Chichester (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 50°50′11″N 0°46′45″W / 50.83652°N 0.77918°W / 50.83652; -0.77918

Chichester
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Chichester in West Sussex for the 2007 general election.
Outline map
Location of West Sussex within England.
County West Sussex
Electorate 81,804 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Chichester, Midhurst, Selsey and West Wittering
Current constituency
Created 1295
Member of Parliament Andrew Tyrie (Conservative)
Number of members 1295–1868:wes Two
1868–: One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Chichester is a constituency[n 1] in West Sussex, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Andrew Tyrie of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

Chichester centres on the small medieval cathedral city by the South Downs National Park and is one of the oldest constituencies in the UK having been created when commoners were first called to the Model Parliament in 1295 as one of the original Parliamentary boroughs returning two members. The seat has sent one member since 1868, by the Reform Act 1867.

In its various forms, Chichester has been a Conservative stronghold since 1924.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is based in the western portion of West Sussex, centred on the city of Chichester and covers the majority of the Chichester district. Other towns in the constituency include Midhurst and Selsey.

Prior to the boundary changes implemented in 1974, Chichester was a much more compact constituency, taking in the eastern towns of Arundel and Bognor Regis at various times, but the greater growth in population of other seats nationally, including in Sussex settlements of Crawley, Horsham and Brighton meant that the constituency was expanded to the north to give it equal population.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary boundaries in West Sussex, the Boundary Commission for England has made alterations to all existing constituencies to deal with population changes, to take effect from 2010. The modified Chichester constituency is created with the following electoral wards:

  • Bosham, Boxgrove, Chichester East, Chichester North, Chichester South, Chichester West, Donnington, Easebourne, East Wittering, Fernhurst, Fishbourne, Funtington, Harting, Lavant, Midhurst, North Mundham, Plaistow, Rogate, Selsey North, Selsey South, Sidlesham, Southbourne, Stedham, Tangmere, West Wittering, and Westbourne in the Chichester District

Constituency profile[edit]

This large, predominantly rural constituency runs from the West Sussex border with Surrey, through the South Downs, to the seaside resorts of Selsey and The Witterings. The small cathedral city of Chichester and Georgian market town of Midhurst are the main population centres. There is a cluster of settlements near the Hampshire border with Havant, in the west. There are a few pockets of deprivation on the outskirts of Chichester. The seat has been Conservative since 1924 and their candidate's present 55.3% of the vote is close to the average polled since 1983. The closest election since 1983 has been the 1997 general election, where a Liberal Democrat gained 29% of the vote. In that period the best performance by a Labour candidate was in 2001, with 21.4% of the vote. In terms of the fourth party since 2001, the three general elections to 2010 saw an increase in support for the UK Independence Party to their highest level to date, 6.8%.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1295–1660[edit]

  • Constituency created 1295
Parliament First member Second member
1386 Thomas Patching John Sherare[2]
1388 (Feb) Thomas Patching William Neel[2]
1388 (Sep) William Horlebat Simon Vincent[2]
1390 (Jan) Thomas Patching John Sherare[2]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Thomas Patching John Sherare[2]
1393 Thomas Patching John Sherare[2]
1394
1395 John atte Mille John Sherare[2]
1397 (Jan) John Goldston John Hebbe[2]
1397 (Sep) Thomas Patching John Okehurst[2]
1399 Thomas Patching William Neel[2]
1401 William Combe Thomas Hayne[2]
1402 Robert Jugler Simon Vincent[2]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 John Dolyte Thomas Neel[2]
1407 Robert Jugler Thomas Neel[2]
1410
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Geoffrey Hebbe Robert Jugler[2]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Robert Stryvelyne Robert Jugler[2]
1415 William Farnhurst Thomas Neel[2]
1416 (Mar) William Farnhurst John Vincent[2]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Thomas Russell Robert Stryvelyne[2]
1419 John Dolyte Richard Sherter[2]
1420 John Cok William Hore[2]
1421 (May) William Farnhurst Robert Stryvelyne[2]
1421 (Dec) John Dolyte Richard Fust[2]
1510-1523 No names known[3]
1529 Robert Bowyer I Robert Trigges[3]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542 William Erneley  ?[3]
1545  ?
1547 Richard Sackville Robert Bowyer I[3]
1553 (Mar) Thomas Stoughton Thomas Carpenter[3]
1553 (Oct) Thomas Stoughton Thomas Carpenter[3]
1554 (Apr) Thomas Stoughton Thomas Carpenter[3]
1554 (Nov) John Digons Walter Roynon [3]
1555 Richard Knight Robert Bowyer II[3]
1558 Peter Tolpat Lawrence Ardren[3]
1558/9 Sir Henry Radcliffe Robert Bowyer II[4]
1562/3 Thomas Stoughton John Sherwin[4]
1571 Thomas Kyrle Thomas West[4]
1572 Valentine Dale Richard Lewknor[4]
1584 Valentine Dale Richard Lewknor[4]
1586 Valentine Dale Richard Lewknor[4]
1588 Valentine Dale Richard Lewknor[4]
1593 Richard Lewknor William Ashby[4]
1597 Richard Lewknor Adrian Stoughton[4]
1601 Adrian Stoughton Stephen Barnham[4]
1604 Adrian Stoughton Sir John Morley
1614 Adrian Stoughton Sir John Morley
1621 Sir Edward Cecil[5] Thomas Whatman
1624 Sir Thomas Edmondes Thomas Whatman
1625 Algernon Lord Peircy Humphrey Hagget
1626 Algernon Lord Peircy Humphrey Hagget
1628 William Cawley Sir Henry Bellingham, 1st Baronet
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Christopher Lewknor Edward Dowse
1640 (Nov) Christopher Lewknor Sir William Morley, disabled 23 November 1642
1645 Sir John Temple Henry Peck
1648  ?
1653 Chichester not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Henry Peckham (one seat only)
1656 Henry Peckham (one seat only)
1659 Henry Peckham William Cawley jnr

MPs 1660–1868[edit]

Year First member[6] First party Second member[6] Second party
1660 Henry Peckham John Farrington
1661 William Garway
1673 Richard May
February 1679 John Braman
September 1679 John Farrington
1681 Richard Farington Whig
1685 Sir Richard May George Gounter
1689 Thomas Miller Thomas May
1695 The Earl of Ranelagh William Elson
1698 Sir Richard Farington, 1st Bt Whig John Miller Tory
January 1701 Sir Thomas May William Elson
November 1701 John Miller Tory
May 1705 Sir Thomas Littleton, 3rd Bt Whig
November 1705 Thomas Onslow
1708 Thomas Carr Tory Sir Richard Farington, 1st Bt Whig
1710 Sir John Miller, 2nd Bt Tory
1713 William Elson James Brudenell
1715 Sir Richard Farington, 1st Bt Whig Thomas Miller
1719 Henry Kelsall
1722 Earl of March
1724 Lord William Beauclerk
1727 Charles Lumley
1729 James Lumley
1733 Sir Thomas Prendergast, 2nd Baronet
1734 James Brudenell Thomas Yates
1741 John Page
1746 Viscount Bury
1755 Augustus Keppel Whig
1761 Lord George Henry Lennox
1767 William Keppel
1768 Thomas Conolly
1780 Thomas Steele
1782 Percy Charles Wyndham
1784 George White-Thomas
1807 James du Pre
1812 The Earl of March Tory William Huskisson Tory
1819 Lord John Lennox Whig
1823 William Stephen Poyntz
1830 John Smith
1831 Lord Arthur Lennox Conservative John Abel Smith Whig
1846 Lord Henry Lennox Conservative
1859 Humphrey William Freeland
1863 John Abel Smith Liberal
1868 Representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1868[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1868 Lord Henry Lennox Conservative
1885 Charles Gordon-Lennox Conservative
1888 by-election Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox Conservative
1894 by-election Lord Edmund Talbot Conservative
1918 Coalition Conservative
1921 by-election Sir William Bird Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 Charles Rudkin Liberal
1924 John Courtauld Conservative
1942 by-election Sir Lancelot Joynson-Hicks Conservative
1958 by-election Bill Loveys Conservative
1969 by-election Christopher Chataway Conservative
Oct 1974 Anthony Nelson Conservative
1997 Andrew Tyrie Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Patria Dr Andrew Emerson
UKIP Andrew Moncrieff [7]
Liberal Democrat Andrew Smith [8]
Conservative Andrew Tyrie
General Election 2010: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Tyrie 31,427 55.3 +7.4
Liberal Democrat Martin Lury 15,550 27.4 -0.3
Labour Simon Holland 5,937 10.5 -8.1
UKIP Andrew Moncrieff 3,873 6.8 +1.0
Majority 15,877 28.0
Turnout 56,787 69.7 +4.5
Conservative hold Swing +3.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Tyrie 25,302 48.3 +1.3
Liberal Democrat Alan Hilliar 14,442 27.6 +3.5
Labour Jonathan Austin 9,632 18.4 −3.0
UKIP Douglas Denny 3,025 5.8 +1.0
Majority 10,860 20.7
Turnout 52,401 66.6 +2.8
Conservative hold Swing −1.1
General Election 2001: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Tyrie 23,320 47.0 +0.6
Liberal Democrat Lynne Ravenscroft 11,965 24.1 -4.8
Labour Celia Barlow 10,627 21.4 +4.2
UKIP Douglas Denny 2,380 4.8 +3.4
Green Gavin Graham 1,292 2.6 N/A
Majority 11,355 22.9
Turnout 49,584 63.8 -10.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Tyrie 25,895 46.4 -12.9
Liberal Democrat Dr Peter Gardiner 16,161 29.0 +2.4
Labour Charlie Smith 9,605 17.2 +5.9
Referendum Party Douglas Denny 3,318 5.9 N/A
UKIP J G Rix 800 1.4 N/A
Majority 9,734 17.5
Turnout 55,779 74.6
Conservative hold Swing

This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.

General Election 1992: Chichester[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Nelson 37,906 59.3 -2.5
Liberal Democrat PF Gardiner 17,019 26.6 -1.7
Labour Mrs DM Andrewes 7,192 11.3 +3.4
Green E Paine 876 1.4 -0.6
Liberal Ms. JL Weights 643 1.0 +1.0
Natural Law Ms. JL Jackson 238 0.4 +0.4
Majority 20,887 32.7 -0.8
Turnout 63,874 77.8 +3.3
Conservative hold Swing -0.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Nelson 37,274 61.8 -1.9
SDP–Liberal Alliance (Liberal) P.F. Weston 17,097 28.3 +0.7
Labour D Morrison 4,751 7.9 +0.7
Green I F N Bagnall 1,196 2.0 +0.5
Majority 20,177 33.5
Turnout 60,318 74.4 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Nelson 35,482 63.7
SDP–Liberal Alliance (Social Democratic) H. Gibson 15,365 27.6
Labour R.H. Rhodes 3,995 7.2
Ecology J. Sherlock 838 1.5
Majority 20,117 36.1
Turnout 55,680 72.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Nelson 34,696 62.29
Liberal J Rix 10,920 19.60
Labour GN Cooke 8,569 15.38
United Country E Iremonger 863 1.55
Ecology N Bagnall 656 1.18
Majority 23,776 42.68
Turnout 75.56
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Nelson 26,942 52.51
Liberal GA Jeffs 15,601 30.41
Labour NJM Smith 8,767 17.09
Majority 11,341 22.10
Turnout 73.54
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher John Chataway 29,127 53.25
Liberal G Jeffs 17,714 32.39
Labour NJM Smith 7,854 14.36
Majority 11,413 20.87
Turnout 79.12
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Chichester

Electorate 87,116

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher John Chataway 38,120 62.60
Labour Neville Devonshire Sandelson 12,574 20.65
Liberal Denys G Kinsella 10,205 16.76
Majority 25,546 41.95
Turnout 60,899 69.91
Conservative hold Swing +5.0

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Chichester by-election, 1969
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher John Chataway 31,966 74.16 +17.00
Liberal Denys G Kinsella 5,879 13.64 -4.07
Labour John White 5,257 12.20 -12.93
Majority 26,087
Turnout 43,102
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Chichester

Electorate 74,951

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Harris Loveys 31,358 57.16
Labour David J Burnett 13,784 25.13
Liberal Patrick J Collins 9,714 17.71
Majority 17,574 32.04
Turnout 54,856 73.19
Conservative hold Swing +3.15
General Election 1964: Chichester

Electorate 70,637

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Harris Loveys 30,225 57.80
Liberal Denys G Kinsella 11,912 22.78
Labour Adrian J Cohen 10,155 19.42
Majority 18,313 35.02
Turnout 52,292 74.03
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Chichester

Electorate 63,958

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Harris Loveys 30,755 65.14
Labour John S Spooner 9,546 20.22
Liberal Jackson Newman 6,913 14.64
Majority 21,209 44.92
Turnout 47,214 73.82
Conservative hold Swing
By Election 6 November 1958: Chichester

W Edgar Simpkins

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Harris Loveys 23,158
Labour WE Simkins 9,504
Majority 13,654
Turnout 32,662
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Chichester

Electorate 60,712

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lancelot William Joynson-Hicks 30,857 70.79
Labour Mervyn Jones 12,735 29.21
Majority 18,122 41.57
Turnout 43,592 71.80
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Chichester

Electorate 59,667

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lancelot William Joynson-Hicks 32,166 69.72
Labour David G Packham 13,971 30.28
Majority 18,195 39.44
Turnout 77.32
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Chichester

Electorate 57,946

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lancelot William Joynson-Hicks 29,106 62.42
Labour David G Packham 12,614 27.05
Liberal RV Gibson 4,911 10.53
Majority 16,492 35.37
Turnout 80.47
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Chichester

Electorate 83,158

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lt-Cmdr. Hon. Lancelot William Joynson-Hicks 30,989 54.61
Labour Mrs. R F Chamberlayne 13,670 24.09
Liberal Wg-Cmdr. Gerald Kidd 11,345 19.99
Independent Flg-Off. MH Woodard 625 1.10
Democratic Paul T Carter 118 0.21
Majority 17,319 30.52
Turnout 68.24
Conservative hold Swing
Chichester by-election, 1942

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lt-Cmdr. Hon. Lancelot William Joynson-Hicks 15,634 58.1
Independent Progressive Fl-Lt. Gerald Kidd 10,564
Independent A. A. W. Tribe 706
Majority 5,070
Turnout 29.2
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Conservative: John Sewell Courtauld, Labour: Mrs E A Weston, British Union: Charles Edward Hudson.

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Chichester

Electorate 81,239

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Sewell Courtauld 37,882 78.32
Labour C W Higgins 10,484 21.7
Majority 27,398 56.65
Turnout 59.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Chichester

Electorate 72,751

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Sewell Courtauld 43,756 87.79
Labour C W Higgins 6,085 12.21
Majority 37,671 75.58
Turnout 68.51
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 67,276

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Sewell Courtauld 26,278 60.2
Liberal John Freeman Dunn 17,398 39.8
Majority 8,880 20.4
Turnout 43,676 64.9
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 48,170

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Sewell Courtauld 20,710 59.4
Liberal Charles Mark Clement Rudkin 12,416 35.6
Labour Richard Henry Kennard Hope 1,765 5.1
Majority 8,294 23.8
Turnout 34,891 72.4
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 46,406

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Mark Clement Rudkin 14,513
Unionist Sir William Barrott Montfort Bird 13,348
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 45,390

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Barrott Montfort Bird 19,494
Labour Richard Henry Kennard Hope 6,752
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
Chichester by-election, 1921

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Barrott Montfort Bird unopposed
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 42,131

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. Rt Hon. Lord Edmund Talbot
14,491
Labour Frederick Ernest Green 6,705
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, later editions, and Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  6. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/chichester-2015.html
  8. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/chichester-2015.html
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 

Sources[edit]