Isle of Wight (UK Parliament constituency)
|Isle of Wight|
for the House of Commons
Location of Isle of Wight within England.
|County||Isle of Wight|
|Member of Parliament||Robert "Bob" Seely (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 4.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 4.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 4.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 4.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 4.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 4.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 4.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 4.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 4.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 4.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 4.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 4.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 4.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 4.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 4.15 Elections in the 1870s
- 4.16 Elections in the 1860s
- 4.17 Elections in the 1850s
- 4.18 Elections in the 1840s
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
- 7 Notes and references
The Isle of Wight has since 1832 been a single seat of the House of Commons. It covers the same land as the ceremonial county of the Isle of Wight and the area administered by the unitary authority, Isle of Wight Council: a diamond-shaped island with rounded oblique corners, measuring 22.5 miles (36.2 km) by 13 miles (21 km), the Needles and similar small uninhabitable rocks of very small square surface area. The island is linked by ferry crossings from four points (five points if counting West Cowes and East Cowes separately) to three points in Hampshire: Lymington, Southampton and Portsmouth.
Its electorate of 110,924 (as of 2010[update]) is, by more than 30,000 electors, the largest in the UK, more than 50% above the English average: 71,537, and five times the size of the smallest seat: Na h-Eileanan an Iar, formerly known as the Western Isles.
One or two seats problem
The five (effected rather than abortive) national Boundary Commission Periodic Reports which have taken place since 1955 consulted locally on splitting the island into two seats (and included occasionally proposals for a seat crossing the Solent onto the mainland) but met an overall distaste by the independent commissioners and most consultees and consultation respondents who were not apathetic which accounted for the bulk. The consensus of varying panels of Boundary Commissioners, party-interested and neutral commentators was at the time of these five consultations, that the island would be best represented by one MP. The Commissioners did make mention perfunctorily of their duty by law to avoid such an extent of malapportionment (termed by most commissioners "leaving the island somewhat oversized") but deemed that electoral scientific detail outweighed by the "human" socio-economic factors of the convenience of having one universally acknowledged representative of the island at the national legislature. One problem the independent body cited in 2008 was a difficulty of dividing the island in two in a way that would be acceptable to (or widely accepted by) all major interests. The arbitrary division line problem is routinely encountered in those city council areas which have no rural elements or natural divides and in peninsulars and often resolves itself in dividing in alterate ways at different times to avoid any onset or perception of any bias.
In the 2018 review underway, dividing the island into two separate seats (smaller rather than larger than the allowable range for mainland seats) is a requirement by law to match the other island seats. The Commission's draft proposals divide the island into East and West seats. Newport would be in the West seat.
Before the Reform Act 1832 the island usually had three Parliamentary boroughs: Newport, Newtown, and Yarmouth each electing two MPs. In 1654 a whole island constituency existed for the First Protectorate Parliament but the island reverted to the three constituencies. Otherwise, the island was part-represented by the two MPs for Hampshire. The Reform Act abolished Newtown and Yarmouth parliamentary boroughs, and resurrected a county constituency for the whole island. The county electorate included freeholders, qualified by property, in the remaining parliamentary borough. The separate and overlapping Newport representation was abolished in 1885.
The constituency has traditionally been a battleground between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats and their predecessors. The seat was held by a Liberal from 1974 until 1987, a Conservative until 1997, a Liberal Democrat until 2001, and a Conservative since then. At the 2015 election, the incumbent Conservative scored one of his party's largest reductions in vote in that year's election similarly to the Liberal Democrat who finished in fifth place.
In the 2017 general election, Nick Belfitt, the Liberal Democrat candidate, became the youngest ever candidate to stand for the seat at the age of 23.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Nicholas Belfitt||2,740||3.7||-3.8|
|Liberal Democrat||David Goodall||5,235||7.5||-24.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Jill Wareham||22,283||31.7||+2.2|
|English Democrat||Ian Dunsire||1,233||1.8||N/A|
|Middle England Party||Paul Martin||616||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Anthony Rowlands||19,739||29.5||−5.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Brand||22,397||35.3||−7.5|
|Isle of Wight Party||Philip Murray||1,164||1.8||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||James Spensley||214||0.3||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||-6.6|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Brand||31,274||42.7||−2.9|
|Natural Law||Clive Daly||87||0.1||−0.3|
|Rainbow Warriors||Jonathan Eveleigh||86||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||+8.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Brand||36,336||45.6||+2.7|
|Natural Law||Clive Daly||350||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Isle of Wight Residents Party||Thomas McDermott||208||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Vectis National Party||Ronald W.J Cowdell||1,607||2.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1960s
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Edward Cecil Amey||18,396||37.1||-0.3|
Elections in the 1940s
General Election 1939/40
Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||St John Hutchinson||17,383||38.1||+0.3|
|Labour||Henry Edward Weaver||6,256||13.7||+3.9|
|Labour||Henry Edward Weaver||3,620||9.8||+2.7|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+7.5|
|Independent Unionist||Arthur Veasey||7,061||21.0||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+11.5|
Elections in the 1910s
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.8|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||Anthony Hickman Morgan||5,892||44.2||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Ind. Conservative||John Seely||Unopposed|
|Ind. Conservative gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1890s
Elections in the 1880s
- Caused by Webster's appointment as Attorney General of England and Wales.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.3|
|Conservative||Benjamin Temple Cotton||1,973||49.8||-0.3|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+0.3|
Elections in the 1870s
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.5|
- Caused by Simeon's death.
Elections in the 1860s
Elections in the 1850s
|Conservative||Thomas Willis Fleming||610||45.5||−8.0|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+8.0|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+9.6|
|Conservative||Andrew Snape Hamond||519||47.9||+4.0|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||−4.0|
Elections in the 1840s
|Conservative||Thomas Willis Fleming||373||43.9||N/A|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Conservative||William à Court-Holmes||Unopposed|
- Politics of the Isle of Wight
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in the South East (region)
- List of United Kingdom Parliament constituencies
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)
- 2017 Election House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report
- A Vision Of Britain Through Time (Constituency elector numbers)
Notes and references
- "Parliamentary Electors by Parliamentary Constituencies 2010–2015". Office for National Statistics. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "Wight". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". Archived from the original on 6 November 2010.
- "The Bow Group "Crossbow" – 50th Anniversary edition (page 41)" (PDF). www.bowgroup.org. Retrieved 27 October 2008.[dead link]
- "Boundary Commission for England – Isle of Wight". www.statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 26 October 2008.
- "Isle of Wight 'two constituencies' by 2020 says MP". BBC News. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
- Initial Proposal South East Boundary Commission for England
- "UK General Election results – October 1974". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "UK General Election results – May 1979". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "British Parliamentary Election Results 1983–1997". www.election.demon.co.uk. Retrieved 26 October 2008.
- "BBC News – Results and Constituencies – Isle of Wight". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "I"
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 153. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Churton, Edward (1836). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1836. p. 160. Retrieved 10 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- "Illustrated London News". 31 July 1847. p. 7. Retrieved 4 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "General Election". London Evening Standard. 7 August 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 4 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Bell's Weekly Messenger". 16 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 4 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Hampshire Advertiser". 24 May 1851. p. 5. Retrieved 4 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Isle of Wight Election". Berkshire Chronicle. 24 July 1852. p. 8. Retrieved 4 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Matters". Lancaster Gazette. 24 July 1852. p. 8. Retrieved 4 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Old Borough Members of Parliament Without Seats". Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette. 9 April 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 4 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Isle of Wight LibDem MP hopeful one of youngest in country". 22 April 2017.
- "Isle of Wight Green Party reselects Vix Lowthion as Parliamentary Candidate". isleofwight.greenparty.org.uk.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "ISLE OF WIGHT 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
- "Isle of Wight Green Party announce parliamentary candidate". isleofwight.greenparty.org.uk.
- "Campaign Launch".
- "Ian Stephens to stand as Independent candidate for Isle of Wight MP". Isle of Wight News from OnTheWight. 22 January 2015.
- Statement of Persons Nominated Archived 12 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Isle of Wight Council
- "Island set for race to be next MP". www.iwcp.co.uk.
- "IWight – Isle of Wight General election results 2005". www.iwight.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 10 September 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results – February 1974". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "UK General Election results – June 1970". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "UK General Election results – March 1966". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "UK General Election results – March 1964". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "UK General Election results – October 1959". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "UK General Election results – May 1955". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "UK General Election results – October 1951". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "UK General Election results – February 1950". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "UK General Election results – July 1945". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "UK General Election results – 1935". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
- British parliamentary election results 1918–1949, Craig, F.W.S.
- British parliamentary election results 1885–1918
- British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)
- The Constitutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 145 (169 in web page), Isle of Wight
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "Mr. John Stuart in the Isle of Wight". Hastings & St. Leonards Observer. 3 July 1886. p. 2. Retrieved 1 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "The Isle of Wight". Hampshire Advertiser. 7 February 1880. p. 8. Retrieved 1 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Isle of Wight". Nottinghamshire Guardian. 27 May 1870. p. 12. Retrieved 1 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Portsmouth Times and Naval Gazette". 10 May 1851. p. 5. Retrieved 4 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Last Days of Sir John Simeon", The Month: A Magazine and Review new series, vol. II (XIII), July to December 1870, pp. 481-484.