Hill Miri dialect
|Ethnicity||Hill Miri people|
|(undated figure of 10,100)|
|ISO 639-3||None (
mrg – (included under Plains Miri)
Hill Miri is a member of the Tani branch of the Sino-Tibetan languages and is considered a dialect of the Nishi language. It is spoken by 9,000 people in the northern regions of India by the Hill Miri people It is threatened because the younger generation is slowly breaking away from their people's tradition and language. The term "Hill Miri" is an exonym, as the Hill Miri people identify themselves simply as Nyishi. Many audiobooks of gospel narratives in the Hill Miri language have been collected.
History of scholarship
George Abraham Grierson, in his survey of India regarding its linguistics, researched the Nyishi language and published a record over a century ago.
The following table includes an inventory of Hill Miri consonants.
Vowels are front /i, e/, central /ɨ, ʉ, ə, a/, and back /u, o/. Vowels occur long and short.
The basic Hill Miri grammar and basic word order are like those of related Sino-Tibetan languages, similar to that of Nishi.
|3rd person||bu, bú||bu-lu, bú-lu|
- Mising at Ethnologue (15th ed., 2005)
- Moseley, Christopher (2007). Encyclopedia of the world's endangered languages. Routledge. p. 298. ISBN 978-0-7007-1197-0. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- Post, Mark W. (2013). Defoliating the Tani Stammbaum: An exercise in areal linguistics. Paper presented at the 13th Himalayan Languages Symposium. Canberra, Australian National University, Aug 9.
- Hill Miri Audio
- Nabam Tadar Rikam, "Emerging religious Identities of Arunachal Pradesh", Mittal Publications, 2005
- Ju Namkung, "Phonological inventories of Tibeto-burman languages", Center for Southeast Asia Studies, University of California, 1996
- Value unclear, perhaps [nʲ]?
- Value unclear, perhaps [t͡ʃ]?
- Value unclear, perhaps [d͡ʒ]?
- Transcribed ⟨ɯ, y, ɤ, a⟩ in Namkung
- Ivan Martin Simon, "Hill Miri language guide", Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh, 1976
- Matthew S. Dryer, "Word order in Tibeto-burman languages" Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, 2008
- Shri Aduk Tayeng, "Nishi Phrase book", Arunachal Pradesh, 1990
- P. T. Abraham, "A Grammar of Nyishi Language", 2005
- S. N. Goswami, "Nishing ( Bangni) Language Guide", 1995