List of solar eclipses visible from the United Kingdom
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Geometry of a total solar eclipse
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A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partially obscuring Earth's view of the Sun. Below is a complete list of total and annular eclipses visible anywhere within the modern extent of the United Kingdom between AD 1000 and AD 2090 and a description of forthcoming partial solar eclipses visible in Britain in the next fifteen years or so.For a complete list of solar eclipses visible from the United Kingdom between AD 1501 and AD 2500, see the Journal of the British Astronomical Association, February 2001.
12th century (AD 1101 - 1200)
- 2 August 1133
- 20 March 1140
- A total eclipse, recorded by William of Malmesbury in his Historia Novella. In his opinion this was a sign which foretold the capture of King Stephen in the Battle of Lincoln in 1141. This is the Lenten eclipse also reported in the Peterborough Chronicle as being on the thirteenth day before the kalends of April: 'After this, during Lent, the sun and the day darkened about the noon-tide of the day, when men were eating; and they lighted candles to eat by. That was the thirteenth day before the kalends of April. Men were greatly wonderstricken Totality was experienced at about 3.00 pm at the centre line of the eclipse (near Derby).
15th to 16th centuries (AD 1401 - 1600)
- 26 June 1424
- 17 June 1433
- 16 March 1485
- 25 February 1598 (March 7, 1598 by Gregorian calendar)
17th to 19th centuries (AD 1601 - 1900)
- 8 April 1652
|3 May 1715 Cambridge, England|
- 12 August 1654
- Yet another total eclipse for Scotland, this time a track across the north of Scotland near Aberdeen.
- 23 September 1699
- A narrow path of totality just clipped the north-east corner of Scotland, including Wick.
- 3 May 1715
- 22 May 1724
- There was no Total Solar Eclipse visible from the United Kingdom between 1724 and 1925.
20th century (AD 1901 - 2000)
- 24 January 1925
- 29 June 1927
- Total Solar Eclipse: A mere 24 seconds of totality in the early morning, along a narrow track from North Wales, through Lancashire to the English north-east coast, but weather was very poor with cloud and high winds. However the Astronomer Royal's expedition to Giggleswick in North Yorkshire was amongst the few to catch sight of totality.
- 30 June 1954
- 2 October 1959
- A partial eclipse visible over the whole of the United Kingdom ranging from approximately 20% in Northern Scotland to approximately 40% in South West Cornwall.
- 15 February 1961
- The United Kingdom was greeted at dawn with a large portion of the Sun covered with maximum eclipse being approximately on the horizon ranging from 85% in Northern Scotland to between 92% and 95% in Southern England.
Partial solar eclipses also occurred on 20 May 1966, 22 September 1968, 25 February 1971, 10 July 1972, 30 June 1973, 11 May 1975, 29 April 1976, 20 July 1982, 15 December 1982, 4 December 1984, 21 May 1993 and 10 May 1994. (Source: HMNAO Eclipses On-line Portal.)
- 12 October 1996
- A partial solar eclipse which covered 60% of the Sun over the British Isles.
- 11 August 1999
- Total Solar Eclipse over Cornwall and part of south Devon, partial over the rest of the United Kingdom. Totality was observable from English Channel and the island of Alderney in the Channel Islands, but was almost universally clouded out on the British mainland. The clouds did clear in the Newquay area, though, allowing observation of full totality. A large partial eclipse was visible in the south-east of England and south Wales. Observers in various places noted birds falling silent, daylight colours turning to grey, and temperatures falling, augmented by a passing wisp of cloud at the moment of peak eclipse.
21st century (AD 2001 - 2100)
- 31 May 2003
- 3 October 2005
- Partial eclipse approaching 70% partial in South West England.
- 29 March 2006
- 1 August 2008
- 4 January 2011
- A partial eclipse, which was nowhere total, could be seen at sunrise in South East England, where with a favourable south-eastern horizon a Sun 75% covered by the Moon was seen.
- 20 March 2015
- An eclipse which was total across the north Atlantic including the Faroe Islands resulted in a large partial eclipse across the UK, greater than 80% everywhere. While the line of totality didn't touch land in the United Kingdom, it passed less than ten kilometres to the north-west of the island of Rockall.
- 21 August 2017
- A total solar eclipse in parts of the USA results in a small partial eclipse visible at sunset.
- 11 August 2018
- 10 June 2021
- 25 October 2022
- An eclipse which is nowhere total results in a partial eclipse across Britain with north-east Scotland the most favoured, at around 35% falling to less than 20% in Cornwall.
- 29 March 2025
- Partial ranging from 40% partial in Kent to about 50% partial in the north-west of Scotland.
- 12 August 2026
- 2 August 2027
- Partial ranging from about 30% partial in the north of Scotland to almost 60% partial in the south-west of England. Total eclipse from Gibraltar.
- 26 January 2028
- About 40% partial at sunset.
- 1 June 2030
- About 50% partial at sunrise.
- 21 August 2036
- 60-70% partial, greatest in the north of Scotland.
- 16 January 2037
- 50-60% partial at sunrise, most in the north of Scotland.
- 5 January 2038
- Less than 20% partial nationwide at sunset.
- 2 July 2038
- Less than 20% partial nationwide.
- 21 June 2039
- Over 60% partial, touching 80% in the north of Scotland.
- 11 June 2048
- Annular passing just north of Shetland. Over 60% across mainland UK.
- 14 November 2050
- Over 80% partial across all except south and south west of England.
- 12 September 2053
- 40-60% partial, best in south.
- 5 November 2059
- 70-80% partial at sunrise, best in SW England.
- 3 September 2062
- Partial grazing the north of Scotland, best in Shetland but still less than 20% partial.
- 5 February 2065
- Partial; over 80% for whole UK. No totality.
- 21 April 2069
- Partial eclipse, peaking at around 50% in NW Scotland.
- 12 September 2072
- Limited partial eclipse peaking at around 40% in NE Scotland.
- 13 July 2075
- Over 60% partial at sunrise nationally.
- 26 November 2076
- Partial, between 40 and 60% partial
- 1 May 2079
- Over 40% partial over 60% in NW Scotland.
- 3 September 2081
- Totality in the Channel Islands, over 80% partial across England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Over 60% through Scotland.
- 27 February 2082
- 60-80% partial at sunset, best in the south.
- 21 April 2088
- Around 40-50% partial, best in the south east.
- 23 September 2090
- 18 February 2091
- Partial Solar Eclipse: viewable from most areas of the UK. It will be visible from 08:25am to 10:55am, and at its peak at around 09:30am. From southern England about 55% of the Sun will be eclipsed. From northern Scotland, over 60% will be eclipsed.
- 7 February 2092
- 40-50% partial at sunset.
- 23 July 2093
- Annular eclipse over southern Scotland, Northern England and most of Northern Ireland. Over 80% partial for the rest of the country. Near the centre line, just over 5 minutes of annularity will be observed. The centre line runs roughly from Ayr to Newcastle.
- UK Solar Eclipses from Year 1 by Sheridan Williams, Clock Tower Press, ISBN 1-85142-093-2, Published 1996
- Fifty Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1986 - 2035 by Fred Espenak, NASA ISBN 0-933346-45-X, Published 1987
- A Millennium of British solar eclipses (1501 - 2500) AD, Journal of the British Astronomical Association, Vol 111, pp 88-98
- Solar eclipse of 2 August 1133
- "Chronology and dating". Medievalgenealogy.org.uk. 2009-07-19. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
-  Archived July 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- NASA Technical Publication TP-2006-214141 - http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/5MCSE/5MCSE-Maps-08.pdf
- Solar eclipse of June 24, 1424
- Solar eclipse of June 17, 1433
- Solar eclipse of March 16, 1485