Church of Saint George (Kldisubani)

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Kldisubani St. George Church
Qarapi Saint Gevorg church
Քարափի Սուրբ Գևորգ եկեղեցի
კლდისუბნის წმინდა გიორგის ეკლესია
St.George of Kldisubani.jpg
The view of the church and Tbilisi Tower.
Religion
AffiliationGeorgian Orthodox Church
Armenian Apostolic Church[1]
DistrictOld Tbilisi District
RegionCaucasus
LeadershipFather Michael (Kapanadze)
StatusActive
Location
LocationTbilisi, Old Tbilisi District,
Georgia
Church of Saint George (Kldisubani) is located in Georgia
Church of Saint George (Kldisubani)
Shown within Georgia
Geographic coordinates41°41′19″N 44°48′24″E / 41.688700°N 44.806642°E / 41.688700; 44.806642Coordinates: 41°41′19″N 44°48′24″E / 41.688700°N 44.806642°E / 41.688700; 44.806642
Architecture
TypeGeorgian;[1] Church
StyleSingle-nave church
Completed1753

The Kldisubani St. George Church or Qarapi Saint Gevorg church (Georgian: კლდისუბნის წმ. გიორგის ეკლესია, Kldisubnis Tsminda Giorgis Eklesia; Armenian: Քարափի Սուրբ Գևորգ եկեղեցի, or Karapi Surb Gevorg Yekeghetsi[2]) is an 18th-century church at the foot of the Narikala citadel in Old Tbilisi, Georgia. The church is single-naved and was built in 1753.[1] The Georgian Orthodox Church was built on the site of an ancient Georgian church which was built during the reign of St. King Vakhtang I of Iberia.[3] The church was reconstructed with the help of Armenian merchant Petros Zohrabian and his wife Lolita and the restoration held by them in 1735, what makes the church one of the most important examples of Georgian-Armenian friendship and cooperation.[3]

History[edit]

According to the Georgian Orthodox Church[3] the ancient church that stood at the site of the current Church of Saint Georgie in Kldisubani was built by King Vakhtang I of Iberia and then was part of the "mother-castle ensemble".[3] The ensemble "mother-castle" consisted of the Church of Forty Martyrs, monastery of Saint Catherine, Big Church of Saint George, Church of Saint George in Kldisubani, church called "Jris Mama" (Georgian: Father Cross) and lower Bethlemi monastery. The Kldisubani church of st. George has reached modern days with the help of Armenian merchant Petros Zohrabian and his wife Lolita, and the restoration held by them in 1735.[4] In the year 1735 according to the map of prince Vakhushti there was a belltower at the west of the church.

In the beginning of the 20th century, there were built some residential buildings on the territory of the Church. During the Soviet era the church was abandoned and used as toy and glue workshop.[3]

Georgian appropriation in early 1990s[edit]

According to Samvel Karapetyan, a prominent Armenian researcher of Armenian architecture, the church was systematically appropriated by the Georgian Orthodox Church shortly after the fall of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s.[2] The appropriation meant the removal of all traces of the Armenian history of the church: The metal Armenian ornamental crosses remained intact on the church's two cupolas until 1990;[2] In April 1990, the crosses that were seen as "Armenian" were removed;[2] In March–April 1990, the church's main altar and another smaller altar used for baptism were destroyed;[2] A khachkar with an inscription that was part of an interior wall was removed sometime between 1990 and 1991;[2] Also, the Armenian inscription on the wall of the northern entrance that attests to the 1753 construction of the church disappeared in 1990.[2]

After the destruction of Armenian architectural elements in the building, the Georgian Orthodox Church renovated the church and sanctified it as a Georgian Orthodox Church on 23 November 1991. Since 2002 restorations are held. The church was strengthened, cleared, was renewed the garden.[3]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thierry, Jean-Michel (1989). Armenian Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams. p. 586. ISBN 0-8109-0625-2.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Karapetyan, Samvel (1998), The State Policy of Georgia and the Monuments of Armenian Culture (1988-1998) (in Armenian) (1st ed.), Yerevan: Research on Armenian Architecture, p. I-II, ISBN 5-8080-0144-7
  3. ^ a b c d e f "კლდისუბნის წმ. გიორგის ეკლესია" (in Georgian). orthodoxy.ge. p. 1. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
  4. ^ Jean-Michel (1989) Armenian Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-0625-2

See also[edit]