From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

A bowl of kheer
Alternative namesPayasam, Payasa and Ksheeram
Place of originIndian subcontinent
Region or stateIndia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal
Main ingredientsRice, milk, sugar, cardamom, jaggery, saffron, pistachios or almonds
VariationsBarley kheer, Kaddu ki kheer, paal (milk), payasam, payesh
Food energy
(per serving)
249 kcal kcal

Kheer, Payasa, Payasam or Phirni (Hindi: खीर) (Urdu: کھیر) (Bengali: পায়েস) (Sinhala: පායාසම්) (Tamil: பாயசம்) (Nepali: खिर), is a type of pudding from the Indian subcontinent, made by boiling milk, sugar, and rice, although rice may be substitute with one of the following: bulgar wheat, millet, tapioca, vermicelli, or sweet corn. It is typically flavored with desiccated coconut, cardamom, raisins, saffron, cashews, pistachios, almonds, or other dry fruits and nuts. It is typically served during a meal or as a dessert.[citation needed]


The word "kheer" is derived from the Sanskrit word for milk, Ksheer(क्षीर). Ksheer is also the archaic name for sweet rice pudding.


Kheer was a part of the ancient Indian diet and is mentioned in the Ayurveda.[1][better source needed]

According to the food historian K. T. Achaya, kheer or payas, as it is known in southern India, was a popular dish in ancient India, first mentioned in ancient Indian literature, it was a mixture of rice, milk and sugar, a formula that has endured for over two thousand years. Payas was also a staple Hindu temple food, in particular, it was associated with Lord Shiva and served as Prasāda to his devotees.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kheer: The Quintessential Indian Milk Affair". Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  2. ^