Roissy-en-France

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Roissy-en-France
Saint Eloi
Saint Eloi
Coat of arms of Roissy-en-France
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location of Roissy-en-France
Roissy-en-France is located in France
Roissy-en-France
Roissy-en-France
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Roissy-en-France is located in Île-de-France (region)
Roissy-en-France
Roissy-en-France
Roissy-en-France (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 49°00′18″N 2°31′08″E / 49.0050°N 2.5189°E / 49.0050; 2.5189Coordinates: 49°00′18″N 2°31′08″E / 49.0050°N 2.5189°E / 49.0050; 2.5189
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentVal-d'Oise
ArrondissementSarcelles
CantonVilliers-le-Bel
IntercommunalityCA Roissy Pays de France
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) André Toulouse
Area
1
14.09 km2 (5.44 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
2,924
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
95527 /95700
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Roissy-en-France (French pronunciation: ​[ʁwasi ɑ̃ fʁɑ̃s]; colloquially simply called Roissy) is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France, in the Val-d'Oise department. It is located 20.7 km (12.9 mi) from the center of Paris.

One-quarter of Charles de Gaulle Airport (France's main airport) but none of the terminals is in the commune of Roissy-en-France, which gave its original name to the airport. Later renamed Charles de Gaulle Airport, the airport is still commonly referred to as Roissy Airport in France. The rest of the airport lies on the territory of the commune of Tremblay-en-France and several other communes.

Name[edit]

In "Roissy-en-France" , "France" refers not to the country of France but to an area (pays) of the historical province, the Île de France, the pays de France. Île-de-France was made up of several pays: the pays de France, such as Parisis, Mantois, Hurepoix. Pays de France was the fertile plain located immediately north of the city of Paris, with the city of Saint-Denis at its centre. Pays de France is now almost entirely built up and is covered by the northern suburbs of Paris. Pays de France is also known as the plaine de France ("plain of France"), and the name of the old pays still appears in the name of some communes in the northern suburbs of Paris, such as Roissy-en-France (which literally means "Roissy in the pays de France").

Transport[edit]

Roissy-en-France is not served by Paris Métro, RER, or suburban rail network. The closest station to Roissy-en-France is Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 1 station on line B of the Paris Region's express suburban rail system, the RER. This station is located inside the airport, on the part of the airport belonging to the commune of Tremblay-en-France, 3 km (1.9 mi) from the town center of Roissy-en-France.

Economy[edit]

Blue Line, a charter passenger airline, has its head office in Building B of Paris Nord 2, Parc des Lumières in Roissy-en-France.[2]

Air France's head office is located in the Roissypôle complex on the grounds of Charles de Gaulle Airport and in Tremblay-en-France,[3][4][5] near Roissy-en-France.[6]

Education[edit]

The community has two schools, école maternelle Saint-Exupéry (preschool) and école élémentaire Jean Mermoz.[7]

Literary reference[edit]

Roissy is the location where the action of the two explicit sadomasochistic novels Story of O (Histoire d'O), and its sequel Retour à Roissy by Pauline Réage take place.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Roissy-en-France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
20.1
(68.2)
23.5
(74.3)
27.8
(82.0)
31.9
(89.4)
36.5
(97.7)
38.3
(100.9)
39.0
(102.2)
32.1
(89.8)
28.9
(84.0)
21.2
(70.2)
17.3
(63.1)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.7
(45.9)
11.6
(52.9)
14.9
(58.8)
18.9
(66.0)
22.0
(71.6)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
20.7
(69.3)
16.0
(60.8)
10.3
(50.5)
7.0
(44.6)
15.5
(59.9)
Average low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
1.7
(35.1)
4.2
(39.6)
6.1
(43.0)
9.8
(49.6)
12.6
(54.7)
14.6
(58.3)
14.5
(58.1)
11.8
(53.2)
8.9
(48.0)
4.9
(40.8)
2.4
(36.3)
7.8
(46.0)
Record low °C (°F) −17.8
(0.0)
−12.4
(9.7)
−9.1
(15.6)
−3.9
(25.0)
0.3
(32.5)
2.6
(36.7)
7.3
(45.1)
6.1
(43.0)
2.4
(36.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−8.1
(17.4)
−10.6
(12.9)
−17.8
(0.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58.0
(2.28)
46.0
(1.81)
55.8
(2.20)
52.0
(2.05)
65.9
(2.59)
57.2
(2.25)
61.2
(2.41)
51.8
(2.04)
53.8
(2.12)
67.9
(2.67)
56.5
(2.22)
67.5
(2.66)
693.6
(27.31)
Average precipitation days 11.2 9.6 11.0 9.5 10.5 8.6 8.0 7.9 8.6 10.2 10.2 11.4 116.8
Source: Météo France[8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Contact Us." Blue Line. Retrieved on 7 September 2010.
  3. ^ "Plan interactif." Tremblay-en-France. Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  4. ^ "AIR FRANCE HEAD QUARTERS - ROISSYPOLE." Groupement d'Etudes et de Méthodes d'Ordonnancement (GEMO). Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  5. ^ "Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle." Tremblay-en-France. Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  6. ^ Head Office. Air France. Retrieved on 18 May 2009.
  7. ^ "Les écoles maternelle et élémentaire." Roissy-en-France. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
  8. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Roissy-en-France" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  9. ^ "Climat Île-de-France" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 5, 2016.

External links[edit]