Hertsmere (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Hertsmere in Hertfordshire
Location of Hertfordshire within England
|Electorate||70,772 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Oliver Dowden (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South Hertfordshire and South West Hertfordshire|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
Just beyond the boundaries of Greater London and with fast railway lines into the capital, Hertsmere is an archetypal middle-class, mixed economy, Home Counties district with many commuters to London, considered by most to be well within the London Commuter Belt. It has the third highest Jewish population of any seat in the country, at just over 14%.
The Aldenham East ward, assessed as the least deprived of 8414 wards in England in IMD2000 of the year 2000, is in the constituency. A minority of wards of Borehamwood have Labour councillors and the seat has proved to date to be a Conservative safe seat, although Labour came relatively closer in their landslide national victories of 1997 and 2001. A close result for second place occurred in 2010, with only 661 votes separating the Labour and Liberal Democrat candidates.
Boundaries and composition
1983–1997: The Borough of Hertsmere, and the City of St Albans ward of London Colney.
The New County Constituency was formed largely from the bulk of the abolished County Constituency of South Hertfordshire. Also included is the area comprising the former Urban District of Bushey, transferred from South West Hertfordshire.
1997–present: The Borough of Hertsmere.
Since 1997 the constituency is coterminous with the borough of Hertsmere, in southern Hertfordshire (before then it had also included the City of St Albans ward of London Colney, which was transferred to the St Albans constituency). Hertsmere consists of the major towns and villages of Bushey, Radlett, Potters Bar and Borehamwood, elevated settlements above the headwaters of the River Colne which forms much of the northern border. Bushey borders Watford and the London Borough of Harrow to the west and south west, while Potters Bar borders Barnet and Broxbourne on the east. Borehamwood is just south-east of the centre, the largest town in the constituency — in the north and centre is Radlett, separated by two large villages and farms from St Albans to the north.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in Hertfordshire, the Boundary Commission recommended no changes to constituency boundaries for the 2010 general election. The seat has electoral wards:
- Aldenham East, Aldenham West, Borehamwood Brookmeadow, Borehamwood Cowley Hill, Borehamwood Hillside, Borehamwood Kenilworth, Bushey Heath, Bushey North, Bushey Park, Bushey St James, Elstree, Potters Bar Furzefield, Potters Bar Oakmere, Potters Bar Parkfield, Shenley.
Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
In order to comply with the electoral quota range, the Commission has recommended that the City of St Albans ward of London Colney be transferred back from the St Albans constituency.
Members of Parliament
This safe Conservative constituency was created in 1983 from the former seat of South Hertfordshire. The former Cabinet minister Cecil Parkinson, who previously represented South Hertfordshire, was the MP from the seat's creation until his retirement in 1992. James Clappison held the seat from 1992 until his decision to stand down from parliament at the 2015 general election. The seat was subsequently won by Oliver Dowden.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Barrett||6,561||12.6||+7.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Joe Jordan||2,794||5.3||0.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Sophie Bowler||2,777||5.5||−11.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Anthony Rowlands||8,210||17.4||−1.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Jonathan Davies||7,817||18.4||+3.2|
|Socialist Labour||James Dry||518||1.2||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Thompson||6,300||15.2||+2.3|
|Socialist Labour||James Dry||397||1.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Ann Gray||6,466||12.8||-6.1|
|Natural Law||Nigel Kahn||191||0.4||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Zerbanoo Gifford||10,681||18.9||−4.9|
|Natural Law||Diana Harding||373||0.7||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Liberal||Laurence Stephen Brass||13,172||23.8||-1.8|
|Independent Communist||Ronald Parkinson||1,116||2.1||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Hertsmere', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- "UK Polling Report".
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "2015 proposed map" (PDF).
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Archived from the original on 2019-02-15. Retrieved 2019-02-28.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Hertsmere MP James Clappison to stand down at next election Watford Observer, 3 July 2014
- Oliver Dowden retains Conservative seat in Hertsmere Watford Observer, 8 May 2015
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)
- "Hertsmere Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
- "Declaration of Result of Poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Statement Of Persons Nominated And Notice Of Poll". Acting Returning Officer. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "UK ELECTION RESULTS: Hertsmere 2015".
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.