Khwaja Ghulam Farid

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Khwaja Ghulam Farid
خواجہ غُلام فرید
Khawaja Ghulam Farid tomb at Kot Mithan.jpg
Tomb of Khwaja Ghulam Farid
Born 1845[1]
Chachran, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan)
Died 24 July 1901 (aged 55)[1]
Chachran, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan)
Venerated in Islam
Influences Baba Farid
Influenced Countless Sufi poets
Tradition or genre
Kafi

Khwaja Ghulam Farid (Urdu: خواجہ غُلام فرید‎) or Khwaja Farid (1845–1901) was a 19th-century Punjabi[2] sufi poet of the Indian subcontinent. He was a scholar and writer who knew several different languages.[1] He belonged to Chishti–Nizami Sufi order. He was born in and died at Chachran town and was buried at Mithankot, Punjab, Pakistan.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

His mother died when he was four years old and he was orphaned around the age of twelve when his father, Khwaja Khuda Bakhsh, died. He was then brought up by his elder brother, Khwaja Fakhr-ud-Din, and grew up to become a scholar and writer. He mastered Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Punjabi, Saraiki, Sindhi, and Braj Bhasha, and also wrote poems in Punjabi, Urdu, Sindhi, Persian, and Braj Bhasha languages.[1]

Nawab Sadeq Mohammad Khan V of Bahawalpur took Khwaja Farid to his palace at Ahmad pur sharkia for his religious education by a scholar, when he was 8 years old.[1] His elder brother Khwaja Fakhr-ud-Din who had brought him up after his parents' deaths, also died when Khwaja Ghulam Farid was 28 years old. Khwaja Farid then left for Rohi area or Cholistan Desert and lived 18 years there.[1]

Publications[edit]

His most significant works include:

  • Deewan-e-Farid (poem collection in Multani ,1882; in Punjabi, 1883 ; in Urdu, 1884)[1]
Khwaja Farid composed as many as 272 kafis of high literary merit.[3]
  • Manaqabe Mehboobia (in Persian prose)
  • Fawaid Faridia (in Persian prose)
In his poetry, he frequently uses the symbolism of a desert. Sometimes he touched the topic of political affairs, opposing the British rule in Bahawalpur state.

Awards, recognition and legacy[edit]

  • In 2001, on Khwaja Ghulam Farid's 100th death anniversary, Pakistan Post issued a memorial stamp to honor him in its 'Poets of Pakistan' series[1]

Tribute to Promissed Messiah of Qadian[edit]

Khawaja Sahib was also a contemporary of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib of Qadian. He told his followers:

"Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani is also right, and he is right and truthful in his affair. Day and night he is engrossed in the service of God Almighty. He has given his life for the progress of Islam and raising aloft the cause of the Faith. I can see nothing wrong or bad in him at all. If he has claimed to be the Mahdi and Messiah, that too is among the things which are permissible."

(Isharat-i Faridi, compilation of the talks of Khawaja Ghulam Farid, by his son, p. 179)

The above claim of Khawaja Farid's support for Ghulam Ahmed is controversial and have very little substance to it (Here's a book in Urdu that refutes this claim). Isharat-i Faridi was compiled by Maulana Rukkunidin based on his understanding of Khawaja Sahib's sayings. The book was not compiled by Khawaja Sahib's son and thus the entire claim be taken with a pinch of salt. In general, Mirza Ghulam's prophethood claims of being a Messiah and Prophet is rejected outright by Muslim scholars.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Profile of Khwaja Ghulam Farid on Pakistan Post Office website, Retrieved 21 June 2017
  2. ^ Suvorova, Anna (22 July 2004). "Muslim Saints of South Asia: The Eleventh to Fifteenth Centuries". Routledge – via Google Books. 
  3. ^ Profile of Khwaja Ghulam Farid on folkpunjab.org website, Retrieved 21 June 2017

External links[edit]