.com/

Mesquite is a city and an eastern suburb of Dallas, Texas. Most of the city is located in Dallas County with a smaller portion in the east overlapping into Kaufman County. As of the 2010 census, the population was 139,824 making it the eighteenth most populous city in the state of Texas.[3]

History[edit]

The city was founded on March 14, 1878, on land along the Texas & Pacific line outside of Dallas. The railroad, which ran from Dallas to Shreveport, Louisiana, began stopping at the newly created town shortly thereafter, and the city began to grow around the railroad. The city was officially incorporated on December 3, 1887.

Mesquite prospered through the late 19th century and early 20th century as a farming community growing cotton, hay, corn and sugar and using the railroad to ship raw goods. The town remained predominantly agrarian until after World War II when the suburban boom also took root in Mesquite. The city's population rapidly grew from 1,696 in the 1950 census to 27,526 in 1960 and 55,131 in 1970.

In 1958, the Mesquite ProRodeo was established, and in 1959, Big Town Mall opened as the first air conditioned shopping mall in the United States. The mall was demolished in the summer of 2006.

By 1970, LBJ Freeway (I-635) was constructed, connecting Mesquite to its neighbors, Garland to the north and Balch Springs to the south. Also in 1971, Town East Mall was constructed. The mall was used by director Ron Howard to film portions of the movie Cotton Candy in 1978. The mall's associated traffic and shops would continue to grow the town. By the 1990 census, the city had grown to 101,484 people, nearly twice the population twenty years earlier.

In 1986, the Mesquite Arena (now named Resistol Arena) opened its doors as the new home for the Mesquite ProRodeo. By 1998, the facility was expanded to include a Convention Center, Exhibition Hall and a Hampton Inn & Suites.

2011 saw Mesquite pass a law that allows beer and wine sales in the city. The measure had been considered several times for many years, but was always blocked by strong protest against the proposed sales. It was one of the few cities without beer and wine sales in eastern Dallas County before the law came into effect.

Geography[edit]

Mesquite is located at 32°46′58″N 96°36′36″W / 32.782878°N 96.609862°W / 32.782878; -96.609862 (32.782878, -96.609862).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.2 square miles (119.6 km2), of which 46.0 square miles (119.2 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.33%, is water.[5]

Mesquite, Texas
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.9
 
55
36
 
 
2.3
 
61
41
 
 
3.1
 
69
49
 
 
3.5
 
77
56
 
 
5.3
 
84
65
 
 
3.9
 
92
73
 
 
2.4
 
96
77
 
 
2.2
 
96
76
 
 
2.7
 
89
69
 
 
4.7
 
79
58
 
 
2.6
 
66
47
 
 
2.5
 
57
39
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weather.com / NWS

Climate[edit]

On average, the warmest month is July. The highest recorded temperature was 112°F in 1980. The average coolest month is January. The lowest recorded temperature was 1°F in 1989.

May is the average wettest month. Mesquite is part of the humid subtropical region.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The City Council consists of six councilmembers. Councilmembers serve two-year terms and are responsible for appointing the city health officer, independent auditor, municipal judge, city manager, city attorney, city secretary and members of various boards and commissions. The mayor and six councilmembers are elected at large; however, four council positions have residency requirements.

According to the city's most recent comprehensive annual financial report, the city's various funds had $180.5 million in revenues, $162.7 million in expenditures, $546.5 million in total assets, $214.6 million in total liabilities, and $108.1 million in cash and investments.[6]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[7]

City Department Director
City Manager Ted Barron
Deputy City Manager Carol Zolnerowich
Assistant City Manager Jerry Dittman
Finance Debbie Mol
Fire Department Mark Kerby
Municipal Airport Cynthia Godfrey
Police Department Derek Rohde
Parks and Recreation Cliff Keheley
Community Development Richard Gertson
Human Resources Brian Dickerson
Public Works Tim James
Information Technology Zak LaJoie
Arts Center Mike Templeton
Library Services Jeannie Johnson
Housing and Community Services Valerie Bradley
Communications & Marketing Wayne Larson, APR
Economic Development Thomas E. Palmer

The city maintains a police department.

State representations[edit]

The Texas Department of Transportation operates the Dallas District Office in Mesquite.[8]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Mesquite Independent School District provides primary and secondary (K-12) education to most areas of Mesquite. A small portion of Mesquite is served by Dallas Independent School District. While another small area in Kaufman County is within the Forney Independent School District, the section has no residents. Mesquite also serves an area of Balch Springs.

In addition to numerous elementary and middle schools, Mesquite is served by five high schools: Mesquite High School, North Mesquite High School, West Mesquite High School, Poteet High School, and Horn High School.

Private schools[edit]

Dallas Christian School is located in Mesquite.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Higher education is provided by two institutions. Eastfield College provides undergraduate degrees and continuing education credits as part of the Dallas County Community College District. The Texas A&M University–Commerce Mesquite Metroplex Center provides graduate-level courses and degrees in a variety of fields.

Transportation[edit]

Mesquite is served by a publicly owned and operated airport, Mesquite Metro Airport.[9] The airport includes a 6,000-foot (1,800 m) lighted runway with ILS. General aviation comprises approximately 75% of daily operations, while commercial aviation comprises the rest.[10] Mesquite Metro Airport is popular among transient aircraft due to its location near Dallas and favorable fuel prices.[11]

Two other nearby airports, Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport and Dallas Love Field, provide regular commercial passenger service to the region. Love Field is approximately 15 miles (24 km) from Mesquite; DFW Airport is approximately 30 miles (48 km) from Mesquite.

Mesquite is not a member of Dallas Area Rapid Transit, but on April 12, 2011 The DART Board changed its policy to permit DART to contract with non-member cities for services, such as passenger rail and express service. The city and DART staffs have developed a coordinated plan to have a weekday commuter service in operation between the Hanby Stadium visitor parking lot and the DART's Green Line Lawnview Station. This route opened March 12, 2012. The city also operates its own paratransit service for elderly and disabled residents.[12]

Union Pacific Railroad operates an intermodal facility for its freight rail service as part of the Skyline Industrial Park. The recent expansion of this intermodal facility won a Silver award in the Industrial Paving Category by the American Concrete Pavement Association. [13]

Highways[edit]

Mesquite is served by three interstate highways, one US highway, and one state highway. Interstates 20, 30, and 635, US Highway 80, and Texas State Highway 352 all pass through Mesquite. Belt Line Road also passes through Mesquite and serves as a major road.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 Census:

  • Total population: 139,824
  • Total households: 48,390
  • Total families: 35,444
  • Population density: 3,216 people/mi2 (1,241.7/km2)
  • Housing density: 1,129.4/mi2 (435.8/mi2)
  • Racial makeup:
    • 59.0% White (41.6% non-Hispanic White)
    • 21.8% African American
    • 0.84% Native American
    • 3.24% Asian
    • 0.07% Pacific Islander
    • 3.12% two or more races
    • 31.6% Hispanic or Latino origin[3]

There were 48,390 households in the city, out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were headed by married couples living together, 18.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88, and the average family size was 3.38.[3]

In the city 29.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.1% were 18 to 24 years old, 27.9% were 25 to 44, 23.7% were 45 to 64, and 8.6% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.3 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.[3]

As of the 2000 Census:

  • Per capita income: $20,890
  • Median household income: $30,424
  • Median family income: $36,357
  • Median income (males): $37,756
  • Median income (females): $29,905

About 5.0% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

According to the City's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[6] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees  % of Total City Employment
1 United Parcel Service Inc. 3,000 4.22%
2 Dallas Regional Medical Center 1,150 1.62%
3 City of Mesquite 1,054 1.48%
4 Sears 450 0.63%
5 Texas Dept of Transportation - Dallas District 425 0.60%
6 Baker Drywall LTD 400 0.56%
7 Dallas County Community College 400 0.56%
8 Christian Care Center 400 0.56%
9 Integra Color 383 0.54%
10 Pepsi-Cola Metro Bottling Co Inc 325 0.46%

Neighborhoods[edit]

Neighborhoods include:

  • Lawson
  • Park View
  • Edgemont Park
  • Creek Crossing
  • Creek Crossing II
  • Falcon's Lair
  • Falcon's Ridge
  • Pecan Creek
  • Rollingwood Hills
  • Skyline
  • Pasadena Gardens
  • Original Town
  • Melton
  • Tealwood
  • Northridge

Constructions[edit]

  • Mesquite Tower is a lattice tower of unusual design.
  • Town East Tower is the tallest inhabited building in Mesquite, standing seven stories high.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Mesquite city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Mesquite city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b City of Mesquite CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-17
  7. ^ City of Mesquite AFR Retrieved 2009-08-17
  8. ^ "Dallas District Office." Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved on January 11, 2010.
  9. ^ [1] City of Mesquite web site. Access 10 September 2006
  10. ^ [2] City of Mesquite web site. Accessed 9 September 2006
  11. ^ [3]AirNav: Mesquite Metro Airport. Accessed 8 September 2006
  12. ^ [4]City of Mesquite web site. Accessed 9 September 2006
  13. ^ http://www.transystems.com/Home/News-Press/In-The-Spotlight/Archive/Mesquite-Intermodal-Facility-Expansion-Receives-Re.aspx
  14. ^ Biography for John Carmack at the Internet Movie Database
  15. ^ http://www.cedarcreekpilot.com/features/local_story_186120320.html Cedar Creek Pilot article
  16. ^ http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=3746845

External links[edit]