Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi

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Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi
أبو المعين النسفي
TitleHis Bahr al-Kalam has had considerable popularity, and on the title-page of the printed edition he is called:
"Chief of the People of al-Sunna and al-Jama'a,
Sword of the truth and of religion".[1]
Personal
Born418 A.H. = 1027 A.D.
438 A.H. = 1046 A.D.
Died508 A.H. = 1114-5 A.D.
ReligionIslam
EraIslamic Golden Age
Region Uzbekistan
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceHanafi
CreedMaturidi
Main interest(s)Aqidah, Kalam (Islamic theology), Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), Semantics
Notable work(s)Tabsirat al-Adillah, Bahr al-Kalam
Senior posting

Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi (Uzbek: Абул-Муина ан-Насафи; Arabic: أبو المعين النسفي‎), was considered to be the most important Central Asian Hanafi theologian in the Maturidite school of Sunni Islam after Imam Abu Mansur al-Maturidi (d. 333 A.H), provides a fairly detailed account of al-Maturidi Central Asian predecessors.[2][3][4][5]

Name[edit]

His name was Abu al-Ma'in Maymun b. Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Mu'tamad b. Muhammad Ibn Mak-hul b. al-Fadhl al-Nasafi al-Mak-huli.[6]

Birth[edit]

He was born in Nasaf (present Karshi) around 438 A.H. (1046 A.D.) and died in the same city in 508 A.H. (1115 A.D.).[7] It was said that his birth was in 418 A.H. (1027 A.D.) according to Khair al-Din al-Zarkali and Umar Rizo Kahhol, while Qutluwbugha says it was in 438 A.H. (1046 A.D.), based on the age of his death being seventy years in the year of 508 A.H. (1115 A.D.).[8]

Life[edit]

Classical sources give no information about his life, but he lived in an age in which Muslim theology was reaching its peak, and he contributed to this development.

He was born in an educated family. His ancestors were respected by society as great scholars of "fiqh" science. His great-grandfather Makhul Nasafi was a disciple of Imam al-Maturidi, and his grandfather Mu’tamid ibn Makhul Nasafi was famous as a theologian, Hanafi jurist (Faqih), and mystic (Sufi) who was reported to have written a number of works.[9] His primary education received from his father and grandfather.[10]

Kalam[edit]

Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi was one of the prominent representatives of "kalam" the science of aqeedah, played an important role in the wide dissemination of the teachings of Maturidiyya, founded by Abu Mansur al-Maturidi.[11][12][13]

Students[edit]

Some of his popular students are:[14]

  • 'Ala al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Samarqandi (d. 575 or 593), the author of Tuhfat al-Fuqaha'.[16]
  • 'Ala al-Din Abu Bakr b. Mas'ud al-Kashani (d. 578), the author of Badai' al-Sana'i'.
  • Sadr al-Ummah, Abu al-Ma'ali Ahmed b. Muhammad b. Muhammad b. al-Hussain al-Bazdawi (d. 524).

Books[edit]

He wrote many works aimed at clarifying misconceptions about Islam, fighting religious fanaticism.[17] Some of his popular and widely accepted works are as follows:[18][19]

  • Al-Tamhid fi qawa'id al-tawhid (Introduction to the Principles of Monotheism); is a summary of Tabsirat al-Adilla (Instructing the Evidences).
  • Bahr al-kalam fi 'ilm al-tawhid (Ocean of Discussions on the Science of Monotheism); is one of the main sources of "kalam" science in Maturidism.

Death[edit]

It has been widely accepted and agreed upon that he died in the year of 508 A.H. (1114 or 1115 A.D.).

His mausoleum, located in the village of Kovchin in Karshi district, is one of the ancient pilgrimage places. President Shavkat Mirziyoyev during his visit to Kashkadarya region on 24–25 February 2017, gave recommendations on improvement of his mausoleum, creation of necessary conditions for visitors, organization of a library, translation of his works.[20][21][22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Masood Ali Khan and Shaikh Azhar Iqbal (2005). Encyclopaedia of Islam: Religious doctrine of Islam. Commonwealth Publishers, India. p. 128. ISBN 9788131100523.
  2. ^ Bernard G. Weiss (2002). Studies in Islamic Legal Theory. Brill Publishers. p. 237. ISBN 9789004120662.
  3. ^ Oliver Leaman (2015). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 367. ISBN 9781472569455.
  4. ^ Sabine Schmidtke (2016). The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology. Oxford University Press. p. 291. ISBN 9780199696703.
  5. ^ "Abu'l-Mu'in al-Nasafi's understanding of iman and takfir". Academicresearch.net.
  6. ^ "Bahr al-Kalam fi 'ilm al-Tawhid (بَحْرُ الكَلَام في علم التوحيد) by Imam Abi al-Ma'in al-Nasafi". Looh Press; Islamic & African Studies.
  7. ^ Oliver Leaman (2015). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 367. ISBN 9781472569455.
  8. ^ "Bahr al-Kalam fi 'ilm al-Tawhid (بَحْرُ الكَلَام في علم التوحيد) by Imam Abi al-Ma'in al-Nasafi". Looh Press; Islamic & African Studies.
  9. ^ Oliver Leaman (2015). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 367. ISBN 9781472569455.
  10. ^ "President Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with creative work carried out in Abul-Muin an-Nasafi mausoleum". Embassy of Uzbekistan in India.
  11. ^ "President Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with creative work carried out in Abul-Muin an-Nasafi mausoleum". Uza.uz.
  12. ^ "President Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with creative work carried out in Abul-Muin an-Nasafi mausoleum". Embassy of Uzbekistan in India.
  13. ^ "President Shavkat Mirziyoyev visits mausoleum of Abu Mouin Nasafi". UzDaily.
  14. ^ "Bahr al-Kalam fi 'ilm al-Tawhid (بَحْرُ الكَلَام في علم التوحيد) by Imam Abi al-Ma'in al-Nasafi". Looh Press; Islamic & African Studies.
  15. ^ Sohaira Siddiqui (2019). Locating the Sharia: Legal Fluidity in Theory, History and Practice. Brill Publishers. p. 99. ISBN 9789004391710.
  16. ^ Bernard G. Weiss (2002). Studies in Islamic Legal Theory. Brill Publishers. p. 238. ISBN 9789004120662.
  17. ^ "President Shavkat Mirziyoyev visits mausoleum of Abu Mouin Nasafi". UzDaily.
  18. ^ Oliver Leaman (2015). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 367. ISBN 9781472569455.
  19. ^ Ulrich Rudolph (2014). Al-Maturidi and the Development of Sunni Theology in Samarqand. Brill Publishers. p. 249. ISBN 9789004261846.
  20. ^ "President Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with creative work carried out in Abul-Muin an-Nasafi mausoleum". Embassy of Uzbekistan in India.
  21. ^ "President Shavkat Mirziyoyev visits mausoleum of Abu Mouin Nasafi". UzDaily.
  22. ^ "President Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with creative work carried out in Abul-Muin an-Nasafi mausoleum". Uza.uz.

External links[edit]