1994 in Canada
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|Years in Canada:||1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s|
|Years:||1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997|
Events from the year 1994 in Canada.
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Arts and literature
- 4 Sport
- 5 Births
- 6 Deaths
- 7 See also
- 8 External links
Main article: 1994 Canadian incumbents
- Governor general – Ray Hnatyshyn (viceregal consort – Gerda Hnatyshyn)
- Prime minister – Jean Chrétien
- Lieutenant Governor of Alberta – Gordon Towers
- Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – David Lam
- Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Yvon Dumont
- Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Gilbert Finn (until June 21) then Margaret McCain
- Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland – Frederick Russell
- Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Lloyd Crouse (until June 23) then James Kinley
- Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – Hal Jackman
- Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Marion Reid
- Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Martial Asselin
- Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan – Sylvia Fedoruk (until May 31) then Jack Wiebe
- Premier of Alberta – Ralph Klein
- Premier of British Columbia – Mike Harcourt
- Premier of Manitoba – Gary Filmon
- Premier of New Brunswick – Frank McKenna
- Premier of Newfoundland – Clyde Wells
- Premier of Nova Scotia – John Savage
- Premier of Ontario – Bob Rae
- Premier of Prince Edward Island – Catherine Callbeck
- Premier of Quebec – Robert Bourassa (until January 11) then Daniel Johnson, Jr. (January 11 to September 26) then Jacques Parizeau
- Premier of Saskatchewan – Roy Romanow
- Commissioner of Yukon – John Kenneth McKinnon
- Commissioner of Northwest Territories – Daniel L. Norris
January to June
- Winter – One of the coldest winters on record affects much of Canada.
- January 1 – North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect.
- January 11 – Daniel Johnson, Jr., becomes premier of Quebec, replacing Robert Bourassa.
- February – The first Liberal budget slashes spending in an effort to cut the deficit. Unemployment Insurance and provincial transfer payments are especially hard hit.
- March 21 – A civilian inquiry in the behaviour of the Canadian Airborne in Somalia is launched.
- April 5 – The Just Desserts shooting occurs in Toronto,
- June – An Ontario farmer is allowed to grow 10 acres (40,000 m2) of marijuana for research purposes,
- June 9 - Ontario's Equality Rights Statute Amendment Act (Bill 167), a bill proposed by the government of Bob Rae to extend civil union rights to same-sex couples, is defeated on a vote of 68-59 in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
July to December
- September 12 – Quebec election, the Parti Québécois defeats the Parti libéral du Québec, which had been in power for nine years.
- September 26 – Jacques Parizeau (Parti Québécois) is sworn in as premier of Quebec, replacing Daniel Johnson, Jr.
- October 5 and October 6 – Members of the Solar Temple cult commit mass suicide.
- December – Lucien Bouchard is infected with necrotizing fasciitis and loses a leg.
Full date unknown
- Conrad Black's company buys the Chicago Sun-Times.
- Bertram Brockhouse shares the Nobel Prize in Physics.
- Cigarette taxes are slashed to battle smuggling and black market organizations.
- Canadian troops leave CFB Lahr, ending the Canadian armed forces presence in Europe.
- The Alberta Court of Appeal strikes down a lower court ruling that homosexual persons are to be covered under the province's human rights legislation. The case, originally brought by Delwin Vriend, was subsequently appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada.
- American hardware retail chain, Home Depot buys the Aikenhead's Hardware chain.
Arts and literature
- Margaret Atwood: Good Bones and Simple Murders
- Robert J. Sawyer: Foreigner
- William Bell: Five Days of the Ghost
- Michael Ignatieff: Blood and Belonging: Journeys into the New Nationalism
- Réjean Ducharme: Va savoir
- Mordecai Richler: This Year in Jerusalem
- Dave Duncan: The Living God
- Hank Snow: Just a Hank Snow Story
- Alice Munro: Open Secrets
- Douglas Coupland: Life After God
- Farley Mowat: Born Naked
Further information: 1994 Governor General's Awards
- Giller Prize: M.G. Vassanji: The Book of Secrets
- Books in Canada First Novel Award: Deborah Joy Corey, Losing Eddie: A Novel
- Geoffrey Bilson Award: Kit Pearson, The Lights Go On Again
- Gerald Lampert Award: Barbara Klar, The Night You Called Me a Shadow and Illya Tourtidis, Mad Magellan's Tale
- Marian Engel Award: Jane Urquhart
- Pat Lowther Award: Diana Brebner, The Golden Lotus
- Stephen Leacock Award: Bill Richardson, Bachelor Brother's Bed and Breakfast
- Trillium Book Award English: Donald Haram Akenson, Conor: A Biography of Conor Cruise O'Brien; Volume 1 Narrative,
- Trillium Book Award French: Andrée Lacelle, Tant de vie s'égare
- Vicky Metcalf Award: Welwyn Wilton Katz
- The Kids in the Hall ends
Main article: List of Canadian films of 1994
- February 27 – The 1994 Winter Olympics end in Lillehammer, Norway.
- June 14 – The New York Rangers win the Stanley Cup—first in 54 years—with a 3–2 win over the Vancouver Canucks in Game 7 at Madison Square Garden.
- August 18–28 – 1994 Commonwealth Games in Victoria, British Columbia
- October – A lockout closes the National Hockey League for the entire first half of the season.
- November 27 — At the 82nd Grey Cup the BC Lions defeat the Baltimore Football Club at BC Place Stadium in Vancouver.
- Hockey is made Canada's official winter sport, Lacrosse is named official summer sport.
- February 8 – Nikki Yanofsky born in Hampstead, Quebec
- February 16 –Matthew Knight, actor
- February 19 – Jean-Carl Boucher born in Regina, Saskatchewan
- February 25 – Eugenie Bouchard born in Westmount, Quebec
- March 1 – Justin Bieber born in London, Ontario
- March 25 – Keven Aleman, Costa Rican-born soccer player
- April 19 – Maddison Bird born in Scarborough, Ontario
- May 1 - Antoine Bibeau, ice hockey player
- July 17 – Jessica Amlee, actress
- September 8 – Élie Dupuis, actor
- October 2 – Brendan Meyer, actor
- October 9 – Jodelle Ferland born in Nanaimo, British Columbia
- November 11 – Connor Price born in Toronto, Ontario
- December 23 – Tianda Flegel
Full date unknown
- Sean Collins, son of politician Chris Collins (died 2007)
- Paul-André Brasseur, actor
- Jake Kaese, actor
- February 12 – Sue Rodriguez, advocate for assisted suicide (born 1950)
- March 4 – John Candy, comedian and actor (born 1950)
- April 17 – Robert Legget, civil engineer, historian and non-fiction writer (born 1904)
- June 17 – Helen Battle, first Canadian woman PhD in marine biology (born 1903)
- July 1 – Michael Cook, playwright (born 1933)
- August – Wally Downer, politician (born 1904)
- October 12 – Gérald Godin, poet and politician (born 1938)
- December 10 – Alex Wilson, track and field athlete and Olympic silver medalist (born 1905)
- December 20 - John Wintermeyer, politician (born 1916)
Full date unknown
- Arthur Julian Andrew, diplomat and author (born 1915)
- Felix Partz, artist and co-founder of the artistic collective General Idea (born 1945)
- Jorge Zontal, artist and co-founder of the artistic collective General Idea (born 1944)
- Gordon Sparling, filmmaker (born 1900)