June 1934

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The following events occurred in June 1934:

June 1, 1934 (Friday)[edit]

June 2, 1934 (Saturday)[edit]

  • 39 nations signed the London Act, an agreement on a complete revision of international conventions on copyright, patents, trademarks and designs.[4][5]
  • Died: James Rolph, 64, 27th Governor of California

June 3, 1934 (Sunday)[edit]

June 4, 1934 (Monday)[edit]

  • Britain informed the United States that it would make no more payments on its $5 billion war debt. The note explained that resumption of the payments "would be a re-creation of the conditions which existed prior to the world crisis and were in a large measure responsible for it. Such procedure would throw a bombshell into the European arena which would have financial and economic repercussions over all five continents and would postpone indefinitely the chances of world recovery."[7]
  • Mobs in Germany smashed the windows of the American-owned Woolworth department stores in reprisal for American boycotting of German goods.[8]
  • Born: Monica Dacon, schoolteacher and politician, in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Daphne Sheldrick, author and conservationist, in Kenya (d. 2018)

June 5, 1934 (Tuesday)[edit]

June 6, 1934 (Wednesday)[edit]

June 7, 1934 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Lithuanian coup attempt was put down. Voldemaras was arrested and imprisoned as a result.[2]
  • Ernst Röhm announced he was going on sick leave, but issued a statement: "If the enemies of the S.A. hope that the S.A. will not be recalled, or will be recalled only in part after its leave, we may permit them to enjoy this brief hope. They will receive their answer at such time and in such form as appears necessary. The S.A. is and remains the destiny of Germany."[10]

June 8, 1934 (Friday)[edit]

  • British Fascist Sir Oswald Mosley attempted to give a speech in front of almost 10,000 people at Olympia in London. Mosley had difficulty being heard as anti-fascists drowned him out with booing and heckling, and then he lost the audience's attention as people began climbing on the girders overhead. The event was called off after two hours.[11]
  • Railway lines, power plants and telephone lines across Austria were sabotaged in a wave of bombings.[12]
  • The Cincinnati Reds became the first major league baseball team to travel by airplane when they flew from Cincinnati to Chicago.[13]
  • The Civil War-era romance film Operator 13 starring Marion Davies and Gary Cooper was released.
  • Died: Dorothy Dell, 19, American actress (car accident)

June 9, 1934 (Saturday)[edit]

June 10, 1934 (Sunday)[edit]

June 11, 1934 (Monday)[edit]

  • The Geneva Disarmament Conference ended in failure.[6]
  • The newspaper comic strip Mandrake the Magician was first published.
  • Died: Lev Vygotsky, 37, Russian developmental psychologist

June 12, 1934 (Tuesday)[edit]

June 13, 1934 (Wednesday)[edit]

June 14, 1934 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Adolf Hitler flew to Venice to meet Benito Mussolini for the first time.[10] Hitler mistakenly believed the meeting was to be a quiet and private discussion, and was embarrassed to have arrived in a suit and ill-fitting raincoat when Mussolini greeted him dressed in full military uniform in front of 200 journalists. Their discussions over the next couple of days proved unproductive with the two clashing on the matter of Austria.[17][18]
  • Max Baer won the world heavyweight boxing title with an 11th-round knockout of Primo Carnera at Madison Square Garden Bowl in Queens, New York.[19]

June 15, 1934 (Friday)[edit]

  • Cuban President Carlos Mendieta narrowly avoided an assassination attemot when a bomb exploded directly behind his chair during a luncheon. Mendieta was wounded and two naval officers were killed.[20]
  • Died: Bronisław Pieracki, 39, Minister of the Interior of Poland (assassinated)

June 16, 1934 (Saturday)[edit]

On this day, Dr Glenn Cunningham won the Sullivan medal for his achievements in middle-distance running. In 1934, he set the world record for the mile run at 4:06.8, which stood for three years. He also set world records in the 800 m in 1936 and in the indoor mile in 1938.

June 17, 1934 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Marburg speech: German Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen made a speech at the University of Marburg calling for a restoration of freedoms, saying that "open manly discussions" would be a greater service to the German people than "the present state of the German press", and that "Great men are not created by propaganda." It was "only by talking things over with people", Papen said, that "confidence and devotion can be maintained." Joseph Goebbels actively tried to suppress the speech by banning any references to it in the media, but texts of the speech were reproduced in the foreign press as well as Papen's own newspaper.[10]
  • Gunmen in Havana opened fire on a parade of a secret political organization known as the ABC. Marchers prepared for such an attack returned fire, and police dispersed the battle with gas bombs. A total of 12 people were killed.[22]
  • The first of the Brighton trunk murders came to light in Brighton, England.[23]

June 18, 1934 (Monday)[edit]

June 19, 1934 (Tuesday)[edit]

June 20, 1934 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The German ocean liner SS Dresden struck a rock in a fjord near Haugesund, Norway, ripping a huge hole in its hull. About 100 passengers jumped overboard without waiting for lifeboats and 3 women died. The ship beached itself at Karmøy Island and was abandoned.[25]
  • Born: Samuel Zoll, jurist and politician, in Peabody, Massachusetts (d. 2011)

June 21, 1934 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Adolf Hitler flew to President Paul von Hindenburg's estate in Neudeck to investigate reports that Hindenburg was considering declaring martial law and handing over power to the military. There he was met by General Werner von Blomberg as well as the President, who confirmed the rumors.[10]
  • Franz von Papen and Joseph Goebbels appeared together before foreign correspondents, shaking hands and presenting a scene of harmony.[26]
  • Turkey adopted the Surname Law, requiring all Turkish citizens to adopt the use of surnames.

June 22, 1934 (Friday)[edit]

June 23, 1934 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Free City of Danzig introduced one-year compulsory labour service for all able-bodied male citizens between 17 and 25 years of age.[27]

June 24, 1934 (Sunday)[edit]

  • 500 French war veterans rioted in Paris during a march protesting a cut in their pensions.[28]
  • U.S. ambassador to Russia William Christian Bullitt, Jr. was involved in a plane crash at Leningrad, but neither he nor the pilot were injured.[29]
  • Died: Jimmy Wedell, 34, American racing pilot and aircraft designer (plane accident)

June 25, 1934 (Monday)[edit]

June 26, 1934 (Tuesday)[edit]

June 27, 1934 (Wednesday)[edit]

June 28, 1934 (Thursday)[edit]

June 29, 1934 (Friday)[edit]

June 30, 1934 (Saturday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "President Says Nation Expects Debt Payments". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 2, 1934. p. 1. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Chronology 1934". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  3. ^ Lumans, Valdis O. (2006). Latvia in World War II. Fordham University Press. p. 41. ISBN 9780823226276. 
  4. ^ "39 Nations Reach Pact to Protect Patent Rights". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 2, 1934. p. 15. 
  5. ^ "London Act of June 2, 1934". World Intellectual Property Organization. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "1934". MusicAndHistory. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Britain Decided to Quit Paying Debts". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 5, 1934. p. 1. 
  8. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (June 6, 1934). "U. S. "5 and 10" Stores Stormed by Mobs of Nazis". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 7. 
  9. ^ "Six Hits in One 9-Inning Game". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Shirer, William L. (2011). The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 217–220. ISBN 9781451651683. 
  11. ^ "Oswald Mosley's circus". The Guardian. June 8, 1934. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  12. ^ a b "Violence Grips Austria; Bomb Railway Lines". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 10, 1934. p. 1. 
  13. ^ Gitlin, Martin (2015). Cincinnati Reds. North Mankato, Minnesota: Abdo Publishing. p. 20. ISBN 9781629688190. 
  14. ^ "Peace Chance Wins Belmont Stakes; High Quest 2nd". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 10, 1934. p. Part 2, p. 1. 
  15. ^ "Former Kaiser Calls Hitler's Work in Reich 'Marvelous'". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 11, 1934. p. 5. 
  16. ^ "Police Protect Goebbels Party". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. June 14, 1934. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  17. ^ Moseley, Ray (1999). Mussolini's Shadow: The Double Life of Count Galeazzo Ciano. Biddles Ltd. p. 16. ISBN 9780300079173. 
  18. ^ Kertzer, David I. (2014). The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe. Oxford University Press. pp. 205–206. 
  19. ^ "Max Baer". BoxRec. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Cuba's Chief Hit by Bomb; 2 Die, 10 Hurt". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 16, 1934. p. 1. 
  21. ^ Conradi, Peter (November 30, 2004). "Meanwhile: When Harvard played host to Hitler's right-hand man". The New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  22. ^ Reno, Gustavo (June 18, 1934). "12 Die in Cuban Parade Riot". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1. 
  23. ^ "The Brighton Trunk Murders". Crime and Investigation. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  24. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (June 20, 1934). "Von Hindenburg Voices Approval of Papen Speech". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 2. 
  25. ^ "Liner Wrecked; 1,000 Saved". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 21, 1934. p. 1. 
  26. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (June 22, 1934). "Goebbels Fires Tirade Against Critics of Nazis". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 15. 
  27. ^ "Tageseinträge für 23. Juni 1934". chroniknet. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  28. ^ "500 Paris Vets Riot; Protest Cut in Pension". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 25, 1934. p. 7. 
  29. ^ "Bullitt Plane Crashes in Field at Leningrad". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 25, 1934. p. 6. 
  30. ^ "Girl Tells Story at Seduction Trial of Premier". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 26, 1934. p. 3. 
  31. ^ "James Wins Plea for Divorce from Viennese Dancer". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 27, 1934. p. 3. 
  32. ^ Coleby, Nicola, "A Surreal Life: Edward James, 1907–1984", Exhibition Catalogue, Royal Pavilion (Brighton, 1998).
  33. ^ "German Secret Police Arrest Aid of Von Papen". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 28, 1934. p. 13. 
  34. ^ "Powder Mill Blast; 11 Dead". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 28, 1934. p. 1. 
  35. ^ a b "Tageseinträge für 28. Juni 1934". chroniknet. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  36. ^ a b Large, David Clay (2000). Berlin. Basic Books. p. 266. ISBN 9780465026326. 
  37. ^ "Fireside Chat = June 28, 1934". Official Social Security Website. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  38. ^ "The World Moves On (1934)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  39. ^ "Three Triples in One Game". SABR Research Journals Archive. Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  40. ^ Lemay, Benoit (2010). Erich Von Manstein: Hitler's Master Strategist. Havertown, Pennsylvania: Casemate. p. 40. ISBN 9781935149552. 
  41. ^ "Tageseinträge für 30. Juni 1934". chroniknet. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  42. ^ Girardin, George Russell; Ielmer, William J.; Mattix, Rick (2005). Dillinger: The Untold Story. Indiana University Press. p. 257. ISBN 9780253216335.