Wise County, Texas

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Wise County, Texas
Wise courthouse.jpg
The Wise County Courthouse in Decatur. The Romanesque Revival structure was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.
Map of Texas highlighting Wise County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1856
Named for Henry Alexander Wise
Seat Decatur
Largest city Decatur
Area
 • Total 923 sq mi (2,391 km2)
 • Land 904 sq mi (2,341 km2)
 • Water 18 sq mi (47 km2), 2.0%
Population
 • (2010) 59,127
 • Density 21/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional districts 12th, 13th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.wise.tx.us

Wise County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 59,127.[1] Its county seat is Decatur.[2]

Wise County is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The Wise Eyes crime watch program, eventually adopted by mostly rural counties in several states, was started in 1993 by then-Sheriff Phil Ryan.[3] Wise County is only one of several counties in the U.S. to have multiple, family-oriented naturist resorts.

History[edit]

On November 10 of 1837 the battle of the Knobs between Natives and encroaching Anglos took place. Approximately 50 Natives died at the hands of the Republic of Texas soldiers. Wise County was founded shortly after in 1856. It was named after Henry A. Wise from Virginia who supported Texas annexation to the United States.[4]

Wise County has allowed an increase in hydraulic fracturing in the late 2000s. The Parr family has filed a lawsuit in 2014 against several mining companies, such as Republic Energy, Inc. and Ryder Scott Petroleum, claiming that the extracting processes used has caused health complications for their family and neighbors.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 923 square miles (2,390 km2), of which 904 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (2.0%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

The following public-use airports are located in the county:[7]

  1. Bishop Airport (76T)
  2. Bridgeport Municipal Airport (XBP)
  3. Decatur Municipal Airport (LUD)
  4. Heritage Creek Airstrip (58T)
  5. Rhome Meadows Airport (T76)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,160
1870 1,450 −54.1%
1880 16,601 1,044.9%
1890 24,134 45.4%
1900 27,116 12.4%
1910 26,450 −2.5%
1920 23,363 −11.7%
1930 19,178 −17.9%
1940 19,074 −0.5%
1950 16,141 −15.4%
1960 17,012 5.4%
1970 19,687 15.7%
1980 26,575 35.0%
1990 34,679 30.5%
2000 48,793 40.7%
2010 59,127 21.2%
Est. 2012 60,432 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1850-2010[9]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 48,793 people, 17,178 households, and 13,467 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 19,242 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.01% White, 1.23% Black, 0.75% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.03% from other races, and 1.71% from two or more races. 10.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,178 households out of which 38.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.10% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.60% were non-families. 18.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 101.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,933, and the median income for a family was $47,909. Males had a median income of $35,913 versus $23,434 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,729. About 7.50% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ WCMessenger.com: Wise Eyes expands its vision
  4. ^ http://www.co.wise.tx.us/ Wise County
  5. ^ http://dfw.cbslocal.com/2011/03/08/wise-county-family-sues-over-natural-gas-fracking/ CBS.com
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Public and Private Airports, Wise County, Texas
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°13′N 97°39′W / 33.22°N 97.65°W / 33.22; -97.65