List of anti-capitalist and communist parties with national parliamentary representation

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The following is a list of communist and anti-capitalist parties with representation in national parliaments. This list does not contain communist and anti-capitalist parties previously represented in parliament. This list includes only those parties who officially call themselves communist or anti-capitalist (or socialist parties who are declared anti-capitalist) ideologically. 115 communist and anti-capitalist parties have been elected worldwide to parliament in 56 different countries in both recognised and non-recognised states. Of the 66 states listed here, 9 of them are republics ruled by a socialist, communist or anticapitalist party, five of them are official socialist states ruled by a communist party, of them four of them espouse Marxism–Leninism (China, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam) while the fifth (North Korea) espouses Juche.[1]

List[edit]

Country Party Electoral Coalition Election Lower house Upper house Official ideology
 Algeria Workers' Party 2012 election
24 / 462
Trotskyism[2]
 Argentina Workers' Party Workers' Left Front 2015 election
2 / 257
0 / 72
Trotskyism
Socialist Workers' Party Workers' Left Front
1 / 257
0 / 72
Trotskyism
 Bangladesh Workers Party of Bangladesh Grand Alliance 2014 election
6 / 300
Marxism–Leninism-Maoism
National Socialist Party Grand Alliance
5 / 300
Socialism
 Belarus Communist Party of Belarus 2016 election
8 / 110
17 / 64
Marxism–Leninism
 Belgium Workers' Party of Belgium 2014 election
6 / 313
2 / 150
Marxism
 Bolivia Movement for Socialism 2014 election
84 / 130
25 / 36
Socialism of the 21st century[3][4][5]
 Brazil Communist Party of Brazil With the strength of the people 2014 election
13 / 513
1 / 81
Marxism–Leninism[6]
Socialism and Liberty Party
6 / 513
0 / 81
Democratic socialism[6]
 Burkina Faso Union for Rebirth / Sankarist Party 2015 election
5 / 127
Sankarism
 Burma National Unity Party 2015 election
0 / 330
1 / 224
Socialism[7]
 Cameroon Union of the Peoples of Cameroon 2013 election
3 / 180
0 / 100
Marxism–Leninism
 Chile Communist Party of Chile New Majority 2013 election
6 / 120
0 / 38
Marxism–Leninism[8]
Broad Social Movement New Majority
0 / 120
1 / 38
Socialism
Citizen Left New Majority
1 / 120
0 / 38
Socialism
Democratic Revolution
1 / 120
0 / 38
Socialism
Autonomous Movement
1 / 120
0 / 38
Autonomism
 China Communist Party of China United Front 2012–2013 election
2,157 / 2,987
Socialism with Chinese characteristics [9]
 Colombia Revolutionary Independent Labour Movement Alternative Democratic Pole 2014 election
0 / 164
1 / 102
Marxism–Leninism
People's Congress / Popular Power and Unity Alternative Democratic Pole
0 / 164
1 / 102
Socialism
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Unified Lumumbist Party Alliance of the Presidential Majority 2011 election
34 / 500
3 / 108
Lumumbism
 Cuba Communist Party of Cuba 2013 election
612 / 612
Marxism–Leninism
 Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People 2016 election
16 / 56
Marxism–Leninism
 Czech Republic Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 20132014 elections
33 / 200
1 / 81
Communism[10][11]
 Denmark Socialist People's Party 2015 elections
7 / 179
Democratic socialism
Red–Green Alliance
14 / 179
Anti-capitalism
Inuit Ataqatigiit
1 / 179
Democratic socialism
 Ecuador PAIS Alliance 2017 election
74 / 137
Socialism of the 21st century
Montecristi Lives Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
5 / 137
Anti-capitalism
Popular Power Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
5 / 137
Trotskyism
Pachakutik Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
5 / 137
Socialism
Party of Revolutionary Socialism Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
5 / 137
Socialism
Democratic People's Movement Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
5 / 137
Socialism
Participa Movement Radical Democracy Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
5 / 137
Socialism
 Ethiopia Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front 2015 election
500 / 547
Socialism
 Finland Left Alliance 2015 election
12 / 200
Democratic socialism
 France French Communist Party Left Front 2012 election
7 / 577
20 / 348
Eurocommunism
Federation for a Social and Ecological Alternative Left Front
2 / 577
0 / 348
Eco-socialism
Left Party Left Front
1 / 577
0 / 348
Democratic socialism
Communist Party of Réunion Alliance of the Overseas
0 / 577
1 / 348
Communism
 Germany The Left 2013 election
64 / 631
Democratic socialism
 Greece Syriza September 2015 election
145 / 300
Democratic socialism
Communist Party of Greece
15 / 300
Marxism–Leninism
 Guatemala Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity 2015 election
3 / 158
Revolutionary socialism[12]
 Guyana People's Progressive Party 2015 election
32 / 65
Marxism–Leninism[13]
 Honduras Liberty and Refoundation 2013 election
37 / 128
Democratic socialism
Democratic Unification Party 2013 election
1 / 128
Socialism
 Iceland Left-Green Movement 2016 election
10 / 63
Eco-socialism
 India Communist Party of India (Marxist) United National Progressive Alliance 2014 election
9 / 543
9 / 245
Marxism–Leninism [14]
Communist Party of India United National Progressive Alliance
1 / 543
2 / 245
Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary Socialist Party United National Progressive Alliance
1 / 543
0 / 245
Marxism–Leninism
 Iraq Iraqi Communist Party Civil Democratic Alliance 2014 election
1 / 328
Marxism–Leninism
 Ireland People Before Profit Alliance Anti-Austerity Alliance–People Before Profit Irish general election, 2016
3 / 158
0 / 60
Democratic socialism
Sinn Féin Irish general election, 2016
23 / 158
7 / 60
Democratic socialism[15][16]
Socialist Party Anti-Austerity Alliance–People Before Profit Irish general election, 2016
3 / 158
0 / 60
Trotskyism[17]
Workers and Unemployed Action Group Irish general election, 2016
1 / 158
0 / 60
Socialism
 Israel Communist Party of Israel Democratic Front for Peace and Equality 2013 election
3 / 120
Marxism–Leninism[18]
 Italy Italian Left 2013 election
31 / 630
8 / 315
Democratic socialism[19]
 Japan Japanese Communist Party 20142016 elections
21 / 480
14 / 242
Scientific socialism[20]
 Kazakhstan Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan 2016 elections
7 / 108
Marxism–Leninism[21]
 Korea, North Workers' Party of Korea Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland 2014 elections
607 / 687
Juche[22]
 Laos Lao People's Revolutionary Party Lao Front for National Construction 2016 elections
144 / 149
Marxism–Leninism[23]
 Luxembourg The Left 2013 elections
2 / 60
Democratic socialism
 Mali African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence 2013 elections
5 / 160
Marxism–Leninism
 Mauritius Mauritian Militant Movement 2014 election
7 / 69
Democratic socialism
 Mexico Citizens' Movement Broad Progressive Front 2015 elections
26 / 500
2 / 128
Democratic socialism
Labor Party Broad Progressive Front
6 / 500
4 / 128
Democratic socialism
 Moldova Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 2014 elections
21 / 101
Marxism–Leninism[24]
 Montenegro Worker's Party Democratic Front 2016 elections
1 / 81
Labour rights
 Morocco Party of Progress and Socialism 2016 elections
12 / 395
Socialism
 Namibia Workers Revolutionary Party 2014 elections
2 / 96
Trotskyism
   Nepal Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) 2013 election
175 / 601
People's Multiparty Democracy[25]
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
80 / 601
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism–Prachanda Path
Janamorcha Nepal
8 / 601
Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist) (2002)
5 / 601
Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Nepal (United)
5 / 601
Communism
Nepal Workers Peasants Party
4 / 601
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified)
4 / 601
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Rastriya Janamorcha
3 / 601
Communism
 Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front 2016 election
71 / 92
Sandinismo[26]
 Norway Socialist Left Party 2013 election
7 / 169
Democratic socialism
 Pakistan Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party 2013 election
4 / 342
3 / 104
Democratic Socialism
Awami National Party 2013 election
2 / 342
6 / 104
Democratic Socialism
 Palestine
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Palestine Liberation Organization 2006 election
3 / 132
Marxism–Leninism
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine Palestine Liberation Organization 2006 election
1 / 132
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Palestinian People's Party Palestine Liberation Organization 2006 election
1 / 132
Scientific socialism
 Paraguay Guasú Front 2013 election
1 / 80
5 / 45
Democratic socialism
 Peru Broad Front 2016 election
20 / 130
Democratic socialism
 Philippines New Patriotic Alliance National Democracy Movement 2013 election
7 / 292
0 / 24
Filipino communism[27]
 Portugal Portuguese Communist Party Democratic Unitarian Coalition 2015 election
15 / 230
Marxism–Leninism[28]
Ecologist Party "The Greens" Democratic Unitarian Coalition
2 / 230
Eco-socialism
Left Bloc
19 / 230
Socialism
 Russia Communist Party of the Russian Federation 2016 election
42 / 450
Marxism–Leninism[29]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Polisario Front 2012 election
53 / 53
Democratic socialism
 San Marino United Left Active Citizenship 2012 election
5 / 60
Eurocommunism[30]
 Slovenia Initiative for Democratic Socialism United Left 2014 election
3 / 90
Democratic socialism
Party for Sustainable Development of Slovenia United Left
1 / 90
Eco-socialism
Democratic Labour Party United Left
1 / 90
Democratic socialism
 South Africa Economic Freedom Fighters 2014 election
25 / 400
Marxism–Leninism[31]
South African Communist Party[note 1] Tripartite Alliance
0 / 400
Marxism–Leninism
 Spain Podemos Podemos 2016 election
71 / 350
23 / 266
Democratic socialism
Sortu Amaiur 2011 election
5 / 350
3 / 266
Revolutionary socialism
Communist Party of Spain United Left
4 / 350
2 / 266
Eurocommunism[33]
Republican Left of Catalonia
3 / 350
1 / 266
Democratic socialism
Initiative for Catalonia Greens United Left
2 / 350
2 / 266
Eco-socialism[33]
Galician Nationalist Bloc
2 / 350
0 / 266
Anti-capitalism
Aralar Party Amaiur
1 / 350
0 / 266
Democratic socialism
Chunta Aragonesista United Left
1 / 350
0 / 266
Eco-socialism
Communist Youth Union of Spain United Left
1 / 350
0 / 266
Marxism–Leninism
Open Left United Left
1 / 350
0 / 266
Democratic socialism
Party of the Communists of Catalonia United Left
1 / 350
0 / 266
Marxism–Leninism
United and Alternative Left United Left
1 / 350
0 / 266
Communism
EH Bildu EH Bildu
0 / 350
1 / 266
Democratic socialism
 Sri Lanka People's Liberation Front 2015 election
6 / 225
Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Sri Lanka United People's Freedom Alliance
2 / 225
Marxism–Leninism
Lanka Equal Society Party United People's Freedom Alliance
2 / 225
Trotskyism
 Sweden Left Party 2014 election
21 / 349
Socialism
 Syria Syrian Communist Party (Bakdash) National Progressive Front 2016 election
8 / 250
Marxism–Leninism[34]
Syrian Communist Party (Unified) National Progressive Front
3 / 250
Communism
 Tajikistan Communist Party of Tajikistan 2015 election
2 / 63
Marxism–Leninism[35]
 Tunisia Workers' Party Popular Front 2014 election
15 / 217
Marxism–Leninism[36]
Democratic Patriots' Movement Popular Front
15 / 217
Socialism[37]
 Turkey Peoples' Democratic Party June 2015 election
80 / 550
Democratic socialism
 United Kingdom Sinn Féin 2015 election
4 / 650
0 / 811
Democratic socialism[15][16]
Green Party of England and Wales[38] 2015 election
1 / 650
1 / 811
Eco-socialism
United Kingdom Northern Ireland Sinn Féin 2017 election
27 / 90
Democratic socialism
United Kingdom Northern Ireland People Before Profit Alliance 2017 election
1 / 90
Democratic socialism; Trotskyism
 Uruguay Communist Party of Uruguay Broad Front 2014 election
50 / 99
15 / 30
Marxism–Leninism
Movement of Popular Participation Broad Front Socialism of the 21st century
Popular Assembly 2014 election
1 / 99
0 / 30
Marxism–Leninism
 Venezuela United Socialist Party of Venezuela Great Patriotic Pole 2015 election
52 / 167
Socialism of the 21st century[39]
Communist Party of Venezuela Great Patriotic Pole
2 / 167
Marxism–Leninism
 Vietnam Communist Party of Vietnam Vietnamese Fatherland Front 2016 election
475 / 500
Marxism–Leninism[40]
 Yemen Yemeni Socialist Party 2003 election
8 / 301
Democratic socialism
 Zambia Patriotic Front 2016 election
80 / 156
Democratic socialism[41][42]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Its currently unknown how many seats the South African Communist Party has in the national legislature since its MPs are elected through the African National Congress, a separate political party. In the last election "almost the entire top SACP leadership was absorbed into the government".[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim Jong-un, "Let Us Brilliantly Accomplish the Revolutionary Cause of Juche, Holding the Great Comrade Kim Jong Il in High Esteem as the Eternal General Secretary of Our Party", 6 April 2012.
  2. ^ http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/a/algeria/algeria2012.txt
  3. ^ Ediciones El País. "Evo Morales insta a "erradicar el capitalismo" para salvar el planeta". EL PAÍS. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Evo Morales: Ten commandments against capitalism, for life and humanity". Climate & Capitalism. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "Evo Morales: "Capitalism is the worst enemy of humanity"". Climate & Capitalism. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  6. ^ a b The first reference is for the lower house, the second for the upper house.
  7. ^ "Burmese general election, 2010". altsean.org. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "South America: Chile – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: China – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  10. ^ Bozóki, A & Ishiyama, J (2002) The Communist Successor Parties of Central and Eastern Europe, pp150-153
  11. ^ "Parties and Elections in Europe, Czechia, The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck". Parties & Elections. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Acuerdo No. 1319-2011 – Resultados oficiales" (in Spanish). elecciones2011.tse.org.gt. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  13. ^ The SolidNet Team. "13 IMCWP, Contribution of PPP of Guyana [En.]". solidnet.org. 
  14. ^ The first two references are about seats in parliament.
  15. ^ a b "What Sinn Féin stands for". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  16. ^ a b "Sinn Fein - political party, Ireland and United Kingdom :: Policy and structure". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  17. ^ "National Summary". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. RTÉ.ie. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  18. ^ "Middle East: Israel – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  19. ^ "Parties and Elections in Europe - Italy". Retrieved 8 February 2017. 
  20. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: Japan – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  21. ^ "Two more Kazakh parties wins parliamentary seats". BBC Online. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  22. ^ "Democratic People's Republic of Korea". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  23. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: Laos – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  24. ^ "Parliamentary Factions". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  25. ^ The first reference is for the first two parties (and its leaders), and the second reference is for the other parties
  26. ^ "Central America and Caribbean: Nicaragua – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  27. ^ "Asia: Philippines – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^ "Europe: San Marino – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  31. ^ "About us". 
  32. ^ Matuma Letsoalo. "Parliamentary payoff for pro-Zuma Cosatu officials". The M&G Online. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  33. ^ a b "Europe: Spain – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  34. ^ Yoshie Furuhashi. "S. Saleh Waziruddin, "Communist Parties Win 11 Seats in Syrian Parliamentary Elections"". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  35. ^ "Central Asia: Tajikistan – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  36. ^
  37. ^ "Africa: Tunisia – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  38. ^ https://www.greenparty.org.uk/assets/files/resources/Manifesto_web_file.pdf
  39. ^ "Communist Party of Venezuela" [PCV – Partido Comunista de Venezuela]. Communist Party of Venezuela. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  40. ^
  41. ^ http://www.elections.org.zm/media/28092011_2011_national_assembly_elections_results.pdf
  42. ^ "2011 Tripartite Elections: Summary of Allocation of National Assembly Seats" (pdf). Electoral Commission of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2016.