Margarita

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Margarita
IBA official cocktail
MargaritaReal.jpg
TypeCocktail
Primary alcohol by volume
ServedOn the rocks; poured over ice
Standard garnishSalt on the rim
Standard drinkware
Margarita Glass (Welled).svg
Margarita glass
IBA specified
ingredientsdagger
PreparationPour all ingredients into shaker with ice. Shake well and strain into cocktail glass rimmed with salt.
TimingAll Day
dagger Margarita recipe at International Bartenders Association

A margarita is a cocktail consisting of tequila, orange liqueur, and lime juice often served with salt on the rim of the glass. The drink is served shaken with ice (on the rocks), blended with ice (frozen margarita), or without ice (straight up). Although it has become acceptable to serve a margarita in a wide variety of glass types, ranging from cocktail and wine glasses to pint glasses and even large schooners, the drink is traditionally served in the eponymous margarita glass, a stepped-diameter variant of a cocktail glass or champagne coupe.

Origin[edit]

According to cocktail historian David Wondrich, the margarita is merely a popular Mexican and American drink, the Daisy ("margarita" is Spanish for "daisy"), remade with tequila instead of brandy, which became popular during Prohibition as people drifted over the border for alcohol. There is an account from 1936 of Iowa newspaper editor James Graham finding such a cocktail in Tijuana, years before any of the other margarita "creation myths".[1]

1937 Cafe Royal Cocktail Book contains a recipe for a Picador using the same concentrations of tequila, triple sec and lime juice as a margarita.[2] One of the earliest stories is of the margarita being invented in 1938 by Carlos "Danny" Herrera at his restaurant Rancho La Gloria, halfway between Tijuana and Rosarito, Baja California, created for customer and former Ziegfeld dancer Marjorie King, who was allergic to many spirits, but not to tequila.[3][4] This story was related by Herrera and also by bartender Albert Hernandez, acknowledged for popularizing a margarita in San Diego after 1947, at the La Plaza restaurant in La Jolla.[5]

Hussong's Cantina

Another origin story of the margarita is that it was invented in October 1941, at Hussong's Cantina in Ensenada, Baja California, by bartender Don Carlos Orozco. One afternoon, Margarita Henkel, the daughter of the then German ambassador visited the cantina and Don Carlos who had been experimenting with drinks offered her one. The cocktail consisted of equal parts of tequila, Mexican orange liqueur called Controy (A.K.A. Naranja in the United States), and lime, shaken and served over ice in a salt-rimmed glass. As she was the first to try the drink, Don Carlos decided to name it after her and the "Margarita" was born.[6][better source needed]

There are also claims that the margarita was first mixed in Juárez, Chihuahua at Tommy's Place Bar on July 4, 1942 by Francisco "Pancho" Morales. Morales later left bartending in Mexico to become a US citizen, where he worked as a milkman for 25 years. Mexico's official news agency Notimex and many experts have said Morales has the strongest claim to having invented the margarita.[7]

Others say the inventor was Dallas socialite Margarita Sames, when she concocted the drink for her guests at her Acapulco, Guerrero vacation home in 1948. Tommy Hilton reportedly attended, bringing the drink back to the Hilton chain of hotels. However, Jose Cuervo was already running ad campaigns for the margarita three years earlier, in 1945, with the slogan, "Margarita: It's more than a girl's name." According to Jose Cuervo, the cocktail was invented in 1938 by a bartender in honor of Mexican showgirl Rita de la Rosa.[8][9]

The Balinese Room

Another common origin tale begins the cocktail's history at the legendary Balinese Room in Galveston, Texas where, in 1948, head bartender Santos Cruz created the margarita for singer Peggy (Margaret) Lee. He supposedly named it after the Spanish version of her name, Margarita.[10]

The first known publication of a margarita recipe was in the December 1953 issue of Esquire, with a recipe calling for an ounce of tequila, a dash of triple sec and the juice of half a lime or lemon. A recipe for a tequila-based cocktail first appeared in the 1930 book My New Cocktail Book by G.F. Steele. Without noting a specific recipe or inventor, a drink called the Tequila Daisy was mentioned in the Syracuse Herald as early as 1936. Margarita is Spanish for Daisy, which is a nickname for Margaret.[11]

A later story is that the margarita was invented in October 1961, at a party in Houston, Texas, by party goer Robert James "Rusty" Thomson while acting as bartender. He concocted a mixture of equal parts tequila, Controy orange liqueur, lime, and crushed ice in a salt-rimmed glass.[12][13][14] However, Thomson's recipe was made with Damiana Liqueur, not Cointreau orange liqueur. It is said that the idea was an experiment after running out of rum while making frozen daiquiris.

Variations[edit]

Margaritas come in a variety of flavors and colors.

The IBA (IBA Official list of Cocktails) standard is 7:4:3, that is, 50% tequila, 29% Cointreau, 21% fresh lime juice.[15]

The "Original Margarita" recipe as given by Cointreau on their website has slightly less of their own sweet liqueur: 1 part white tequila, ​12 part Cointreau, and ​12 part fresh squeezed lime juice.[16]

Flavored liqueurs[edit]

Besides Cointreau, other orange-flavored liqueurs that might be used include Grand Marnier (yielding the "Cadillac Margarita"), Gran Gala, other brands of triple sec, or blue curaçao (yielding the blue margarita). When sweeter fruit juices or freshly puréed fruits are added to the margarita, the orange-flavored liqueur is often reduced or eliminated entirely. In addition to orange-flavored liqueurs, secondary liqueurs may occasionally be added to a cocktail, including melon-flavored or black raspberry-flavored. Other flavors include pineapple and watermelon.

Fresh lime juice[edit]

Freshly squeezed lime juice is the key ingredient. The most common lime in the United States is the thick-skinned Persian lime. However, margaritas in Mexico are generally made with Mexican limes (Key limes). These are small, thin-skinned limes and have more tart and an often bitter flavor compared to Persian limes.[17][18]

Frozen margarita[edit]

In addition to being shaken and served "up" like other cocktails, margaritas can also be served as a blended ice slush similar to other tropical-inspired mixed drinks like the hurricane or piña colada. This variant is known as a frozen margarita. The ingredients can be poured over crushed ice in a kitchen blender, or for larger establishments that serve many of these, a large quantity of a "house recipe" of frozen margarita can be kept in a machine designed specifically for the purpose (but also commonly used to serve non-alcoholic slush drinks); a cylinder leading to a pour spout is kept below freezing temperature, but an impeller within the cylinder constantly churns the mix so it cannot freeze solid, and so it dispenses as a thick half-frozen slush. It was first served in La Jolla, when Albert Hernandez Sr. stopped using crushed ice and instead combined the ingredients in a blender in 1947.[5][19] The first frozen margarita machine was invented on May 11, 1971, by Dallas, Texas restaurateur Mariano Martinez. The machine was originally a soft-serve ice cream machine and now sits in the Smithsonian National Museum of History.[20]

Other fruits[edit]

A variety of fruits

Alternate fruits and juice mixtures can also be used in a margarita. Fruits like mango, peach, strawberry, banana, melon, or raspberry are suitable for creating this drink. Many recipes call for a splash of orange juice. These days, margarita can be prepared in many different ways. When the word "margarita" is used by itself, it typically refers to the lime or lemon juice margarita, but when other juices are used, the fruits are typically added as adjectives in the name; with lime juice or lemon juice added to give it a characteristic margarita flavor (a wedge of lime is often added to the glass). Other varieties of margarita include fruit margarita, top-shelf margarita and virgin margarita.

Glass[edit]

A traditional margarita glass

Margaritas may be served in a variety of glasses, most notably the eponymous margarita glass, a variant of the classic champagne coupe; this is particularly associated with blended fruit margaritas, and the glass is also used for dishes such as guacamole or shrimp cocktails. In formal settings margaritas are often served in a standard cocktail glass, while in informal settings, particularly with ice, margaritas may be served in an old fashioned glass.

Popularity[edit]

The margarita cocktail was the "Drink of the Month" in Esquire magazine, December 1953, pg. 76:[21]

1 ounce tequila
Dash of Triple Sec
Juice of ​12 lime or lemon
Pour over crushed ice, stir. Rub the rim of a stem glass with rind of lemon or lime, spin in salt—pour, and sip.

It was further popularized by the Jimmy Buffett song "Margaritaville".[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Wondrich (5 May 2010). "Behind the Drink: The Margarita". Liquor.com. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  2. ^ Difford, Simon (2008). Cocktails: Over 2250 Cocktails. Diffords Guide. p. 276. ISBN 978-0-955-62760-6.
  3. ^ Michael Stetz (9 July 2006). "I'll Have a Mystery on the Rocks with Salt". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  4. ^ Paul Chavez, "Danny Herrera, Inventor of Margarita, Dies at Age 90," Los Angeles Times, May 14, 1992.
  5. ^ a b Jack Williams (4 May 2006). "Obituary - Albert Hernandez Sr.; Margarita Pioneer, Restaurateur". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  6. ^ "Controy Orange Liqueur hits the U.S." 23 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Francisco Morales; Credited With Inventing Margarita," Los Angeles Times, January 8, 1997.
  8. ^ Lisa Bramen, "The History of the Margarita", Smithsonian, May 5, 2009.
  9. ^ Stacy Finz, "Mastering the margarita: Tequila aside, even experts can't agree on what goes into the legendary cocktail", San Francisco Chronicle, July 25, 2008.
  10. ^ Rosenberg Library Museum "Lost Treasure: The Balinese Room" Balinese Room. Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine..
  11. ^ "Once upon a time in Mexico", Imbibe, March/April 2010.
  12. ^ de Mancillas, Gloria (1992). Seminario de Historia de Baja California. Instituto de Investigaciones Historicas UABC.
  13. ^ Hazard, Ann (1992). Agave Sunsets, Treasured Tales of Baja. Renegade Enterprises, pp 157-160.
  14. ^ Lieber, Sara (2007). MTV Best of Mexico. Wiley Publishing, Inc., p 349.
  15. ^ "MARGARITA: All Day Cocktail". International Bartenders Association. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  16. ^ "The Original Margarita". Cointreau. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
    Al Lucero (25 July 2012). The Great Margarita Book: A Handbook with Recipes. Potter/Ten Speed/Harmony/Rodale. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-307-81626-9.
  17. ^ "Key Limes vs Persian Limes - The Cocktail Novice". 2014-10-29. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  18. ^ Times, Los Angeles. "Key lime: Handle with care". latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  19. ^ Poveda, Michelle (3 May 2012). "Frozen in Time". Pacific San Diego. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
    Henderson, Patrick (15 July 2015). "The alcoholic version of the Slurpee". San Diego Reader. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  20. ^ "Margarita Recipes".
  21. ^ Barry Popik. "Texas, The Lone Star State: Margarita (cocktail)". Retrieved 12 August 2006.
  22. ^ Anthony Dias Blue (18 May 2010). The Complete Book of Spirits: A Guide to Their History, Production, and Enjoyment. HarperCollins. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-06-201281-4.

External links[edit]