1774 in Canada
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|Years in Canada:||1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777|
|Centuries:||17th century · 18th century · 19th century|
|Decades:||1740s 1750s 1760s 1770s 1780s 1790s 1800s|
|Years:||1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1774 in Canada.
- Governor of the Province of Quebec: Guy Carleton
- Governor of Nova Scotia: Lord William Campbell
- Commodore-Governor of Newfoundland: John Byron
- Governor of St. John's Island: Walter Patterson
- June 22 – The Quebec Act ensures the loyalty of the seigneurs and the clergy to the new regime by guaranteeing the traditional language, civil law, and faith of the subjects.
- September 4 – Delegates from twelve colonies discuss measures for common safety, at Philadelphia. Canada and Georgia are not represented, though invited. Vermont, not being organized, is not invited.
- Lord Dunmore's War fought in Virginia between settlers and Shawnees.
- The first Continental Congress meets.
- Guy Carleton's recommendations are instituted in the Quebec Act, which introduces British criminal law but retains French civil law and guarantees religious freedom for Roman Catholics. The Act's geographical claims were so great that it helped precipitate the American Revolution.
- Juan Perez ordered by Spain to explore west coast; discovers Prince of Wales Island, Dixon Sound.
- February 4: Frederick Traugott Pursh, botanist (d.1820)
- March 13: Rose Fortune, entrepreneur (d.1864)
- August 19: Denis-Benjamin Viger, politician, businessman and politician (d.1861)
- September 5: Enos Collins, seaman, merchant, financier, and legislator (d.1871)
- September 17: William Fitzwilliam Owen, naval officer, hydrographic surveyor (d.1857)
- December 27: Brenton Halliburton, army officer, lawyer, judge, and politician (d.1860)