|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2015)|
|Place of origin||India and Pakistan|
|Main ingredients||Flour, spiced water, onions, potatoes, chickpeas|
|Cookbook: Panipuri Media: Panipuri|
Panipuri ( pānīpūrī (help·info)), also called golgappa, is a street snack in several regions of India. It consists of a round, hollow puri, fried crisp and filled with a mixture of flavored water (pani), tamarind chutney, chili, chaat masala, potato, onion and chickpeas. Panipuri is a famous street snack in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
The English meaning of Panipuri is "water bread". No definitive historical records exist about the origins of pani puri/golagappas. A 1955 National Geographic publication suggests that golgappas were available as street food in Varanasi.
Variations in names of Panipuri across India
There are a few popular names for “Panipuri” across India depending on region. In New Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Jharkhand, and Bihar it is called “Gol Gappa”. In Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh it is called “Pani Ke bataashe “. In Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu it is called “Panipuri”. In West Bengal it is called “Puchka”. In Chhattisgarh and Odisha it is called “Gup Chup”. In Gujarat it is called “Pakodi” and in Madhya Pradesh it is called “Phulki”. In Bangladesh, it is known as “Puchka” and in Pakistan it is called “Gol Gappa“.
Variations in recipe of Panipuri
There are many variations of Pani Puri which are just modified versions of the original Pani puri. Like in the state of Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, there is no major difference in the way in which the puri (stuffing and bread) is made, but the dip is different in the way in which they add tamarind dip. In the state of Maharashtra, the filling of Pani Puri is mixed with sprouts, spicy chick peas, onions and sweet green mango, but the water is no different than the original version. Punjabis also add spicy chick peas into their Pani Puri filling. In South India, they add a special Indian spice called “garam masala” into the filling which creates a different taste than the original one. In Andhra Pradesh, people tend to add ginger, masala for snacks and mango powder to their fillings. Most variations of Pani Puri are found in the filing, whereas the water and the dip have very little regional variation.
Panipuri cultural references
There was a monthly children’s magazine published in 1970 in Delhi, called “Golgappa”. Panipuri was used in the movie “Rab ne Banadi Jodi” starring Sharukh Khan and Anushka Sharma in which they had the “Golgappa eating challenge”. The person with the most Golgappa’s eaten is the winner and can ask the loser to do anything he or she wishes. There is a song on Gol gappa (Panipuri) which is called "Gol gappay wala ayaa" (which means: Gol gappay seller is here) sung by Ahmed Rushdi. He wrote this song for actor Alauddin for the movie Mehtaab (1962).
- Ramprasad, Gayathri (2014). Shadows in the Sun: Healing from Depression and Finding the Light Within. Hazelden. p. 260. ISBN 978-1-61649-531-2.
- "Some visitors are impressed with the unique foods of the city, famous among them are Aalu Chap (a hot potato preparation), Golgappa (a juicy preparation)..", The National Geographical Journal of India, page 116, published by National Geographical Society of India, 1955
- "Suddenly my gaze traveled to the nearby Banarsi golgappa seller's hand trolley.." The Dreamer, page 50, by Krishan Chandar, Jai Ratan. Short stories, Indic (English). 1970, 160 pages
- "Flavored Panipuri".
- Published from M- Pratap Ganj, 475, Lahori Gate, Delhi, Timeless Fellowship - Page 110 by Karnatak University Library Science Association, Library Science Association, Karnatak University School of Library Science, School of Library Science, Karnatak University - Library science – 1978.