1862 in Canada
|Years in Canada:||1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865|
|Centuries:||18th century · 19th century · 20th century|
|Decades:||1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s|
|Years:||1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865|
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|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1862 in Canada.
- Monarch — Queen Victoria
- Governor General of the Province of Canada — The Viscount Monck
- Colonial Governor of Newfoundland — Alexander Bannerman
- Governor of New Brunswick — Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon
- Governor of Nova Scotia — George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby
- Governor of Prince Edward Island — George Dundas
- Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada -
- Premier of Newfoundland — Hugh Hoyles
- Premier of New Brunswick — Samuel Leonard Tilley
- Premier of Nova Scotia - Joseph Howe
- Premier of Prince Edward Island - Edward Palmer
- April 7 - United Kingdom-United States treaty for suppression of African slave trade is signed.
- May 20 - Macdonald-Cartier government falls. Free interprovincial trade granted by the Crown.
Full date unknown
- The first female student is accepted into Mount Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick
- Smallpox sweeps through Fort Victoria area and down the length of the northwest coast, killing an estimated 200,000 Indian people - William Duncan, an Anglican missionary on the northwest coast, establishes the village of Metlakatla with 50 Tsimshian followers, who adopt the Christian faith and a European lifestyle. By 1880, more than 1,000 converts live there.
- Construction begins on the Cariboo Wagon Road to link coastal shipping to Barkerville and the Cariboo goldfields.
1862 published letter describes Fraser River riches in the Cariboo gold rush
Settling aboriginal people near Winnipeg is opposed by residents in 1862 published letter
Arts and literature
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2010)
- January 9 - Joseph-Octave Samson, businessperson, politician and 28th Mayor of Quebec City (died 1945)
Full date unknown
- August 8 - Allan MacNab, businessman, soldier, lawyer and politician (born 1798)
- August 18 - Simon Fraser, fur-trader and explorer (born 1776)
- "The Gold Diggings of British Columbia," Illustrated London News (March 29, 1862). Accessed 8 October 2017 http://personal.uwaterloo.ca/~marj/genealogy/goldbc1862.html
- "Settling Indians in St. Paul's Parish," The Nor'-Wester, Vol. III, No. 11 (June 11, 1862), pg. 1, Manitobia - Digital Resources on Manitoba History. Accessed 8 October 2017. Two images: http://manitobia.ca/content/en/newspapers/NWR/1862/06/11/1/Ar00106.html/Olive http://manitobia.ca/content/en/newspapers/NWR/1862/06/11/1/Ar00100.html/Olive
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