Montgomery County, Missouri

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Montgomery County
The Montgomery County Courthouse in Montgomery City
The Montgomery County Courthouse in Montgomery City
Map of Missouri highlighting Montgomery County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°56′N 91°28′W / 38.94°N 91.47°W / 38.94; -91.47
Country United States
State Missouri
FoundedDecember 14, 1818
Named forRichard Montgomery
SeatMontgomery City
Largest cityMontgomery City
Area
 • Total542 sq mi (1,400 km2)
 • Land536 sq mi (1,390 km2)
 • Water5.8 sq mi (15 km2)  1.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total11,322
 • Estimate 
(2018)
11,534
 • Density21/sq mi (8.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitemcmo.us

Montgomery County is a county in the east central part of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2020 census, the population was 11,322.[1] Its county seat is Montgomery City.[2] The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada.

With a branch of Stone Hill Winery in New Florence, the county is part of the Missouri Rhineland. It is approximately halfway between Columbia and St. Louis.

History[edit]

The county has evidence of human habitation from 10,000 years ago, the Archaic period of indigenous Americans. An ancient site was found during archaeological excavations at Graham Cave on the Loutre River.

In the early 19th century, European settlement started at a greater pace, after exploration during previous decades by French trappers and British and American fur traders.

Although the Loutre Island area is commonly associated with the German-founded towns of Rhineland and Starkenburg, established by immigrants of the mid-19th century and later, it was originally settled by Missouri's Anglo-southern settlers from places such as Kentucky or Virginia. Although the southern part of the county is more closely associated with Missouri's Rhineland, its northern part is more associated with Missouri's "Little Dixie" region, earning Montgomery county the nickname "Gateway to Little Dixie".

An early house of worship was a log church, which is still maintained as a chapel. St. Martin's Church is also located in Starkenburg, built in 1873 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Above its entrance is the text: "This is the House Of God and the Gate Of Heaven."

Starkenburg is also the site of the Shrine of Our Lady of Sorrows Catholic Church, built in the early 20th century and listed on the NRHP. For further devotions and pilgrimage, the community created an outdoor area for representations of the Stations of the Cross, Mount Calvary and Holy Sepulchre. Starkenburg is located inland from the Missouri River. After the destructive Great Flood of 1993, Rhineland citizens used federal funds to relocate their houses 1.5 miles (2.4 km) inland away from the river.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 542 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 536 square miles (1,390 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.1%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate[edit]

Montgomery County
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
58
 
 
1
−8
 
 
86
 
 
3
−6
 
 
104
 
 
13
1
 
 
213
 
 
23
7
 
 
134
 
 
23
13
 
 
109
 
 
26
17
 
 
66
 
 
27
20
 
 
97
 
 
26
19
 
 
94
 
 
24
14
 
 
102
 
 
18
8
 
 
43
 
 
13
4
 
 
74
 
 
4
−4
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18203,074
18303,90226.9%
18404,37112.0%
18505,48925.6%
18609,71877.0%
187010,4057.1%
188016,24956.2%
189016,8503.7%
190016,571−1.7%
191015,604−5.8%
192015,233−2.4%
193013,011−14.6%
194012,442−4.4%
195011,555−7.1%
196011,097−4.0%
197011,000−0.9%
198011,5374.9%
199011,355−1.6%
200012,1366.9%
201012,2360.8%
202011,322−7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2015[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 12,136 people, 4,775 households, and 3,337 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 5,726 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.97% White, 2.04% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Approximately 0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.1% were of German, 18.4% American, 10.2% English and 9.2% Irish ancestry.

There were 4,775 households, out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,772, and the median income for a family was $38,632. Males had a median income of $27,933 versus $19,809 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,092. About 8.40% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Community groups[edit]

  • Montgomery County Human Resource Board
  • Montgomery County Citizens for Health Improvement Project
  • Montgomery County Women in Agriculture
  • Wellsville-Middletown Young Farmers/Young Farm Wives
  • Montgomery City Lions Club
  • Montgomery County Knights of Columbus
  • Montgomery County Literacy Council
  • Montgomery County Extension Council
  • Montgomery County 4-H Council
  • Customs and Classics Car Club
  • Montgomery County Old Threshers Association
  • Montgomery County Fair Association

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

  • Montgomery City Public Library[11]
  • Wellsville Public Library[12]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Montgomery County. Republicans hold all but one of the elected positions in the county.

Montgomery County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Jerome P. Overkamp Republican
Circuit Clerk Robyn R. Schmidt Republican
County Clerk Pamela A. Cartee Republican
Collector Anita L. Sullivan Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Ryan D. Poston Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Rich Daniels Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
John W. Noltensmeyer Republican
Coroner David Colbert Republican
Public Administrator Ann Scarlet Democratic
Recorder Sheila See Republican
Sheriff Craig Allison Republican
Surveyor Larry P. Bade Republican
Treasurer Donna Huenefeld Republican

State[edit]

Past gubernatorial elections results
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 60.31% 3,261 36.18% 1,956 3.51% 190
2012 53.49% 2,842 44.01% 2,338 2.50% 133
2008 55.34% 3,215 42.91% 2,493 1.76% 102
2004 60.60% 3,480 38.06% 2,186 1.34% 77
2000 54.14% 2,857 41.65% 2,198 4.20% 222
1996 42.23% 2,218 55.62% 2,921 2.15% 113

Montgomery County is part of Missouri's 42nd district in the Missouri House of Representatives and is represented by Bart Korman (R-High Hill).

Missouri House of Representatives — District 42 — Montgomery County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Bart Korman 4,802 100.00% +28.72
Missouri House of Representatives — District 42 — Montgomery County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Bart Korman 2,316 71.28% -28.72
Democratic Rod Sturgeon 933 28.72% +28.72
Missouri House of Representatives — District 42 — Montgomery County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Bart Korman 4,645 100.00%

Montgomery County is a part of Missouri's 10th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Jeanie Riddle (R-Fulton).

Missouri Senate — District 10 — Montgomery County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jeanie Riddle 2,424 74.42%
Democratic Ed Schieffer 833 25.58%

Federal[edit]

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Montgomery County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Roy Blunt 3,405 62.86% +14.38
Democratic Jason Kander 1,722 31.79% -12.46
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 128 2.36% -4.91
Green Johnathan McFarland 84 1.55% +1.55
Constitution Fred Ryman 78 1.44% +1.44
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Montgomery County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Todd Akin 2,554 48.48%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 2,331 44.25%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 383 7.27%

Montgomery County is included in Missouri's 3rd congressional district and is represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-St. Elizabeth) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 3rd Congressional District — Montgomery County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 4,080 76.43% +1.37
Democratic Kevin Miller 1,078 20.19% -0.76
Libertarian Dan Hogan 131 2.45% -1.54
Constitution Doanita Simmons 49 0.92% +0.92
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 3rd Congressional District — Montgomery County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 2,426 75.06% +3.41
Democratic Courtney Denton 677 20.95% -4.42
Libertarian Steven Hedrick 129 3.99% +1.01
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 3rd Congressional District — Montgomery County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 3,727 71.65%
Democratic Eric Mayer 1,320 25.37%
Libertarian Steven Wilson 155 2.98%
United States presidential election results for Montgomery County, Missouri[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,465 77.36% 1,208 20.93% 99 1.72%
2016 4,127 76.02% 1,119 20.61% 183 3.37%
2012 3,490 65.31% 1,740 32.56% 114 2.13%
2008 3,428 58.54% 2,347 40.08% 81 1.38%
2004 3,563 61.86% 2,147 37.27% 50 0.87%
2000 3,106 58.57% 2,092 39.45% 105 1.98%
1996 2,124 40.65% 2,277 43.58% 824 15.77%
1992 1,974 37.11% 2,063 38.79% 1,282 24.10%
1988 2,714 56.66% 2,064 43.09% 12 0.25%
1984 3,261 66.16% 1,668 33.84% 0 0.00%
1980 3,061 58.58% 2,007 38.41% 157 3.00%
1976 2,665 50.83% 2,535 48.35% 43 0.82%
1972 3,707 68.67% 1,691 31.33% 0 0.00%
1968 2,903 53.59% 1,891 34.91% 623 11.50%
1964 2,610 44.24% 3,289 55.76% 0 0.00%
1960 3,454 55.19% 2,804 44.81% 0 0.00%
1956 3,443 54.76% 2,844 45.24% 0 0.00%
1952 3,670 56.37% 2,835 43.55% 5 0.08%
1948 2,889 50.75% 2,792 49.04% 12 0.21%
1944 3,527 56.20% 2,743 43.71% 6 0.10%
1940 3,930 54.96% 3,205 44.82% 16 0.22%
1936 3,468 49.99% 3,458 49.85% 11 0.16%
1932 2,607 41.77% 3,600 57.68% 34 0.54%
1928 3,910 63.03% 2,285 36.84% 8 0.13%
1924 3,563 53.60% 2,938 44.19% 147 2.21%
1920 3,910 55.16% 3,103 43.78% 75 1.06%
1916 2,079 50.47% 1,988 48.26% 52 1.26%
1912 1,697 43.75% 1,883 48.54% 299 7.71%
1908 2,038 48.76% 2,073 49.59% 69 1.65%
1904 1,979 48.40% 1,986 48.57% 124 3.03%
1900 1,866 46.67% 2,000 50.03% 132 3.30%
1896 1,920 45.13% 2,272 53.41% 62 1.46%
1892 1,665 43.61% 1,916 50.18% 237 6.21%
1888 1,905 48.20% 1,989 50.33% 58 1.47%


Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  4. ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Montgomery City Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  12. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Wellsville Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 25, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°56′N 91°28′W / 38.94°N 91.47°W / 38.94; -91.47