Blase J. Cupich
|The Most Reverend
Blase Joseph Cupich
|Archbishop of Chicago|
Cupich on April 12, 2015
|Appointed||September 20, 2014|
|Installed||November 18, 2014|
|Other posts||Chancellor of Catholic Extension|
|Ordination||August 16, 1975
by Daniel E. Sheehan
|Consecration||September 21, 1998
by Harry Joseph Flynn, Elden Francis Curtiss, Charles J. Chaput
|Birth name||Blase Joseph Cupich|
March 19, 1949 |
|Parents||Blase and Mary (née Mayhan) Cupich|
|Motto||Peace be with you
|Coat of arms|
Blase Joseph Cupich
|Reference style||The Most Reverend|
|Spoken style||Your Excellency|
Cupich was the choice of Pope Francis to succeed Francis Cardinal George as Archbishop of Chicago on September 20, 2014. Cupich had served as the sixth bishop of the Diocese of Spokane since 2010. On October 9, 2016 Pope Francis announced he will be elevated to the College of Cardinals at a consistory on November 19.
Early life and education
He attended St. John Vianney Seminary at the University of St. Thomas in Saint Paul, Minnesota, from where he obtained his B.A. in Philosophy in 1971. Cupich then studied in Rome at the Pontifical North American College and Pontifical Gregorian University, earning a Bachelor's in Sacred Theology (1974) and a Master of Arts in Theology (1975).
Ordination and ministry
Cupich was ordained to the priesthood on August 16, 1975, and then served as both associate pastor at St. Margaret Mary Church and instructor at Paul VI High School in Omaha until 1978. In the Archdiocese of Omaha, he served as director of the Office for Divine Worship and as chairman of the Commission on Youth from 1978 to 1981. He completed his graduate studies at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. Cupich obtained his licentiate (1979) and later doctorate of Sacred Theology (1987) in sacramental theology, with a dissertation entitled "Advent in the Roman Tradition: An Examination and Comparison of the Lectionary Readings as Hermeneutical Units in Three Periods".
From 1980 to 1981, Cupich was an instructor of the Continuing Education of Priests Program and Diaconate Formation at Creighton University in Omaha. He then served as secretary of the nunciature to the United States until 1987, and occasionally acted as spokesman for the mission. He was pastor of St. Mary Church in Bellevue from 1987 to 1989, President-Rector of the Pontifical College Josephinum in Columbus, Ohio, from 1989 to 1996, and pastor of St. Robert Bellarmine Church in Omaha from 1997 to 1998.
Bishop of Rapid City
On July 6, 1998, Cupich was appointed the seventh Bishop of Rapid City, South Dakota, by Pope John Paul II. He was consecrated as bishop by Archbishop Harry Flynn of Saint Paul and Minneapolis on September 21, 1998. The co-consecrators were Archbishops Elden Francis Curtiss of Omaha and Charles Joseph Chaput, O.F.M. Cap. of Denver.
During the 2004 presidential election, Cupich did not join those bishops who said that holy communion should be denied to American Catholic politicians who support abortion rights. He said: "We cannot cherry-pick particular issues. We have to be willing to talk about all issues. Our position begins with protecting the unborn, but it doesn't end there."
Two years later, as South Dakota voters considered a referendum that would ban abortion except to save the mother's life, Cupich called for "public dialogue ... marked by civility and clarity". He proposed three conditions for the conduct of political debate: "1. It must be recognized that both the issue of abortion and legal restrictions on abortion are inevitably moral questions informed by moral values.; 2. There should be agreement that any discussion of abortion and the law must recognize both the suffering of the unborn children in abortion and the suffering of pregnant women in dire circumstances.; 3. There must be a commitment to dialogue that is civil, interactive and substantial." The statute was defeated 55% to 45%.
As we draw near an election day on which one of the major party candidates for president is for the first time a person of African-American ancestry, we should be able to do so with a sense that whatever the outcome, America has crossed another threshold in healing the wounds that racism has inflicted on our nation’s body politic for our entire history. However, in view of recent media reports regarding race-based voting, this potentially healing moment could turn into the infliction of one more wound if racism appears to determine the outcome. Because of that menacing possibility, it is worth recalling for Catholics and all Americans.... [R]acism is a sin.
Cupich served on the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops' Committee for Young Adults during 2000-2003, the period when the USCCB adopted its Dallas Charter establishing procedures for handling accusation of priest misconduct. He served again on the USCCB's renamed Committee on Protection of Children and Young People in 2005-2006. Cupich became head of the committee in 2008.
Following the 2008 presidential election, Cupich advised his fellow bishops to find ways to work with the incoming Obama administration: "Keep in mind a prophecy of denunciation quickly wears thin, and it seems to me what we need is a prophecy of solidarity, with the community we serve and the nation that we live in."
Bishop of Spokane
In 2011, Cupich discouraged priests and seminarians in his diocese from participating in demonstrations in front of Planned Parenthood clinics or supporting 40 Days for Life, a pro-life movement that conducts vigils at abortion clinics. Cupich later clarified his position through a statement that said that while he wouldn't forbid priests from praying outside the clinics, he believed that "Decisions about abortion are not usually made in front of clinics — they’re made at "kitchen tables and in living rooms and they frequently involve a sister, daughter, relative or friend who may have been pressured or abandoned by the man who fathered the child."
In February 2011, when Cupich was heading the Committee for the Protection of Children and Young People of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, a Philadelphia grand jury investigation found that the Archdiocese of Philadelphia had allowed 37 priests to remain active despite accusations of abuse or inappropriate behavior. He commented in March: "This is confusing and demoralizing to many people. Everybody is very saddened by this because people are working very hard, each and every day, to implement the charter. And to have this happen is really just painful for all of us." Cupich later called the Philadelphia events "an anomaly". He said the U.S. bishops had implemented much of their agreed upon reforms known as the Dallas Charter (2002) and added: "If we want our people to trust us, we have to trust them. So we are doing our best to make sure that we are transparent with them."
In June Cupich again pointed to the charter, which he thought needed few modifications. He emphasized the need for proper implementation:
It's not the charter that's the problem. It seems to me to be whether or not the people are using the charter as a reference point appropriately.... We consider the charter to have an iconic status. We believe the decisions we made in 2002 were significant. They involved not only a change in practice and policy, but I think culture as well, and so we are going to be reluctant to back off this commitment in any way to make any changes.
Over the course of three months in 2011, Cupich published "The New Roman Missal: A Time of Renewal", a historical overview on liturgical renewal to introduce the new English translation of the Roman Missal. He wrote favorably of moving from an ad orientem to a versus populum direction of the priest in the Mass; he lamented those who did not accept the changes of the Novus ordo missae; he wrote favorably about communion under both species and Mass in the vernacular, non-Western inculturation into to the liturgy, lay participation in the liturgy as a litmus test of active participation, and rubrics simplification.
In April 2012, Cupich supported the decision of Gonzaga University to invite Anglican Archbishop Desmond Tutu to speak at its graduation ceremonies and receive an honorary degree, against which the Cardinal Newman Society and others active in the pro-life movement were protesting.
As voters faced a November 2012 referendum on the legalization of same-sex marriage in Washington state, Cupich wrote a pastoral letter that first noted that the question was often seen in terms of personal sympathy and "a matter of equality":
Proponents of the redefinition of marriage are often motivated by compassion for those who have shown courage in refusing to live in the fear of being rejected for their sexual orientation. It is a compassion that is very personal, for those who have suffered and continue to suffer are close and beloved friends and family members. It is also a compassion forged in reaction to tragic national stories of violence against homosexuals, of verbal attacks that demean their human dignity, and of suicides by teens who have struggled with their sexual identity or have been bullied because of it. As a result, supporters of the referendum often speak passionately of the need to rebalance the scales of justice.
Cupich then called for "a substantial public debate ... carried on with respect, honesty and conviction" and asked for "careful consideration" of the church's position on the referendum. He concluded with a statement of tolerance that differentiated the Church from opponents of the referendum:
I also want to be very clear that in stating our position the Catholic Church has no tolerance for the misuse of this moment to incite hostility towards homosexual persons or promote an agenda that is hateful and disrespectful of their human dignity.
He explained the Church's position on the referendum: that Washington's registered domestic partnerships already gave same-sex couples all the legal rights associated with marriage, so equality was not an issue; that the referendum attempts to make different-sex and same-sex relationships identical, not equal; that it ignores the real differences between men and women and how "sons and daughters learn about gender from the way it is lived by their mothers and fathers"; that removing the terms mother and father from legal documents transforms how we think about family relationships; that the impact on other features of marriage law, such as limiting marriage by relatives or restricting marriage to two people, are unknown; and that the question is not whether a religious or secular definition of marriage will prevail: "Marriage existed either before the church or the state. It is written in our human nature."
Cupich wrote on January 22, 2013, referencing the murder of 20 children in a Newtown, Connecticut, elementary school a few weeks earlier, that "The truth will win out and we have to believe that a nation whose collective heart can break and grieve for babies slaughtered in Newtown has the capacity and God’s grace to one day grieve for the babies killed in the womb."
We consider health care a basic human right and we believe that people should have access to affordable health care in order to live a full life. We want to make sure that people who do not have ready access to affordable care do. This is a program that does allow this to take place.
By uncoupling human dignity from the solidarity it implies, libertarians move in a direction that not only has enormous consequences for the meaning of economic life and the goal of politics in a world of globalization, but in a direction which is inconsistent with Catholic Social Teaching, particularly as it is developed by Pope Francis.
As an alternative to libertarianism Cupich advocated some of Pope Francis' views, including his "different approach to how we know and learn" by "making sure that ideas do dialogue with reality" and his call "for a shift from an economics of exclusion to a culture of encounter and the need for accompaniment", in which, he explains, "One encounters another, not one self. This emphasis on encounter and accompaniment unmasks the difficulty with libertarianism, for its stated goal is to increase human autonomy as the priority." He closed by expressing his "serious concerns about libertarianism that impact the pastoral life", the difficulty of counseling young people whose "interior life is at risk in a world that encourages them to be caught up in their own interests". Francis' critique of contemporary capitalism is, in his view, "tethered to a rich tradition of .. challenging economic and political approaches which fall short of placing human dignity in all its fullness as the priority."
Archbishop of Chicago
The Vatican announced on September 20, 2014, that Pope Francis had accepted the resignation of Cardinal Francis George as Archbishop of Chicago and named Cupich to succeed him. Cupich was installed there on November 18, 2014. Before his installation in Chicago, Cupich announced he would live in a suite of rooms at Holy Name Cathedral rather than in the Gold Coast mansion that traditionally served as the residence of Chicago's archbishops.
Cupich announced a major reorganization of the Archdiocese on April 30, 2015. Approximately 50 archdiocesan employees accepted early retirement packages. He appointed the seminary rector, director of the metropolitan tribunal, and chancellor, while confirming Father Ronald Hicks as Vicar General and Betsy Bohlen, formerly the CFO, as chief operating officer. A new Hispanic Council (Consejo) was created with headquarters in a church in Cicero, Illinois, in a heavily Hispanic area.
Writing in the Chicago Tribune on August 3, 2015, during the Planned Parenthood 2015 undercover videos controversy, Cupich reiterated Cardinal George's call for "our commitment as a nation to a consistent ethic of life". He wrote that "commerce in the remains of defenseless children" is "particularly repulsive" and that "we should be no less appalled by the indifference toward the thousands of people who die daily for lack of decent medical care; who are denied rights by a broken immigration system and by racism; who suffer in hunger, joblessness and want; who pay the price of violence in gun-saturated neighborhoods; or who are executed by the state in the name of justice." On August 28, Father Raymond J. de Souza wrote in the National Catholic Register, drawing the conclusion that Cupich is a proponent of the "consistent life ethic" offered by Cardinal Joseph Bernardin in the mid-1980s. de Souza asked, "Is the consistent ethic consistently applied, or does it mainly serve to downplay the urgency of the abortion question? ... Three recent major addresses by Cupich suggest that it is the latter. ... Cupich's approach these last months has not been faithful to his predecessor's arguments, nor that of Pope Francis; his is an inconsistent ethic of life."
Synod on the Family
On September 15, 2015, Pope Francis named Cupich to participate in the Synod of Bishops in Rome in October, adding him to those proposed by the US Conference of Catholic Bishops. There he supported proposals to provide a path for remarried persons to participate in communion and to respect the decisions that those who remarry or gays in relationships "make about their spiritual lives". Cupichidentified himself with those synod fathers who favored a pastoral approach that begins with encountering each person's specific circumstances and highlighted the importance of conscience. He said:
I try to help people along the way. And people come to a decision in good conscience. Then our job with the church is to help them move forward and respect that. The conscience is inviolable. And we have to respect that when they make decisions and I've always done that.
With respect to communion for those in same-sex relationships, he said:
[M]y role as a pastor is to help them to discern what the will of God is by looking at the objective moral teaching of the Church and yet, at the same time, helping them through a period of discernment to understand what God is calling them to at that point. It’s for everybody. I think that we have to make sure that we don’t pigeonhole one group as though they are not part of the human family, as though there’s a different set of rules for them. That would be a big mistake.
As the Synod considered endorsing such an approach for the remarried as suggested by its German-language discussion group, one critic described the idea as originating with Cupich and then adopted by the discussion group that included Cardinals Walter Kasper, Reinhard Marx, Gerhard Müller, and Christoph Schonborn, labeling it "the Cupich-German proposal".
Within the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Archbishop Cupich has served as Chair of the Bishops' Committee on the Protection for Children and Young People since 2008 and he is a member of the Ad Hoc Committee on Scripture Translation. He has served as a member of its Committee on the Liturgy, the Communications Committee and the Ad Hoc Committee to Oversee the Use of the Catechism. He is also a member of the Board of the Catholic Extension Society and the Catholic Mutual Relief Society. He has served on the Board of Trustees of St. Paul Seminary, as the Episcopal Advisor of the Serra Club, and a member of the Board of Directors of the National Pastoral Life Center. He began a three-year term as chairman of the National Catholic Education Association in March 2013.
- Laurie Goodstein, "Pope Names Prelate With Inclusive Views as Chicago Archbishop," New York Times, September 20, 2014.
- "Most Reverend Blase J. Cupich". Catholic Diocese of Spokane. 2012.
- "Pope to Send Out Aides in Bid to End Atomic Arms Race". New York Times. December 13, 1981. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "Prior Bishops of the Diocese". Catholic Diocese of Rapid City. 2012.
- Cheney, David. "Archbishop Blase Joseph Cupich". Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- Garrigan, Mary (March 27, 2002). "Bishop Bans Latin Services". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- Rodgers, Ann (July 23, 2006). "Replacing Wuerl: 8 bishop candidates emerge". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- Cupich, Blase J. (September 11, 2006). "Abortion and Public Policy". America. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "South Dakota abortion ban rejected". USA Today. November 8, 2006. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- Cupich, Blase J. (October 27, 2008). "Racism and the Election". America. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- "Bishop Cupich". Spokane Cathedral. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "The Bishops & Obama". Commonweal. November 26, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "Pope Benedict XVI Accepts Bishop Skylstad's Resignation". KXLY.com. June 30, 2010.
- "Gonzaga Hosts Historic Installation for Bishop Cupich". @Gonzaga. Gonzaga University. September 15, 2010. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- Walters, Daniel (April 4, 2012). "Calling for Calm". Pacific Northwest Inlander. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- "Questions about involvement in the 40 Days for Life Program". Diocese of Spokane. September 16, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- Goodstein, Laurie (March 25, 2011). "Suspensions Force Bishops to Reassess Rule Changes". New York Times. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- Goodstein, Laurie (May 18, 2011). "Church Abuse Report Authors Defend Findings as Critics Weigh In". New York Times. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- Goodstein, Laurie (June 14, 2011). "Bishops Won't Focus on Abuse Policies". New York Times. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "Part One: Where It All Began". August 18, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- "Part II: The long history of liturgical renewal". September 15, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- "Part III: Liturgical renewal: How do the new Roman Missal and a new translation contribute to it?". October 20, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- Morris-Young, Dan (April 18, 2012). "Tutu commencement invitation sparks controversy at Gonzaga". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved September 22, 2014.
- Weingarten, John (April 9, 2012). "Spokane Bishop Supports Pro-Abortion Rights Commencement Speaker at Gonzaga University". Christian News Wire. Retrieved September 22, 2014.
- Cupich, Blase. "A Letter to Parishioners, Referendum 74". Diocese of Spokane.
- Cupich, Blase J. "Some Reflections on Referendum 74". Administrative Division: Catholic Diocese of Spokane, Washington. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- Don't Forget About the Baby: A Homily for Respect Life Mass, America - The National Catholic Review, 22 January 2013
- Winters, Michael Sean (September 20, 2014). "Cupich to Chicago: What does this mean?". National Catholic Review. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- Pan, Deanna (February 13, 2014). "Give Me Your Poor and Uninsured". Inlander. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
- The full text as well as a video of Cupich's address: Palmo, Rocco (September 20, 2014). "For Chicago, The "Thunder" Is In – Cupich Named Corporation Sole". Whispers in the Loggia. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- Press Office of the Holy See (September 20, 2014). "Rinunce e nomine, 20.09.2014". Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- Zoll, Rachel (September 20, 2014). "Pope names moderate Bishop Cupich to lead Chicago archdiocese, succeeding Cardinal George". Minneapolis Star-Tribune. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- Burke, Daniel (October 22, 2014). "Report: Chicago's new archbishop won't live in cardinal's mansion". CNN. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Cupich announces Chicago archdiocese reorganization". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
- Cupich, Blase (August 3, 2015). "Planned Parenthood and the muted humanity of the unborn child". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- de Souza, Raymond J. (August 28, 2015). "The Consistent Ethic of Life and Archbishop Blase Cupich". Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- Pashman, Manya Brachear (September 15, 2015). "Chicago archbishop to participate in Rome synod on family, marriage, divorce". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- Pashman, Manya Brachear (October 17, 2015). "Cupich emerges as strong voice in synod". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- O'Connell, Gerard (October 16, 2015). "Cupich Hears Three Words Repeated at Synod: Accompaniment, Reconciliation, Integration". America Magazine. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- McElwee, Joshua J. (October 16, 2015). "Chicago's Cupich on divorce: Pastor guides decisions, but person's conscience inviolable". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- McElwee, Joshua J. (October 24, 2015). "Synod on remarried Catholics, consensus in ambiguity". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- de Souza, Raymond (October 23, 2015). "The final question facing synod fathers". Catholic Herald (UK).
- "Board of Directors, 2013-2014". Nation Catholic Education Association. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- "Bishop Cupich Named NCEA Board Chairperson". National Catholic Education Association. November 14, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "Pope taps Cupich for key bishops-making panel". CRUX. July 6, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
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- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Rapid City Home Page
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Spokane
|Catholic Church titles|
Charles Joseph Chaput, OFM Cap
|Bishop of Rapid City
Robert Dwayne Gruss
William S. Skylstad
|Bishop of Spokane
Thomas Anthony Daly
Francis George, OMI
|Archbishop of Chicago