Luton North (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Luton North in Bedfordshire
|Local government in England||Bedfordshire|
|Member of Parliament||Sarah Owen (Labour Party)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Luton West, Mid Bedfordshire, South Bedfordshire and Luton East|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
One constituency other than Luton North includes Luton; Luton South. Both cover a similar housing profile[n 3] and economic ambit that have seen house prices increase above the national average since 1997, two periods of relatively high numbers of the unemployed and lowest wage earners (the 1990s and 2008–2011 global recession). The former covers roughly the LU3 and 4 postcode districts and excludes the town centre of what one broadsheet characterised as a tough town whereas other commentators state that Luton has a resilient economy which "revolves around the airport as well as the retail sector."
At creation, Luton North included eight wards from the neighbouring districts of Mid Bedfordshire and South Bedfordshire; these made it a much safer seat for the Conservatives than Luton South, which included only one ward from outside the Borough of Luton. Boundary changes in 1997 reduced the Conservative majority from 13,094 to 7,357, and it was 81st on Labour's list of target seats; Labour duly gained it on a 17.1% swing, and since then the Labour MP elected in 1997, Kelvin Hopkins, has held the seat with comfortable majorities.
From 2005 to 2015, Luton North was Labour's safest seat in the East of England by both vote and vote share majority; in 2017 it was overtaken in the former count by Norwich South, but the percentage margin in Luton North (30.8% compared to 30.4% in Norwich South) is slightly higher.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1983–1997: The Borough of Luton wards of Bramingham, Challney, Icknield, Leagrave, Lewsey, Limbury, and Sundon Park, the District of Mid Bedfordshire wards of Flitton and Pulloxhill, Flitwick East, Flitwick West, Harlington, and Westoning, and the District of South Bedfordshire wards of Barton-le-Clay, Streatley, and Toddington.
Created as a County Constituency formally known as North Luton, incorporating the bulk of the abolished Borough Constituency of Luton West. Extended northwards to include part of the abolished County Constituency of South Bedfordshire as well as Flitwick, transferred from Mid Bedfordshire.
1997–2010: The Borough of Luton wards of Bramingham, Challney, Icknield, Leagrave, Lewsey, Limbury, Saints, and Sundon Park.
Redesignated as the Borough Constituency of Luton North. The Saints ward of the Borough of Luton transferred from Luton South. The parts of the Districts of Mid Bedfordshire (including Flitwick) and South Bedfordshire transferred to the County Constituency of Mid Bedfordshire.
2010–present: The Borough of Luton wards of Barnfield, Bramingham, Challney, Icknield, Leagrave, Lewsey, Limbury, Northwell, Saints, and Sundon Park.
Marginal loss changes due to revision of local authority wards.
Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
The Commission recommended that the Luton Borough ward of Barnfield be transferred to Luton South. Three Central Bedfordshire wards making up the town of Houghton Regis would be transferred from South West Bedfordshire, resulting in the constituency being renamed Luton North and Houghton Regis.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Linda Jack||2,063||4.8||+3.1|
|Brexit Party||Sudhir Sharma||1,215||2.9||+2.9|
|Women's Equality||Serena Laidley||149||0.3||+0.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Rabi Martins||808||1.7||-1.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Aroosa Ulzaman||1,299||3.1||−8.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Rabi Martins||4,784||11.1||−4.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|Conservative||Hannah S. Hall||12,575||32.1||+0.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Linda A. Jack||6,081||15.5||+5.8|
|Open Forum||Kayson J. Gurney||149||0.4||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Robert C.H. Hoyle||3,795||9.7||+0.6|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Kathryn Newbound||4,299||9.1||−1.1|
|Natural Law||Aaron Custance||250||0.5||+0.0|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal Democrats||Jane Jackson||7,570||12.0||−7.4|
|Natural Law||Keith Buscombe||292||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||John Stephen||11,166||19.4||−6.1|
|Social Democratic||John Stephen||13,769||25.5||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer).
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The proportion of semi-detached houses is in the highest of the five categories, similar to London Borough of Havering, London Borough of Bexley, Castle Point and Ipswich only surpassed in the east/south east by Rochford.
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "'Luton North', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
- 2011 census interactive maps Archived 29 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- "Politics". the Guardian.
- "Area and Property Guide for lu3 - Mouseprice". www.mouseprice.com.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 4)
- "Luton North Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "LUTON NORTH 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
- "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.