|• Density||13.7685/km2 (35.6604/sq mi)|
|Area||12,957 km2 (5,002.7 sq mi)|
The Toowoomba Region is a local government area located in the Darling Downs part of Queensland, Australia. Established in 2008, it was preceded by several previous local government areas with histories extending back to the early 1900s and beyond.
Prior to the 2008 amalgamation, the Toowoomba Region existed as eight distinct local government areas: the City of Toowoomba and the Shires of Cambooya, Clifton, Crows Nest, Jondaryan, Millmerran, Pittsworth, and Rosalie.
The City had its beginning in the Toowoomba Municipality which was proclaimed on 24 November 1860 under the Municipalities Act 1858, a piece of New South Wales legislation inherited by Queensland when it became a separate colony in 1859. William Henry Groom, sometimes described as the "father of Toowoomba", was elected its first mayor. It achieved a measure of autonomy in 1878 with the enactment of the Local Government Act. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Toowoomba became a town council on 31 March 1903. On 29 October 1904, Toowoomba was proclaimed a City.
The Toowoomba Region also encompassed four of Queensland's 74 divisions created under the Divisional Boards Act 1879 on 11 November 1879: Clifton, Highfields, Jondaryan and Rosalie. On 31 March 1903, these became Shires. Between 1913 and 1917, a number of changes occurred: the Millmerran and Pittsworth areas voted to split from Jondaryan on 24 April 1913, whilst in the same year Crows Nest became a shire, and in 1914, Cambooya followed. On 19 March 1949, Highfields and Drayton were abolished, with their land going to Crows Nest and Toowoomba respectively.
In July 2007, the Local Government Reform Commission released its report and recommended that the eight areas amalgamate. Its main reason for recommending such a large area was that the region was a growth area and a new organisation would have political advocacy capabilities on behalf of the region. Two other key factors were that Toowoomba's suburbs had expanded well beyond the City of Toowoomba and a new entity would be able to manage the entire area under one plan. Additionally, environmental and natural resource challenges could, in the Commission's view, be better met by an organisation with "a scale and capacity to undertake... management across the region in an integrated manner." Four of the councils, Jondaryan, Millmerran, Pittsworth and Rosalie were rated as financially weak by the Queensland Treasury. While no council had supported the Commission's model, most were willing to consider some form of amalgamation, and the Commission considered whether Millmerran should be united with Dalby or Toowoomba carefully. In the end, its proposal was unchanged. On 15 March 2008, the City and Shires formally ceased to exist, and elections were held on the same day to elect councillors and a mayor to the Regional Council.
The council remains undivided and its elected body consists of 10 councillors and a mayor. Toowoomba Regional Councillors are not officially endorsed by political parties. They are required to declare memberships of political parties, bodies, associations and trade or professional organisations.
|Councillor||Declared political membership||Term||Notes|
|Cr. Geoff McDonald||Independent||2012-present||Mayor 2023-present|
|Cr. Bill Cahill||Independent||2008–present|||
|Cr. Edwina Farquhar||2023-present|||
|Cr. Timothy McMahon||LNP||2020–present|||
|Cr. Megan O'Hara Sullivan||ALP||2016–present|||
|Cr. James O'Shea||Independent||2016–present|||
|Cr. Kerry Shine||ALP||2020–present|||
|Cr. Nancy Sommerfield||LNP||2012–present|||
|Cr. Carol Taylor||Independent||2008–present||Previously Mayor of Cambooya Shire 2004-08.|
|Cr. Melissa Taylor||Independent||2020–present|||
|Cr. Rebecca Vonhoff||LNP||2020–present|||
- Peter Taylor (2008-12). Elected 2008, defeated 2012.
- Paul Antonio (2012-23). Elected 2012, 2016, 2020. Retired 2023.
- Geoff McDonald (2023-current). Elected by council 2023.
Towns and localities
The Toowoomba Region includes the following settlements:
Close Regional Localities
Crows Nest area:
Economic growth potential in the region has been identified through retail, construction and the development of energy resources found in the Surat Basin and in food processing. As well as the development of the newly built Wellcamp Airport and Second Range Crossing, and proposed Inland Rail the city is set to become one of the largest logistical centres in the country as well as a major inland port.
The total population recorded at each census before the foundation of the Toowoomba Region combines the population of its component entities prior to their amalgamation in 2008. Its population was officially recorded for the first time in the 2011 Census.
|Year||Total Region||Toowoomba||Cambooya||Clifton||Crows Nest||Jondaryan||Millmerran||Pittsworth||Rosalie|
Toowoomba Regional Library Services
The Toowoomba Regional Council operates the following libraries:
The Toowoomba Regional Libraries also provide a range of services including (but not limited to) free computer and internet access, free computer classes, and a Homebound Library Service for those who are temporarily or permanently home bound.