1861 in Canada
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|Years in Canada:||1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864|
|Centuries:||18th century · 19th century · 20th century|
|Decades:||1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s|
|Years:||1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1861 in Canada.
- Monarch — Victoria
- Governor General of the Province of Canada — Edmund Walker Head
- Colonial Governor of Newfoundland — Alexander Bannerman
- Governor of New Brunswick — Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon
- Governor of Nova Scotia — George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby
- Governor of Prince Edward Island — Dominick Daly
- Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada —
- Premier of Newfoundland — Hugh Hoyles
- Premier of New Brunswick — Samuel Leonard Tilley
- Premier of Nova Scotia — James William Johnston
- Premier of Prince Edward Island — Edward Palmer
- April 14 – A major flood hits Montreal
- April 15 – Nova Scotia: resolution for provincial union by Joseph Howe for referral to the other British North American provinces in July.
- May 13 – The UK declares its neutrality in American Civil War.
- June 1 – The UK bans naval craft or privateers of American belligerents from carrying prizes into British ports or territorial waters.
- November 8 – The Trent Affair: British packet steamer Trent stopped by United States warship in international waters. Two Confederate diplomats taken off and imprisoned in Boston.
- November 28 – Viscount Monck becomes Governor-General.
- December 3 – The UK sends reinforcements to British North America.
- December 23 – The UK demands release of Confederate diplomats taken from Trent.
- December 26 – Confederate diplomats taken from Trent released.
Full date unknown
- Joseph Howe became Premier of Nova Scotia
- Dr. Anderson Ruffin Abbott becomes the first Canadian-born Black to graduate from medical school.
- Newfoundland general election, 1861
- The Cariboo Gold Rush starts in British Columbia.
January to June
- January 15 – Joseph-Mathias Tellier, politician (died 1952)
- March 10 – Pauline Johnson, poet, writer and performer (died 1913)
- March 10 – Clifford Sifton, politician and Minister (died 1929)
- March 19 – Lomer Gouin, politician and 13th Premier of Quebec (died 1929)
- March 20 – Herménégilde Boulay, politician (died 1942)
- May 13 – Margaret Marshall Saunders, writer
- April 15 – Bliss Carman, poet (died 1929)
- June 7 – George Henry Murray, politician and Premier of Nova Scotia (died 1929)
July to December
- July 11 – John Best, politician (died 1923)
- September 5 – Tobias Norris, politician and 10th Premier of Manitoba (died 1936)
- September 18 – Ella Cora Hind, journalist and women's rights activist (died 1942)
- September 19 – Charles Ernest Gault, politician (died 1946)
- October 31 – James Bowman, politician (died 1940)
- November 4 – Raoul Dandurand, politician (died 1942)
- November 6 – James Naismith, sports coach and innovator, inventor of basketball (died 1939)
- November 17 – Archibald Lampman, poet (died 1899)
- December 22 – Sara Jeannette Duncan, author and journalist (died 1922)