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Indian cuisine-Panipuri-03.jpg
Type Snack
Place of origin India
Main ingredients Flour, spiced water, onions, potatoes, chickpeas
Cookbook: Panipuri  Media: Panipuri

Panipuri (About this sound pānīpūrī ), also called golgappa, is a street snack in several regions of South Asia. It consists of a round, hollow puri, fried crisp and filled with a mixture of flavored water (pani), tamarind chutney, chili, chaat masala, potato, onion and chickpeas. Panipuri is a famous street snack in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal.[1]


Panipuri literally means "water bread". Little is known about its origins. The term "pani puri" is recorded in 1955; [2]and "golgappa" in 1951.[3]



Panipuri has various names, depending on the region. In New Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Jharkhand, and Bihar, it is called “gol gappa”; in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, “pani ke bataashe“; in Goa, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu, “panipuri”; in West Bengal, “puchka”; in Chhattisgarh and Odisha, “gup chup”; in Gujarat, “pakodi”; and in Madhya Pradesh, “Phulki”. In Bangladesh, it is known as “Puchka” and in Pakistan it is called “Gol Gappa“.[4]


There are many variations of pani puri. Like in the state of Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, there is no major difference in the way in which the puri (stuffing and bread) is made, but the dip is different in the way in which they add tamarind dip. In the state of Maharashtra, the filling of pani puri is mixed with sprouts, spicy chick peas, onions and sweet green mango, but the water is no different than the original version. Punjabis also add spicy chick peas into their pani puri filling. In South India, they add a special Indian spice called “garam masala” into the filling which creates a different taste than the original one. In Andhra Pradesh, people tend to add ginger, masala for snacks and mango powder to their fillings. Most variations of pani puri are found in the filing, whereas the water and the dip have very little regional variation.[4][5]

Cultural references[edit]

There was a monthly children’s magazine published in 1970 in Delhi, called “Golgappa”.[6] Panipuri was used in the movie “Rab ne Banadi Jodi” starring Sharukh Khan and Anushka Sharma in which they had the “Golgappa eating challenge”. The person with the most Golgappa’s eaten is the winner and can ask the loser to do anything he or she wishes.[7] There is a song on Gol gappa (panipuri) which is called "Gol gappay wala ayaa" (which means: Gol gappay seller is here) sung by Ahmed Rushdi. He wrote this song for actor Alauddin for the movie Mehtaab (1962).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ramprasad, Gayathri (2014). Shadows in the Sun: Healing from Depression and Finding the Light Within. Hazelden. p. 260. ISBN 978-1-61649-531-2. 
  2. ^ "Some visitors are impressed with the unique foods of the city, famous among them are Aalu Chap (a hot potato preparation), Golgappa (a juicy preparation)..", The National Geographical Journal of India, page 116, published by National Geographical Society of India, 1955
  3. ^ Census of India, 1951, 8:1:474.
  4. ^ a b "Flavored panipuri". 
  5. ^
  6. ^ Published from M- Pratap Ganj, 475, Lahori Gate, Delhi, Timeless Fellowship - Page 110 by Karnatak University Library Science Association, Library Science Association, Karnatak University School of Library Science, School of Library Science, Karnatak University - Library science – 1978.
  7. ^

Famous Kolkata Puchka