Mondzi language

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Mondzi
Native toChina
EthnicityYi
Native speakers
(2,000? cited 1983)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
Glottologmond1267[2]

Mondzi (Munji; autonym: mo˨˩ndʑi˨˩, Chinese 曼子) is a Lolo-Burmese language spoken by the Yi people of China. Speakers are located mostly in Funing County, Yunnan, China and Hà Giang Province, Vietnam.

Phonology[3][edit]

Consonants[edit]

Labial Alveolar Retroflex Alveolo-palatal Velar
Nasal m n (ŋ)
Plosive prenasalized mb nd ŋg
voiced b d g
voiceless p t k
aspirated ph th kh
Affricate prenasalized ɳdʐ ȵʥ
voiced ʣ ʥ
voiceless ʦ ʨ
aspirated ʦh tʂh ʨh
Fricative voiceless f s ʂ ɕ x
voiced v z ʐ ʑ ɣ
Lateral l

[ŋ] can only appear as a coda.

Mondzi also has 3 consonant clusters: [lg], [lk], [lkh].

Vowels[edit]

Monophthongs[edit]

Front Non-front
unrounded rounded
Syllabic

Consonant

loose ɿ
tight ɿ̠
Close i u
Close-mid e ø o
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a ɑ

Diphthongs[edit]

a e ɛ ɛ̠ o ɔ u i ɑ
i ia ie ie̠ iɛ̠ io iu
y yi
u ue ui
e ei

Tones[edit]

IPA Tone Value
˥˥ 55
˦˦ 44
˧˧ 33
˥˧ 53
˨˩ 21
˩˧ 13

References[edit]

  1. ^ YYFC. 1983. [handwritten manuscript], cited in Lama (2012)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mondzi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Lama, Ziwo Qiu-Fuyuan (2012-07-25). "Subgrouping Of Nisoic (Yi) Languages: A Study From The Perspectives Of Shared Innovation And Phylogenetic Estimation".

Further reading[edit]