Chinese Taipei at the Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chinese Taipei at the
Olympics
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg
IOC codeTPE
NOCChinese Taipei Olympic Committee
Websitewww.tpenoc.net (in Chinese and English)
Medals
Ranked 64th
Gold
7
Silver
11
Bronze
18
Total
36
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
 Republic of China (1924-1948)

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), currently competes as "Chinese Taipei" at the Olympic Games. The ROC first participated at the Summer Olympic Games in 1932. After the Chinese Civil War the ROC retreated to the island of Taiwan and only Taiwan-based athletes have competed in its team since then. The ROC boycotted the Olympics starting from the 1976 Summer Games until it returned to the 1984 Winter Games, and started participating as Chinese Taipei.

Due to pressure from the People's Republic of China, since 1984, Taiwanese athletes have competed under the Chinese Taipei Olympic flag instead of the flag of the Republic of China. For any medal ceremony, the National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China is played instead of the National Anthem of the Republic of China.

Taiwanese athletes won their first Olympic medal in 1960, and their first gold medal in 2004, and their highest total medal count in 2020 games.

Medals[edit]

List of medalists[edit]

Medal Players/Players in the team Games Sport Event
 Silver Yang Chuan-kwang Italy 1960 Rome Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's decathlon
 Bronze Chi Cheng Mexico 1968 Mexico City Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's 80 metre hurdles
 Bronze Tsai Wen-yee United States 1984 Los Angeles Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Men's 60 kg
 Silver Chang Cheng-hsien
Chang Wen-chung
Chang Yaw-teing
Chen Chi-hsin
Chen Wei-chen
Chiang Tai-chuan
Huang Chung-yi
Huang Wen-po
Jong Yeu-jeng
Ku Kuo-chian
Kuo Lee Chien-fu
Liao Ming-hsiung
Lin Chao-huang
Lin Kun-han
Lo Chen-jung
Lo Kuo-chong
Pai Kun-hong
Tsai Ming-hung
Wang Kuang-shih
Wu Shih-hsih
Spain 1992 Barcelona Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball Men's competition
 Silver Chen Jing United States 1996 Atlanta Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis Women's singles
 Silver Li Feng-ying Australia 2000 Sydney Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
 Bronze Chen Jing Australia 2000 Sydney Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis Women's singles
 Bronze Chi Shu-ju Australia 2000 Sydney Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Women's 49 kg
 Bronze Huang Chih-hsiung Australia 2000 Sydney Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Men's 58 kg
 Bronze Kuo Yi-hang Australia 2000 Sydney Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 75 kg
 Gold Chen Shih-hsin Greece 2004 Athens Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Women's flyweight
 Gold Chu Mu-yen Greece 2004 Athens Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Men's flyweight
 Silver Chen Szu-yuan
Liu Ming-huang
Wang Cheng-pang
Greece 2004 Athens Archery pictogram.svg Archery Men's team
 Silver Huang Chih-hsiung Greece 2004 Athens Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Men's lightweight
 Bronze Chen Li-ju
Wu Hui-ju
Yuan Shu-chi
Greece 2004 Athens Archery pictogram.svg Archery Women's team
 Gold Chen Wei-ling China 2008 Beijing Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 48 kg
 Silver Lu Ying-chi China 2008 Beijing Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 63 kg
 Bronze Chu Mu-yen China 2008 Beijing Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Men's 58 kg
 Bronze Sung Yu-chi China 2008 Beijing Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Men's 68 kg
 Gold Hsu Shu-ching United Kingdom 2012 London Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
 Bronze Tseng Li-cheng United Kingdom 2012 London Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Women's 57 kg
 Gold Hsu Shu-ching Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
 Bronze Lei Chien-ying
Lin Shih-chia
Tan Ya-ting
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Archery pictogram.svg Archery Women's team
 Bronze Kuo Hsing-chun Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 58 kg
 Gold Kuo Hsing-chun Japan 2020 Tokyo Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 59 kg
 Gold Lee Yang
Wang Chi-lin
Japan 2020 Tokyo Olympic pictogram Badminton.png Badminton Men's doubles
 Silver Yang Yung-wei Japan 2020 Tokyo Judo pictogram.svg Judo Men's 60 kg
 Silver Deng Yu-cheng
Tang Chih-chun
Wei Chun-heng
Japan 2020 Tokyo Archery pictogram.svg Archery Men's team
 Silver Lee Chih-kai
Japan 2020 Tokyo Gymnastics pictogram.svg Gymnastics Men's pommel horse
 Silver Tai Tzu-ying Japan 2020 Tokyo Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton Women's singles
 Bronze Lo Chia-ling Japan 2020 Tokyo Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Women's 57 kg
 Bronze Lin Yun-ju
Cheng I-ching
Japan 2020 Tokyo Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis Mixed doubles
 Bronze Chen Wen-huei Japan 2020 Tokyo Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 64 kg
 Bronze Pan Cheng-tsung Japan 2020 Tokyo Golf pictogram.svg Golf Men's individual
 Bronze Huang Hsiao-wen Japan 2020 Tokyo Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Women's flyweight
 Bronze Wen Tzu-yun Japan 2020 Tokyo Karate pictogram.svg Karate Women's 55 kg

Timeline concerning Olympic recognition[edit]

The following timeline concerns the different names and principal events concerning recognition of the ROC Olympic team:

  • 1910: The "Chinese National Olympic Committee" is created.
  • 1932: ROC competes in the Olympics for the first time as China [1]
  • 1951: The Chinese National Olympic Committee moves from Nanjing to Taipei;[1]
  • 1952: ROC team briefly withdraws from the Olympics[2] because its delegation was listed as China (Formosa)[citation needed];
  • 1954: IOC adopted a resolution officially recognising the People's Republic of China (PRC) "Chinese Olympic Committee". The PRC is invited to take part in the 1956 Winter and Summer Olympics.Beijing could now send a delegation to Cortina D'Ampezzo,Stockholm and Melbourne;[1][3]
  • 1956: ROC represented at Melbourne Games as the Republic of China. People's Republic of China withdraws from the Games in protest because in the list of IOC members two Chinese National Olympic Committees were listed;[1][3]
  • 1958: People's Republic of China withdraws from Olympic movement and from the all the federations governing Olympic sports. Professor Tung Hou Yi, an IOC member for the PRC resigned;[1]
  • 1959: ROC informed IOc that not control sport on Mainland China ,as the rules determines they assumed continue to be recognised as the "Chinese National Olympic Committee" title. All applications under a different name would be considered;[1]
  • 1960: ROC committee renamed the "Olympic Committee of the Republic of China", and so recognised;[1]
  • 1963: IOC recognizes the name Taiwan, and the NOC is allowed to use the initials "ROC" on sports outfits;[1]
  • 1968: IOC agrees to renaming the Taiwan team as the Republic of China after the 1968 Games and to its participation under that banner;[1]
  • 1976: ROC is not permitted to participate in the Montreal Summer Games, as long as it insists on the name Republic of China, because the host country, Canada, recognised the PRC as the sole legitimate government of China.
  • 1979: IOC recognises the Chinese Olympic Committee as the official representative of China for the first time since Communist rule began in 1949. The IOC decision followed a postal ballot among 89 members. Under the IOC decision, the ROC's Olympics committee would renamed as "Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee"; and are now recognised only as a provincial body; and starting on Lake Placid 1980 Winter Olympics is not more allowed to use the ROC's national anthem or flag at the all sporting events.[1][3]
  • 1980: ROC boycotts the Moscow Summer Games due to the decision to use the name Chinese Taipei in international sporting events.
  • 1984: Chinese Taipei competes for the first time under the new moniker at the Sarajevo Winter Games.
  • Chinese Taipei athletes have won a total of 36 medals at the Summer Games, with taekwondo as the top medal-producing sport. Chinese Taipei has never won a medal at the Winter Olympic Games.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i The Times, "The Latest Threat to the Olympics - And its all over a name", 10 July 1976
  2. ^ Werner Soderstrom Osakeyhtio, "The Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-11. (30.6 MB) p. 32, Sulo Kolkka (ed.), Alex Matson (trans.), The Organising Committee for the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952, 1952
  3. ^ a b c Chinese Olympics Committee website

External links[edit]