Type 002 aircraft carrier

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Class overview
Builders: Jiangnan Shipyard
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy
Preceded by: Type 001A aircraft carrier
Succeeded by: Type 003 aircraft carrier
Building: 1[1]
General characteristics
Type: Aircraft carrier
Displacement: 85,000 tonnes[2]
Propulsion: conventional with integrated electric propulsion
Aviation facilities: Hangar deck

The Type 002 aircraft carrier is a second generation Chinese aircraft carrier design. The Type 002 will be the first Chinese carrier to feature an integrated electric propulsion system. This will allow the operation of electromagnetic launch catapults.[3][4] The Type 002 configuration would for the first time be catapult-assisted takeoff but arrested recovery (CATOBAR), while the first two carriers were short takeoff but arrested recovery carrier (STOBAR).[5] Foxtrot Alpha has suggested that the aircraft carrier is designated the Type 003, rather than the Type 002 as currently thought.[6]

Development[edit]

Rear Admiral Yin Zhuo of the People's Liberation Army Navy said in 2013 that China's next aircraft carrier would be equipped with an electromagnetic aircraft launch system.[7] Multiple prototypes were spotted by media in 2012, and aircraft capable of electromagnetic launching were tested in Chinese Navy research facilities.[8]

Construction of the carrier began in 2017, although the precise date is unknown. The Diplomat reported that "initial work" had begun in February 2016, followed by a notice to proceed with the construction given to the Shanghai Jiangnan Shipyard Group in March 2017.[9]

The ship is expected to be launched in 2020 and enter active service in 2023.[9] It is estimated to have an aircraft capacity of about 40 fighter aircraft, several propeller powered transport and airborne early warning and control aircraft.[10]

Overhead imagery of the hull under construction was identified in satellite photographs by the CSIS research organization and published by Reuters on May 7, 2019.[11] The images show a bow section that appears to end with a flat 30-metre (98-foot) front and a separate hull section 41 metres wide, suggesting that the vessel will be larger than the 42,500-ton French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle but smaller than the largest supercarriers of the United States Navy.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dominguez, Gabriel; Tate, Andrew (24 February 2017). "China building third aircraft carrier, says report". Jane's 360. Jane's. Archived from the original on 12 February 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  2. ^ "China Reveals Launch Date of New Aircraft Carriers". Sputnik International. 13 February 2017.
  3. ^ Minnie Chan (1 November 2017). "Breakthrough to power most advanced jet launch system on China's second home-grown aircraft carrier". South China Morning Post.
  4. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/75396/china-claims-to-have-developed-conventionally-powered-electromagnetic-catapult
  5. ^ https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/china/cv-002.htm
  6. ^ Mizokami, Kyle (7 September 2018). "Inside China's Plan to Build the Second-Biggest Aircraft Carrier Fleet in the World". Foxtrot Alpha. Jalopnik. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Chinese aircraft carrier should narrow the gap with its U.S. counterpart". english.peopledaily.com.cn. People's Daily. 18 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  8. ^ "简氏:中国试飞改进型歼-15 或用于测试电磁弹射器_《参考消息》官方网站". Cankaoxiaoxi.com. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  9. ^ a b "China Kicks Off Construction of New Supercarrier". The Diplomat. 5 January 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  10. ^ "China's Next Aircraft Carrier Will Be a Massive Leap Forward". Popular Mechanics. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Exclusive: Analysts - Images show construction on China's third - and largest - aircraft carrier". Reuters. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.