Rajbiraj

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Rajbiraj

राजविराज
Rajbiraj Nagarpalika
Gajendra (Tribhuwan) chowk situated in the center of the city
Gajendra (Tribhuwan) chowk situated in the center of the city
Motto(s): 
"Green Rajbiraj, Clean Rajbiraj"
Rajbiraj is located in Province No. 2
Rajbiraj
Rajbiraj
Location of Rajbiraj
Rajbiraj is located in Nepal
Rajbiraj
Rajbiraj
Rajbiraj (Nepal)
Coordinates: 26°32′26″N 86°44′55″E / 26.54056°N 86.74861°E / 26.54056; 86.74861Coordinates: 26°32′26″N 86°44′55″E / 26.54056°N 86.74861°E / 26.54056; 86.74861
CountryNepal
ProvinceProvince No. 2
Development RegionEastern
DistrictSaptari District
No. of Wards16
Government
 • MayorShambhu Prasad Yadav (RJPN)
 • Deputy MayorSadhana Jha (RJPN)
 • Municipal Chief Administrative OfficerShyam Kumar Singh[2]
Area
 • City55.64 km2 (21.48 sq mi)
Elevation
76 m (249 ft)
Population
 (2011 est.)
 • City69,803[1]
 • Metro
70,000 (approx.)
Time zoneUTC+5:45 (NST)
Postal code
56400
Area code(s)031
Websitewww.rajbirajmun.gov.np

Rajbiraj (Nepali: राजविराज) is a mid-sized municipality located in the south-eastern region of the Province No. 2 of Nepal. Rajbiraj is the district headquarters of Saptari as well as the eighth largest city of the Province No. 2. The city is systematically designed according to the Indian city of Jaipur in 1938 and has been the first township in Nepal to receive urban planning.[3] It was later declared a municipality in 1959.[4] According to 2011 census, the city had a population of 69,803,[5][6] making it the 33rd largest municipality in Nepal. The city area is spread over 55.64 km2 (21.48 sq mi) and comprises 16 wards.

The city is named after the ancient temple of Rajdevi, rebuilt by the Sens of Makawanpur in the 14th century.[7][8] Rajbiraj has prominently served as a politically active town in the modern history of Nepal and has been the hometown to some of the well-known icons of the nation. The major trade routes to the town are offered by the Nepalese metropolis of Biratnagar 78 km (48 mi) east to the city as well as the Indo-Nepal borders of Kunauli 17 km (11 mi) and Bhimnagar 28 km (17 mi) respectively south and east to the city.

Rastriya Janata Party Nepal's Shambu Prasad Yadav and Sadhana Jha hold the current mayoral and deputy mayoral chairs of the town, as per the results of the local elections held on 27 September 2018.[9]

History[edit]

Chief Engineer and Architect Dilli Jang Thapa designed Rajbiraj based on Rajasthani city Jaipur

Rajbiraj is one of the few cities given the status of municipality when Nepal's monarchy was restored in the 1950s. Rajbiraj is the first city of Nepal to be urban planned.[3] The Nepal government plans to develop it as a model city.[10] Chief Engineer and Architect Dilli Jang Thapa designed Rajbiraj based on Indian city Jaipur.[11][12] The city is now recognized as an educational capital of Eastern Nepal with various schools and colleges opening.

The city also has an old history with the ruins and stone samples from local Rajdevi Temple dating back to 8th century AD.[13][7] The said temple is known to be family temple of Kushadhwaja. The City is historical twin city of Janakpur also known to be a seat of Kushadhwaja the brother of King Janka whose 3 daughters Mandavi, Urmila and Shrutkirti were married to Bharata, Ramayana, Lakshmana, Ramayana and Satrughna. Kushdhwaja later left the area to his ministers and moved to Kashi after his brother won a war against Kashi when Kashi attacked Janakpur. Around Rajbiraj there were small shrines dedicated to Mandavi, Urmila and Shrutkirti but have lost with time.

Toponymy[edit]

The city of Rajbiraj is named after Rajdevi Temple. The Meaning of Raj comes from the name of the Rajdevi temple which means "state" and biraj means "to reside" or "to live".[14]

Demography[edit]

According to the National Population Census of 2011, Rajbiraj's population was 69,803, of which male and female are 35,092 and 33,304 respectively.[6] The effective literacy rate was 79.71%, with male literacy at 88.40% and female literacy at 70.24%.[15] The data on religion in 2011 showed Hinduism as the majority religion. Most people follow Hinduism as a religion. The Hindu population accounts for 87%, Muslim 10.89%, Jains 1.26% and Sikhs 0.64%.[15] The city has also community of Muslims along with Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists. Rajbiraj is situated within one of the most ethnically diverse regions of Nepal, and the rural hinterland is home to a diverse cross section of Terai communities consisting of Kayastha, Deo, Yadav, Mandal, Muslim, Brahmin, Rajput, Marwari, Tharu, Badhai, Lohar, Sonar, Teli, Bania, Damai, Newar and Bahun.[16]

Others include Christians, Buddhists & Other religions (0.19%)
Religion in Rajbiraj[15]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
87.01%
Islam
10.89%
Jain
1.26%
Sikh
0.64%
Others
0.20%

The native dialect is Maithili which is mostly spoken in the city. After Maithili Nepali is widely spoken by Rajbirajians, and other rarely spoken language.[15]

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Rajbiraj is one of the cities in Nepal that is connected by the East West Highway about 10 kilometres (6 mi) to the north and 17 kilometres (11 mi) to the east also known as Hulaki Rajmarg. It is well connected to other Nepalese cities by National Highway and Sub Highway. Buses are an important mode of intercity passenger travel.Besides that City Rickshaws and Magic (small vehicle) are another important means of travelling in local areas.

Air[edit]

Rajbiraj has one of the oldest airfields of Nepal, named as the Rajbiraj Airport (IATA: RJB, ICAO: VNRB) which was inaugurated by the then transportation minister Ganesh Man Singh in 1959. After witnessing almost three decades of halt, the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal has recently carried out a series of vigorous renovation (worth Rs. 303 million) of the airport. Shree Airlines 50-seater CRJ-200 has been tested on 23 May with Captain DR Niroula of Shree’s safety department along with other instructor pilots — Captain Prajwol Adhikari, Rajesh Shrestha.[17] The airport has halted all the flights from 2007 and the commercial flights was started from first 24 June 2018.[18][19]

Intracity[edit]

The best way of getting around the city is by using cycle rickshaws and electric rickshaws. There are also auto rickshaw running short distances but they don't operate in the main market area.

Climate[edit]

Rajbiraj Municipal has particularly a tropical climate. The three main seasons, summer, monsoon and winter respectively. Being located in the Plain (Terai) lands of Nepal, the climate and weather of Rajbiraj is usually hot.[20] The summer season runs from Early April to August and touches temperature ranging from 23 °C (73 °F) to 44 °C (111 °F). Monsoons arrive in the month of July heralded by dust and thunderstorms. The winter season prevails from the month of October till the month of March. Humidity, which prevails during monsoons, diminishes at the arrival of winters. The city observes pleasant sunny days and enjoyable cool nights with the temperature ranging from 6 °C (41 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F).

Rajbiraj winter season is the most appealing time to pay here a visit. Tourists arrive in large numbers, anytime between mid-September to late March or early April. Overall the January is the coldest month and June is the most hottest month in the year.

Climate data for Rajbiraj Raaj Rangashaalaa (1981-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.5
(70.7)
25.4
(77.7)
29.9
(85.8)
33.1
(91.6)
33.7
(92.7)
31.8
(89.2)
31.7
(89.1)
31.4
(88.5)
31.0
(87.8)
30.2
(86.4)
26.2
(79.2)
24.1
(75.4)
29.2
(84.5)
Average low °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
10.1
(50.2)
12.6
(54.7)
18.4
(65.1)
22.3
(72.1)
24.2
(75.6)
24.6
(76.3)
24.4
(75.9)
23.6
(74.5)
20.8
(69.4)
12.4
(54.3)
9.2
(48.6)
17.6
(63.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.7
(0.50)
14.2
(0.56)
17.2
(0.68)
56.1
(2.21)
189.0
(7.44)
320.4
(12.61)
545.8
(21.49)
384.3
(15.13)
299.8
(11.80)
92.8
(3.65)
6.8
(0.27)
5.4
(0.21)
1,944.5
(76.55)
Source: Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (Nepal)[21]

Tourism[edit]

Rajbiraj is a typical tourist city and a place to explore the interesting places in eastern Nepal. However, there are many things to do in the city. A number of colorful Hatiyaa Bazaars are held each week in different parts of the town, where farmers from the rural hinterland set up stalls to trade agricultural produce, spices and handicrafts. Rajbiraj is a hub for travel plans in Eastern Nepal. In the Rajbiraj city there are many religious Hindu temple to visit. Most of the temples are more than 200 years old. The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve famous for its wildlife, especially for bird-watching enthusiasts, is a mere 40-minute drive from the city. It is also home to the endangered wild buffaloes called "Arna" in Nepali. The Saptakoshi Bridge is also the attraction to visit it is only 25 km far from the city. Another location near Rajbiraj is Dharan (75 km), which is 2 hours journey by bus.

Religious sites[edit]

Rajdevi Temple is a historic 8th century Hindu temple (as per Nepal Arechelogy) located on the east of the city and is one of the most prominent landmarks of the city. It is dedicated to the deity Rajdevi. The temple is a significant symbol for Hindus and the present structure was built between 1990. The temple attracts on average thousands of visitors annually.[22] Some thousands of goats are sacrificed here during Dashain.[23][24]

Festivals[edit]

Major religious celebrations include the major Hindu festivals Vijaya Dashami, Dipawali, Chhath , Holi, Sama Chakeva and Vishwakarma Puja. The Chhath and Holi is heavily celebrated with a carnival-like atmosphere. The locals people take pride in the way these festivals are celebrated.[25][26]

Media[edit]

Print media include the National daily Annapurna Post, Gorkhapatra, Kantipur Patrika and Nepal Samacharpatra. There are numerous local newspaper which covers the news of the city like Nai Ummid, Rajbiraj Dainik, Krishna Dainik, News Today Patrika and Green Madhesh Patrika. while English news daily like The Himalayan Times and The Kathmandu Post are also available.

Telecommunications services include Nepal Telecom, Ncell and UTL. WorldLink, Broadlink and Subisu are providing broadband services in this region. To promote local culture, Rajbiraj has number of FM radio stations[27] which are:

  • Bhorukuwa FM
  • Chhinnamasta FM
  • Apan FM
  • C FM
  • Radio Chandrama FM
  • Jai Madhesh FM

Educational institutions[edit]

Rajbiraj has a well-established education infrastructure. There are a number of colleges and schools meeting the requirements of not only the city but the region and country as well. It is home to several Educational institutions for pre-primary, Primary, Secondary, High-Secondary, senior-secondary, graduate and post-graduate studies. Rajbiraj is an educational hub of Eastern Region of Nepal. Sai Krishna Medical College & Hospital (SKMCH), nursing colleges & +2 colleges in the city are attracting the student from neighbor district & Eastern Region of Nepal.

Hospitals[edit]

Following health services are available at Rajbiraj.

Banking[edit]

Following banking and financial institutions provides services in the city.

Money transfer[edit]

Sports[edit]

Kabaadi and Cricket are the most popular sports among the younger generation in the city. The city has 3 local stadiums. The sporting activities are mainly centered in the multipurpose stadium Rajbiraj Rangasala in the main city. The popular sports are cricket, football, volleyball, basketball, kabaddi, badminton etc. Freedom cricket club and Rajdevi cricket academy are the most active cricket club in the city with time stadium Rajbiraj Stadium[30] The Mahendra Club is one of the most active organizations promoting football in the city and organizes a regional club-level annual tournament: the Saptari Gold Cup.[31][32] In July 2018, Wicket Nepal organized Saptari Premier League (SPL)- Mayor Cup. The final match held on 18 Jul between Bajaj Khadak Warriors and Bodebarsain. The Bajaj Khadak Warriors won the match with net cash prize NPR. 1,51,000 and a cup.[33]

Cuisine[edit]

The staple diet of the region is rice, dal and curry. On the festive occasions, people prepare a number of fried items of vegetables as well as other special items. Fish is one of the most popular source of protein in Rajbiraj.

Notable persons[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011" (PDF). National Planning Commission Secretariat, Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Government of Nepal. November 2012.
  2. ^ "राजविराज नगरपालिका". www.rajbirajmun.gov.np. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Rajbiraj revisited". Nepal Times. Retrieved 19 July 2002.
  4. ^ "Rapid urbanization in Nepal". www.housingnepal.com. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  5. ^ "स्थानिय तह". 103.69.124.141. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  6. ^ a b Population Ward Level 753 Local Unit (PDF).
  7. ^ a b Dāsa, Harikāntalāla (2003). Saptarī Jillākā pramukha sāṃskr̥tika sthalaharu : eka adhyayana : laghuanusandhānakārya (1. saṃskaraṇa. ed.). Kāṭhamāḍauṃ: Nepāla Rājakīya Prajñā-Pratishṭhāna. p. 120. ISBN 9789993350569.
  8. ^ "Sanjib Chaudhary: The ruins of Sen palace and temple in Saptari district of Nepal". www.asianart.com. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  9. ^ "RJP-N candidate elected mayor of Rajbiraj Municipality". The Himalayan Times. 28 September 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Nepal's first planned town on revival road". My Republica. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  11. ^ Magazine, New Spolight. "DILLI JUNG THAPA Forgotten Hero". SpotlightNepal. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  12. ^ Magazine, New Spolight. "What Went Wrong In My Madhesh?". SpotlightNepal. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  13. ^ खबर, मलाया (31 December 2016). "राजदेवी". www.malayakhabar.com (in Nepali). Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Rajdevi Temple". Boss Nepal. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  15. ^ a b c d "National Population and Housing Census 2011" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  16. ^ Rakesh, Ram Dayal (2015). The Caste System in Terai Madhesh. Adroit Publishers. ISBN 9788187393108.
  17. ^ "Rajbiraj airport gets rolling after successful test flight". The Himalayan Times. 23 May 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  18. ^ "Rajbiraj Airport begins commercial operations". Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  19. ^ "Rajbiraj Airport resumes operations after a decade". Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  20. ^ "Rising Temperature". The Himalayan Times. 6 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  21. ^ "NORMALS FROM 1981-2012". Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (Nepal). Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  22. ^ "Maha Asthami observed today". ekantipur.com.
  23. ^ "The Goddess with Severed Head". Boss Nepal.
  24. ^ "Culturally rich Rajbiraj". Boss Nepal. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  25. ^ "Govt announces public holiday on Chhath". My Republica. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  26. ^ Today, News (22 November 2018). "चौतर्फी व्यापकता पाउँदै लोक पर्व सामाचकेवा". News Today (in Nepali). Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  27. ^ "FM details list" (PDF). MOIC, Government of Nepal. November 2014.
  28. ^ Says, वसन्त यादव (4 December 2017). "हार्ने भएपछि रिसाउन थाले ठाकुर, आफ्नैबाट लखेटिए". REPUBLICADAINIK. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  29. ^ Template:Cite url=http://www.srijanafinance.com/contact-us
  30. ^ "Alam stars in Rajdevi triumph". Cricketing Nepal. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  31. ^ "Machhindra lift Saptari Gold Cup". The Rising Nepal. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  32. ^ "Saptari Gold Cup". Goal Nepal. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  33. ^ "Saptari Premier League".

External links[edit]