Randolph County, Missouri

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Not to be confused with Randolph, Missouri.
Randolph County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Randolph County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded January 22, 1829
Named for John Randolph of Roanoke
Seat Huntsville
Largest city Moberly
Area
 • Total 488 sq mi (1,264 km2)
 • Land 483 sq mi (1,251 km2)
 • Water 5.1 sq mi (13 km2), 1.1%
Population
 • (2010) 25,414
 • Density 53/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.randolphcounty-mo.gov

Randolph County is a county located in the northern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,414.[1] Its county seat is Huntsville.[2] The county was organized January 22, 1829 and named for U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator John Randolph of Roanoke of Virginia.[3]

Randolph County comprises the Moberly, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbia-Moberly-Mexico, MO Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Randolph County was primarily settled by migrants from the Upper Southern states, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Randolph was one of several counties settled mostly by Southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie, and Randolph County was at its heart.[4]

Randolph County is home to one of the nine, and last, 5-star U.S. Generals of the American military, Omar Nelson Bradley.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 488 square miles (1,260 km2), of which 483 square miles (1,250 km2) is land and 5.1 square miles (13 km2) (1.1%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,942
1840 7,198 144.7%
1850 9,439 31.1%
1860 11,407 20.8%
1870 15,908 39.5%
1880 22,751 43.0%
1890 24,893 9.4%
1900 24,442 −1.8%
1910 26,182 7.1%
1920 27,633 5.5%
1930 26,431 −4.3%
1940 24,458 −7.5%
1950 22,918 −6.3%
1960 22,014 −3.9%
1970 22,434 1.9%
1980 25,460 13.5%
1990 24,370 −4.3%
2000 24,663 1.2%
2010 25,414 3.0%
Est. 2014 25,072 [6] −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 24,663 people, 9,199 households, and 6,236 families residing in the county. The population density was 51 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 10,740 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.58% White, 7.03% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Approximately 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.1% were of German, 21.4% American, 10.9% English and 9.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 9,199 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 107.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,464, and the median income for a family was $39,268. Males had a median income of $26,878 versus $20,366 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,010. About 9.20% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 13.20% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Post-secondary[edit]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Democratic Party mostly controls politics at the local level in Randolph County. Democrats hold all but five of the elected positions in the county.

Randolph County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Richard Tregnago Democratic
Circuit Clerk Peggy Boots Democratic
County Clerk Will Ellis Republican
Collector Shiela Miller Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Susan Carter Democratic
Commissioner
(District 1)
Robert Wayne Wilcox Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Jerry D. Crutchfield Democratic
Coroner Gerald A. Luntsford Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Michael Fusselman Republican
Public Administrator Martha Creed Democratic
Recorder Mark Price Democratic
Sheriff Mark Nichols Democratic
Treasurer Penny Henry Republican

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 53.49% 5,652 44.48% 4,700 2.02% 214
2004 57.60% 5,841 41.09% 4,167 1.30% 132
2000 44.50% 4,066 53.60% 4,897 1.90% 174
1996 31.73% 2,852 65.59% 5,895 2.67% 240

Most of Randolph County is a part of Missouri’s 6th District in the Missouri House of Representatives. The southern portions of the county are in the 47th and 48th District.[12]

All of Randolph County is a part of Missouri’s 18th District in the Missouri Senate. [13]

Federal[edit]

All of Randolph County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler (R-Harrisonville, Missouri) in the U.S. House of Representatives. [14] [15]

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 60.59% 6,457 37.39% 3,984 2.02% 215
2004 64.24% 6,551 35.16% 3,586 0.59% 61
2000 52.73% 4,844 44.81% 4,116 2.46% 226
1996 36.44% 3,274 50.11% 4,502 13.46% 1,209








Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1917). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 344. 
  4. ^ The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri, Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed 3 June 2008
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://s1.sos.mo.gov/CMSImages/Elections/2013Housemap.pdf
  13. ^ http://s1.sos.mo.gov/CMSImages/Elections/2013Senatemap.pdf
  14. ^ http://s1.sos.mo.gov/CMSImages/Elections/2012_CongressionalMap.pdf
  15. ^ http://hartzler.house.gov/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°26′N 92°30′W / 39.43°N 92.50°W / 39.43; -92.50