East Singhbhum district
East Singhbhum district
Location of East Singhbhum district in Jharkhand
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Jamshedpur|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||6|
|• Total||3,533 km2 (1,364 sq mi)|
|• Density||650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||76.13 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||949|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
East Singhbhum (is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was created on 16 January 1990 . More than 50% of the district is covered by dense forests and mountains, where wild animals once roamed freely.
The district is bounded on the east by Jhargram district, on the north by Purulia district, both of West Bengal, on the west by West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand state, and on the south by Mayurbhanj district of Odisha.
East Singhbhum district has a leading position in respect of mining and other industrial activities in Jharkhand state. Jamshedpur, a leading industrial city of India, is the district headquarter of East Singbhum . Almost five-decade old copper refinery of Hindustan Copper Limited is located in Moubhandar, Ghatsila, another town of the district. The Singhbhum Shear Zone, a geological feature lying between river Subarnarekha on North-East and Dhanjauri ranges on South-West houses the mines of Copper and Uranium. Most notable copper mines are Banalopa, Badia, Pathargora, Dhobni, Kendadih, Rakha and Surda in Musabani Out of these only Surda is operational. Surda is currently operated by India Resources Ltd (www.Indiaresources.com.au), an Australian mining company. Uranium Corporation of India explores uranium in Jadugora, Narwapahar, Bhatin, Turamdih and Baghjanta. Chakulia, an important town in the Southeastern part of the district, is famous for its rice mills, oil mills, washing soap factories, and bamboo production. Baharagora is another important town situated on National Highway No. 6.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named East Singhbhum one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
East Singhbhum district consists of 11 Blocks. The following are the list of the Blocks in East Singhbhum district:
Santhali, Bengali, Odia and Hindi are the major languages spoken here. The most prominent festivals of the district are Durga Puja, Makar Sankranti, Sohrai and Kali Puja. While other festivals such as Sarhul, Karma, Tusu, Baha, Mage Porob, Java, Hall Punhya, Bhagta Parab, Ropini, Bandna and Jani-Shikaar are also celebrated with pomp and joy.
One tourist attraction is Chitreshwar temple situated in Chitreshwar village in Baharagora Block 12 km from Baharagora. The temple is said to be one of the largest natural Shiva linga Lots of devotees of Shiva come daily. Chitreshwar temple is believed to have the largest Shiva linga after ligaraja shiva linga in Bhubneshwar. It has another temple called Bhuteshwar which is in Baharagora Block. Ghatsila a famous tourist spot is also situated in the district which was once inhabited by renowned Bengali novelist Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay. Rankini Temple located near the mining town of Jadugora and Ghatshila are also worth mentioning. Goddess Rankini is held in high esteem and worshiped by the tribal and non tribal people inhabiting the district.
According to the 2011 census East Singhbhum district has a population of 2,293,919, roughly equal to the nation of Latvia or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 199th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 648 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,680/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.53%. Purbi Singhbhum has a sex ratio of 949 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.13%.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 34.42% of the population in the district spoke Bengali, 25.69% Hindi, 15.92% Santali, 7.28% Urdu, 5.27% Odia, 2.76% Ho, 2.73% Mundari, 1.86% Punjabi, 1.28% Maithili and 0.97% Telugu as their first language.
|Climate data for Jamshedpur, India|
|Average high °F (°C)||76
|Average low °F (°C)||57
|Average precipitation inches (cm)||0.43
|Source: Weatherbase and MSN Weather|
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
New Mexico - 2,059,179
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Jamshedpur, India". Weatherbase. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- "Monthly Averages for Jamshedpur, IND". MSN Weather. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
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