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Chowdhury

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Chowdhury
Subdivisions Ahir, Bengali Brahmin, Anjana Chaudhari, Gujjar, Jat, Kamma

Chowdhury (Urdu: چودھری‎; Bengali: চৌধুরী) is a hereditary title of honor originating in the subcontinent.

Its alternate spellings include Chowdary, Chaudhary, Chaudry, Choudary, Choudhry, Chaudhari, Chudhry

Meaning and significance

"Chowdhury" is a term in Indo-Aryan languages, literally meaning "holder of four" in Sanskrit, from čatus (four) and dhuriya (burden of responsibility).[1] The name is an ancient Sanskrit term denoting the head[2] of a community or caste. These people generally belong to Brahmin and kshatriya castes. They are landlords, Zamindars, Thasildar before British Rule.

In India, this title is mainly used by privileged Brahmins,[3][4] Ahirs,[5] Gujjars,[6] Jats[7] and Kammas.[8]

Similar lordships existed in other parts of the Eastern world, including in the Ottoman Empire (Malik) and Persia (Arbab).[9][better source needed]

Notables

Bangladesh

India

Nepal

Fiji

Pakistan

United Kingdom

United States

See also

References

  1. ^ Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Campbell, Mike. "User-submitted surname Choudhry". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  3. ^ "Understanding the Bengali Kulin Brahmin Caste". jacksonchakraborty.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  4. ^ ramanan50 (2013-07-01). "Utkala,Oriya,Odisha Brahmin Surnames.". Ramani's blog. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  5. ^ Lucia Michelutti (2002). "Sons of Krishna: the politics of Yadav community formation in a North Indian town" (PDF). PhD Thesis Social Anthropology. London School of Economics and Political Science University of London. p. 83. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  6. ^ Sociological Bulletin. Indian Sociological Society. 2004-01-01. 
  7. ^ Sociological Bulletin. Indian Sociological Society. 2004-01-01. 
  8. ^ "What's in a name? These caste groups will tell you". The News Minute. 2015-04-12. Retrieved 2016-12-07. 
  9. ^ https://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Choudhury
  10. ^ M. L. Ahuja (2000). Handbook of General Elections and Electoral Reforms in India, 1952-1999. Mittal Publications. pp. 302, 340. ISBN 9788170997665. 
  11. ^ "Khammas of AP have money power, so they just go get it - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2016-11-19. 
  12. ^ Pakistani Leaders Online