Slovenia first participated as an independent nation at the Olympic Games in 1992, and has sent athletes to compete in every Games since then. Slovenian athletes first competed at the Olympics in 1912 as a part of the Austrian team, when Rudolf Cvetko became the first Slovene winning an Olympic medal, a silver in team sabre. Then, until the independence, they competed as a part of Yugoslavia. Before the Second World War, all Olympic medals for Kingdom of Yugoslavia were won by gymnasts, mostly Slovenians. Leon Štukelj was the most prominent among them, winning three gold, one silver, and two bronze medals, and he is still the most decorated Slovenian Olympian. Among post-war sportsmen, Miroslav Cerar won two gold and one bronze medals, also in gymnastics. All Winter Olympic medals for Yugoslavia (three silver and one bronze) were won by Slovenians, the first being the silver medal of Jure Franko in Alpine skiing, won in Sarajevo.
Slovenian athletes have won a total of nineteen medals at the Summer Olympic Games and another fifteen at the Winter Olympic Games. Among summer events, the most successful were the 2000 Summer Olympics with two gold medals and the 2008 Summer Olympics with five medals overall, one of which was gold. The most successful winter games were the 2014 Winter Olympics, where Slovenian athletes won record eight medals, including two gold. Tina Maze (alpine skiing) and Iztok Čop (rowing) are the most decorated post-independence Slovenian Olympians, with four medals each. Rajmond Debevec (shooting) competed at the Olympics eight times so far (1984-2012, first two times representing Yugoslavia). Merlene Ottey (athletics) competed seven times (1980-2004, first six times representing Jamaica, for which she won nine medals).
This list only contains Olympic medal winners for Slovenia as an independent country. Among listed medalists, Sadik Mujkić also won two Olympic medals, one of which was a bronze at the 1988 Summer Olympics for Yugoslavia.