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Michael Steele

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For other people named Michael Steele, see Michael Steele (disambiguation).
Michael Steele
Michael Steele.jpg
64th Chairperson of the Republican National Committee
In office
January 30, 2009 – January 14, 2011
Preceded by Mike Duncan
Succeeded by Reince Priebus
7th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland
In office
January 15, 2003 – January 17, 2007
Governor Bob Ehrlich
Preceded by Kathleen Kennedy Townsend
Succeeded by Anthony Brown
Personal details
Born (1958-10-19) October 19, 1958 (age 56)
Andrews Field, Maryland, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Andrea Derritt (1985–present)
Children 2
Alma mater Johns Hopkins University
Villanova University
Georgetown University
Religion Roman Catholicism

Michael Stephen Steele (born October 19, 1958) is an American politician and MSNBC political analyst as of May 2011.[1] Steele served as the first African-American chairman of the Republican National Committee from January 2009 until January 2011.[2] From 2003 to 2007, he was the seventh Lieutenant Governor of Maryland, the first African American elected to statewide office in Maryland. During his time as Lieutenant Governor, he chaired the Minority Business Enterprise taskforce, actively promoting an expansion of affirmative action in the corporate world.[3]

In 2006, Steele made an unsuccessful run for the U.S. Senate, losing to Democrat Ben Cardin. He then served as chairman of GOPAC, the political training organization of the Republican party, was a political commentator for Fox News and a partner at the law firm of LeBoeuf, Lamb, Greene & MacRae LLP before making his bid for RNC Chairman. He co-founded the Republican Leadership Council, a "fiscally conservative and socially inclusive" political action committee, in 1993.[4] On December 13, 2010, he announced his intentions to seek a second term as Republican National Committee Chair.[5] On January 14, 2011, after four rounds of voting, Steele dropped out of the race and endorsed Maria Cino. Reince Priebus went on to win the election to succeed Steele. He commenced as a columnist for online magazine The Root in May 2011.[6]

Early life

Steele was born on October 19, 1958, at Andrews Air Force Base in Prince George's County, Maryland,[7][8] and was adopted as an infant[9] by William and Maebell Steele. William died in 1962.[10][11] Maebell, who had been born into a sharecropping family in South Carolina,[12] worked for minimum wage as a laundress to raise her children. After Michael's father died, she ignored her friends' appeals to apply for public assistance, later telling Michael "I didn't want the government raising my children".[12] She later married John Turner, a truck driver. Michael and his sister, Monica Turner, were raised in the Petworth neighborhood of Northwest Washington, D.C., which Steele has described as a small, stable and racially integrated community that insulated him from some of the problems elsewhere in the city.[12] Steele's sister later married and divorced former heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson.[13]

Steele attended Archbishop Carroll Roman Catholic High School in Washington, D.C., participating in the Glee Club, the National Honor Society and many of the school's drama productions. During his senior year, he was elected student council president.[14]

In 1977, Steele enrolled at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, where he received a bachelor's degree in international studies.[12]

Steele then spent three years preparing for the Catholic priesthood at the Augustinian Friars Seminary at Villanova University,[15] teaching high school classes in world history and economics for one year at Malvern Preparatory School in Malvern, Pennsylvania.[16] He left the seminary prior to ordination.[17]

He then enrolled at the Georgetown University Law Center, attending classes at night and receiving his Juris Doctor in 1991. He failed the Maryland bar exam, but then passed the Pennsylvania bar exam.[18]

Steele was employed as a corporate securities associate at the Washington, D.C. office of Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton. From 1991 to 1997, he specialized in financial investments for Wall Street underwriters, working at Cleary's Tokyo, Japan, office on major product liability litigation and at its London office on corporate matters. He left the law firm and founded the Steele Group, a business and legal consulting firm.[8]

Political development

Steele listens during then-Vice President Dick Cheney's address at the Second Annual African American Leadership Summit in Washington, D.C., Wednesday, April 28, 2004.

After joining the Republican Party, he became chairman of the Prince George's County Republican Central Committee. He was a founding member of the centrist, fiscally conservative and socially inclusive Republican Leadership Council in 1993 but left in 2008 citing disagreements over endorsing primary candidates,[4] though detractors contend that his departure was a politically convenient effort to boost his chances of becoming the RNC chair.[19] In 1995, the Maryland Republican Party selected him as their Republican Man of the Year.[8] He worked on several political campaigns, was an Alternate Delegate to the 1996 Republican National Convention and a Delegate to the 2000 Republican National Convention.[9]

In December 2000, he was elected chairman of the Maryland Republican Party, becoming the first African American ever to be elected chairman of any state Republican Party.[8]

Lieutenant Governor of Maryland

Steele watches a video and discusses Seaduck Research with Edward Lohnes (left) and Dr Matthew C Perry (right)

In 2002, Robert Ehrlich, who was running for Maryland Governor, selected Steele as his running mate for Lieutenant Governor. The campaign was waged against Democrat Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, who was running for Governor and Charles R. Larson who was running for Lieutenant Governor.

Steele resigned his chairmanship of the Maryland Republican Party to campaign full-time. The Baltimore Sun praised Townsend's running mate, Larson, for his experience and expertise, stating that: "state GOP chairman Michael S. Steele, brings little to the team but the color of his skin."[20]

In the September primary election, Ehrlich and Steele had no serious opposition. In the November 2002 general election, the Republican Ehrlich-Steele ticket won, 51 percent to 48 percent even though Maryland traditionally votes Democratic and had not elected a Republican Governor in almost 40 years. The Townsend-Larson campaign had been tainted by outgoing Democratic governor Parris Glendening's marital problems and backlash due to his strict enforcement of environmental regulations. During the election, Townsend was also criticized for her choice of running mate; she picked retired Admiral Charles R. Larson, a novice politician who had switched parties only a few weeks before.[citation needed]

Steele's most prominent efforts for the Ehrlich administration were reforming the state's Minority Business Enterprise program and chairing the Governor's Commission on Quality Education in Maryland. Steele garnered criticism for his failure to oppose Ehrlich's reinstitution of the death penalty, despite claims of racial inequities in the use of the death penalty, Steele's own religious beliefs and his prior anti-death penalty pronouncements.[21]

In 2005, Steele was named an Aspen Institute Rodel Fellow in Public Leadership and was awarded the Bethune-DuBois Institute Award for his continuing efforts to improve the quality education in Maryland.[22]

At the 2004 Republican National Convention, Steele gave the Republican counterpoint to Barack Obama's 2004 Democratic National Convention keynote address; it was Steele's first major national exposure. In April 2005, President Bush chose him to be a member of the U.S. delegation at the investiture of Pope Benedict XVI in Vatican City.[23]

Oreo cookie incident

After a September 26, 2002 gubernatorial debate that had included the candidates for lieutenant governor, Paul Schurick, Ehrlich's communications manager, claimed that the Kathleen Kennedy Townsend campaign had handed out Oreo cookies to the audience.[24] Five days later, Steele said that one or more Oreo cookies had rolled to his feet during the debate suggesting a racist statement against him, that of being black on the outside and white on the inside like an Oreo. "Maybe it was just someone having their snack, but it was there," Steele said. "If it happened, shame on them if they are that immature and that threatened by me." More than three years after the debate, when Steele was running for the U.S. Senate, Schurick claimed "It was raining Oreos... They were thick in the air like locusts. I was there. It was very real. It wasn't subtle."[25] In a November 2005 Hannity and Colmes appearance, Steele agreed with Hannity that cookies were thrown at him during the September 2002 debate.[26] Neil Duke of the Baltimore NAACP, who moderated the debate, praised the "passionate audience" and noted that "derisive behavior" had occurred.[24] but did not see Oreo-throwing. "Were there some goofballs sitting in [the] right-hand corner section tossing cookies amongst themselves and acting like sophomores, as the legend has it?" Duke said. "I have no reason to doubt those sources; I just didn't see it."[25] The operations manager of the building where the debate was held, interviewed three years after the event by The Baltimore Sun, disputed Steele's claim and said "I was in on the cleanup, and we found no cookies or anything else abnormal. There were no Oreo cookies thrown."[25] Some eyewitnesses, including AP reporter Tom Stuckey[27] and Project 21 representative Kevin Martin,[28] have said cookies were handed out and thrown. Other eyewitnesses, however, did not corroborate that claim.[25] Steele would later tell local radio station WTOP that the claims were exaggerated, saying that he "never claimed that I was hit, no. The one or two that I saw at my feet were there. I just happened to look down and see them."[29]

2006 campaign for U.S. Senate

When Paul Sarbanes, Maryland's longest-serving United States Senator, announced in March 2005 that he would not be a candidate for re-election in 2006, top state and national Republican officials began pressing Steele to become their party's nominee for the seat.[21] In April 2005, The Baltimore Sun announced the results of a poll it conducted, stating that Steele would run statistically neck and neck against either former NAACP head Kweisi Mfume, or Rep. Benjamin L. Cardin of Baltimore County.[30] Steele formally announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate on October 25, 2005.[31]

Steele lost the general election to Cardin on November 7, 2006,[32] 44 percent to Cardin's 55 percent. Steele's former campaign finance chairman later alleged improprieties in Steele's handling of campaign funds, which Steele denied.[33]

After the Senate race

One day after Steele conceded defeat in the Senate election, Chris Cillizza of the Washington Post reported that Steele was hoping to succeed Ken Mehlman as the chairman of the Republican National Committee.[34] Senator Mel Martinez of Florida, who had the endorsement of President George W. Bush, got the position.

In February 2007, Steele became chairman of GOPAC, a political action committee that helps fund state and local Republican campaigns around the country and is responsible for training future Republican candidates. He succeeded former U.S. Congressman J.C. Watts, a fellow black Republican. In April 2007, Steele joined the international law firm of Dewey & LeBoeuf, as a partner in the firm's Washington, D.C. office.[35]

At a speech given at the Media Research Center's 2007 DisHonors Awards Gala, Steele said:

Steele is considered a possible candidate for Governor of Maryland in the future and said he was "intrigued by the idea" for 2010.[37] He said that he would not run for president in 2012.[38]

Steele appeared several times on HBO's political show Real Time with Bill Maher, and was on Comedy Central's talk show The Colbert Report on January 23, 2007.[39] He also hosted a PBS Republican Primary debate in Baltimore, Maryland on September 27, 2007.[40]

He coined the phrase "Drill Baby Drill" during the 2008 Republican National Convention in Minnesota, where he promoted offshore drilling as an alternative to dependency on foreign oil.[41]

RNC Chairman

2009 election

On November 24, 2008 Steele launched his campaign for the RNC chairmanship with the launching of his website.[42] On January 30, 2009, Steele won the chairmanship of the RNC in the sixth round, with 91 votes to Dawson's 77.[43] Steele, the Republican Party's first African American chief, was selected in the aftermath of President Obama's election, when many in the GOP saw him as a charismatic counter to the first black president.[44]

2008 RNC Chairman Vote

Source: CQPolitics[45] and Poll Pundit[46]

Candidate Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Round 5 Round 6
Michael Steele 46 48 51 60 79 91
Katon Dawson 28 29 34 62 69 77
Saul Anuzis 22 24 24 31 20 Withdrew
Ken Blackwell 20 19 15 15 Withdrew
Mike Duncan 52 48 44 Withdrew
     Candidate won that Round of voting
     Candidate withdrew
     Candidate won RNC Chairmanship

In December 2010, Steele declared that he would run for re-election as RNC chair.[5][47]

Leadership dispute with Rush Limbaugh

On March 1, 2009 in response to a question on CBS's Face the Nation as to who spoke for the Republican Party, President Obama's chief of staff Rahm Emanuel said it was Rush Limbaugh because "whenever a Republican criticizes [Limbaugh], they have to run back and apologize to him, and say they were misunderstood. He is the voice and the intellectual force and energy behind the Republican Party. And he has been upfront about what he views, and hasn't stepped back from that, which is he hopes for [President Obama's] failure. He said it. And I compliment him for his honesty, but that's their philosophy that is enunciated by Rush Limbaugh."[48][49][50]

In remarks aired by the CNN program D.L. Hughley Breaks the News on March 1, 2009, Steele said he, rather than Limbaugh, is "the de facto leader of the Republican Party. Rush Limbaugh is an entertainer. Rush Limbaugh's whole thing is entertainment. Yes, it is incendiary. Yes, it is ugly." On March 2, 2009 Limbaugh said on his radio show that Steele is not fit to lead the Republican Party, asking of him "Why do you claim to lead the Republican Party when you seem obsessed with seeing to it President Obama succeeds?"[51] After the show Steele called Limbaugh to apologize, saying "I have enormous respect for Rush Limbaugh. I was maybe a little bit inarticulate. There was no attempt on my part to diminish his voice or his leadership. I went back at that tape and I realized words that I said weren't what I was thinking. It was one of those things where I thinking I was saying one thing, and it came out differently. What I was trying to say was a lot of people want to make Rush the scapegoat, the bogeyman, and he's not."[52] Steele later issued another statement to say that Limbaugh "is a national conservative leader, and in no way do I want to diminish his voice. I truly apologize."[53]

Fire Pelosi Bus Tour

In the fall of 2010, Steele launched the "Fire Pelosi Bus Tour,"[54] with the focus of taking over the United States House of Representatives, and thus "firing" Speaker Pelosi from her position as Speaker of the House of Representatives.[55] The tour began on September 15 and lasted 6 weeks, visiting 48 states in the Continental U.S., with stops in more than 100 cities while covering 14,000 miles.[56][57][58][59] The tours purpose was to "encourage votes for Republicans in districts across the nation."[60] The stops in individual districts gave Steele, "known for his bomb-throwing speaking style," an opportunity to fire up local GOP activists.[61] During the tour, "Steele urged party unity" as the Republicans attempted to take over the House of Representatives and end Representative Pelosi's term as Speaker of the House.[62]

His campaign proved successful, as Republicans gained more than 60 congressional seats, thus giving Republicans back control of the house. The 2010 mid-term elections were overall successful for Steele and the Republicans, as they also won six senate seats and seven governorships.[63]

2011 election

The 2011 Republican National Committee (RNC) chairmanship election was held on January 14, 2011, to determine the next chairman of the RNC, who will serve a two-year term ending in 2013 and will lead the party through the 2012 general elections. After seven rounds of balloting, Reince Priebus was elected chairman over incumbent chair Michael Steele, Saul Anuzis, Ann Wagner and Maria Cino.[64]

Candidate Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Round 5 Round 6 Round 7
Reince Priebus 45 52 54 58 67 80 97
Saul Anuzis 24 22 21 24 32 37 43
Maria Cino 32 30 28 29 40 34 28
Ann Wagner 23 27 32 28 28 17 Withdrew
Michael Steele 44 37 33 28 Withdrew
     Candidate won majority of votes in the round
     Candidate secured a plurality of votes in the round
     Candidate withdrew

After the chairmanship

After his loss in the chairmanship election, Steele was hired by MSNBC to be a regular political analyst as of May 2011.[65] He also was hired to be a columnist for the online magazine The Root, an African-American news and commentary site owned by The Washington Post Company.[66]

On C-SPAN's Washington Journal on the Sunday after the 2012 Obama reelection victory, Steele expressed some interest in running for RNC Chairman again. Steele emphasized the need to make conservative minorities feel comfortable and welcome in a party that offered them opportunities to launch political careers in counties and statehouses.[67]

Political positions

Right Now

Steele's book, Right Now: A 12-Step Program for Defeating the Obama Agenda, was released on January 4, 2010; it was published by Regnery Publishing, ISBN 978-1-59698-108-9. The Associated Press reported that, "Steele focuses much of the book on familiar GOP denunciations of President Barack Obama's overall policies (a roadmap to failure), the $787 billion stimulus bill (a reckless, wasteful, pork-laden spending spree), liberal views on manmade global warming (A threat to life on Earth? Depends on whom you ask) and other issues. To regain the public confidence, Steele says the GOP should, among other things, expose the reign of error inherent in liberal policies, contrast conservative and liberal principles, and highlight the damage caused by Obama's policies while explaining conservative solutions."[68]


  1. ^ Terbush, Jon (May 23, 2011). "Michael Steele Joins MSNBC As Political Analyst". Talking Points Memo LiveWire (TPM Media). Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ Associated Press (January 30, 2009). "Michael Steele wins RNC chairmanship race". MSNBC. Retrieved November 13, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Michael Steele on Civil Rights". On the Issues. Retrieved January 28, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Ham, Mary Katherine (November 20, 2008). "Michael Steele: I Left Moderate Republican Group This Spring". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b Sources Say Steele Will Seek Second Term As RNC Chair
  6. ^ Politico (2011). "Michael Steele joins The Root as columnist". Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  7. ^ "Nominations and Appointments" (Press release). The White House. March 1, 2002. Archived from the original on January 20, 2009. Retrieved January 30, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Michael S. Steele, Maryland Lt. Governor". Maryland Manual Online. Maryland State Archives. September 20, 2006. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Burton, Danielle (April 7, 2008). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Michael Steele". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved February 4, 2009. 
  10. ^ "The GOP's Man With a Mission; Md. Party Chief Michael Steele Hopes to Draw More Blacks Into Fold". Washington Post. May 10, 2001. Retrieved March 30, 2009. 
  11. ^ Depaulo, Lisa (March 11, 2009). "The Reconstructionist". GQ Editor's Blog. GQ. Retrieved March 30, 2009. [dead link]
  12. ^ a b c d Duffy, Jim (April 2005). "Mother Knows Best". Johns Hopkins Magazine. 
  13. ^ Mosk, Matthew (October 18, 2006). "Endorsement: Tyson Ready to Enter The Ring for Steele; Boxer Says He Would Fight if It Helped". Washington Post. p. B02. Retrieved February 1, 2009. 
  14. ^ Skalka, Jennifer; Brown, Matthew Hay (October 22, 2006). "A personality for politics". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 30, 2010. 
  15. ^ Fournier, Deacon Keith (January 31, 2009). "Opinion: Michael Steele, Black, Pro-Life Catholic Takes the Helm of the G.O.P.". Catholic Online. Retrieved January 30, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Lt. Governor Michael S. Steele" (PDF). The Navigator. Calvert County Chamber of Commerce. October 2004. p. 7. Retrieved February 17, 2009. 
  17. ^ Messenger, Brittany (September 18, 2009). "GOP chair shares personal journey in diversity lecture". Colgate University. Retrieved January 30, 2010. 
  18. ^ Jodi Kantor, "New Chairman Boos G.O.P. When He's Not Cheerleading", The New York Times, March 7, 2009 (in print March 8, 2009, p. A1 NY edition). Retrieved March 8, 2009.
  19. ^ West, Paul (December 6, 2008). "Name-dropping?". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved March 4, 2009. [dead link]
  20. ^ "Opinion: Townsend for governor". The Baltimore Sun. November 3, 2002. Retrieved January 10, 2009. 
  21. ^ a b Sokolove, Michael (March 26, 2006). "Why Is Michael Steele a Republican Candidate?". New York Times Magazine. Retrieved January 10, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Leader and Party Builder". Michael Steele for RNC Chairman. Retrieved February 4, 2009. [dead link]
  23. ^ "Vatican prepares to install pope". CNN. April 24, 2005. Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, President Bush's brother, heads the U.S. delegation, which includes Maryland Lt. Gov. Michael Steele; Knights of Columbus CEO Carl A. Anderson; Helen Alvary, an associate professor of law at Catholic University of America; and Frank Hanley, president emeritus of the International Union of Operating Engineers. 
  24. ^ a b Nitkin, David; Koenig, Sarah; and Howard Libit (October 1, 2002). "Crowd's antics quite debatable" (Reprinted by Baltimore Sun. [dead link]
  25. ^ a b c d Green, Andrew A. (November 13, 2005). "Ehrlich bristles at Oreo skeptics – Account of Steele pelted by cookies in '02 under scrutiny". Baltimore Sun. 
  26. ^ Is the Race Card in Play in the Md. Senate Campaign? from Fox News Channel
  27. ^ Dechter, Gadi (November 23, 2005). "Cookie Monster". Baltimore City Paper. Retrieved February 11, 2009. 
  28. ^ Ridenour, Amy (November 23, 2005). "Michael Steele Oreo Incident Eyewitness Report". Amy Ridenour's National Center Blog. National Center for Public Policy Research. Retrieved February 11, 2009. 
  29. ^ Was Lt. Gov. Steele Pelted With Oreos?, November 15, 2005.
  30. ^ Green, Andrew A. (April 18, 2005). "Steele attracts strong support in Senate race". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2009. 
  31. ^ "Michael Steele Announces Run for U.S. Senate". (National Right to Life News). November 2005. Retrieved January 31, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Democrat Cardin Wins Open Senate Seat in Maryland, Defeating Republican Steele". Fox News. November 7, 2006. Retrieved November 10, 2006. 
  33. ^ Lipton, Eric (February 7, 2009). "New G.O.P. Chairman Defends Payment to Sister". The New York Times. Retrieved May 14, 2009. 
  34. ^ Cillizza, Chris (November 8, 2006). "Michael Steele for Republican National Chairman?". Washington Post. 
  35. ^ "Michael S. Steele, Partner". Dewey & LeBoeuf LLP. 2008. Retrieved October 28, 2008. 
  36. ^ "Former Maryland Lt. Governor Michael Steele accepts the award on behalf of Arthur Sulzberger" (video). Media Research Center's 20th Anniversary Gala. Media Research Center. March 29, 2007. 
  37. ^ Gizzi, John (May 8, 2008). "McCain's Veepstakes: Michael Steele". Human Events. Retrieved May 9, 2008. 
  38. ^ "Michael Steele rules out presidential run". Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Michael Steele" (video of interview with Colbert). Colbert Nation. January 23, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2009. 
  40. ^ "Baltimore, Maryland, presidential debate on PBS". Keyes Archives. Alan Keyes. September 27, 2007. Archived from the original on July 31, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2009. 
  41. ^ Hughes, Siobhan (September 3, 2008). "Steele Gives GOP Delegates New Cheer: 'Drill, Baby, Drill!'". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 3, 2009. 
  42. ^ Reiter, Daniel. "Steele Website Goes Live". [dead link]
  43. ^ Burns, Alexander (2009-01-30). "It's Steele!". Politico. Retrieved 2009-01-30. 
  44. ^ West, Paul (December 12, 2010). "Rivals lining up to run against Republican National Committee chief". Los Angeles Times. 
  45. ^ CQ Politics (January 30, 2009). "Republican Choose Michael Steele as Party Chairman". 
  46. ^ (January 30, 3009). "RNC Chairman Vote: Live Coverage".  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  47. ^ What's Next for Michael Steele and the RNC?
  48. ^ Transcript: Rahm Emanuel on CBS's 'Face the Nation', CQ Politics, March 1, 2009
  49. ^ Limbaugh the Leader? Obama Chief of Staff Calls Talk Show Host a Barrier to Progress, Fox News, March 1, 2009
  50. ^ White House aide casts Limbaugh as top GOP voice, Associated Press, March 1, 2009[dead link]
  51. ^ GOP chairman Steele backs off Limbaugh criticism, CNN, March 2, 2009
  52. ^ Allen, Mike Steele to Rush: I'm sorry, Politico, March 2, 2009
  53. ^ GOP chairman apologizes for Limbaugh remarks, Associated Press, March 3, 2009[dead link]
  54. ^ Condon, Stephanie (2010-08-06). "GOP to Launch "Fire Pelosi" Bus Tour". CBS News. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  55. ^ Braver, Rita (2010-10-17). "Nancy Pelosi Fires Back". CBS News. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  56. ^ Lester, Kerry (2010-10-14). "‘Fire Pelosi Bus Tour’ not joint endeavor". Daily Herald. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  57. ^ Gavin, Patrick (2010-09-16). "The List: RNC's 'Fire Pelosi' Bus Tour". The Politico. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  58. ^ "RNC's "Fire Pelosi" bus tour stops in Waco". CBS. 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  59. ^ Knickerbocker, Brad (2010-09-15). "Michael Steele's 'Fire Pelosi' bus tour: 48 states or bust". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  60. ^ Krotzer, Chelsea (2010-10-10). "Republican leader urges party faithful to ‘Fire Pelosi’". Billings Gazette. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  61. ^ Hamby, Peter (2010-09-24). "Steele's bus tour draws crowds, but also critics". CNN. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  62. ^ Bowman, Quinn (2010-09-15). "RNC Chairman Steele Urges Unity as He Rolls Out 'Fire Pelosi' Bus Tour". PBS. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  63. ^ Chris Cillizza, "Election 2010: Republicans net 60 House seats, 6 Senate seats and 7 governorships", Washington Post, November 3, 2010.
  64. ^ Shear, Michael D. (2010-12-19). "Voting Begins for RNC Chairman -". Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  65. ^ Terbush, Jon (May 23, 2011). "Michael Steele Joins MSNBC As Political Analyst". Talking Points Memo LiveWire (TPM Media). Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  66. ^ Politico (2011). Michael Steele joins The Root as columnist. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  67. ^ "Future of the Republican Party" Presenter: Steve Scully. Washington Journal. C-Span. 2012-11-11. 60 minutes in.
  68. ^ "GOP Chief: Republicans 'Screwed Up' After Reagan". Fox News. Associated Press. Jan 5, 2010. Retrieved Apr 10, 2014. 


External links

Interviews and statements
Political offices
Preceded by
Kathleen Kennedy Townsend
Lieutenant Governor of Maryland
Succeeded by
Anthony Brown
Party political offices
Preceded by
Paul Rappaport
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Maryland
(Class 1)

Succeeded by
Dan Bongino
Preceded by
J. C. Watts
Chairperson of GOPAC
Succeeded by
Frank Donatelli
Preceded by
Mike Duncan
Chairperson of the Republican National Committee
Succeeded by
Reince Priebus