Saint Thomas Monastery of Agulis

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Saint Thomas Monastery of Agulis
Ագուլիսի Սուրբ Թովմա առաքյալ վանք or Ագուլիսի վանք
Verin Agulis-1900s.jpg
Saint Thomas Monastery of Agulis
Religion
AffiliationArmenian Apostolic Church
RiteArmenian Apostolic
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusyes
StatusDestroyed
Location
LocationYuxarı Əylis, Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan
Saint Thomas Monastery of Agulis is located in Azerbaijan
Saint Thomas Monastery of Agulis
Shown within Azerbaijan
Geographic coordinates38°57′10″N 45°58′53″E / 38.95278°N 45.98139°E / 38.95278; 45.98139Coordinates: 38°57′10″N 45°58′53″E / 38.95278°N 45.98139°E / 38.95278; 45.98139
Architecture
StyleArmenian
Completed4th century

Saint Thomas Monastery of Agulis (Armenian: Ագուլիսի Սուրբ Թովմա առաքյալ վանք) is an Armenian Apostolic monastery, located in the Yuxarı Əylis village of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan. It was historically built in the Goghtn district of the historical Armenian province of Vaspurakan.[1]

History[edit]

According to tradition, St. Thomas Monastery was founded by St. Bartholomew the Apostle in the 1st century, and his pupil, Kums (hy), was appointed its priest. It was probably a small chapel-like building that was rebuilt and expanded after the conversion of Armenia to Christianity. It was the centre of Goghtn parish, from the early Middle Ages to 1838. In the monastery there were some relics: right hand of Thomas the Apostle donated by Catholicos Yeprem I in 1821, relic of St. Gayané (fr) and right hand of Hakop Hayrapet. The monastery had a cemetery belonging to the 13th to 19th centuries. It was located about 250 m northeast of the complex.[1][2]

Architecture[edit]

St. Thomas Monastery consisted of a temple, bell towers, a wall and auxiliary buildings. The church of the monastery was probably damaged by the earthquake of 1679 and in 1694 a completely new church was built, with polished basalt, reddish felsite, a seven-sided tabernacle on the inside and a dome-shaped basilica with four crosses.[1][2][3]

St. Thomas Monastery in early 20th century
St. Thomas Monastery

Current status[edit]

In 1919, Turkish troops destroyed Agulis, massacred the Armenian population and looted the monastery, which was later abandoned and deserted.[4][5][6] Currently a mosque is built on the site of the monastery.[7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c A. Tumanov (1892). "The Collection of Materials to Describe the Terrain and Tribes in the Caucasus". asbarez.com. Caucasus Educational Okrug-Chaykend (Getashen) school.
  2. ^ a b HOVHANNES HAKHNAZARIAN (2013). GOGHTAN DISTRICT (PDF). Yerevan: SCIENTIFIC COUNCIL OF RESEARCH ON ARMENIAN ARCHITECTURE (RAA) FOUNDATION.
  3. ^ Ավետիս Ավետիսյան (2020). "Մեղրու Փոքր թաղի Ս. Յովհաննէս Մկրտիչ եկեղեցու որմնանկարների շերտերը, ժամանակաշրջանն ու հեղինակների խնդիրը" (PDF). pj.asj-oa.am. Պատմա-բանասիրական հանդես. pp. 162–195.
  4. ^ Hovannisian, Richard G. (1982). The Republic of Armenia, Vol. II: From Versailles to London, 1919-1920. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 207–238. ISBN 0-520-04186-0.
  5. ^ Bert Vaux (2008). Zok: The Armenian dialect of Agulis. In between Paris and Fresno: Armenian studies in honor of Dickran Kouymjian. pp. 283–301. city of Agulis, located in southeastern Nakhichevan. Following the massacre of the Armenian population of Agulis by the Turkish army in 1919
  6. ^ Aliprandi, Emanuele (2016). The Story of Nakhijevan (PDF). Rome: MIA. ISBN 978-5-8948-1970-9. The most notorious massacre took place in Agulis where thousands of Armenians were slaughtered and the town, known from the Middle Ages as a center of trade and crafts, was wiped out. Recently, Azerbaijani writer Akram Aylisli evoked the Agulis massacre in his ‘Stone Dreams’ novel, which was met by defiance and smear campaign of the Azerbaijani authorities.
  7. ^ Simon Maghakyan and Sarah Pickman (February 18, 2019). "A Regime Conceals Its Erasure of Indigenous Armenian Culture". hyperallergic.com.
  8. ^ Hasratyan, Murad (2015). "demolition of the architectural heritage of Armenia by alien invaders (11th to 20th cc.)". Banber Hayagitowt'yan Hayagitakan Miǰazgayin Handes = Vestnik Armenovedenija. Вестник Арменоведения: 83–102. ISSN 1829-4073.

Sources[edit]

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