Carlisle (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°52′44″N 2°56′13″W / 54.879°N 2.937°W / 54.879; -2.937

Carlisle
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Carlisle in Cumbria.
Outline map
Location of Cumbria within England.
County Cumbria
Electorate 66,322 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Carlisle
Current constituency
Created 1295
Member of Parliament John Stevenson (Conservative)
Number of members 1295–1885: Two
1885–present: One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Carlisle is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by John Stevenson of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

Carlisle has existed as a seat since the Model Parliament in 1295. It was represented by Labour Party MPs from 1964 until 2010, although the Conservative candidate came within 2% of taking the seat in 1983 and 1987, and has been held by John Stevenson of the Conservative Party since the 2010 General Election.

Boundaries[edit]

The Carlisle constituency covers the most populated part of the City of Carlisle district in Cumbria, including the city of Carlisle itself. It also covers the rural area of the district to the south and west of the city, including the village of Dalston. The remaining parts of the district are in the Penrith and The Border constituency.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Cumbria, the Boundary Commission for England modified the boundaries of the Carlisle constituency, as a consequence of population changes. The altered constituency fought at the 2010 general election was formed from the following wards:

  • Belah, Belle Vue, Botcherby, Burgh, Castle, Currock, Dalston, Denton Holme, Harraby, Morton, St Aidans, Stanwix Urban, Upperby, Wetheral, and Yewdale.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1295–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1381 John de Blennerhassett[better source needed]
1384 John de Blennerhassett
1386 Adam Denton Robert Bristowe[2]
1388 (Feb) Robert Carlisle William Aglionby[2]
1388 (Sep) John Corkeby Nicholas Leveson[2]
1390 (Jan) John Monceaux Alan Kirkebridge[2]
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Monceaux Robert Bristowe[2]
1393 John Redesdale John Werk[2]
1394
1395 John Monceaux John Burgham[2]
1397 (Jan) John Helton John Burgham[2]
1397 (Sep) Robert Bristowe John Bristowe[2]
1399 John Helton Robert Bristowe[2]
1401 Thomas Bolton Robert Bristowe[2]
1402 John Sowerby William Boweson[2]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406
1407
1410 [Robert] Carlisle[2]
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Robert Carlisle Ralph de Blenerhayset[2]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Robert Carlisle William Cardoile[2]
1415
1416 (Mar) Robert Lancaster William Bell[2]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Robert Carlisle William Cardoile[2]
1419 Robert Carlisle Thomas Manningham[2]
1420 Thomas Derley Richard Muncaster[2]
1421 (May) Robert Carlisle Thomas Pety[2]
1421 (Dec) William Manchester John Thompson[2]
1441 John Blenerhayset[better source needed]
1510-1523 No names known[3]
1529 Edward Aglionby John Coldale[3]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542 William Stapleton  ?[3]
1545 Hugh Aglionby Robert Smith[3]
1547 Edward Aglionby Thomas Dalston,
died and replaced Jan 1552 by Edward Aglionby[3]
1553 (Mar) Edward Aglionby John Dudley[3]
1553 (Oct) John Aglionby Simon Brisco[3]
1554 (Apr) Robert Wheatley Richard Mynsho[3]
1554 (Nov) Robert Wheatley Richard Mynsho[3]
1555 William Middleton William Ward[3]
1558 Richard Assheton Robert Dalton[3]
1558/9 John or Edward Aglionby Richard Mulcaster[4]
1563 (Jan) Richard Assheton William Mulcaster[4]
1571 Robert Bowes[5] Christopher Musgrave[4]
1572 Thomas Pattenson Robert Mulcaster,[6]
died and repl. 1576 by Thomas Tallentyne,
who also died and was repl. Mar 1579 by Thomas Barne[4]
1584 Edward Aglionby Thomas Blennerhassett[4]
1586 Henry Macwilliam,
died and repl. 1587 by William Bowyer
Thomas Blennerhassett[4]
1588 (Oct) Henry Scrope John Dalston[4]
1593 Henry Scrope Edward Aglionby[4]
1597 (Sep) Henry Scrope Thomas Sandford[4]
1601 (Oct) Henry Scrope John Dudley[4]
1604 Thomas Blennerhassett William Barwick
1614 George Butler Nathaniel Tomkins
1621 Sir Henry Vane George Butler
1624 Sir Henry Vane Edward Aglionby
1625 Sir Henry Vane Edward Aglionby
1626 Sir Henry Vane Richard Graham
1628 Richard Barwis Richard Graham
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

Long Parliament

First Protectorate Parliament (One member only)

Second Protectorate Parliament (One member only)

Third Protectorate Parliament

Long Parliament (restored)

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Election First member[8] First party Second member[8] Second party
1660 William Briscoe Jeremiah Tolhurst
1661 Sir Christopher Musgrave, Bt Sir Philip Howard
1681 Viscount Morpeth
1685 James Grahme
1689 Jeremiah Bubb
1690 Christopher Musgrave
1692 William Lowther
1694 James Lowther
1695 William Howard
1701 Philip Howard Whig
1702 Christopher Musgrave Thomas Stanwix Whig
1705 Sir James Montagu
1713 Sir Christopher Musgrave, Bt Tory
1715 William Strickland Whig
1721 Henry Aglionby
1722 James Bateman Tory
1727 Charles Howard John Hylton Tory
1741 John Stanwix Whig
1742 John Hylton Tory
1746 John Stanwix Whig
1761 Raby Vane Henry Curwen
1768 Lord Edward Bentinck George Musgrave
1774 Anthony Storer Fletcher Norton
1775 Walter Spencer-Stanhope
1780 Earl of Surrey William Lowther
1784 Edward Norton
April 1786 John Lowther
May 1786 John Christian
November 1786 Edward Knubley[9]
1787 Rowland Stephenson
1790 James Clarke Satterthwaite[10] Edward Knubley
1791 Wilson Bradyll John Christian Curwen Whig
1796 Sir Frederick Fletcher-Vane, Bt Whig
1802 Walter Spencer-Stanhope Tory
1812 Sir James Graham, Bt Tory Henry Fawcett
1816 John Christian Curwen[11] Whig
1820 William James Whig
1825 Sir Philip Musgrave, Bt Tory
1826 Sir James Graham, Bt Whig
1827 James Law Lushington Tory
1829 Sir William Scott, Bt Tory
1830 Philip Howard Whig
1831 William James Whig
1835 William Marshall Whig
1847 William Nicholson Hodgson Conservative John Dixon[12] Whig
1848 by-election Philip Howard Whig
1852 Joseph Ferguson Whig Sir James Graham, Bt Peelite
1857 William Nicholson Hodgson Conservative
1859 Wilfrid Lawson Liberal
1861 by-election Edmund Potter Liberal
1865 William Nicholson Hodgson Conservative
1868 Sir Wilfrid Lawson, Bt Liberal
1874 Robert Ferguson Liberal
1885 Representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1885[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1885 Robert Ferguson Liberal
1886 William Court Gully Gladstonian Liberal
1895 Speaker
1905 by-election Frederick William Chance Liberal
1910 January Richard Denman Liberal
1918 William Theodore Carr Coalition Liberal
1922 George Middleton Labour
1924 William Watson Conservative
1929 George Middleton Labour
1931 Louis Spears Conservative
1945 Edgar Grierson Labour
1950 Alfred Hargreaves (aka Alex) Labour
1955 Dr Donald Johnson Conservative
1964 Ronald Lewis Labour
1987 Eric Martlew Labour
2010 John Stevenson Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Carlisle[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Stevenson 16,513 39.3 +5.9
Labour Michael Boaden 15,736 37.3 −9.6
Liberal Democrat Neil Hughes 6,567 15.6 −1.0
BNP Paul Stafford 1,086 2.6 +2.6
UKIP Michael Owen 969 2.3 +0.0
Green John Reardon 614 1.5 +1.5
TUSC John Metcalfe 376 0.9 +0.9
Independent Peter Howe 263 0.6 +0.6
Majority 853 2.0
Turnout 42,200 64.7 +6.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 7.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Carlisle
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Martlew 17,019 48.1 −3.1
Conservative Mike Mitchelson 11,324 32.0 −2.8
Liberal Democrat Steven Tweedie 5,916 16.7 +5.0
UKIP Steven Cochrane 792 2.2 N/A
Legalise Cannabis Lezley Gibson 343 1.0 −0.6
Majority 5,695 16.1
Turnout 35,394 59.5 +0.1
Labour hold Swing −0.2
General Election 2001: Carlisle
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Martlew 17,856 51.2 −6.3
Conservative Mike Mitchelson 12,154 34.8 +5.8
Liberal Democrat John Guest 4,076 11.7 +1.2
Legalise Cannabis Colin Paisley 554 1.6 N/A
Socialist Alliance Paul Wilcox 269 0.8 N/A
Majority 5,702 16.4
Turnout 34,909 59.4 −13.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Carlisle[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Martlew 25,031 57.4 +10.6
Conservative Richard T. Lawrence 12,641 29.0 −10.7
Liberal Democrat Christopher A. Mayho 4,576 10.5 −2.6
Referendum Party Angus J. Fraser 1,233 2.8 N/A
Natural Law William A. Stevens 126 0.3 −0.1
Majority 12,390 28.4
Turnout 43,607 72.8
Labour hold Swing +10.7
General Election 1992: Carlisle[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Martlew 20,479 46.8 +4.5
Conservative Clive W. Condie 17,371 39.7 −0.4
Liberal Democrat Ralph E. Aldersey 5,740 13.1 −4.5
Natural Law Mrs Nina E. Robinson 190 0.4 N/A
Majority 3,108 7.1 +5.0
Turnout 43,780 79.4 +0.6
Labour hold Swing +2.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Carlisle[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Martlew 18,311 42.2 +4.7
Conservative William G. Hodgson 17,395 40.1 +2.8
Social Democrat Richard S. Hunt 7,655 17.7 −7.5
Majority 916 2.1
Turnout 43,359 78.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Carlisle[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ronald Lewis 15,618 37.5
Conservative R Sowler 15,547 37.3
Social Democrat R. S. Hunt 10,471 25.2
Majority 71 0.2
Turnout 41,638 76.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Carlisle[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ronald Lewis 21,343 49.7
Conservative D. Bloomer 16,777 39.1
Liberal T. Potts 4,829 11.2
Majority 4,566 10.6
Turnout 42,951 80.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Carlisle[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ronald Lewis 21,079 51.2
Conservative D. Bloomer 14,825 36.0
Liberal F. Phillips 5,306 12.9
Majority 6,254 15.2
Turnout 41,211 78.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Carlisle[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ronald Lewis 23,119 55.2
Conservative EM White 18,139 43.3
Independent Socialist J Wild 628 1.5
Majority 4,980 11.9
Turnout 41,887 88.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Carlisle[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ronald Lewis 21,866 53.2
Conservative B.A. Marsden 19,241 46.8
Majority 2,625 6.4
Turnout 41,105 78.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Carlisle

Electorate 48,144

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ronald Lewis 22,565 56.13
Conservative Godfrey W. Iredell 17,638 43.87
Majority 4,927 12.26
Turnout 83.51
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Carlisle

Electorate 49,121

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ronald H Lewis 19,169 45.6
Conservative Peter T.S. Boydell 17,049 40.5
Liberal Brian G. Ashmore 4,617 11.0
Independent Conservative Dr Donald McIntosh Johnson 1,227 2.9
Majority 2,120 5.0
Turnout 42,062 85.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Carlisle
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dr Donald McIntosh Johnson 21,948 52.38
Labour Alfred Hargreaves (aka Alex) 19,950 47.62
Majority 1,998 4.77
Turnout 84.61
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Carlisle
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dr Donald McIntosh Johnson 20,071 50.47
Labour Alfred Hargreaves (aka Alex) 19,701 49.53
Majority 370 0.93
Turnout 82.30
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1951: Carlisle[22]

Electorate 48,026

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alfred Hargreaves (aka Alex) 19,648 46.8
Conservative N.T. O'Reilly 16,456 39.2
Liberal Doreen Marjorie Gorsky 5,886 14.0
Majority 3,192 7.6
Turnout 87.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Carlisle
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alfred Hargreaves (aka Alex) 19,031 46.50
Conservative H.E.R. Peers 13,850 33.84
Liberal Godfrey W. Iredell 8,043 19.65
Majority 5,181 12.66
Turnout 88.49
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Carlisle

Electorate: 46,348

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edgar Grierson 18,505 50.41
Conservative Brig. Gen. Edward Louis Spears 13,356 36.39
Liberal Godfrey William Iredell 4,845 13.20
Majority 5,149 14.03
Turnout 79.20
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1935: Carlisle[25]

Electorate 38,608

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Louis Spears 16,591 48.69
Labour Arnold Ernest Townend 13,956 40.96
Liberal Miss. Barbara Stevenson Bliss 3,525 10.35
Majority 2,635 7.73
Turnout 88.25
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Carlisle[26]

Electorate 36,376

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Louis Spears 18,079 57.35
Labour George Middleton 13,445 42.65
Majority 4,634 14.70
Turnout 86.66
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Carlisle[27]

Electorate 34,984

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Middleton 12,779 40.4 -5.1
Unionist Edward Louis Spears 10,362 32.8 -21.7
Liberal Archibald Creighton 8,484 26.8 n/a
Majority 2,417 7.6 16.6
Turnout 90.4 +1.3
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +8.3
General Election 1924: Carlisle[28]

Electorate 26,326

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. William Watson 12,787 54.5 +15.2
Labour George Middleton 10,676 45.5 +5.0
Majority 2,111 9.0 10.2
Turnout 89.1 +1.3
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +5.1
Richard Denman
General Election 1923: Carlisle[29]

Electorate 25,634

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Middleton 9,120 40.5 +2.9
Unionist Rt Hon. William Watson 8,844 39.3 +8.6
Liberal Hon. Richard Douglas Denman 4,541 20.2 -11.5
Majority 276 1.2 -5.1
Turnout 87.8 +3.8
Labour hold Swing -2.8
General Election 1922: Carlisle[30]

Electorate 24,969

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Middleton 7,870 37.6 +4.4
Unionist Claude William Henry Lowther 6,569 31.3 +31.3
National Liberal William Theodore Carr 6,526 31.1 -35.7
Majority 1,301 6.3 n/a
Turnout 84.0 +22.2
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Theodore Carr
General Election 1918

Electorate 23,066

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal 9,511 66.8
Labour Ernest Lowthian 4,736 33.2
Majority 4,775 33.6
Turnout 61.8
Liberal hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.
General Election December 1910 Carlisle[31]

Electorate 7,436

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hon. Richard Douglas Denman 3,243
Conservative Irwen W Raymond 3,179
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election January 1910 Carlisle[31]

Electorate 7,436

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hon. Richard Douglas Denman 3,270 47.7 n/a
Conservative Valentine John Hussey-Walsh 2,815 n/a
Social Democratic Federation Arthur Charles Bannington 777 n/a
Majority n/a
Turnout 92.3 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 Carlisle[31]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frederick William Chance unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Lancelot Sanderson Conservative MP.jpg
Carlisle by-election, 1905[31]

Electorate 7,344

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frederick William Chance 3,616 58.3 n/a
Conservative Lancelot Sanderson 2,586 41.7 n/a
Majority 1,030 16.6 n/a
Turnout 84.4 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
William Gully
General Election 1900 Carlisle[31]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. William Court Gully unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 18th century[edit]

Election results taken from the History of Parliament Trust series.

General Election 1747: Carlisle (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Charles Howard Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig John Stanwix Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Hylton
By-Election 26 November 1746: Carlisle
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Stanwix N/A N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir Richard Musgrave, Bt N/A N/A N/A
General Election 13 May 1741: Carlisle (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Charles Howard 109 38.11 N/A
Whig John Stanwix 90 31.47 N/A
Tory John Hylton 87 30.42 N/A
  • Note: Stanwix was unseated on petition and replaced by Hylton, 26 January 1742
General Election 3 May 1734: Carlisle (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Charles Howard 354 37.82 N/A
Tory John Hylton 351 37.50 N/A
Non Partisan Henry Aglionby 231 24.68 N/A
General Election 1727: Carlisle (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Charles Howard Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory John Hylton Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 27 March 1722: Carlisle (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Henry Aglionby 398 37.65 N/A
Tory James Bateman 350 33.11 N/A
Whig Thomas Stanwix 309 29.23 N/A
By-Election 12 April 1721: Carlisle
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Henry Aglionby 268 67.00 N/A
Whig Thomas Stanwix 132 33.00 N/A
General Election 1715: Carlisle (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Strickland Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Thomas Stanwix Unopposed N/A N/A

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years — from 1295 until 1885 it had the right to send two MPs in most years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  5. ^  "Bowes, Robert (1535?-1597)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  6. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. ^  "Howard, Edward (d.1675)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  8. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ Knubley defeated Rowland Stephenson in a contested by-election by 553 votes to 405; but on petition Knubley was unseated and Stephenson declared elected
  10. ^ At the general election Satterthwaite and Knubley defeated Curwen and Bradyll; however on petition the result was overturned and Curwen and Bradyll were declared elected. Knubley and Stephenson had each secured 503 votes of which 377 came from newly appointed freemen
  11. ^ Curwen was re-elected at the 1820 general election but was also elected for Cumberland, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Carlisle in this parliament
  12. ^ On petition, the 1847 election in Carlisle was declared void. At the resulting by-election held in March 1848, Hodgson was re-elected but Howard, who had come third in the original election, finished ahead of Dixon
  13. ^ ukpollingreport.co.uk » Carlisle
  14. ^ Carlisle
  15. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  16. ^ UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]
  17. ^ UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]
  18. ^ UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]
  19. ^ UK General Election results: October 1974 [Archive]
  20. ^ UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]
  21. ^ UK General Election results 1970 [Archive]
  22. ^ British parliamentary election results 1950-1974, Craig, F.W.S.
  23. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  24. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  25. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  26. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  27. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  28. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  29. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  30. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  31. ^ a b c d e British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Warwick and Leamington
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1895–1905
Succeeded by
Penrith