List of Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster

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The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is, in modern times, a sinecure office in the government of the United Kingdom.

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 14th century[edit]

Name Portrait Entered office Left office
Henry de Haydock 1361 1373
Ralph de Ergham 1373 16 April 1377
Thomas de Thelwall 16 April 1377 1378
John De Yerborough 1378 10 November 1382
Thomas Stanley
(pro tem)
10 November 1382 29 November 1382
Thomas Scarle 29 November 1382 October 1383
William Okey October 1383 1400

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 15th century[edit]

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 16th century[edit]

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 17th century[edit]

Name Portrait Entered office Left office
John Fortescue 16 September 1601 1601
in commission 1601 1601
John Fortescue 1601 1607
Thomas Parry 1607 5 June 1616
John Dacombe
& Thomas Parry
27 May 1615 5 June 1616
John Dacombe 5 June 1616 1618
in commission 1618 23 March 1618
Humphrey May 23 March 1618 16 April 1629
Edward Barrett, 1st Lord Barrett of Newburgh 16 April 1629 10 February 1644
Francis Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Trowbridge 1644 1645

Chancellors serving Parliament and the Commonwealth[edit]

William Grey, 1st Baron Grey of Warke
& William Lenthall
(commission)
WilliamLenthall.jpg (Lenthall) 10 February 1644 1648
Gilbert Gerard 1648 1 August 1649
John Bradshaw JohnBradshaw.jpg 1 August 1649 1653
John Bradshaw
& Thomas Fell
(commissioners)
JohnBradshaw.jpg (Bradshaw) 1653 1654
Thomas Fell 1654 1658
John Bradshaw JohnBradshaw.jpg 1658 1659
William Lenthall WilliamLenthall.jpg 1659 1659
Gilbert Gerard 14 May 1659 9 July 1659

Restoration of the Monarchy[edit]

Francis Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Trowbridge 9 July 1660 21 July 1664
Thomas Ingram 21 July 1664 22 February 1672
Robert Carr 22 February 1672 21 November 1682
Thomas Chicheley SirThomasChicheley.jpg 21 November 1682 1682
vacant 1682 1687
in commission 1687 1687
Robert Phelips 1687 21 March 1689
Robert Bertie, Lord Willoughby of Eresby 21 March 1689 4 May 1697
Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford 4 May 1697 12 May 1702

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 18th century[edit]

Name Portrait Tenure Political party
John Leveson-Gower (created Baron Gower, 1703) 12 May 1702 – 10 June 1706 Tory
James Stanley, 10th Earl of Derby 10thEarlOfDerby.jpg 10 June 1706 – 21 September 1710
William Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley of Stratton 21 September 1710 – 6 November 1714
Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Aylesford 6 November 1714 – 12 March 1716 Tory
Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough.jpg 12 March 1716 – 19 June 1717
Nicholas Lechmere (created Baron Lechmere, 1721) 19 June 1717 – 17 July 1727
John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland.JPG 17 July 1727 – 21 May 1735 Whig
George Cholmondeley, 3rd Earl of Cholmondeley 21 May 1735 – 22 December 1742 Whig
Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe 1stBaronEdgcumbe.jpg 22 December 1742 – 25 December 1758 (died)
Thomas Hay, 9th Earl of Kinnoull Thomas Hay 9th Earl of Kinnoull.jpg 27 February 1759 – 13 December 1762 Whig
James Smith-Stanley, Lord Strange James Stanley lord Strange.JPG 13 December 1762 – 14 June 1771
Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon ThomasVilliersEarlClarendon.jpg 14 June 1771 – 17 April 1782 Whig
John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton 1stLordAshburton.jpg 17 April 1782 – 29 August 1783 Whig
Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby 12thEarlOfDerby.jpg 29 August – 31 December 1783 Whig
Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon ThomasVilliersEarlClarendon.jpg 31 December 1783 – 6 September 1786 Whig
Charles Jenkinson, 1st Baron Hawkesbury (created Earl of Liverpool, 1796) Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool by George Romney.jpg 6 September 1786 – 11 November 1803

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 19th century[edit]

Name Portrait Concurrent office(s) Tenure Political party Prime Minister
Thomas Pelham, Baron Pelham of Stanmer 2ndEarlOfChichester.jpg 11 November 1803 – 6 June 1804 Whig Henry Addington
Henry Phipps, 3rd Baron Mulgrave Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave by Sir William Beechey.jpg 6 June 1804 – 14 January 1805 Tory William Pitt the Younger
Robert Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire 4thEarlOfBuckinghamshire.jpg 14 January – 10 July 1805
Dudley Ryder, 1st Earl of Harrowby 1stEarlOfHarrowby.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Berlin, Vienna and St Petersburg (1805) 10 July 1805 – 12 February 1806
Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby 12thEarlOfDerby.jpg 12 February 1806 – 30 March 1807 Whig William Grenville
(Ministry of All the Talents)
Spencer Perceval Spencerperceval.jpg Chancellor of the Exchequer 30 March 1807 – 11 May 1812 Tory William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Prime Minister
Leader of the House of Commons
(from October 1809)
Himself
Robert Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire 4thEarlOfBuckinghamshire.jpg President of the Board of Control 23 May – 23 June 1812 Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
Charles Bathurst President of the Board of Control (January 1821–February 1822) 23 June 1812 – 13 February 1823 no party
Nicholas Vansittart, 1st Baron Bexley Nicholas Vansittart, 1st Baron Bexley.jpg 13 February 1823 – 26 January 1828 Tory
George Canning
(April–August 1827)
F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen 4th Earl of Aberdeen.jpg 26 January – 2 June 1828 Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Charles Arbuthnot Rt Hon Charles Arbuthnot 2.jpg 2 June 1828 – 25 November 1830
Henry Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland Henry Vassall-Fox 3rd Baron Holland (1795).jpg 25 November 1830 – 14 November 1834 Whig Charles Grey
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
vacant 14 November – 26 December 1834 Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
(Caretaker)
Charles Williams-Wynn Charles Watkin Williams-Wynn.JPG 26 December 1834 – 8 April 1835 Conservative Robert Peel
Henry Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland Henry Vassall-Fox 3rd Baron Holland (1795).jpg 23 April 1835 – 31 October 1840 Whig William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon 4thEarlOfClarendon.jpg Lord Privy Seal 31 October 1840 – 23 June 1841
Sir George Grey, 2nd Baronet Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg 23 June – 30 August 1841
Lord Granville Somerset Lord Granville Somerset.JPG 3 September 1841 – 27 June 1846 Conservative Robert Peel
John Campbell, 1st Baron Campbell John Campbell, 1st Baron Campbell of St Andrews by Thomas Woolnoth.jpg 6 July 1846 – 6 March 1850 Whig John Russell
George Howard, 7th Earl of Carlisle 7th Earl of Carlisle.jpg First Commissioner of Woods and Forests (until July 1850) 6 March 1850 – 21 February 1852
Robert Christopher 1 March – 17 December 1852 Conservative Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
Edward Strutt 3 January 1853 – 21 June 1854 Whig / Radical George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
(Coalition)
Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville Second Earl Granville.jpg 21 June 1854 – 30 January 1855 Whig
vacant February – March 1855
Dudley Ryder, 2nd Earl of Harrowby Dudley Ryder, 2nd Earl of Harrowby.jpg 31 March – 7 December 1855 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Matthew Baines Matthew Talbot Baines.jpg 7 December 1855 – 21 February 1858 Whig
James Graham, 4th Duke of Montrose 26 February 1858 – 11 June 1859 Conservative Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
Sir George Grey, 2nd Baronet Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg 22 June 1859 – 25 July 1861 Whig / Liberal Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Edward Cardwell 1stViscountCardwell.jpg 25 July 1861 – 7 April 1864 Conservative
George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon 4thEarlOfClarendon.jpg 7 April 1864 – 3 November 1865 Liberal
vacant 3 November 1865 – 26 January 1866 John Russell
George Goschen George Goschen, Viscount Goschen.jpg Vice-President of the Board of Trade (until March 1866) 26 January – 26 June 1866 Liberal
William Courtenay, 11th Earl of Devon WilliamCourtenay 11thEarlOfDevon.png President of the Poor Law Board (from May 1867) 10 July 1866 – 26 June 1867 Conservative Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
John Wilson-Patten John Wilson-Patten.jpg 26 June 1867 – 7 November 1868
Chief Secretary for Ireland (from September 1868) Benjamin Disraeli
(from February 1868)
Thomas Taylor Taylor dublin UniMag1875.JPG 7 November – 1 December 1868
Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 5th Baron Dufferin and Claneboye (created Earl of Dufferin in 1871) Lord Dufferin.jpg Paymaster-General 12 December 1868 – 9 August 1872 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
Hugh Childers Hugh Childers, Lock & Whitfield woodburytype, 1876-83.jpg 9 August 1872 – 30 September 1873
John Bright John Bright 1882.jpg 30 September 1873 – 17 February 1874
Thomas Taylor Taylor dublin UniMag1875.JPG 2 March 1874 – 21 April 1880 Conservative Benjamin Disraeli
(Earl of Beaconsfield from 1876)
John Bright John Bright 1882.jpg 28 April 1880 – 25 July 1882 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley 1st Earl of Kimberley 1868.jpg Colonial Secretary 25 July – 28 December 1882
John George Dodson John George Dodson, 1st Baron Monk Bretton.jpg 28 December 1882 – 29 October 1884
George Trevelyan George Otto Trevelyan portrait early career.jpg 29 October 1884 – 9 June 1885
Henry Chaplin Young1stViscountChaplin.jpg 24 June 1885 – 28 January 1886 Conservative Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
Edward Heneage Edward Heneage Vanity Fair 17 December 1887.JPG 6 February – 16 April 1886 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth, 2nd Baronet Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth Vanity Fair 18 August 1904.jpg 16 April – 20 July 1886
Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Viscount Cranbrook 1st Earl of Cranbrook.jpg Lord President of the Council 3 – 16 August 1886 Conservative Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
Lord John Manners (7th Duke of Rutland from 1888) Lord John Manners.jpg 16 August 1886 – 11 August 1892
James Bryce 1895 James Bryce.jpg 18 August 1892 – 28 May 1894 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
(until March 1894)
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery
Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth Tweedmouth2.JPG Lord Privy Seal 28 May 1894 – 21 June 1895
R. A. Cross, 1st Viscount Cross Richard Assheton Cross Vanity Fair 16 May 1874.jpg 29 June – 4 July 1895 Conservative Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
Henry James, 1st Baron James of Hereford BaronJames Bassano1882.jpg 4 July 1895 – 8 August 1902 Liberal Unionist
Arthur Balfour
(from 12 July 1902)

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 20th century[edit]

Edwardian and wartime[edit]

Name Portrait Concurrent office(s) Tenure Political party Prime Minister
Sir William Walrond, 2nd Baronet WhWalrond.jpeg 8 August 1902 – 4 December 1905 Conservative Arthur Balfour
Coalition
Henry Fowler Henry Fowler.jpg 10 December 1905 – 13 October 1908 Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman
H. H. Asquith
Edmond Fitzmaurice, 1st Baron Fitzmaurice Lord Fitzmaurice.JPG 13 October 1908 – 25 June 1909
Herbert Samuel Gws samuel 01.jpg 25 June 1909 – 14 February 1910
Jack Pease 1910 Jack Pease.jpg 14 February 1910 – 23 October 1911
Charles Hobhouse Charles Hobhouse.jpg 23 October 1911 – 11 February 1914
Charles Masterman 1923 CFG Masterman.jpg 11 February 1914 – 3 February 1915
Edwin Samuel Montagu Edwin Samuel Montagu.jpg 3 February – 25 May 1915
Winston Churchill Churchill 1904 Q 42037.jpg 25 May – 25 November 1915 H. H. Asquith
(War coalition)
Herbert Samuel Herbert Samuel.jpg Postmaster-General 25 November 1915 – 11 January 1916
Edwin Samuel Montagu Edwin Samuel Montagu.jpg 11 January – 9 July 1916
Thomas McKinnon Wood Thomas McKinnon Wood.jpg Financial Secretary to the Treasury 9 July – 10 December 1916
Sir Frederick Cawley, 1st Baronet 1918 Frederick Cawley.jpg 10 December 1916 – 10 February 1918 David Lloyd George
(Coalition)
Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook Sir Max Aitken.jpg Minister of Information 10 February – 4 November 1918 Liberal Unionist
William Hayes Fisher, 1st Baron Downham William Hayes Fisher, 1st Baron Downham.jpg 4 November 1918 – 10 January 1919 Conservative
David Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford Crawford27.JPG 10 January 1919 – 1 April 1921
William Peel, 2nd Viscount Peel Earl Peel cropped.jpg Minister of Transport 1 April 1921 – 7 April 1922
Sir William Sutherland 1920 William Sutherland.jpg 7 April – 19 October 1922
James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury.jpg Lord President of the Council 24 October 1922 – 25 May 1923 Bonar Law
J. C. C. Davidson 25 May 1923 – 22 January 1924 Stanley Baldwin
Josiah Wedgwood Josiah Wedgwood, 1st Baron Wedgwood.jpg 22 January – 3 November 1924 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood - Project Gutenberg eText 15306.jpg 10 November 1924 – 19 October 1927 Conservative Stanley Baldwin
Ronald McNeill, 1st Baron Cushendun Ronald McNeill, 1st Baron Cushendun.jpg 19 October 1927 – 4 June 1929
Sir Oswald Mosley, 6th Baronet Sir Oswald Mosley, 6th Bt by Glyn Warren Philpot.jpg responsibility for unemployment 7 June 1929 – 19 May 1930 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Clement Attlee Attlee BW cropped.jpg 23 May 1930 – 13 March 1931
Arthur Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede Arthur Ponsonby.jpg 13 March – 24 August 1931
Philip Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian 25 August – 10 November 1931 Liberal Ramsay MacDonald
(1st Nat. coalition)
J. C. C. Davidson sometime chairman of the Indian States inquiry 10 November 1931 – 28 May 1937 Conservative Ramsay MacDonald
(2nd Nat. coalition)
Stanley Baldwin
(3rd Nat. coalition)
Edward Turnour, 6th Earl Winterton Edward Turnour, Vanity Fair, 1908-09-16.jpg Air Ministry spokesperson in the Commons (March – May 1938) 28 May 1937 – 29 January 1939 Neville Chamberlain
(4th Nat. coalition)
William Morrison WilliamMorrisonDunrossil.jpg 29 January 1939 – 3 April 1940
Minister of Food (from 4 September 1939) Neville Chamberlain
(War coalition)
George Tryon, 1st Baron Tryon 3 April – 14 May 1940
Maurice Hankey, 1st Baron Hankey Maurice Hankey.jpg 14 May 1940 – 20 July 1941 no party Winston Churchill
(War coalition)
Duff Cooper Duff Cooper 1941.jpg 20 July 1941 – 11 November 1943 Conservative
Ernest Brown Ernest Brown MP.jpg 11 November 1943 – 25 May 1945 National Liberal
Arthur Salter 25 May – 26 July 1945 Conservative Winston Churchill
(Caretaker coalition)

Post-War[edit]

Name Portrait Concurrent office(s) Tenure Political party Prime Minister
John Hynd Minister for Germany and Austria 4 August 1945 – 17 April 1947 Labour Clement Attlee
Fran Pakenham, 1st Baron Pakenham Lord Longford 4 Allan Warren.jpg deputy Foreign Secretary
(responsibility for the British zone, West Germany)
17 April 1947 – 31 May 1948
Hugh Dalton Hugh Dalton HU 059487.jpg 31 May 1948 – 28 February 1950
A. V. Alexander, 1st Viscount Alexander of Hillsborough INF3-62 A V Alexander Artist's signature E A B.jpg 28 February 1950 – 26 October 1951 Labour Co-operative
Philip Cunliffe-Lister, 1st Viscount Swinton Minister of Materials 31 October 1951 – 24 November 1952 Conservative Winston Churchill
Frederick Marquis, 1st Baron Woolton
(created Viscount Woolton in 1953)
Lord Woolton crop HU48187.jpg Minister of Materials (1 September 1953 – August 1954) 24 November 1952 – 20 December 1955
Anthony Eden
George Douglas-Hamilton, 10th Earl of Selkirk 10thEarl of Selkirk.jpg 20 December 1955 – 13 January 1957
Charles Hill 13 January 1957 – 9 October 1961 Harold Macmillan
Iain Macleod Iain Macleod crop.jpg Leader of the House of Commons 9 October 1961 – 20 October 1963
John Hare, 1st Viscount Blakenham Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
Chairman of the Conservative Party
20 October 1963 – 16 October 1964 Alec Douglas-Home
Douglas Houghton special responsibility for Social Services 18 October 1964 – 6 April 1966 Labour Harold Wilson
George Thomson 6 April 1966 – 7 January 1967
Frederick Lee 7 January 1967 – 6 October 1969
vacant or Thomson? 6 October 1969 – 20 June 1970
Anthony Barber responsibility for UK—EEC relations
(chiefly, until 1973, negotiating entry)
20 June – 28 July 1970 Conservative Edward Heath
Geoffrey Rippon Geoffrey Rippon (1970).jpg 28 July 1970 – 5 November 1972
John Davies 5 November 1972 – 4 March 1974
Harold Lever 5 March 1974 – 4 May 1979 Labour Harold Wilson
James Callaghan
Norman St John-Stevas Leader of the House of Commons
Minister for the Arts
5 May 1979 – 5 January 1981 Conservative Margaret Thatcher
Francis Pym Zconcam61.jpg Leader of the House of Commons
Paymaster-General
5 January – 14 September 1981
Janet Young, Baroness Young Leader of the House of Lords 14 September 1981 – 6 April 1982
Cecil Parkinson Paymaster-General 6 April 1982 – 11 June 1983
Arthur Cockfield, Baron Cockfield 11 June 1983 – 11 September 1984
Grey Ruthven, 2nd Earl of Gowrie Minister for the Arts 11 September 1984 – 3 September 1985
Norman Tebbit Norman Tebbit Edinburgh University Politics Society 2008.JPG Chairman of the Conservative Party 3 September 1985 – 13 June 1987
Kenneth Clarke Ken Clarke 2010.jpg Minister for Inner Cities (DTI) 13 June 1987 – 25 July 1988
Tony Newton Minister of State at DTI 25 July 1988 – 24 July 1989
Kenneth Baker Chairman of the Conservative Party 24 July 1989 – 28 November 1990
Chris Patten Chris Patten -2008-10-31-.jpg 28 November 1990 – 10 April 1992
William Waldegrave William Waldegrave visiting University of Salford 1981 cropped.jpg responsibility for public services and science 10 April 1992 – 20 July 1994 John Major
David Hunt Minister for Public Services 20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995
Roger Freeman 5 July 1995 – 2 May 1997
David Clark 3 May 1997 – 27 July 1998 Labour Tony Blair
Jack Cunningham Cabinet Office Minister 27 July 1998 – 11 October 1999
Mo Mowlam Mo mowlem informal image.jpg 11 October 1999 – 11 June 2001

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 21st century[edit]

Name Portrait Concurrent office(s) Tenure Political party Prime Minister
Gus Macdonald, Baron Macdonald of Tradeston Cabinet Office Minister 11 June 2001 – 13 June 2003 Labour Tony Blair
Douglas Alexander Douglas Alexander at the India Economic Summit 2008.jpg 13 June 2003 – 8 September 2004
Alan Milburn Alan Milburn.JPG 8 September 2004 – 6 May 2005
John Hutton Msc 2009-Sunday, 11.00 - 12.30 Uhr-Zwez 005 Hutton detail.jpg 6 May 2005 – 2 November 2005
vacant 2 November 2005 – 5 May 2006
Hilary Armstrong Hilary armstrong a.jpg Cabinet Office Minister
Minister for Social Exclusion
5 May 2006 – 27 June 2007 Labour
Ed Miliband Miliband, Ed (2007).jpg Cabinet Office Minister 28 June 2007 – 3 October 2008 Gordon Brown
Liam Byrne Liam Byrne.JPG 3 October 2008 – 5 June 2009
Janet Royall, Baroness Royall of Blaisdon BaronessRoyallPortrait.jpg Leader of the House of Lords 5 June 2009 – 11 May 2010
Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde Lord Strathclyde.jpg 12 May 2010 – 7 January 2013 Conservative David Cameron
(Coalition)
Jonathan Hill, Baron Hill of Oareford Jonathan Hopkin Hill, Baron Hill of Oareford.jpg 7 January 2013 – 14 July 2014
Oliver Letwin Oliver Letwin Official.jpg Minister of State for Government Policy 14 July 2014 – present
David Cameron

References[edit]