Yererouk

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Yereruyk
Երերույքի Տաճար 05.jpg
The ruins of Yererouk Basilica
Yererouk is located in Armenia
Yererouk
Shown within Armenia
Basic information
Location Anipemza, Shirak Province,
Armenia Armenia
Geographic coordinates 40°26′23″N 43°36′33″E / 40.439722°N 43.609167°E / 40.439722; 43.609167Coordinates: 40°26′23″N 43°36′33″E / 40.439722°N 43.609167°E / 40.439722; 43.609167
Affiliation Armenian Apostolic Church
Province Shirak
Status Ruined
Architectural description
Architectural type Basilica
Architectural style Armenian
Completed 4th-5th centuries
Specifications
Height (max) 100 feet 0 inches (30.48 m)

Yererouk Basilica (Armenian: Երերույքի տաճար, Yereruyki tachar), also Yereruyk or Ererouk, is a 4th or 5th century Armenian church near the village of Anipemza in the Shirak Province of Armenia, 8 km southeast of the ancient city of Ani in Turkey.

Because the basilica of Yererouk is one of the earliest surviving Christian monuments in Armenia, it was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on August 25, 1995 in the Cultural category.[1] The basilica is believed to be from the early 5th century — perhaps late 4th century.[2]

Etymology and history[edit]

Yererouk means quivering in the Armenian language. According to popular tradition, the name of the temple was derived from its unique architectural solution of the structure which seems quivering on its 6 columns for viewers from a distance.

Yererouk is one of the earliest examples of the Armenian church architecture and one of the greatest structures of the early medieval ages that partly survived. According to Toros Toramanian, Yererouk is a clear and perhaps the earliest example of the basilica style of the Armenian church buildings that are constructed on pillars.[3] The church was surrounded with thick walls. From the surrounding buildings, underground rooms and the water reservoir, it becomes clear that the church was the centre of a developed residential community.

Yererouk dates back to the 4th and 5th centuries. It is located in the Shirak canton of the Ayrarat province of Ancient Armenia. Not much is known about the founders of the basilica. However, the church was renovated during the 11th century by the efforts of King Hovhannes-Smbat's wife.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The basilica and archaeological site of Yererouk (#), UNESCO World Heritage Centre, retrieved 2009-03-18 
  2. ^ Ererouk, Armenian Studies Program at California State University, Fresno, retrieved 2009-03-18 
  3. ^ Armen, Garbis (1992), An Architecture of Survival, p. 71, ISBN 0-9695988-0-7 

External links[edit]