Oldham East and Saddleworth (UK Parliament constituency)
|Oldham East and Saddleworth|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Oldham East and Saddleworth in Greater Manchester.
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
|Electorate||72,249 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Oldham (part)
Shaw and Crompton
|Member of Parliament||Debbie Abrahams (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Littleborough & Saddleworth and Oldham Central & Royton|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
Boundaries and constituency profile
UK Polling Report describes it as:
UK Polling Report specifically characterises East Oldham as "an area of deprived terraces[n 3] and racial tensions", Shaw and Crompton as a "relatively prosperous (and unusually named) town" and Saddleworth as composed of "middle-class villages and hamlets".
Within its bounds are the eastern fringes of Oldham (such as Derker, Glodwick, Greenacres, and Sholver), Shaw and Crompton, Lees, and Saddleworth (the latter of which includes the rural villages of Denshaw, Diggle, Dobcross, Greenfield and Uppermill). Between 1997 and 2008, Oldham East and Saddleworth incorporated the suburban town of Milnrow in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale when boundary reforms placed it in the neighbouring Rochdale constituency.
For the 2011 by-election The Guardian described the constituency as:
The seat was established for the 1997 general election from parts of the former Littleborough and Saddleworth and Oldham Central and Royton constituencies. Oldham Central and Royton was a safe Labour seat whereas Littleborough and Saddleworth had had a Conservative MP[n 4] since its creation until a 1995 close three-party fought by-election where it was lost to a Liberal Democrat. Ahead of the 1997 general election the seat was notionally Conservative, however since 1997 the seat has been a Labour/Liberal Democrat marginal.[n 5] Although Phil Woolas of the Labour Party (defeated candidate in the mentioned 1995 by-election) was victorious in all three general elections since, his majorities have not been substantial and the Conservative vote increased from 16% to 24%.
The constituency "gained notoriety" at the 2001 general election, when the British National Party gained over 5,000 votes (an 11.2% share), retaining their deposit partly as Nick Griffin stood in the neighbouring West seat. Along with the BNP's showing in the neighbouring Oldham West and Royton constituency, this was interpreted as a reaction to the 2001 Oldham race riots. At the 2005 election the BNP's share of the vote dropped to 4.9%.
After losing the 2010 election by 103 votes, Liberal Democrat candidate Elwyn Watkins submitted a petition for a hearing by an election court, claiming that campaign literature issued by his Labour opponent Phil Woolas breached the Representation of the People Act 1983 by making false statements about his personal character. On 5 November 2010, the election court[n 6] upheld the petition and declared the election void after finding Phil Woolas guilty of making false election statements. Woolas sought a judicial review of the decision in the Administrative Division of the High Court, which upheld the decision of the Election Court in relation to two statements, whilst quashing the decision in relation to a third. As a result, the Oldham East and Saddleworth by-election, 2011 was needed, by which time the tuition fees backtrack from the Liberal Democrats was known however one non-mainstream media report stated the seat was "ultra-marginal between Labour and the Liberal Democrats". The by-election took place on 13 January 2011 and was contested by ten candidates. The Labour Party candidate Debbie Abrahams won the largest percentage majority since the seat's creation before 1997.
Members of Parliament
|5 November 2010||Vacant|
|2011 by-election||Debbie Abrahams||Labour|
|By-election, 2011 
2010 result voided on petition
Turnout: 34,930 (48.0%) −13.1
Majority: 3,558 (10.2%) +10.0
Swing: 5.0% from Lib Dem to Lab
|Elwyn Watkins||Liberal Democrat||11,160||31.9||+0.3|
|Nick "The Flying Brick" Delves||Monster Raving Loony||145||0.4||N/A|
|Stephen Morris||English Democrats||144||0.4||N/A|
|David Bishop||Bus-Pass Elvis||67||0.1||N/A|
|General Election 2010 
Turnout: 44,520 (61.2%) +4.4
Majority: 103 (0.2%) –10.2
Swing: 5.1% from Lab to Lib Dem
|Elwyn Watkins||Liberal Democrat||14,083||31.6||−0.5|
|General Election 2005 
Turnout: 43,367 (57.3%) −3.7
Majority: 3,590 (8.3%)
Swing: 1.1% from Lib Dem to Lab
|Tony Dawson||Liberal Democrat||14,378||33.2||+0.6|
|General Election 2001 
Turnout: 45,420 (61.0%) −13.0
Majority: 2,726 (6.0%) −0.3
Swing: 0.13% from Lib Dem to Lab
|Howard Sykes||Liberal Democrat||14,811||32.6||−2.8|
|General Election 1997 
|Labour Gain from Conservatives
Majority: 3,389 (6.3%)
|Chris Davies||Liberal Democrat||19,157||35.4||+1.0|
|Douglas Findlay||Referendum Party||1,116||2.0||N/A|
|John Smith||Socialist Labour||470||0.9||N/A|
|Ian Dalling||Natural Law||146||0.3||N/A|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- British terraced houses are occasionally at social extremes with seaside, spa town and West End terraces among the most expensive properties in the country and certain two-up two-down terraces in poorest parts of cities and ports still occasionally regenerated under slum clearance measures in rare instances where delapidation, rampant crime or squatting exists.
- Geoffrey Dickens
- The phrase comes from the estimated size of the winner's majority.
- Determined by High Court of England and Wales Judges Mr Justice Nigel Teare and Mr Justice Griffith Williams
- "Oldham East & Saddleworth: Constituency - Telegraph". London: Ukpolitics.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "UKPollingreport – Constituency Guide » Oldham East and Saddleworth". Ukpollingreport.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Oldham East and Saddleworth - Manchester Evening News". Menmedia.co.uk. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Greater Manchester: New Constituencies Ward Breakdown". Electoralcalculus.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Michael White (7 January 2011). "Oldham byelection race remains too close to call | Politics". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Losing candidate challenges Oldham election result". BBC. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-28.
- Election Petition submitted to the High Court - Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3. Parts 2 and 3 includes copies of the election literature challenged. (Oldham Council website. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
- "Watkins v Woolas 2010 EWHC 2702 (QB)". British and Irish Legal Information Institute. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- Oldham East and Saddleworth UK Polling Report
- Judges order election re-run in ex-minister's seat BBC News. 2010-11-05
- "R on the application of Woolas v The Parliamentary Election Court and others (2010) EWHC 3169 (Admin)". British and Irish Legal Information Institute. 3 December 2010. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
- "Judges order election re-run in ex-minister's seat". BBC. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- "Ten Candidates To Fight By-Election". Saddleworth News. 23 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
- Oldham East and Saddleworth, London: Guardian.co.uk, retrieved 2011-01-21[dead link]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "O" [self-published source][better source needed]
- "BNP's Nick Griffin in bid for Phil Woolas' Oldham seat". thejc.com. Retrieved 2010-12-09.
- "Three On Labour's Saddleworth Shortlist". Saddleworth News. 10 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
- "Official Monster Raving Loony Party Homepage". Omrlp.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Election 2010 - Oldham East & Saddleworth". BBC News. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "UK General Election results May 2010". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results May 2005". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- "Oldham East & Saddleworth, 1997 and 2001". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 December 2010.