Rede Tupi

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Rede Tupi de Televisão
Type Broadcast television network
Branding Rede Tupi
Country Brazil
Availability Brazil
Founded September 18, 1950; 63 years ago (1950-09-18)
by Assis Chateaubriand
Slogan Tupi, mais calor humano
Broadcast area
Brazil
Owner Diários Associados
Key people
Assis Chateaubriand
Launch date
September 18, 1950; 63 years ago (1950-09-18)
Dissolved July 18, 1980; 34 years ago (1980-07-18)

Rede Tupi (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁedʒi tuˈpi], also known as TV Tupi or formally as Rádio Difusora São Paulo S.A. was the first television network in South America. The network was owned by Diários Associados, who formed the Rede de Emissoras Associadas. Rede Tupi was founded and launched on September 18, 1950 by Assis Chateaubriand in São Paulo, initially broadcasting on Tupi Television Channel 3, whose first broadcast was on September 20 of that year. Rede Tupi was later broadcast in 1960 on Tupi Television Channel 4 after the inauguration of TV Cultura (Culture TV), Channel 2, Rede Associada (Associated Network), and also a TV Station from Associadas. Their competitors were Rede Record, Channel 7, and Rede Excelsior (Network Excelsior).

In Rio de Janeiro, TV Tupi was broadcast on Tupi Channel 6, and had its own station and studios there. In Brasília, TV Tupi was retransmitted by TV Brasília on Channel 6. In Salvador, TV Tupi was retransmitted by TV Itapoan, on Channel 5. Other TV Stations were formed by the Rede de Emissoras Associadas (Associated Broadcasters Networks), all Tupi affiliates and directly operated stations.

History[edit]

Rede Tupi was a pioneer in television programming in South America, setting the tone for the best dramas, news programming, sports, theater and entertainment in the 1950s and 1960s such as TV de Vanguarda (Vanguard TV), O Repóter Esso (The Esso Reporter), Alo Docura, Clube dos Artistas (1952–80), Beto Rockfeller, O Mundo e das Mulheres (The World for Women with Hebe Camargo) and many more. It led the way for the establishment of television stations throughout Brazil.

Its success prompted other nations to have television stations. The network added new talent to Brazilian show business, which was then a thriving industry depending on movies and radio. During the 1960s its programs revolutionized television through animation, humor, comedy and children's shows plus the telenovelas that gave rise to the 1965 launch of its rival network in Rio de Janeiro, Rede Globo.

Tupi had its own mark in news: Rede Tupi de Noticias (Tupi News Network) became one of its successful broadcasts. The newscast was unique because it was broadcast three times each night. Ana Maria Braga was the main presenter. It had three sections: sports, local news and national/world news.

In 1964 it became Brazil's second television network to broadcast in color following Rede Exclesior in 1962. After its founder's death in 1965, the network became the first national television network in 1970, composed of its two main stations, Channels 4 and 6, its 7 other stations and 17 affiliate stations.

After 29 years of continuous broadcast Rede Tupi became defunct on July 16 to 18,1980 when its two stations in Sao Paulo (Tupi Channel 4) and Rio de Janeiro (Tupi Channel 6) shut down, together with its 7 other stations nationwide, by order of the Federal government of Brazil - a military dictatorship at the time. The Department of National Telecommunications did not approve the planned extension of Rede Tupi's television concession. The Rio station signed-off for the last time on midday of the 18th, following the other stations the previous day. The final days of broadcasts at the network's Rio de Janeiro studios (including the 18-hour long vigil) were covered by various networks in Brazil, including Rede Bandeirantes.

It was succeeded by SBT (Brazilian Television System, then TVS, TV Studios Channel 4) of the Grupo Silvio Santos (Silvio Santos Group) of Silvio Santos later in August 1981 and by Rede Manchete (Network Manchete Channel 9), of the Bloch Editores (Bloch Editors) publishing group of Adolpho Bloch, in June 1983, the two stations using Rede Tupi's two channels in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro (Tupi Channel 6 and Tupi Channel 4) as their own, operating from their own broadcasting centers.

Slogans[edit]

  • 1950-1969: A pioneira (The pioneer)
  • 1970-1979: Do tamanho do Brasil (As big as Brazil)
  • 1973: Sistema Tupicolor, vamos por mais cor na sua vida (Tupicolor system, let's put more color in your life)
  • 1973-1975: Tupi, Uma Estação de Emoções (Tupi, A Station of Emotions)
  • 1979-1980: Tupi, mais calor humano (Tupi, more human warmth)

Idents[edit]

Year Ident
1950
1972
1975
1978
1980

Main Broadcasting Channels[edit]

O&O[edit]

Affiliated broadcasters[edit]

External links[edit]