Jewish population by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Jews by country eligible to Israeli citizenship under its Law of Return in proportion to the general population (per million people, 2018)
Jewish Population by country ('000s, 2018)
Distribution by country of Jews eligible to Israeli citizenship (2018)

As of 2018, the world's Core Jewish Population, those identifying as Jews above all else, was 14.6 million. The Connected Jewish Population, including those who say they are partly Jewish or that have Jewish background from at least one Jewish parent, in addition to the Core Jewish Population, was 17.8 million. The Enlarged Jewish Population, including those who say they have Jewish background but not a Jewish parent, and all non-Jewish household members who live in households with Jews, in addition to the Jewish Connected Population, was 20.7 million. And the Law of Return Jewish Population, which counts all those eligible to immigration to Israel under its Law of Return, 23.5 million.[1][2][3][4][5]

Two countries, the United States (51%), and Israel (30%), including its occupied territories in the West Bank (2%), account for 81% of those recognised as Jews and eligible for citizenship by Israel under its Law of Return. France (3%), Canada (3%), Russia (3%), United Kingdom (2%), Argentina (1%), Germany (1%), Ukraine (1%), Brazil (1%), Australia (1%) and Hungary (1%) hold an additional 16%, and the remaining 3% are spread around 98 other countries and territories with less than 0.5% each. With nearly 6.5 million Jews,[6] Israel is the only Jewish majority and explicitly Jewish state.

In 1939, the core Jewish population reached its historical peak of 17 million. Due to the Holocaust, the number was reduced to 11 million in 1945.[7][8][9] The population grew to around 13 million by the 1970s, and then recorded near-zero growth until around 2005 due to low fertility rates and to assimilation.[8] From 2005 to 2018, the world's Jewish population grew on average 0.63% annually (while world population grew 1.1% annually in the same period).[1] This increase primarily reflected the rapid growth of Haredi and some Orthodox sectors, who are becoming a growing proportion of Jews.[10]

Recent trends[edit]

Recent Jewish population dynamics are characterized by continued steady increase in the Israeli Jewish population and flat or declining numbers in other countries (the diaspora). The Jewish population of Israel increased from the country's inception in 1948 to 6,135,000 in 2014[11] while the population of the diaspora has dropped from 10.5 to 8.1 million over the same period.[4] Current Israeli Jewish demographics are characterized by a relatively high fertility rate of 3 children per woman and a stable age distribution.[12] The overall growth rate of Jews in Israel is 1.7% annually.[13] The diaspora countries, by contrast, have low Jewish birth rates, an increasingly elderly age composition, and a negative balance of people leaving Judaism versus those joining.[4]

Immigration trends also favor Israel ahead of diaspora countries. The Jewish state has a positive immigration balance (called aliyah in Hebrew). Israel saw its Jewish numbers significantly buoyed by a million-strong wave of Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union in the 1990s[14] and immigration growth has been steady in the low tens of thousands since then.[15] In the rest of the world, only the United States, Canada, Australia, and Germany have had a positive recent Jewish migration balance outside of Israel. In general, the modern English-speaking world has seen an increase in its share of the diaspora since the Holocaust and the foundation of Israel, while historic Jewish populations in Eastern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East have significantly declined or disappeared.[16]

France continues to be home to the world's third largest Jewish community, around 500,000,[17][18] but has shown an increasingly negative trend. Emigration loss to Israel amongst French Jews reached the tens of thousands between 2014 and 2017 following a wave of antisemitic attacks.[19][20]

Debate over United States numbers[edit]

The number of Jews in the United States has been the subject of much debate because of questions over counting methodology. In 2012, Sheskin and Dashefsky put forward a figure of 6.72 million based on a mixture of local surveys, informed local estimates, and US census data. They qualified their estimate with a concern over double counting and suggested the real figure may lie between 6 and 6.4 million.[21] Drawing on their work, the Steinhardt Social Research Institute released their own estimate of 6.8 million Jews in the United States in 2013.[22] These figures are in contrast to Israeli demographer Sergio DellaPergola's number of 5,425,000, also in 2012.[23] He has called high estimates “implausible” and “unreliable” although he revised the United States Jewish number upward to 5.7 million in subsequent years.[24][23] This controversy followed a similar debate in 2001 when the National Jewish Population Survey released a United States Jewish estimate as low as 5.2 million only to have serious methodological errors suggested in their survey.[23] In sum, a confidence interval of a million or more people is likely to persist in reporting on the number of Jewish Americans.

Countries and territories[edit]

Below is a list of Jewish populations in the world by country or territory. All data below, but the last column, is from the Berman Jewish DataBank at Stanford University in the World Jewish Population (2018) report coordinated by Sergio DellaPergola at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.[25] The Jewish DataBank figures are primarily based on national censuses combined with trend analysis. Core Jewish Population refers to those who consider themselves Jews to the exclusion of all else. The Connected Jewish Population, in addition to the Core Jewish Population, includes those who say they are partly Jewish or that have Jewish background from at least one Jewish parent. The Enlarged Jewish Population includes the Jewish Connected Population and those who say they have Jewish background but not a Jewish parent, and all non-Jews living in households with Jews. The Law of Return Jewish Population includes all those eligible to immigration to Israel under its Law of Return.

Table[edit]

Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
Country or
Territory
Core
Population
Connected
Population
Enlarged
Population
Law of Return
Population
National official
statistics
Total Per
million
people
Total Per
million
people
Total Per
million
people
Total Per
million
people
 Israel[a] 6,153,500 734,010 6,349,300 757,366 6,545,100 780,721 6,545,100 780,721 [6]6,697,000 (2019)
 United States 5,700,000 17,517 8,000,000 24,585 10,000,000 30,731 12,000,000 36,878 [26]6,543,820 (2018)
 France[b] 453,000 6,965 530,000 8,149 600,000 9,225 700,000 10,763 N/A
 West Bank[c] 404,600 136,602 408,900 138,053 413,200 139,505 413,200 139,505 N/A
 Canada 390,500 10,640 450,000 12,262 550,000 14,986 700,000 19,074 [27]143,665 (2016)
 Great Britain[d] 290,000 4,367 330,000 4,970 370,000 5,572 410,000 6,175 [28][29][30]269,568 (2011)
 Argentina 180,300 4,070 270,000 6,095 330,000 7,449 350,000 7,901 N/A
 Russia 172,000 1,172 320,000 2,180 440,000 2,997 600,000 4,087 [31]157,968 (2010)
 Germany 116,000 1,396 150,000 1,805 225,000 2,708 275,000 3,309 [32]84,430 (2011)
 Australia 113,400 4,629 125,000 5,102 140,000 5,714 155,000 6,327 [33]91,022 (2016)
 Brazil 93,200 448 120,000 577 150,000 722 180,000 866 [33]107,329 (2010)
 South Africa 69,000 1,221 75,000 1,327 80,000 1,416 85,000 1,504 [33]75,555 (2001)
 Ukraine 50,000 1,182 97,000 2,293 140,000 3,310 200,000 4,728 [34]105,480 (2001)
 Hungary 47,400 4,837 75,000 7,653 100,000 10,204 130,000 13,265 [33]10,965 (2011)
 Mexico 40,000 310 45,000 348 50,000 387 65,000 503 [33]67,476 (2010)
 Netherlands 29,800 1,743 43,000 2,515 52,000 3,041 60,000 3,509 [35]0.1% (2016)
 Belgium 29,200 2,584 35,000 3,097 40,000 3,540 45,000 3,982 N/A
 Italy 27,500 455 34,000 562 41,000 678 48,000 793 N/A
 Switzerland 18,600 2,188 22,000 2,588 25,000 2,941 28,000 3,294 [33]16,763 (2011)
 Chile 18,300 995 21,000 1,141 26,000 1,413 30,000 1,630 [33]14,976 (2002)
 Uruguay 16,700 4,771 20,000 5,714 25,000 7,143 27,500 7,857 N/A
 Turkey 15,000 185 19,300 239 21,000 260 23,000 284 N/A
 Sweden 15,000 1,485 20,000 1,980 25,000 2,475 30,000 2,970 N/A
 Spain 11,700 251 15,000 322 18,000 386 20,000 429 N/A
 Belarus 9,500 1,000 18,000 1,895 25,000 2,632 33,000 3,474 [36]12,935 (2009)
 Panama 10,000 2,439 11,000 2,683 12,000 2,927 13,000 3,171 N/A
 Romania 9,100 464 13,500 689 17,000 867 20,000 1,020 [33]3,519 (2011)
 Austria 9,000 1,023 14,000 1,591 17,000 1,932 20,000 2,273 [33]8,140 (2001)
 Iran 8,500 105 11,000 136 12,000 149 13,000 161 [33]9,826 (2016)
 Azerbaijan 7,800 788 10,500 1,061 16,000 1,616 22,000 2,222 [37]9,084 (2009)
 Venezuela 7,300 232 10,000 318 12,000 382 14,000 446 [38][39]9,500 (2010)
 New Zealand 7,500 1,563 8,500 1,771 9,500 1,979 11,000 2,292 [33]6,867 (2013)
 Uganda N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [40]7,189 (2014)
 Denmark 6,400 1,103 7,500 1,293 8,500 1,466 9,500 1,638 N/A
 India 4,900 4 6,000 4 7,000 5 8,000 6 [41]4,650 (2011)
 Latvia 4,700 2,474 8,000 4,211 12,000 6,316 16,000 8,421 [42]8,210 (2019)
 Greece 4,200 393 5,500 514 6,000 561 7,000 654 N/A
 Czech Republic 3,900 368 5,000 472 6,500 613 8,000 755 [43]1,474 (2011)
 Moldova 2,000 556 5,700 1,583 7,500 2,083 11,000 3,056 [44]1,597 (2014)
 Uzbekistan 3,200 99 6,000 185 8,000 247 10,000 309 [45]94,689 (1989)
 Poland 4,500 117 7,000 182 10,000 260 13,000 339 [46]2,488 (2011)
 Kazakhstan 2,700 150 4,800 267 6,500 361 9,600 533 [33]5,281 (2009)
 China[e] 2,800 2 2,900 2 3,300 2 3,500 3 N/A
 Lithuania 2,500 893 4,700 1,679 6,500 2,321 10,000 3,571 [33]1,229 (2011)
 Slovakia 2,600 481 3,600 667 4,600 852 6,000 1,111 [47]601 (2019)
 Costa Rica 2,500 510 2,800 571 3,100 633 3,400 694 N/A
 Colombia 2,200 45 2,800 57 3,500 71 4,500 91 N/A
 Morocco 2,150 61 2,500 71 2,700 77 2,900 83 N/A
 Bulgaria 2,000 282 4,000 563 6,000 845 7,500 1,056 [48]1,162 (2011)
 Estonia 1,900 1,462 2,600 2,000 3,400 2,615 4,500 3,462 [49]1,971 (2017)
 Peru 1,900 60 2,300 72 3,000 94 3,500 110 N/A
 Croatia 1,700 415 2,400 585 3,000 732 3,500 854 [33]536 (2011)
 Georgia 1,600 410 4,500 1,154 6,000 1,538 8,700 2,231 [33]1,417 (2014)
 Ireland 2,600 542 3,600 750 5,000 1,042 7,000 1,458 [50]1,921 (2016)
 Puerto Rico 1,500 441 2,000 588 2,500 735 3,000 882 N/A
 Serbia 1,400 200 2,100 300 2,800 400 3,500 500 [33]578 (2011)
 Finland 1,300 236 1,600 291 1,900 345 2,200 400 [51]1,093 (2017)
 Norway 1,300 245 1,500 283 2,000 377 2,500 472 [52]789 (2018)
 Tunisia 1,050 91 1,200 104 1,300 113 1,400 122 N/A
 Japan 1,000 8 1,200 9 1,400 11 1,600 13 N/A
 Paraguay 1,000 147 1,300 191 1,600 235 1,900 279 [33]1,100 (2002)
 Guatemala 900 53 1,200 71 1,500 89 1,800 107 N/A
 Singapore 900 158 1,000 175 1,200 211 1,400 246 N/A
 Ecuador 600 36 800 48 1,000 60 1,200 71 N/A
 Gibraltar 600 17,143 700 20,000 800 22,857 900 25,714 [33]763 (2012)
 Luxembourg 600 1,000 800 1,333 1,000 1,667 1,200 2,000 N/A
 Portugal 600 58 800 78 1,000 97 1,200 117 [33]3,061 (2011)
 Bolivia 500 45 700 63 900 81 1,000 90 N/A
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 500 143 800 229 1,000 286 1,200 343 [53]262 (2013)
 Cuba 500 44 1,000 88 1,500 133 2,000 177 N/A
 U.S. Virgin Islands 400 3,810 600 5,714 700 6,667 800 7,619 N/A
 Kyrgyzstan 400 65 700 113 1,000 161 1,500 242 [54]455 (2018)
 Bahamas 300 750 500 1,250 700 1,750 800 2,000 [33]191 (2010)
 Kenya 300 6 500 10 700 14 900 18 N/A
 Netherlands Antilles 300 926 500 1,543 700 2,160 800 2,469 N/A
 Jamaica 200 69 300 103 400 138 500 172 [33]506 (2011)
 Suriname 200 333 400 667 600 1,000 800 1,333 [55]181 (2012)
 Thailand 200 3 300 5 400 6 500 8 N/A
 Turkmenistan 200 34 400 69 600 103 800 138 [56]1,537 (1995)
 Zimbabwe 200 12 600 36 800 48 1,000 60 N/A
 Armenia 100 33 300 100 500 167 700 233 [57]127 (2011)
 Bermuda 100 1,639 200 3,279 300 4,918 400 6,557 [33]135 (2010)
 Botswana 100 43 200 87 300 130 400 174 N/A
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 100 1 200 2 300 4 400 5 N/A
 Cyprus 100 83 200 167 300 250 400 333 N/A
 Dominican Republic 100 9 200 19 300 28 400 37 N/A
 Egypt 100 1 200 2 300 3 400 4 N/A
 El Salvador 100 16 200 31 300 47 400 63 N/A
 Ethiopia 100 1 500 5 1,000 10 2,500 24 N/A
 Indonesia 100 0 200 1 300 1 400 2 N/A
 Malta 100 250 200 500 300 750 400 1,000 N/A
 Namibia 100 40 200 80 300 120 400 160 N/A
 Nigeria 100 1 200 1 300 2 400 2 N/A
 North Macedonia 100 48 200 95 300 143 400 190 [58]53 (2002)
 Madagascar 100 4 200 8 300 12 400 16 N/A
 Philippines 100 1 200 2 300 3 400 4 N/A
 Slovenia 100 48 200 95 300 143 400 190 [33]99 (2001)
 South Korea 100 2 200 4 300 6 400 8 N/A
 Syria[f] 100 5 200 11 300 16 400 22 N/A
 Taiwan 100 4 200 8 300 13 400 17 N/A
 Aruba N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]354 (2010)
 Nicaragua N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]199 (2005)
 Barbados N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]103 (2011)
 Mauritius N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]43 (2011)
 Tajikistan N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [37][59]38 (2010)
 Anguilla N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]16 (2001)
 Faroe Islands N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [60]12 (2011)
 Montenegro N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]12 (2003)
 British Virgin Islands N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]11 (2010)
 Liechtenstein N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [61]26 (2000)
 Falkland Islands N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]1 (2006)
 World 14,606,000 1,885 17,794,400 2,297 20,687,800 2,671 23,472,400 3,030 N/A

Remnant and vanished populations[edit]

The above table represents Jews that number at least a few dozen per country. Reports exist of Jewish communities remaining in other territories in the low single digits that are on the verge of disappearing, particularly in the Muslim world, as their reaction to the birth of Israel in 1948 was the persecution of Jews in nearly all Muslim lands; these are often of historical interest as they represent the remnant of much larger Jewish populations. For example, Egypt had a Jewish community of 80,000 in the early 20th century that numbered fewer than 40 as of 2014, mainly because of the forced expulsion movements to Israel and other countries at that time.[62] Afghanistan may have only one Jew left, Zablon Simintov, despite a 2,000 year history of Jewish presence.[63] In Syria, another ancient Jewish community saw mass exodus at the end of the 20th century and numbered fewer than 20 in the midst of the Syrian Civil War.[64] The size of the Jewish community in Indonesia has been variously given as 65, 100, or 18 at most over the last 50 years.[65][66]

Major Jewish population centers worldwide[edit]

Visualization of Urban Areas by Jewish Population

Censuses in many countries do not record religious or ethnic background, leading to a lack of certainty on the exact numbers of Jewish population.


Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
Municipality Country Percent Number
Qırmızı Qəsəbə[67]  Azerbaijan 100 3,300
Kiryas Joel[68]  United States 99 22,000
Beachwood[69]  United States 90
.4 10,700
Hampstead[70]  Canada 74
.2 5,170
Côte-Saint-Luc[71]  Canada 69
.1 20,146
Lakewood[72]  United States 59 59,607
Teaneck[73]  United States 50 18,000
Livingston[citation needed]  United States 46 12,600
Caulfield North[74][75]  Australia 41
.1 8,619
Elstree, Hertfordshire[76]  Great Britain 36
.0 1,840
Caulfield South[77][78]  Australia 33
.9 4,008
Rose Bay[79][80]  Australia 27
.3 2,744
Radlett, Hertfordshire[81][82]  Great Britain 26
.28 2,579
Sarcelles[83]  France 25 15,000
Mercer Island[84][85]  United States 25 5,000
St Kilda East[86][87]  Australia 24
.8 3,246
Créteil[88]  France 24
.4 22,000
Vaucluse[89][90]  Australia 23
.2 2,163
Westmount[91][92]  Canada 23
.2 4,495
Bellevue Hill[93][94]  Australia 21
.4 2,300
Dollard-des-Ormeaux[95][96]  Canada 21
.1 10,115
New York City[97][98]  United States 18 1,540,000
Elsternwick[99][100]  Australia 17
.8 1,846
Bushey, Hertfordshire[citation needed]  Great Britain 17
.65 4,546
Shenley, Hertfordshire[101]  Great Britain 15
.7 864
Vaughan[102]  Canada 15
.28 33,090
Bondi[103][104]  Australia 12
.7 1,272
Borehamwood, Hertfordshire[citation needed]  Great Britain 12
.22 3,906
Mount Royal[105][106]  Canada 12
.0 2,205
Chigwell Row, Essex[107]  Great Britain 13
.3 294
Chigwell, Essex[108]  Great Britain 11
.5 1,492
Marseille[109][110]  France 9 70,000
Buenos Aires[111][112]  Argentina 8
.22 244,000
Moor Park, Hertfordshire[113]  Great Britain 8
.1 448
Bricket Wood, Hertfordshire[114]  Great Britain 6
.67 273
Bury[115]  Great Britain 5
.60 10,360
Buckhurst Hill, Essex[116][117]  Great Britain 4
.83 549
Baltimore[118]  United States 4
.3 93,400
Toronto[119][120]  Canada 4
.21 103,500
Deal[citation needed]  United States 91 600
Teaneck[73]  United States 50 18,000
Sarcelles[83]  France 25 15,000
Montreal West[121]  Canada 13
.8 710
Los Angeles[97][122]  United States 12
.5 519,000
Newton Mearns[123]  Great Britain 5
.98 1,431
Jerusalem[124]  Israel 546,100
Tel Aviv-Yafo[124]  Israel 401,500
San Francisco Bay Area[122]  United States 391,550
Chicago[122]  United States 291,800
Paris[112]  France 277,000
Boston[122]  United States 248,000
Rishon LeZiyyon[124]  Israel 229,300
Petah Tiqwa[124]  Israel 220,900
Haifa[124]  Israel 217,600
Washington, D.C.[122]  United States 215,600
Philadelphia[122]  United States 214,600
Ashdod[124]  Israel 200,400
Netanya[124]  Israel 196,300
Be'er Sheva[124]  Israel 181,000
London[125]  United Kingdom 172,000
Ramat Gan[126]  Israel 146,900
Atlanta[122]  United States 119,800
Miami[122]  United States 119,000
Moscow[127]  Russia 100,000
San Diego[122]  United States 100,000
Montreal[120]  Canada 90,780
Cleveland-Akron-Canton[128][129][130][131]  United States 86,600
Denver-Boulder[132]  United States 83,900
Phoenix[133]  United States 82,900
Las Vegas Valley[134]  United States 80,000
Budapest[135]  Hungary 80,000
Metro Detroit[136][failed verification]  United States 78,000
São Paulo[137]  Brazil 75,000
Seattle[138]  United States 63,400
Dallas-Fort Worth[139]  United States 57,800
St. Louis[140]  United States 54,500
Tampa Bay Area (Tampa-Saint Petersburg)[141]  United States 51,100
Johannesburg[25]  South Africa 50,000
Houston[142]  United States 48,400
Portland[143]  United States 47,500
Pittsburgh[144]  United States 42,200
Melbourne[145]  Australia 41,643
Minneapolis-Saint Paul[146]  United States 40,240
Saint Petersburg[127]  Russia 40,000
Rio de Janeiro[147]  Brazil 40,000
Mexico City[148]  Mexico 39,777
Sydney[149]  Australia 35,196
Hartford[150]  United States 34,500
New Haven[151]  United States 29,700
Cincinnati[152]  United States 27,000
Vancouver[153]  Canada 26,255
Milwaukee[154]  United States 25,800
Manchester[155]  United Kingdom 25,000
Berlin[156]  Germany 25,000
Tucson[157][158]  United States 22,900
Rochester[159]  United States 22,500
Columbus[160]  United States 25,500
Montevideo[161]  Uruguay 20,000
Amsterdam[162]  Netherlands 20,000
Kansas City[163]  United States 19,000
Orlando[164]  United States 19,000
Kiev[165]  Ukraine 17,900
Istanbul[166][167]  Turkey 17,000
Austin[168]  United States 16,300
Strasbourg[169]  France 16,000
Cape Town[25][170]  South Africa 16,000
Porto Alegre[171]  Brazil 15,000
Jacksonville[172]  United States 15,000
Antwerp[159]  Belgium 15,000
Panama City[173]  Panama 15,000
Providence[174]  United States 14,200
Ottawa-Gatineau[120]  Canada 14,010
Winnipeg[120]  Canada 13,690
Rome[6]  Italy 13,000
Buffalo[175]  United States 13,000
San Antonio[176]  United States 12,740
Richmond[177]  United States 12,500
Albany[178]  United States 12,500
Odessa[citation needed]  Ukraine 12,400
Charlotte[122]  United States 12,000
New Orleans[179]  United States 12,000
Munich[180]  Germany 11,000
Frankfurt[181]  Germany 10,500
Kharkiv[citation needed]  Ukraine 10,300
Indianapolis[182]  United States 10,000
Córdoba[155]  Argentina 9,000
Stockholm[183]  Sweden 9,000
Nashville[citation needed]  United States 9,000-9,200
Louisville[184]  United States 8,700
Calgary[120]  Canada 8,335
Milan[6]  Italy 8,000
Rosario[155]  Argentina 8,000
Leeds[185]  United Kingdom 8,000
Vienna[186]  Austria 7,000
Chapel Hill[122]  United States 6,000
Raleigh[122]  United States 6,000
Zurich[187]  Switzerland 6,000
Edmonton[120]  Canada 5,550
Birmingham[188]  United States 5,300
Perth[189]  Australia 5,187
Hong Kong[190]  Hong Kong 5,000
El Paso[191]  United States 5,000
Madison[192]  United States 5,000
Santa Fe[155]  Argentina 5,000
Bogotá[193]  Colombia 5,500
Dayton[194]  United States 4,000
Toledo[194]  United States 3,900
Glasgow[195]  Great Britain 3,500
Youngstown[196]  United States 3,200
Prague[197]  Czech Republic 3,000
Greensboro[198]  United States 3,000
Durban[25]  South Africa 2,700
Athens[citation needed]  Greece 2,500
Bucharest[199]  Romania 2,481
Brisbane[200]  Australia 2,195
Curitiba[201]  Brazil 1,774
Belo Horizonte[201]  Brazil 1,714
İzmir[167]  Turkey 1,500
Pretoria[25]  South Africa 1,500
Dublin[202]  Ireland 1,439
Recife[203]  Brazil 1,300
Helsinki[204]  Finland 1,200
Montgomery[205]  United States 1,200
Brasília[206]  Brazil 1,103
Florence[6]  Italy 1,000
Casablanca[207]  Morocco 1,000
Asunción[208]  Paraguay 1,000
Sofia[citation needed]  Bulgaria 1,000
Guadalajara[209]  Mexico 900
Bratislava[210]  Slovakia 800
Monterrey[211]  Mexico 500

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Including East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, not including the West Bank.
  2. ^ Figures includes France and Monaco. See: History of the Jews in France and History of the Jews in Monaco.
  3. ^ West Bank total population (without East Jerusalem): 2,548,700; Gaza: 1,839,900; Total: 4,388,600. The West Bank also includes 404,600 Jews and 8,600 non-Jewish members of Jewish households, for a total of 413,200 Jews and others. The reported West Bank total of 2,961,900 includes Palestinian, Jewish and other residents.
  4. ^ Including the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
  5. ^ Figures include mainland China and Hong Kong SAR. See: History of the Jews in China and History of the Jews in Hong Kong.
  6. ^ Includes Lebanon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b DellaPergola, Sergio (2019), Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.), "World Jewish Population, 2018", American Jewish Year Book 2018, Springer International Publishing, 118, pp. 361–449, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-03907-3_8, ISBN 9783030039066, retrieved 26 September 2019
  2. ^ DellaPergola, Sergio (2018), Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.), "World Jewish Population, 2017", American Jewish Year Book 2017, Springer International Publishing, 117, pp. 297–377, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-70663-4_7, ISBN 9783319706627, retrieved 26 September 2019
  3. ^ DellaPergola, Sergio (2017), Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.), "World Jewish Population, 2016", American Jewish Year Book 2016, Springer International Publishing, 116, pp. 253–332, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-46122-9_17, ISBN 9783319461212, retrieved 26 September 2019
  4. ^ a b c DellaPergola, Sergio (2016), Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.), "World Jewish Population, 2015", American Jewish Year Book 2015, Springer International Publishing, 115, pp. 273–364, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-24505-8_7, ISBN 9783319245034, retrieved 26 September 2019
  5. ^ DellaPergola, Sergio (2015), Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira (eds.), "World Jewish Population, 2014", American Jewish Year Book 2014, Springer International Publishing, 114, pp. 301–393, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-09623-0_19, ISBN 9783319096223, retrieved 26 September 2019
  6. ^ a b c d e "Israel's Population Crosses 9 Million Mark!". United With Israel. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  7. ^ "World Jewish Population - Latest Statistics". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  8. ^ a b "The continuing decline of Europe's Jewish population". 9 February 2015.
  9. ^ "Chart: The decline of Europe's Jewish population". Washington Post.
  10. ^ "Haredi Orthodox account for bulk of Jewish population growth in New York City - Nation". Jewish Journal. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  11. ^ Yaakov Levi. "Israel Population Now 8.3 Million - 75% Are Jewish". Israel National News. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  12. ^ "Fertility Rates, by Age and Religion". Statistical Abstract of Israel. Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 11 September 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  13. ^ "Data: Arab Growth Slows, Still Higher than Jewish Rate". Israel National News. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  14. ^ Post-Soviet Aliyah and Jewish Demographic Transformation - Mark Tolts.
  15. ^ "Immigration to Israel by Year". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  16. ^ "Demography". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  17. ^ European Jewish Congress. "The Jewish Community of France". Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  18. ^ "La communauté juive de France compte 550.000 personnes, dont 25.000 à Toulouse". France info. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  19. ^ "France tops list for Jewish emigration to Israel". RFI. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  20. ^ "Why 5,000 Jews emigrated from France to Israel last year". The Local Europe AB. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  21. ^ Sheskin, Ira; Dashefsky, Arnold (2 November 2012). Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira (eds.). "Jewish Population in the United States, 2012" (PDF). Current Jewish Population Reports. Storrs, Connecticut: North American Jewish Data Bank. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  22. ^ Tighe, Elizabeth; et al. (September 2013). "American Jewish Population Estimates: 2012" (PDF). Brandeis University: Steinhardt Social Research Institute. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  23. ^ a b c "US Jewish Population is Anywhere Between 5.425 Million and 6.722 Million". Jewish Political News and Updates. 18 February 2013. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  24. ^ DellaPergola, Sergio (2016). Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira (eds.). "World Jewish Population, 2016". Current Jewish Population Reports. The American Jewish Year Book (Dordrecht: Springer). 116. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  25. ^ a b c d e DellaPergola, Sergio (2018). "World Jewish Population, 2018" (PDF). In Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.). The American Jewish Year Book, 2018. American Jewish Year Book. 118. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 361–452. ISBN 9783030039066.
  26. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Section 1. Population". www.census.gov. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  27. ^ "Data tables, 2016 Census". Statistics of Canada. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  28. ^ "DC2107EW - Religion by sex by age". Nomis - official labour market statistics.
  29. ^ "Scotland's Census 2011 - National Records of Scotland" (PDF). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  30. ^ "'I've undertaken three Jewish heritage walks in Northern Ireland and 200 people from all sections of wider society took part. One of them told me it was a pleasure to do something in Belfast which related to neither Protestant or Catholic history...'". Belfast Telegraph. 3 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  31. ^ "Приложение 2. Hациональный состав населения по субъектам Российской Федерации". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  32. ^ "Personen nach Religion (ausführlich) für Deutschland". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Population by religion, sex and urban/rural residence". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  34. ^ "The distribution of the population by nationality and mother tongue". Statistics of Ukraine. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  35. ^ "De religieuze kaart van Nederland, 2010–2015" (in Dutch). Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  36. ^ "Национальный статистический комитет Республики Беларусь" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  37. ^ a b "Population by national and/or ethnic group, sex and urban/rural residence". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  38. ^ "Cuadro 8. Autodefinición en materia religiosa (GIS XXI, 2011)" (PDF). p. 216. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  39. ^ "Jewish community in Venezue... JPost - Jewish World - Jewish News". archive.is. 5 September 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  40. ^ "Table A9: Population by Religion, Sex and Residence" (PDF). p. 73. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  41. ^ "For India's Jewish Community, Wait for Minority Status Continues". 28 July 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  42. ^ "Latvijas iedzīvotāju sadalījums pēc nacionālā sastāva un valstiskās piederības (Datums=01.07.2019)" (PDF) (in Latvian). Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  43. ^ "WJC - Czechia". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  44. ^ "Structura etnica a populatiei republicii moldova din anii 2004 si 2014, pe medii" (in Romanian, Russian, and English). Statistics of Moldova. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  45. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Demoscope.ru. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  46. ^ "Tabl. 4.2. Ludność według rodzaju i kolejności identyfikacji narodowo-etnicznych w 2011 roku" (PDF). Statistics of Poland. p. 91. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  47. ^ "Bilancia podľa národnosti a pohlavia - SR-oblasť-kraj-okres, m-v [om7002rr]" (in Slovak). Statistics of Slovakia. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  48. ^ "Етнически малцинствени общности | NCCEDI". nccedi.government.bg (in Bulgarian).
  49. ^ "RV0222: RAHVASTIK, 1. JAANUAR --- Sugu, Maakond, Aasta ning Rahvus" (in Ewe). Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  50. ^ "EY036: Actual and Percentage Change in Population Usually Resident and Present 2011 to 2016 by Sex, Religion, CensusYear and Statistic". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  51. ^ "016 -- Population by religious community, age and sex in 2000 to 2017". Statistics of Finland. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  52. ^ "Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. Per 1 January1". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  53. ^ "1. Stanovništvo prema etničkoj/nacionalnoj pripadnosti - detaljna klasifikacija". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  54. ^ 5.01.00.03 Национальный состав населения. [5.01.00.03 Total population by nationality] (XLS). Bureau of Statistics of Kyrgyzstan (in Russian, Kyrgyz, and English). 2018.
  55. ^ "Definitieve Resultaten Achtste Algemene Volkstelling (Vol. I)" (PDF). p. 39. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  56. ^ "Archived copy" Итоги всеобщей переписи населения Туркменистана по национальному составу в 1995 году.. asgabat.net (in Russian). asgabat.net. Archived from the original on 13 March 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  57. ^ "ԱԶԳԱՅԻՆ ՓՈՔՐԱՄԱՍՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐԸ ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆՈՒ". Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  58. ^ "T-03.01.3: Население според припадноста кон етничка заедница, по пописи" (PDF). p. 71. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  59. ^ Национальный состав, владение языками и гражданство населения Республики Таджикистан Том III (PDF) (in Russian and Tajik). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  60. ^ "CS 10.1.2 Population by religious faith, educational attainment, occupation, country of birth, year of arrival in the country and place of usual residence". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  61. ^ "Wohnbevölkerung nach Religion und Herkunft, 1990 - 2000". Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  62. ^ "Egypt's Jewish community buries deputy leader". Al Jazeera. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  63. ^ Donati, Jessica; Harooni, Mirwais (12 November 2013). "Last Jew in Afghanistan faces ruin as kebabs fail to sell". Reuters. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  64. ^ "Syria". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  65. ^ CIA World Fact Book
  66. ^ Levenda 2007, pp. 188.
  67. ^ "It's an all-Jewish town, but no, it's not in Israel". 14 July 2011.
  68. ^ "Kiryas Joel is 'a holistic cradle-to-grave Jewish society'". 18 March 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  69. ^ "2011 Greater Cleveland Jewish Population Study". 1 January 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
  70. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Hampstead". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  71. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Côte Saint-Luc". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  72. ^ "Lakewood CDP, New Jersey)". United States Census. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  73. ^ a b "Teaneck CDP, New Jersey)". United States Census. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  74. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  75. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Postcode 3161, Victoria". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  76. ^ "Elstree Demographics (Hertsmere, England)". Elstree.localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  77. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  78. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Caulfield South (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  79. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  80. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Rose Bay (NSW) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  81. ^ "Aldenham West Demographics (Hertsmere, England)". Shenley.localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  82. ^ "Aldenham East Demographics (Hertsmere, England)". Shenley.localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  83. ^ a b "Statistics on Sarcelles". L'Express. 9 June 1994. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  84. ^ "Seattle's Jewish population jumped by 70 percent, study finds". 2 February 2015.
  85. ^ "Seattle's Jewish population jumped by 70 percent, study finds". 2 February 2015.
  86. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  87. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: St Kilda East (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  88. ^ "Statistics on Créteil". Le Parisien. 24 September 2005. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  89. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  90. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Vaucluse (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  91. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Westmount". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  92. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Westmount". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  93. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  94. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Bellevue Hill (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  95. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Dollard-des-Ormeaux". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  96. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Dollard-des-Ormeaux". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  97. ^ a b "World Jewish Population". SimpleToRemember.com – Judaism Online. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  98. ^ Kravitz, Derek (1 October 2013). "New York City Area's Jewish Population Rises". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  99. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  100. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Elsternwick (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  101. ^ "Shenley Demographics (Hertsmere, England)". Shenley.localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  102. ^ "Religions in Canada". 2.statcan.ca. 15 May 2001. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  103. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  104. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Bondi (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  105. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Mount Royal". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  106. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Mount Royal". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  107. ^ "Chigwell Row Demographics (Epping Forest, England)". Localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  108. ^ "Epping Forest Census Demographics United Kingdom". Localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  109. ^ "Refworld | World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - France : Jews". refworld.org. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  110. ^ "France". World Jewish Congress. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  111. ^ "Son 244.000 los judíos que viven en la ciudad, según un censo poblacional". La Nación. 6 June 2005. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  112. ^ a b "Jewish world population 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  113. ^ "Moor Park & Eastbury Demographics (Three Rivers, England)". Moor-park-eastbury.localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  114. ^ "St Stephen Demographics (St Albans, England)". St-stephen.localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  115. ^ "Bury Census Demographics United Kingdom". Localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  116. ^ "Buckhurst Hill East Demographics (Epping Forest, England)". Buckhurst-hill-east.localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  117. ^ "Buckhurst Hill West Demographics (Epping Forest, England)". Buckhurst-hill-west.localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  118. ^ "2010 Baltimore Jewish Community Study". Berman Jewish Databank - The Jewish Federations of North America. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  119. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  120. ^ a b c d e f "Basic Demographics of the Canadian Jewish Community". CIJA. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  121. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Montreal West". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Archived from the original on 23 March 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  122. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Jewish US population 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  123. ^ "2011 Standard Outputs". Scotland's Census. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  124. ^ a b c d e f g h "הלשכה המרכזית לסטטיסטיקה - מקורות גידול האוכלוסייה, לפי צורת יישוב, קבוצת אוכלוסייה ודת - 2017
    (ISRAEL CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS - SOURCES OF POPULATION GROWTH, BY TYPE OF LOCALITY, POPULATION GROUP AND RELIGION - 2017)"
    . Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  125. ^ "2011 Census: Key Statistics for England and Wales, March 2011". Office for National Statistics. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  126. ^ "Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), State of Israel". www.cbs.gov.il. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  127. ^ a b "Russian Federation". European Jewish Congress. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  128. ^ "Jewish Map of the United States - Comenetz 2011 - [North American Jewish Data Bank]". Jewishdatabank.org. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  129. ^ "The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Cleveland". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  130. ^ "Demographic and Attitudinal Survey of the Jewish Population of Akron, 1975 - [North American Jewish Data Bank]". Jewishdatabank.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  131. ^ "The Demographic Study of the Jewish Population of Canton, Ohio, 1955 - [North American Jewish Data Bank]". Jewishdatabank.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  132. ^ "2007 Jewish Community Study Points to Growth, Diversity, Emerging Needs". Jewishcolorado.org. 22 January 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  133. ^ "Population booms". Jewishaz.com. 6 December 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  134. ^ Steve Friess, Chronicle Correspondent (5 April 2004). "Jewish settlers find Las Vegas to be a good bet / Their numbers have doubled in the past decade". Sfgate.com. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  135. ^ "Budapest, Hungary Jewish History Tour". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  136. ^ "America's 30 Most Jewish Cities". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
  137. ^ "Brazil - Modern-Day Community". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/. 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  138. ^ "Seattle's Jewish Community Grew 70 Percent in Last 15 Years". Tablet. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  139. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  140. ^ http://www.jewishdatabank.org/Studies/downloadFile.cfm?FileID=3016
  141. ^ "Tampa Bay Map & Jewish Demographics". The Real Florida Jewish Directory. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  142. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  143. ^ "How the Jewish Population of Portland, Ore., Doubled Overnight". tabletmag.com. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  144. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 December 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  145. ^ "2016 Census Community Profiles: Greater Melbourne". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  146. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  147. ^ "Brazil - International Religious Freedom Report 2009". www.state.gov/. 26 October 2009. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  148. ^ World Jewish Population
  149. ^ "2016 Census Community Profiles: Greater Sydney". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  150. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  151. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  152. ^ Business Courier (11 September 2008). "Survey: Cincinnati Jewish population stable - Business Courier". Cincinnati.bizjournals.com. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  153. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Vancouver Metropolitan Area". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  154. ^ "Revised community study finds fewer Milwaukee Jews | Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle". www.jewishchronicle.org.
  155. ^ a b c d "JDC Programs Worldwide". American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. 16 March 2005. Archived from the original on 28 March 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  156. ^ "World Jewish Population | Latest Statistics". Simpletoremember.com. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  157. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  158. ^ "The 2002 Tucson Jewish Community Study - [North American Jewish Data Bank]". Jewishdatabank.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  159. ^ a b "New York State". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  160. ^ "Columbus". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  161. ^ "Touring Montevideo's Jewish Quarter". Forward.com. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  162. ^ "Jewish culture, history and religion in Amsterdam". amsterdam.info. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  163. ^ "Kansas City". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. 28 March 1908. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  164. ^ "Orlando Map & Jewish Demographics". The Real Florida Jewish Directory. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  165. ^ "A tour of Jewish Kiev". Jewishaz.com. 25 June 2004. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  166. ^ Administrator. "Türk Musevi Cemaati Resmi Sitesi - Türk Yahudileri". www.turkyahudileri.com. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  167. ^ a b "Turkey Virtual Jewish History Tour | Jewish Virtual Library". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  168. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  169. ^ "Virtual Jewish World: Strasbourg, France". Virtual Jewish World. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  170. ^ "About the Jewish Community « Cape Town Jewish Board of Deputies". www.capebod.org.za. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  171. ^ "Federação Israelita do Rio Grande do Sul". firgs.org.br. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 May 2009. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
  172. ^ [1] Archived June 18, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  173. ^ Kramer, Lauren (17 August 2017). "The Vibrant Jewish Community of Panama". cjnews.com. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  174. ^ "Rhode Island". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  175. ^ Population Report: More Jews Live in the U.S. than in Israel, University of Miami research report 10 October 2010.
  176. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  177. ^ "Richmond". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  178. ^ "Albany". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  179. ^ "US_Jewish_Population_2016 | j. the Jewish news weekly of Northern California" (PDF). Jweekly.com. 9 September 2005. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  180. ^ Jewish population in Munich
  181. ^ "Mitglieder Zentralrat (mouseover landmarks)". www.zentralratdjuden.de. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  182. ^ "Indianapolis". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  183. ^ "Judar i Sverige | Judiska museet".
  184. ^ "Louisville". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  185. ^ "Jewish Communities and Records UK". Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  186. ^ "Jewish Community (Israelitische Kultusgemeinde)". Wien.gv.at. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  187. ^ Jewish demographic map Archived 2012-11-16 at the Wayback Machine (in German)
  188. ^ "ISJL". www.isjl.org/alabama-birmingham-encyclopedia.html. Retrieved September 2017
  189. ^ "2016 Census Community Profiles: Greater Perth". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  190. ^ Ember, Melvin; Ember, Carol R.; Skoggard, Ian (30 November 2004). "Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World. Volume I: Overviews and Topics; Volume II: Diaspora Communities". Springer Science & Business Media – via Google Books.
  191. ^ "El Paso". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  192. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  193. ^ Congress, World Jewish. "World Jewish Congress". www.worldjewishcongress.org.
  194. ^ a b Ohio's Jewish Population, by the Jewish Federation of Columbus
  195. ^ "Scottish Jewry is now 'below 6,000'". 7 October 2013 – via www.thejc.com.
  196. ^ http://columbusjewishfederation.org/page.aspx?id=38432
  197. ^ "Organization - Federation of Jewish Communities in Czech Republic". www.fzo.cz. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  198. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  199. ^ "Population by ethnicity in censuses" (PDF). insse.ro. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  200. ^ "2016 Census Community Profiles: Greater Brisbane". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  201. ^ a b "Censo Demográfico Brasileiro de 2000". 2000.
  202. ^ "Population 1891 to 2016 by County, Religion, CensusYear and Statistic - StatBank - data and statistics". www.cso.ie.
  203. ^ "Recife, Brazil". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  204. ^ "Helsingin juutalainen seurakunta |".
  205. ^ "Montgomery's Jewish Community". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  206. ^ "Tabela 2094: População residente por cor ou raça e religião". www.sidra.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  207. ^ "World Jewish Congress website". www.worldjewishcongress.org. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  208. ^ "Luxner - Articles". www.luxner.com. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  209. ^ "La gaceta UdeG | La comunidad judía en Guadalajara". www.gaceta.udg.mx.
  210. ^ "Jews in Slovakia | Slovakia". www.slovakia.org.
  211. ^ Israelita, Tribuna. "LA COMUNIDAD ISRAELITA DE MONTERREY Ana Portnoy de Berner". www.tribuna.org.mx. Retrieved 7 February 2018.

External links[edit]