Boone County, Missouri
|Founded||November 16, 1820|
|Named for||Daniel Boone|
|• Total||691 sq mi (1,790 km2)|
|• Land||685 sq mi (1,770 km2)|
|• Water||5.6 sq mi (15 km2) 0.8%|
|• Density||270/sq mi (100/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Boone County is located in the U.S. state of Missouri. Centrally located in Mid-Missouri, its county seat is Columbia, Missouri's fourth-largest city and location of the University of Missouri. As of the 2020 census, the population was 183,610, making it the state's eighth-most populous county. The county was organized November 16, 1820 and named for the then recently deceased Daniel Boone, whose kin largely populated the Boonslick area, having arrived in the 1810s on the Boone's Lick Road. Boone County comprises the Columbia Metropolitan Area. The towns of Ashland and Centralia are the second and third most populous towns in the county.
Boone County was organized November 16, 1820, from a portion of the territorial Howard County. The area was then known as Boone's Lick Country, because of a salt lick which Daniel Boone's sons used for their stock.
Boone County was settled primarily from the Upper South states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. The settlers brought slaves and slave-holding with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Boone was one of several counties to the north and south of the Missouri River that was settled by southerners. Because of its culture and traditions, the area became known as Little Dixie, and Boone County was at its heart. In 1860 slaves made up 25 percent or more of the county's population, Boone County was strongly pro-Confederate during the American Civil War.
Shortly after the murder of President Lincoln, the leading citizens of the county denounced the killing. They also directed that all public buildings including the courthouse and the university be draped in mourning for thirty days.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 691 square miles (1,790 km2), of which 685 square miles (1,770 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (0.8%) is water. The Missouri River makes up the southern border of the county.
National protected area
- Audrain County (northeast)
- Callaway County (east)
- Cole County (south)
- Cooper County (west)
- Howard County (northwest)
- Moniteau County (southwest)
- Randolph County (north)
- Interstate 70
- Interstate 70 Business Loop
- U.S. Route 40
- U.S. Route 63
US 63 Conn.
- Route 22
- Route 124
- Route 163
- Route 740
- Route 763
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 135,454 people, 53,094 households, and 31,378 families residing in the county. The population density was 198 people per square mile (76/km2). There were 56,678 housing units at an average density of 83 per square mile (32/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 85.43% White, 8.54% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 2.96% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. Approximately 1.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.6% claimed German, 12.3% American, 11.2% English and 9.8% Irish ancestry.
There were 53,094 households, out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.50% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.90% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.80% under the age of 18, 19.90% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 18.80% from 45 to 64, and 8.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,485, and the median income for a family was $51,210. Males had a median income of $33,304 versus $25,990 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,844. About 7.60% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.10% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.
There are 121,319 registered voters.
This section relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (December 2021)
According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2010), Boone County is sometimes regarded as being on the northern edge of the Bible Belt, with evangelical Protestantism being the most predominant religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Boone County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (20.81%), Roman Catholics (16.71%), and nondenominational evangelical groups (13.23%).
|Black or African American (NH)||17,882||9.7%|
|Native American (NH)||452||0.3%|
|Pacific Islander (NH)||120||0.07%|
|Hispanic or Latino||8,052||4.4%|
- Ashland R-I School District*
- Southern Boone Elementary
- Southern Boone Middle School
- Southern Boone High School
- Centralia R-VI School District – Centralia
- Chance Elementary School (PK-02)
- Centralia Intermediate School (03-05)
- Chester Boren Middle School (06-08)
- Centralia High School (09-12)
- Columbia School District No. 93 – Columbia
- Center for Gifted Education (01-05)
- Cedar Ridge Elementary School (PK-05)
- Thomas Benton Elementary School (PK-05)
- John Ridgeway Elementary School (K-05)
- Eugene Field/ Alpha Hart Lewis Elementary School (PK-05)
- Midway Heights Elementary School (PK-05)
- Ulysses S. Grant Elementary School (PK-05)
- Two Mile Prairie Elementary School (PK-05)
- New Haven Elementary School (PK-05)
- West Boulevard Elementary School (PK-05)
- Locust Street Expressive Arts Elementary School
- Parkade Elementary School (PK-05)
- Blue Ridge Elementary School (PK-05)
- Fairview Elementary School (PK-05)
- Russell Boulevard Elementary School (PK-05)
- Shepard Boulevard Elementary School (PK-05)
- Mary Paxton Keeley Elementary School (PK-05)
- Beulah Ralph Elementary School (PK-05)
- Eliot Battle Elementary School (PK-05)
- Derby Ridge Elementary School (PK-05)
- Mill Creek Elementary School (PK-05)
- John B. Lange Middle School (06-08)
- Ann Hawkins Gentry Middle School (06-08)
- Smithton Middle School (06-08)
- Oakland Middle School (06-08)
- Jefferson Middle School (06-08)
- West Middle School (06-08)
- Warner Middle School (06-08)
- David H. Hickman High School (09-12)
- Muriel Battle High School (09-12)
- Frederick Douglass High School (09-12) – Alternative School
- Rock Bridge High School (09-12)
- Hallsville R-IV School District – Hallsville
- Hallsville Primary School (PK-01)
- Hallsville Intermediate School (02-05)
- Hallsville Middle School (06-08)
- Hallsville High School (09-12)
- Harrisburg R-VIII School District – Harrisburg
- Harrisburg Elementary School (PK-06)
- Harrisburg Middle School (07-08)
- Harrisburg High School (09-12)
- Sturgeon R-V School District – Sturgeon
- Sturgeon Elementary School (K-04)
- Sturgeon Middle School (05-08)
- Sturgeon High School (09-12)
- Apple School – Columbia (PK-K) – Nonsectarian
- Children's House And Windsor Street Montessori – Columbia (PK-06) – Nonsectarian – Coed
- Christian Chapel Academy – Columbia (K-08) – Pentecostal
- Christian Fellowship School – Columbia (PK-12) – Nondenominational Christian
- College Park Christian Academy – Columbia (K-09) – Seventh-day Adventist
- Our Lady of Lourdes Interparish School– Columbia (K-08) – Roman Catholic
- Columbia Independent School – Columbia (PK-12) – Nonsectarian
- Columbia KinderCare – Columbia (NS-PK) – Nonsectarian
- Columbia Montessori School – Columbia (PK-K) – Nonsectarian
- Father Tolton Regional High School- Columbia (09-12) - Roman Catholic
- Good Shepherd Lutheran School – Columbia (K-08) – Lutheran
- Heritage Academy – Columbia (03-12) – Nondenominational Christian – Alternative School
- Islamic School of Columbia, Missouri – Columbia (K-05) – Muslim
- Morningside Community School – Columbia (05-07) – Nonsectarian
- Shalom Christian Academy – Columbia (PK-12) – Nonsectarian
- Harrisburg Early Learning Center – Harrisburg (NS/PK-06)
- Sunnydale Adventist Academy – Centralia (09-12) – Seventh-day Adventist
- University of Missouri – Columbia A public, four-year flagship university.
- Columbia College – Columbia A private, four-year university.
- Stephens College – Columbia A private, four-year women's university.
- Moberly Area Community College (MACC), a two-year public college, operates a Columbia satellite campus.
- Centralia Public Library
- Daniel Boone Regional Library
- Southern Boone County Public Library 
- Holts Summit Public Library 
- Columbia Public Library
Like nearly all counties nationwide with a major university, the Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Boone County. Democrats currently hold all of the elected county-wide positions.
|Boone County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Auditor||Julie E. Pitchford||Democratic|
|Circuit Clerk||Christy Blakemore||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Brianna L. Lennon||Democratic|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Dan Knight||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Sonja Boone||Democratic|
|Sheriff||Robert Dwayne Carey||Democratic|
|2020||44.63% 40,478||52.96% 48,056||2.39% 2,171|
|2016||41.28% 34,106||54.95% 45,396||3.77% 3,117|
|2012||37.59% 29,171||58.38% 45,302||4.03% 3,125|
|2008||42.71% 35,785||55.28% 46,315||2.01% 1,688|
|2004||47.33% 35,666||51.08% 38,489||1.59% 1,201|
|2000||43.13% 25,609||52.22% 31,007||4.65% 2,767|
|1996||30.51% 15,929||65.62% 34,266||3.87% 2,021|
Boone County is split between five legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives. Three are held by Republicans, with two held by Democrats.
- District 44 — Cheri Toalson Reisch (R-Hallsville). Consists of the communities of Centralia, Hallsville, Sturgeon, and northeastern Columbia.
|Republican||Cheri Toalson Reisch||10,470||59.00%||+2.99|
|Republican||Cheri Toalson Reisch||8,140||56.01%||+0.60|
|Democratic||Maren Bell Jones||6,392||43.99%||-0.60|
|Democratic||David Tyson Smith||1,801||75.10%||-24.90|
|Republican||Cathy D. Richards||5,954||33.47%||-2.26|
- District 47 — Charles Basye (R-Rocheport). Consists of the western part of the city of Columbia and the communities of Harrisburg and Rocheport.
|Republican||Charles (Chuck) Basye||8,507||53.50%||+0.12|
|Republican||Charles (Chuck) Basye||7,197||53.38%||+0.63|
- District 50 – Sara Walsh Consists of parts of the city of Columbia and the communities of Ashland, Hartsburg, and McBaine.
|Democratic||Kari L. Chesney||8,283||42.37%||-2.93|
All of Boone County is a part of Missouri's 19th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Caleb Rowden (R-Columbia), who is the Majority Floor Leader. However, Democrats have carried Boone County in recent elections.
All of Boone County is included in Missouri's 4th Congressional District and is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler (R-Harrisonville) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Hartzler was elected to a sixth term in 2020 over Democratic challenger Lindsey Simmons, although Democrats have carried Boone County in recent elections.
|Libertarian||Steven K. Koonse||2,495||2.81%||+0.57|
Boone County, along with the rest of the state of Missouri, is represented in the U.S. Senate by Josh Hawley (R-Columbia) and Roy Blunt (R-Strafford). However, their Democratic opponents carried Boone County in each of their respective most recent elections.
At the presidential level, Boone County has been one of the most consistently Democratic counties in Missouri. George W. Bush was the last Republican presidential nominee to carry Boone County in 2004 with a plurality of the vote, no Republican has won a majority in the county in a presidential election since Ronald Reagan in 1984.
Missouri presidential preference primaries
The 2020 presidential primaries for both the Democratic and Republican parties were held in Missouri on March 10. On the Democratic side, former Vice President Joe Biden (D-Delaware) both won statewide by a wide margin and carried a majority in Boone County. Biden went on to defeat President Donald Trump in the general election.
The 2016 presidential primaries for both the Republican and Democratic parties were held in Missouri on March 15. Businessman Donald Trump (R-New York) narrowly won the state overall, but Senator Ted Cruz (R-Texas) carried a plurality of the vote in Boone County. Trump went on to win the nomination and the presidency.
The 2012 Missouri Republican Presidential Primary's results were nonbinding on the state's national convention delegates. Voters in Boone County supported former U.S. Senator Rick Santorum (R-Pennsylvania), who finished first in the state at large, but eventually lost the nomination to former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts). Delegates to the congressional district and state conventions were chosen at a county caucus, which selected a delegation favoring Congressman Ron Paul (R-Texas). Incumbent President Barack Obama easily won the Missouri Democratic Primary and renomination. He defeated Romney in the general election.
In 2008, the Missouri Republican Presidential Primary was closely contested, with Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) prevailing and eventually winning the nomination. Former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts) won a plurality in Boone County.
Then-Senator Barack Obama (D-Illinois) received more votes than any candidate from either party in Boone County during the 2008 presidential primary. Despite initial reports that Hillary Clinton (D-New York), also a senator at the time, had won Missouri, Obama narrowly defeated her statewide and later became that year's Democratic nominee, going on to win the presidency.
Township boundaries have changed over time. See links at end of article for maps of Boone County showing boundaries of different dates. As a rule, older townships were split, with newer townships created from their subdivisions. This is significant for historical and genealogical research. Note that maps show changes in township boundaries between 1898 and 1930 were minimal.
The Boone County Sheriff has jurisdiction over the whole county. The Boone County Fire Protection District provides fire protection and emergency medical services for a large portion of Boone County, Missouri. The BCFPD is the largest volunteer fire department and third largest fire service organization in the state, protecting 492 square miles (1,270 km2) of residential, commercial, industrial and agricultural property and over 50,000 people. The Boone County Fire District maintains 15 fire stations, a training center, and a headquarters facility.
Prior to 1964, there was no organized fire protection in Boone County. This changed after an elderly handicapped woman died in a house fire just west of the city limits of Columbia. A small group of CB radio enthusiasts, known as the Central Missouri Radio Squad, banded together to develop a fire protection system for Boone County.
USAR Task Force
Boone County Fire is the sponsoring agency of Urban Search and Rescue Missouri Task Force 1 (MO-TF1) which is one of the 28 FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces across the United States. The team is made up of 210 members that are qualified in various aspects of urban search and rescue.
- James William Abert – soldier and explorer
- David W. Alexander, 19th century Los Angeles, California politician and sheriff
- Thomas M. Allen – clergyman
- Benjamin Anderson – economist
- Gary Anderson – football player
- Simon Barrett – filmmaker
- Rob Benedict – actor
- Duane Benton – judge
- Rebecca Blank – educator; acting U.S. Secretary of Commerce (2011-2011; 2012-2013)
- Philemon Bliss – U.S. Representative from Ohio (1855-1859), 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Dakota Territory, and Associate Justice of Missouri Supreme Court (1868-1872)
- John William Boone – musician
- Stratton D. Brooks – college president
- Fleda Brown – poet
- Jessica Capshaw – actress
- Russ Carnahan – U.S. Representative from Missouri (2005-2013)
- Albert Bishop Chance, inventor of the earth anchor, mayor of Centralia, and founder of the A.B. Chance Company
- J'den Cox – wrestler, Olympic medalist
- Kevin Croom - UFC Mixed Martial Artist
- Jack D. Crouch – hotelier
- Derek "Deke" Dickerson – musician
- Carl Edwards – retired NASCAR driver
- Jane Froman – singer; actress
- Nicole Galloway – Missouri State Auditor (2015-present), Democratic nominee for Governor of Missouri (2020)
- Chuck Graham – politician
- Ken Griffin – organist
- Eugene Jerome Hainer – U.S. Representative from Nebraska (1893-1897)
- William Least Heat-Moon – writer
- Martin Heinrich - U.S. Senator from New Mexico (2013-present), U.S. Representative from New Mexico (2009-2013)
- Peter Hessler – journalist
- Darwin Hindman – mayor of Columbia (1995–2010)
- Brett James – singer
- William Jewell – educator, second mayor of Columbia
- Leon W. Johnson – Air Force General
- Tyler Johnson – baseball pitcher
- Daniel Webster Jones – Mormon pioneer
- John Carleton Jones – president of the University of Missouri
- Lloyd E. Jones – United States Army major general
- Kraig Kann – golf commentator
- Henry Kirklin, horticulturalist, first black instructor at the University of Missouri
- E. Stanley Kroenke – sports mogul
- Sergei Kopeikin – astrophysicist
- Ken Lay – chief executive, Enron
- Grace Lee – radio and television personality
- Guy Sumner Lowman, Jr. – linguist
- Jeff Maggert – professional golfer
- William Rainey Marshall – 5th Governor of Minnesota (1866-1870)
- William L. Nelson – U.S. Representative from Missouri (1861-1865)
- John Neihardt – poet
- Don Nardo – author
- Korla Pandit – musician
- Carlos Pena Jr. – singer
- Michael Porter Jr. - basketball player for Denver Nuggets
- William Rainey Marshall – Minnesota Governor
- James S. Rollins – 19th-century politician
- Jesse M. Roper – 19th-century naval officer
- Charles Griffith Ross – press secretary for U.S. President Harry S. Truman
- Felix Sabates – philanthropist
- Max Schwabe – U.S. Representative from Missouri (1943-1949)
- Jon Scott – television journalist
- John F. Shafroth – U.S. Senator from Colorado (1913-1919), Governor of Colorado (1909-1913), U.S. Representative from Colorado (1895-1904)
- Clay Shirky – writer
- Apollo M. O. Smith – aviation executive
- William Smith – actor
- William J. Stone – U.S. Senator from Missouri (1903-1918), Governor of Missouri (1893-1897), U.S. Representative from Missouri (1885-1891)
- Blake Tekotte – baseball player
- Malcolm Thomas – professional basketball player
- Nischelle Turner – television personality
- Zbylut Twardowski – nephrologist
- Charlie Van Dyke – radio personality
- Andrew VanWyngarden – musician
- James "Bud" Walton – co-founder, Wal-Mart
- Sam Walton – co-founder, Wal-Mart
- Edwin Moss Watson – editor; publisher
- Norbert Wiener – mathematician
- Lisa Wilcox – actress
- Roger B. Wilson – 52nd Governor of Missouri (2000-2001)
- The Big Tree, landmark and national champion Bur Oak
- List of cemeteries in Boone County, Missouri
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Boone County, Missouri
- Boone County Historical Society
- "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 30, 2021.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 211.
- The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri, Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans Archived 2012-07-17 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 3 June 2008
- T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: The Last Rebel of the Civil War, New York: Vintage Books, 2003, pp.10-11
- PAPERS RELATING TO FOREIGN AFFAIRS, ACCOMPANYING THE ANNUAL MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT TO THE SECOND SESSION THIRTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS, PART IV, APPENDIX TO DIPLOMATIC CORRESPONDENCE OF 1865; THE ASSASSINATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN, LATE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AND THE ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF WILLIAM H. SEWARD, SECRETARY OF STATE, AND FREDERICK W. SEWARD, ASSISTANT SECRETARY, ON THE EVENING OF THE 14TH OF APRIL, 1865; EXPRESSIONS OF CONDOLENCE AND SYMPATHY INSPIRED BY THESE EVENTS; Foreign Relations of the United States; Washington DC, 1866, Document 1090
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- Registered Voters in Missouri 2008
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Boone County, Missouri".
- Breeding, Marshall. "Centralia Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Daniel Boone Regional Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- "Southern Boone County Public Library".
- "Holts Summit Public Library Now Open".
- "Columbia Public Library".
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "Fun Facts". Boone County Fire. Archived from the original on May 24, 2015. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
- "Boone County Fire Protection District" (PDF). Bcfdmo.coma. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 15, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
- "History". Boone County Fire Protection District. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- "US&R Task Force Locations". FEMA. Archived from the original on July 5, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2006.
- "USAR Task Force". Boone County Fire. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
- History of Boone County, Missouri: Written and comp. from the most authentic official and private sources; including a history of its townships, towns, and villages. Together with ... biographical sketches and portraits of prominent citizens (1882) online
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Boone County Archived 2011-08-16 at the Wayback Machine from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
- Map of Boone County in 1898, showing township boundaries of that date: 
- Map of Boone County in 1917, showing township boundaries of that date: 
- Map of Boone County in 1930, showing township boundaries of that date: 
- Map Boone County today, showing current township boundaries: