List of Menteris Besar of Selangor

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Menteri Besar of Selangor
Coat of arms of Selangor.svg
Azmin MP Kepong.jpg
Incumbent
Mohamed Azmin Ali

since 23 September 2014
Government of Selangor
Style Yang Amat Berhormat Dato' Menteri Besar (The Most Honourable Dato' Menteri Besar)
Member of Selangor State Executive Council
Reports to Selangor State Legislative Assembly
Residence Jalan Permata 7/1, Seksyen 7, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor
Seat Tingkat 21, Bangunan Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, 40503 Shah Alam, Selangor
Appointer Sharafuddin of Selangor
Sultan of Selangor
Term length While commanding the confidence of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart
Constituting instrument Laws of the Constitution of Selangor 1959
Inaugural holder Hamzah Abdullah
Formation June 1947; 69 years ago (1947-06)
Website www.selangor.gov.my/index.php/pages/view/82

The Menteri Besar of Selangor is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Selangor. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly.

The 14th and current Menteri Besar of Selangor is Mohamed Azmin Ali, who took office on 23 September 2014.

Appointment[edit]

According to the state constitution, the Sultan of Selangor shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Sultan on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.

The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Sultan the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Sultan's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Sultan, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Sultan on the advice of the Menteri Besar but may at any time resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Sultan will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.

Powers[edit]

The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Sultan. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.

The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Selangor politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.

Caretaker Menteri Besar[edit]

The legislative assembly unless sooner dissolved by the Sultan with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the executive council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

List of Menteris Besar of Selangor[edit]

The following is the list of Menteris Besar of Selangor since 1947:[1][2]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Alliance Party   Barisan Nasional   People's Justice Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Political party[a] Term of office Electoral
mandates
(Assembly)
Hamzah Abdullah
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party June 1947 1 July 1949
Raja Uda Raja Muhammad
(1894–1976)
No party 1 July 1949 March 1953
Othman Mohamad
(1905–d. unknown)
Alliance (UMNO) March 1953 September 1954
Raja Uda Raja Muhammad
(1894–1976)
No party September 1954 August 1955
Abdul Aziz Abdul Majid
(1908–1975)
Alliance (UMNO) August 1955 July 1957
Abdul Jamil Abdul Rais
(1912–1994)
Alliance (UMNO) July 1957 May 1959
Abu Bakar Baginda
(1899–1972)
MLA for Dengkil, 1959–1964
Alliance (UMNO) 30 May 1959 19 March 1964

1959 (1st)

Harun Idris
(1925–2003)
MLA for Morib, 1964–1978
Alliance (UMNO) 19 March 1964 15 April 1976

1964 (2nd)
1969 (3rd)
1974 (4th)

BN (UMNO)
Hormat Rafei
(1923–2001)
MLA for Telok Datoh, 1963–1974
MLA for Banting, 1974–1982
BN (UMNO) 15 April 1976 3 May 1982

– (4th)
1978 (5th)

Ahmad Razali Mohd Ali
(1928–2001)
MLA for Kampong Bharu, 1967–1974
MLA for Dengkil, 1974–1978
MLA for Ampang, 1982–1986
BN (UMNO) 3 May 1982 14 August 1986

1982 (6th)

Mohammad Mohammad Taib.jpg Muhammad Muhammad Taib
(b. 1945)
MLA for Batang Kali, 1982–1999
BN (UMNO) 14 August 1986 14 April 1997

1986 (7th)
1990 (8th)
1995 (9th)

Abu Hassan Omar
(b. 1940)
MLA for Permatang, 1997–2004
BN (UMNO) 2 May 1997 18 August 2000

– (9th)
1999 (10th)

Dr Khir Toyo.jpg Mohamed Khir Toyo
(b. 1965)
MLA for Sungai Panjang, 1999–2013
BN (UMNO) 18 August 2000 13 March 2008

– (10th)
2004 (11th)

Khalid Ibrahim announcing Ijok candidacy.jpg Abdul Khalid Ibrahim
(b. 1946)
MLA for Ijok, 2008–2013
MLA for Pelabuhan Klang, since 2013
PKR 13 March 2008 23 September 2014

2008 (12th)
2013 (13th)

Azmin MP Kepong.jpg Mohamed Azmin Ali
(b. 1964)
MLA for Hulu Kelang, 1999–2004
MLA for Bukit Antarabangsa, since 2008
PKR 23 September 2014 Incumbent

– (13th)

  1. ^ This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.

Living former Menteris Besar[edit]

Name Term of office Date of birth
Muhammad Muhammad Taib 1986–1997 29 July 1945 (age 71)
Abu Hassan Omar 1997–2000 15 September 1940 (age 75)
Mohamed Khir Toyo 2000–2008 6 August 1965 (age 51)
Abdul Khalid Ibrahim 2008–2014 14 December 1946 (age 69)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sejarah Menteri Besar". Selangor State Government portal. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "Selangor". WorldStatesmen.org. Retrieved 3 June 2010.