Tunbridge Wells (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||73,028 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Tunbridge Wells and Paddock Wood|
|Member of Parliament||Greg Clark (Conservative)|
|Created from||Tonbridge and Ashford|
Tunbridge Wells is a constituency[n 1] in Kent represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Greg Clark, a Conservative who served as Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy from 2016 to 2019 and then as Secretary of State for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities in 2022 as part of a caretaker government led by outgoing Prime Minister Boris Johnson. [n 2]
1974–1983: The Borough of Royal Tunbridge Wells, the Urban District of Southborough, the Rural District of Cranbrook, in the Rural District of Tonbridge the parishes of Bidborough, Brenchley, Capel, Horsmonden, Lamberhurst, Paddock Wood, Pembury, Speldhurst.
1983–1997: The Borough of Tunbridge Wells. The constituency boundaries remained unchanged.
1997–2010: The Borough of Tunbridge Wells wards of Brenchley, Capel, Culverden, Goudhurst, Horsmonden, Lamberhurst, Paddock Wood, Pantiles, Park, Pembury, Rusthall, St James', St John's, St Mark's, Sherwood, Southborough East, Southborough North, Southborough West, Speldhurst and Bidborough.
2010–present: The Borough of Tunbridge Wells wards of Brenchley and Horsmonden, Broadwater, Capel, Culverden, Goudhurst and Lamberhurst, Hawkhurst and Sandhurst, Paddock Wood East, Paddock Wood West, Pantiles and St Mark's, Park, Pembury, Rusthall, St James', St John's, Sherwood, Southborough and High Brooms, Southborough North, Speldhurst and Bidborough.
The current constituency includes the large town of Tunbridge Wells, as well as most of its borough to the east which is generally rural.
The constituency was created in 1974, and was originally named "Royal Tunbridge Wells". Except for Cranbrook Rural District (previously part of the Ashford constituency) the area had formed part of the constituency of Tonbridge prior to 1974. In 1983 the "Royal" prefix was removed from the seat's name.
- Political history
The seat's results since its 1974 creation indicate a Conservative safe seat. In 1994, the Conservative group on the council lost control, but regained it in 1998.
- Prominent frontbenchers
In succession, from 1983 until 1997 Patrick Mayhew reached three leading positions: Solicitor General for England and Wales, Attorney General for England and Wales and for Northern Ireland (simultaneously) and Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
From 2000 to 2001, Archie Norman was the Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Transport and the Regions.
The present member, Greg Clark, was Minister for Decentralisation from the start of the Cameron ministry, and then two years later became Financial Secretary to the Treasury.
The area is still largely rural in character and landscape, enjoying a gently elevated position which is traversed by the High Weald Landscape Trail. The area has local service sector and financial sector employers, light engineering combined with being substantially a commuter belt town for London, and to an extent, businesses on the southern side of the M25, such as in the Gatwick Diamond.
The electorate voted for Remain in the 2016 EU referendum, and are wealthier than the UK average.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Patrick Mayhew||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Ben Chapelard||15,474||28.3||18.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Rachel Sadler||5,355||9.9||+1.5|
|Women's Equality||Celine Thomas||702||1.3||New|
|Liberal Democrats||James McCleary||4,342||8.4||−16.9|
|Liberal Democrats||David Hallas||12,726||25.3||0.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Laura Murphy||11,095||26.1||+1.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Keith Brown||9,913||24.7||−5.0|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Anthony S. Clayton||14,347||29.7||+1.3|
|Natural Law||Paul Levy||153||0.3||−0.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Anthony S. Clayton||17,030||28.4||−1.6|
|Natural Law||EW Fenna||267||0.4||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|National Front||D Smith||236||0.4||−0.5|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||W Standen||509||0.9||New|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- ^ Electoral Calculus https://www.electoralcalculus.co.uk/fcgi-bin/seatdetails.py?seat=Tunbridge+Wells
- ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)
- ^ "Tunbridge Wells Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- ^ "2017 General Election: The 6 candidates in Tunbridge Wells". Who Can I Vote For? by Democracy Club. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
- ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- ^ "Tunbridge Wells". BBC. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- ^ "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- ^ "General Election 2015 Candidates - Liberal Democrats". Archived from the original on 13 April 2014.
- ^ "James MacCleary". YourNextMP. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- ^ http://www.tunbridgewells.gov.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/88134/Statment-of-Persons-Nominated-Parliamentary-Election.pdf[permanent dead link]
- ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- ^ "The British National Party — Blog — BNP's South East Regional Organiser to Contest the Tunbridge Wells Seat". bnp.org.uk. Archived from the original on 16 March 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
- ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.