Chowdhury

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Chowdhury is a hereditary title of honor originating in the Indian subcontinent.

Its alternate spellings include: Chaudri, Choudhary Chaudhry, Chowdary, Chaudhary, Chaudry, Choudary, Choudhry, Chaudhari, Chudhry and Choudhury.

Meaning and significance[edit]

"Chowdhury" is a term in Indo-Aryan languages, literally meaning "holder of four" (four denoting a measure of land) in Sanskrit, from čatus (four) and dhar (to hold or possess).[1] The name is an ancient Sanskrit term denoting the head of a community or caste.[2] These people generally belong to the upper castes who were the landlords, Zamindars, Thasildar before and during British Raj. The title is used by Yadavs[3] and Jats.[4][5]

Similar lordships existed in other parts of the Eastern world, including in the Ottoman Empire (Malik) and Persia (Arbab).[6][better source needed]

Bangladesh[edit]

India[edit]

Nepal[edit]

Fiji[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Campbell, Mike. "User-submitted surname Choudhry". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  3. ^ "Sons of Krishna: the politics of Yadav community formation in a North Indian town" (PDF). Sociological Bulletin. Indian Sociological Society. London School of Economics and Political. 2004-01-01. 
  4. ^ Sociological Bulletin. Indian Sociological Society. 2004-01-01. 
  5. ^ "What's in a name? These caste groups will tell you". The News Minute. 2015-04-12. Retrieved 2016-12-07. 
  6. ^ https://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Choudhury
  7. ^ M. L. Ahuja (2000). Handbook of General Elections and Electoral Reforms in India, 1952-1999. Mittal Publications. pp. 302, 340. ISBN 9788170997665. 
  8. ^ Pakistani Leaders Online