Netrokona District

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Netrokona

নেত্রকোনা
Location of Netrokona District in Bangladesh
Location of Netrokona District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Netrokona District
Coordinates: 24°53′N 90°44′E / 24.88°N 90.73°E / 24.88; 90.73Coordinates: 24°53′N 90°44′E / 24.88°N 90.73°E / 24.88; 90.73
Country Bangladesh
DivisionMymensingh Division
Area
 • Total2,794.28 km2 (1,078.88 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total2,229,642
 • Density800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Netrokoni, Netrokonese
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Websitehttp://www.netrokona.gov.bd/

Netrokona (Bengali: নেত্রকোণা) is a district in northern Bangladesh. It is a part of Mymensingh Division.

Etymology[edit]

The headquarters of Netrokona District was located at the bend of the Mogra River and was called Nadirkona. Many people believe that over a period of time Nadirkona became Netrakona.[1]

History[edit]

In 1880, the British Raj approved the area as a mahakuma administrative region.[2] It was effective on 3 January 1882 when the region was officially named as Netrakona Mahakuma. Government of Bangladesh converted it to Netrakona District on 17 January 1984.[1]

Geography[edit]

Netrakona is situated in the northern part of Bangladesh, near the Meghalayan border. There are five main rivers in Netrakona: Kangsha, Someshawri, Dhala, Magra, and Teorkhali. It is a part of the Surma-Meghna River System.[3]

The total area of Netrakona District is 2,794.28 km2 (1,078.88 sq mi) of which 9.17 km2 (3.54 sq mi) is under forest. It lies between 24°34’ and 25°12’ north latitudes and between 90°00’ and 91°07’ east longitudes.[1]

Netrakona District is bounded by the Garo Hills in Meghalaya, India on the north, Sunamganj District on the east, Kishoreganj District on the south and Mymensingh District on the west.[1]

Netrakona Pouroshabha (Town of Netrakona) is a municipal town, established in 1887 and with an area of 13.63 km².

Upazilas[edit]

Netrokona district is divided into ten upazilas.[4]

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 Bangladesh census, Netrakona District had a population of 2,229,642. Males constituted 49.84% of the population and females 50.16%. Muslims formed 89.78% of the population, Hindus 9.30%, Christians 0.82% and others 0.10%. Netrakona District had a literacy rate of 39.44% for the population 7 years and above.[5]

The major indigenous communities in this district are: Garo, Hajong, Hodi and Bana.[6]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Netrakona is largely agrarian. Susang Durgapur, an Upazila of Netrakona, is one of the major sources of country's China-Clay used for ceramic products. Its vast water bodies (Hawor) provides wide varieties of fishes. Bara Bazar and Choto Bazar is commerce centre of Netrakona.

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Durgapur : There are a lot of Garo hills at Bijoypur in Durgapur. There is a hill of white clay.
  • Birishiri : There is a Tribal Cultural Academy. And also have a historical big pond called Sagor Dighi.
  • Hawor : Hawor is a large area of water spaces. Biggest hawor[check spelling] is located in Mohongonj and Khaliajuri . Dingaputa is one of the biggest hawor[check spelling] among them.
  • Madanpur Mazar (Shah Sultan Rumi): It is situated 8 km south to the Netrokona Town.
  • Ranikong Mission [1]
Birishiri Tourist Spot: Natural Lake

Religion[edit]

The district of Netrakona consists 3146 mosques, 958 temples, 83 churches and eight Buddhist temples.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011: Zila Report – Netravkona" (PDF). Page xix: Physical features of Netrokona Zila. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  2. ^ "নেত্রকোণা জেলা". http. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  3. ^ "Surma-Meghna River System". Bnglapedia. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  4. ^ Sanjay Sarwar (2012). "Netrakona District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  5. ^ "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011: Zila Report – Netrakona" (PDF). Table P01 : Household and Population by Sex and Residence, Table P05 : Population by Religion, Age group and Residence, Table P09 : Literacy of Population 7 Years & Above by Religion, Sex and Residence. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Netrokona District". Banglapedia. Retrieved 14 December 2018.

External links[edit]