Location within Queensland
|Population||166,409 (2016 census)|
|• Density||12.8273/km2 (33.2226/sq mi)|
|Area||12,973 km2 (5,008.9 sq mi)|
The Toowoomba Region is a local government area located in the Darling Downs part of Queensland, Australia. Established in 2008, it was preceded by several previous local government areas with histories extending back to the early 1900s and beyond.
Prior to the 2008 amalgamation, the Toowoomba Region existed as eights distinct local government areas:
- the City of Toowoomba;
- the Shire of Cambooya;
- the Shire of Clifton;
- the Shire of Crows Nest;
- the Shire of Jondaryan;
- the Shire of Millmerran;
- the Shire of Pittsworth;
- and the Shire of Rosalie.
The City had its beginning in the Toowoomba Municipality which was proclaimed on 24 November 1860 under the Municipalities Act 1858, a piece of New South Wales legislation inherited by Queensland when it became a separate colony in 1859. William Henry Groom, sometimes described as the "father of Toowoomba", was elected its first mayor. It achieved a measure of autonomy in 1878 with the enactment of the Local Government Act. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Toowoomba became a town council on 31 March 1903. On 29 October 1904, Toowoomba was proclaimed a City.
The Toowoomba Region also encompassed four of Queensland's 74 divisions created under the Divisional Boards Act 1879 on 11 November 1879: Clifton, Highfields, Jondaryan and Rosalie. On 31 March 1903, these became Shires. Between 1913 and 1917, a number of changes occurred: the Millmerran and Pittsworth areas voted to split from Jondaryan on 24 April 1913, whilst in the same year Crows Nest became a shire, and in 1914, Cambooya followed. On 19 March 1949, Highfields and Drayton were abolished, with their land going to Crows Nest and Toowoomba respectively.
In July 2007, the Local Government Reform Commission released its report and recommended that the eight areas amalgamate. Its main reason for recommending such a large area was that the region was a growth area and a new organisation would have political advocacy capabilities on behalf of the region. Two other key factors were that Toowoomba's suburbs had expanded well beyond the City of Toowoomba and a new entity would be able to manage the entire area under one plan. Additionally, environmental and natural resource challenges could, in the Commission's view, be better met by an organisation with "a scale and capacity to undertake... management across the region in an integrated manner." Four of the councils, Jondaryan, Millmerran, Pittsworth and Rosalie were rated as financially weak by the Queensland Treasury. While no council had supported the Commission's model, most were willing to consider some form of amalgamation, and the Commission considered whether Millmerran should be united with Dalby or Toowoomba carefully. In the end, its proposal was unchanged. On 15 March 2008, the City and Shires formally ceased to exist, and elections were held on the same day to elect councillors and a mayor to the Regional Council.
The council remains undivided and its elected body consists of 10 councillors and a mayor. Toowoomba Regional Councillors are not officially endorsed by political parties. They are required to declare memberships of political parties, bodies, associations and trade or professional organisations.
|Councillor||Declared political membership||Term|
|Cr. Paul Antonio||LNP||2008–present||Mayor|
|Cr. Carol Taylor||Independent||2008–present||Deputy Mayor|
|Cr. Cr Nancy Sommerfield||LNP||2012–present|
|Cr. Cr Geoff McDonald||Independent||2012–present|
|Cr. Megan O’Hara Sullivan||ALP||2016–present|
|Cr. James O'Shea||Independent||2016–present|
|Cr. Mike Williams||Independent||2008-present|
|Cr. Bill Cahill||Independent||2008–present|
|Cr. Chris Tait||Independent||2012–present|
|Cr. Joe Ramia||Independent||2016–present|
|Cr. Anne Glasheen||Independent||2008–present|
2008: Peter Taylor 
2012: Paul Antonio 
2016: Paul Antonio 
Towns and localities
The Toowoomba Region includes the following settlements:
Close Regional Localities
Crows Nest area:
The populations given relate to the component entities prior to 2008. The next census in 2011 was the first for the new Region.
|Year||Total Region||Toowoomba||Cambooya||Clifton||Crows Nest||Jondaryan||Millmerran||Pittsworth||Rosalie|
Toowoomba Regional Library Services
The Toowoomba Regional Council operates the following libraries:
- Toowoomba City Library
- Toowoomba Local History Library
- Cecil Plains library
- Clifton Library
- Crows Nest Library (also known as the John French Library)
- Goombungee Library
- Highfields Library
- Millmerran Library
- Oakey Library
- Pittsworth Library
- Quinalow Library
- Yarraman Library
- and a mobile library which visits the communities of Bowenville, Cambooya, Cooyar, Gowrie Junction, Greenmount, Haden, Jondaryan, Kingsthorpe, Kulpi, Meringandan West, Mount Tyson, Westbrook, and Wyreema.
The Toowoomba Regional Libraries also provide a range of services including (but not limited to) free computer and internet access, free computer classes, and a Homebound Library Service for those who are temporarily or permanently home bound.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Toowoomba (R)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- "Newly elected council 2012". Toowoomba Regional Council. 13 February 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "TRC adopts 2018-19 Operational Plan, Budget and Revenue Statement". Toowoomba Regional Council. 21 June 2018. Archived from the original on 15 August 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
- 22 Vic No. 13 (Imp), assented 27 October 1858
- Queensland Government Gazette, Vol. LXXXIII, 29 October 1904, p.878.
- Queensland Local Government Reform Commission (July 2007). Report of the Local Government Reform Commission (PDF). 2. pp. 315–322. ISBN 1-921057-11-4. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
- Toowoomba Regional Council. "Introducing Councillors". Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- "2008 Toowoomba Regional Council - Mayoral Election - Election Summary". results.ecq.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
- "2012 Toowoomba Regional Council - Mayoral Election - Election Summary". results.ecq.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
- "2016 Toowoomba Regional Council - Mayoral Election - Election Summary". results.ecq.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
- "Toowoomba Regional Libraries Locations and Hours". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "Local History Library". Toowoomba Regional Council. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
- "Toowoomba Regional Libraries Public Use PCs". Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "Toowoomba Regional Libraries Homebound Services". Retrieved 24 October 2014.